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Results 101 - 150 of 2003
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Riga Celia V - - 2013
A 67-year-old man underwent robot-assisted three-vessel fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR) for a 7.3-cm juxtarenal aneurysm. The 6-F robotic catheter was manipulated from a remote workstation, away from the radiation source. Robotic cannulation of the left renal artery was achieved within 3 minutes. System setup time was 5 minutes. There ...
Withers Kathleen - - 2013
As part of its Medical Technologies Evaluation Programme, the National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) invited the manufacturer, Covidien, to provide clinical and economic evidence for the evaluation of the Pipeline™ embolization device (PED) for the treatment of complex intracranial aneurysms. Cedar; a consortium between Cardiff and Vale ...
Bateman Michael G - - 2013
A thorough understanding of valvar anatomy is essential for design engineers and clinicians in the development and/or employment of improved technologies or therapies for treating valvar pathologies. There are two arterial valves in the human heart-pulmonary and aortic valves. Both are complex structures whose normal anatomical components can vary greatly ...
Lai Leon T - - 2013
The anterior transclival route to basilar artery aneurysms is not widely performed. The objective of this study was to carry out a feasibility assessment of the transclival approach to basilar aneurysms with advanced endonasal techniques on 11 cadaver heads. Clival dura was exposed from the sella to the foramen magnum ...
Kahlert Philipp - - 2013
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a novel treatment option for patients with severe, symptomatic aortic valve stenosis considered inoperable or at high risk for surgical aortic valve replacement. Despite rapid adoption of this technology into clinical application, however, recent randomized controlled clinical trials have raised safety concerns regarding an ...
Dash Debabrata - - 2013
For several decades, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been considered as the gold standard treatment of unprotected left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease. The marked improvement in technique and technology makes percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) feasible for patients with unprotected LMCA stenosis. The recent introduction of drug-eluting stents (DESs), ...
Khanbhai Mustafa - - 2013
Dissection of the aorta is a rare yet potentially serious complication following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (EVAR). These can lead to visceral branch hypoperfusion, compromise of aneurysm exclusion, arterial dilation or rupture. Intimal injury and dissection in the context of EVAR may be associated with a number of risk factors ...
Dumont Travis M - - 2013
In the SWIFT and TREVO 2 trials, aspiration thrombectomy was not able to be performed. Outside these studies, in post-market application, the interventionist can use aspiration thrombectomy in addition to stent device thrombectomy. This technique is described in detail in the present report. Combined aspiration/stentriever thrombectomy may improve recanalization efforts, ...
Gates Lindsay - - 2013
Management of iliac artery disease has evolved over the years, from a surgical-only approach to a primarily endovascular-only approach as the first line treatment option. This has been continuously improved upon with the advent of new devices and applied technologies. Most recently in particular, the literature has shown good, reliable ...
Alexy Ryan D - - 2013
Transcatheter treatment of children with congenital heart disease such as coarctation of the aorta and pulmonary artery stenosis currently involves the use of metal stents. While these provide good short term results, there are long term complications with their use. Children outgrow metal stents, obligating them to future transcatheter dilations ...
Mpotsaris Anastasios A Department of Radiology and Neuroradiology, Klinikum Vest, Recklinghausen, - - 2013
Broad based bifurcation aneurysms are challenging. Various endovascular techniques aim at stabilizing the coil package in the aneurysm. Among these, the waffle cone technique provides a viable alternative to Y stenting in selected cases, incorporating a less complex delivery, and the reduced inherent risk of a single stenting procedure compared ...
Asrar Ul Haq Muhammad M Department of Medicine , University of Melbourne , Melbourne , Australia ; Department of Cardiology , The Northern Hospital , Melbourne , - - 2013
Ischaemic heart disease (IHD) remains one of the leading causes of death. Atherosclerosis has been intensely researched given the IHD prevalence and the financial impacts on healthcare systems. More recently, in vivo characterisation of coronary atherosclerotic plaque and tissue responses following stent implantation in a coronary artery has been made ...
