Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 778
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Kugiyama K - - 1995
The aim of this study was to determine whether isolated coronary arteries from patients with variant angina show hyperreactivity and/or supersensitivity to acetylcholine in vitro. Coronary arterial rings were obtained at autopsy within 3 h after death from six coronary arteries having spasm in four patients with variant angina and ...
Mendis S - - 1995
This study examined the relationship between breath pentane and plasma lipid peroxide levels sampled simultaneously in patients with stable angina (n = 17), unstable angina (n = 23), and controls (n = 10). Plasma lipid peroxides were measured in venous blood as the adduct formed between thiobarbituric acid and malondialdehyde ...
Hoka S - - 1995
A case of coronary artery spasm during lumbar epidural anaesthesia prior to surgery is presented. Three paroxysmal episodes of ST segment elevation in lead II without changes in V5 developed concomitantly when the patient complained of chest discomfort. A denervation of the cardiac sympathetic nerve seems to be the primary ...
Tachibana K - - 1995
Vasospastic angina was observed in two sisters. The 52-year-old younger sister presented with rest angina at midnight and in the early morning. The coronary arteriogram showed no significant organic stenosis. Vasospasm to the left anterior descending and right coronary arteries was induced by the intracoronary administration of acetylcholine. The 57-year-old ...
Fricchione G L - - 1995
Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) is a noninvasive pantaloon device designed to increase coronary artery flow in the treatment of angina. This pilot study, conducted in 1992-1993, which used psychosocial testing pre- and posttreatment, yielded data suggesting that EECP is well tolerated psychosocially and produces improvement in the anginal syndrome. More ...
Chang R Y - - 1995
Acute colonic ischemia is the most common form of intestinal ischemia. Nonocclusive ischemic colitis contributes to some of these disorders. Heart disease, such as congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, arrhythmias, aortic valve disease, and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, account for many of its risk factors. The majority of cases are associated ...
Fukai T - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: The role of endothelin-1 (ET-1) in the pathogenesis of coronary artery spasm is not well understood. We aimed to determine if ET-1 is involved in serotonin-induced coronary spasm in the swine model. METHODS: In 10 miniature pigs, a segment of the left anterior descending coronary artery was denuded and ...
Wong G Y - - 1995
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A pancreatic cancer patient developing transient paraplegia compatible with spinal cord ischemia, following alcohol celiac plexus neurolysis, is described. METHODS: A 58-year-old man with metastatic pancreatic cancer underwent celiac (deep splanchnic) alcohol neurolysis for management of severe epigastric and midback pain. In spite of apparently adequate needle ...
Rasheed Q - - 1995
Little information is available regarding the in vivo composition of angina producing culprit atherosclerotic lesions in various anginal syndromes. In this study we used intracoronary ultrasound to determine the composition of culprit lesions in various subsets of anginal syndromes and correlated this composition with the patient's clinical presentation. One hundred ...
Perrone-Filardi P - - 1995