Kokkosis Angela A - - 2012
The paradigm in elective surgical management of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) has quickly shifted from major open surgical repairs to less invasive, endovascular procedures. In the last few years, there have been numerous advancements to commercially available devices making the endovascular approach more attractive and efficacious. This review serves ...
Yıldızeli Bedrettin - - 2012
Massive pulmonary hemorrhage is a potentially fatal complication of pulmonary endarterectomy. We describe a successful management in which the patient's right lower lobe bronchus was occluded with a Fogarty balloon catheter while on peripheral venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.
Mahle William T - - 2012
The successful diagnosis, surgical planning, and long-term care of children with transposition of the great arteries require high-quality cardiac imaging with echocardiography. Echocardiography must identify the relevant anatomic variants of transposition of the great arteries, such as of ventricular septal defects and aortic arch anomalies. Methodical and detailed imaging of ...
Riga C V - - 2012
Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is an important development in the treatment of carotid artery stenosis and prevention of stroke. However, despite advances in technology, including embolic protection devices (EDPs), there are concerns that the embolic stroke risk is still too high in many reports, including a number of randomized controlled ...
Kara Tomas - - 2012
AIM: Despite the substantial progress that has been achieved in interventional cardiology and cardiac electrophysiology, endovascular intervention for the diagnosis and treatment of central nervous system (CNS) disorders such as stroke, epilepsy and CNS malignancy is still limited, particularly due to highly tortuous nature of the cerebral arterial and venous ...
Ajlan Amr M - - 2012
Although the clinical use of computed tomography in cardiac imaging had slow beginnings, it has seen rapid development over the past decade. This review aims to discuss the state of the technology and to help clarify its role in the diagnosis and management of coronary artery disease. This article highlights ...
Amoroso Nicholas S - - 2012
Drug-eluting stents have dramatically reduced the risk of restenosis, but concerns of an increased risk of stent thrombosis have provided uncertainty about their use. Recent studies have continued to show improved procedural and clinical outcomes with drug-eluting stents both in the setting of acute coronary syndromes and stable coronary artery ...
Beresniak Ariel - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment strategies for mitral valve disease have progressively shifted toward repair given the better survival outcomes with this type of intervention. However, valve repairs and valve replacement may require reoperations with time. In the absence of clinical trials assessing the effectiveness of various mitral surgical treatments with time, ...
Flege Christian - - 2012
In-stent restenosis is still an important issue and stent thrombosis is an unresolved risk after coronary intervention. Biodegradable stents would provide initial scaffolding of the stenosed segment and disappear subsequently. The additive manufacturing technology Selective Laser Melting (SLM) enables rapid, parallel, and raw material saving generation of complex 3- dimensional ...
Carrié D - - 2012
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is considered as the gold standard treatment of unprotected left main coronary artery disease. Over the last 10 years, improvement in stent technology and operators experience explained the increased number of reports on the results of percutaneous coronary interventions for the treatment of left main ...
Bec Julien - - 2012
We report the development and validation of an intravascular rotary catheter for bimodal interrogation of arterial pathologies. This is based on a point-spectroscopy scanning time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy technique enabling reconstruction of fluorescence lifetime images (FLIm) and providing information on arterial intima composition and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) providing information on arterial ...
Patel Indravadan J - - 2012
Currently in use by interventional cardiology for the intravascular evaluation of coronary arteries, optical coherence tomography (OCT) has proven to be effective in the evaluation of atherosclerotic disease and further therapeutic management. We report a novel use of OCT technology in the case of a 46-year-old man with sudden onset ...
Rowhanimanesh A - - 2012
Atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, is one of the major causes of death in humans. High accumulation of Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) macromolecules within the arterial wall plays a critical role in initiation and development of atherosclerotic plaques. This paper proposes a proportional drug-encapsulated nanoparticle (PDENP) that utilizes a simple ...
Kumar Gideon Praveen - - 2012
Vascular support structures are important devices for treating valve stenosis. Large population of patients is treated for valvular disease and the principal mode of treatment is the use of percutaneous valvuloplasty. Stent devices are proving to be an improved technology in minimal invasive cardiac surgery. This technology now accounts for ...
Duran Cassidy - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative rupture of the iliac artery is a serious complication of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), the outcomes of which have changed with increasing experience and improved endovascular tools over the past 2 decades. Over the past 15 years, the incidence and management of iliac rupture has changed as devices ...
Arko Frank R FR - - 2012
Parodi first introduced endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in 1991 and since that time it has been shown to have a lower 30-day morbididty and mortality compared to open surgery. Anatomic constraints governed by the need for adequate access vessels, and sufficient proximal and distal landing zones, as well as the ...
Elzein Chawki - - 2012
We report a 5-year-old girl with hypoplastic left heart syndrome who originally underwent a Norwood procedure with a Sano shunt. Subsequent procedures included a bidirectional Glenn and extracardiac Fontan with a Gore-Tex graft (W.L Gore and Associates, Flagstaff, AZ). The patient was found to have a heart murmur on a ...
Jung Jin-Man - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Our goal was to investigate whether initial ischemic lesion pattern can predict stroke recurrence in patients with symptomatic intracranial arterial stenosis. METHODS: Of the Trial of Cilostazol in Symptomatic Intracranial Arterial Stenosis (TOSS)-2 trial participants, we included patients who underwent diffusion-weighted imaging and fluid attenuation inversion recovery ...
Iwata Tomonori - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: The transfemoral approach is a common technique for coil embolization of cerebral aneurysms in the anterior cerebral circulation. However, it is difficult to advance a guiding catheter into the carotid artery through the femoral route in patients with a tortuous aortic arch, an unfavorable supra-aortic takeoff, aortic diseases, or ...
Chatzikonstantinou A - - 2012
Background and Purpose: Large artery atherosclerosis (LAA) and small vessel disease (SVD) share common risk factors for stroke. We aimed at investigating the association of SVD with cerebral LAA as well as with atherosclerosis in patients with stroke likely to originate from aortic plaques. Methods: We investigated 71 consecutive patients ...
Naganuma Masaki - - 2012
A 69-year-old man who had essential thrombocythemia, for which he was taking no medications, suddenly developed aphasia and right hemiplegia and was admitted to the hospital. He was thought to have had an embolic stroke and was initially treated with warfarin. Although the international normalized ratio was in the therapeutic ...
Lee Jeffrey D - - 2012
Robotic totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass (TECAB) is a minimally invasive endoscopic surgical approach using the daVinci robotic telemanipulation system to perform coronary artery bypass grafting on the arrested or beating heart. It is a procedure that can be a useful alternative to the classic open procedure performed through sternotomy. ...
Firouzian Azadeh - - 2012
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Aneurysm morphodynamics is potentially relevant for assessing aneurysm rupture risk. A method is proposed for automated quantification and visualization of intracranial aneurysm morphodynamics from electrocardiogram (ECG)-gated computed tomography angiography (CTA) data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was performed in 19 aneurysms from 14 patients with diagnostic ...
Kodikara Sarathchandra - - 2012
Right ventricular aneurysm (RVA) is a rare clinicopathological entity. Although it occurs as a consequence of a variety of conditions, congenital ventricular septal defect (VSD) as an etiology for the RVA has not been previously reported. A 42-year-old man without a significant family or past medical history was found dead ...
Taslakian Bedros - - 2012
Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) is a relatively rare condition, which occurs predominantly in active young adults who lack atherogenic risk factors. It has been rarely reported in patients under the age of 18 years. The most common presentation in the early stages is intermittent claudication; however, in the later stages ...
Dawson Alan G - - 2012
Congenital abnormalities of the internal carotid artery (ICA) are infrequent and can be associated with aberrations of the Circle of Willis. A 47-year-old gentleman presented with transient neurological symptoms and cerebral infarction and carotid Doppler showed a stenotic right ICA. Subsequent computed tomographic angiography showed a hypoplastic ICA with a ...
Lund M - - 2012
One-lung ventilation (OLV) is applied during esophagectomy to improve exposure during the thoracic part of the operation. Collapse of lung tissue, shunting of pulmonary blood flow, and changes in alveolar oxygenation during and after OLV may possibly induce an ischemia-reperfusion response in the lung, which may affect the pulmonary endothelium. ...
Constantinou Jason - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Fenestrated endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (f-EVAR) of juxtarenal aneurysms requiring cannulation of the superior mesenteric artery and renal arteries is technically challenging, has a long operating time, and requires bilateral large-caliber sheath insertion into the femoral arteries. Consequently, the risk of lower limb ischemia and subsequent reperfusion injury is ...
Harinstein Matthew E - - 2012
Acute coronary syndromes in the setting of infective endocarditis may be the result of coronary compression secondary to periannular aortic valve complications, coronary embolism, obstruction of the coronary ostium due to a large vegetation, coronary atherosclerosis and severe aortic insufficiency. External coronary artery compression as a result of infective endocarditis ...
Rose David Z - - 2012
A morbidly obese, diabetic, hypertensive patient, with severe intracranial left middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis, suffered recurrent stereotyped transient ischemic attacks over 2 months, despite taking daily antiplatelet agents, high dose statin, insulin and an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor. A left MCA (M1) Wingspan stent-assisted angioplasty was performed after standard ...
Silbiger Jeffrey J - - 2012
The mitral annulus plays an important role in leaflet coaptation, in unloading mitral valve closing forces, and in promoting left atrial and left ventricular filling and emptying. Perturbations of annular mechanics figure prominently in a number of disorders including functional and ischemic mitral regurgitation, mitral valve prolapse, atrial fibrillation, mitral ...
Jayaraj Arjun - - 2012
Thoracic aortic to infrainguinal arterial bypasses are rare in the literature, even more so when the outflow is the popliteal artery bilaterally. The case of a patient presenting with critical limb ischemia, chronic infrarenal aortic occlusion, and recurrent thrombosis of a unilateral axillobifemoral graft managed with thoracoretroperitoneal bitransobturator bipopliteal bypass ...
Park Jin Joo - - 2012
This study sought to investigate the extent of and factors related to lumen and vessel area change in coronary arteries after total occlusion (TO) recanalization. TO of a coronary artery promotes negative remodeling in distal reference segments. Recanalization can restore blood flow, potentially leading to positive vascular remodeling. From March ...
Ioannou Christos V - - 2012
We report a rare case of severe spinal cord ischemia with neurological consequences in a patient who presented after endovascular treatment of a type II endoleak following endovascular aneurysm repair. An enlarging abdominal aortic aneurysm post-endovascular aneurysm repair was detected owing to a persistent type II endoleak caused by a ...
Fernandes Tatiana Melo - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the brachial artery endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent dilating responses in patients with limited systemic sclerosis (LSSc) with those of healthy subjects of the same gender, age and color. METHODS: Twenty adult, non-obese, non-smoker, non-diabetic, non-dyslipidemic, and non-hypertensive women, who fulfilled the American ...
Kurian Mathew V - - 2012
Background: valve-associated complications challenge the quality of life and longevity after heart valve replacement. Inappropriate healing may be a contributing factor. Objective: to evaluate a new design mechanical heart valve in an animal model. Methods and results: the new valve was fabricated by substituting the sewing ring with an inbuilt ...
Agostini Marco - - 2012
We report the case of a patient who experienced near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)-detected transient regional cerebral desaturation during cardiopulmonary bypass for an operation to replace the aortic arch. Prompt institution of additional flow through an axillo-femoral graft was associated with restoration of regional cerebral saturation. The aortic surgery had no neurologic ...
Morgan Jeffrey A - - 2012
Lambl's excrescences (LEs) are filiform strands that form on heart valves and are associated with an increased risk of stroke due to embolization. Although resection of these strands is generally recommended in patients who present with a stroke and no other identifiable cause, the management of incidentally discovered LEs in ...
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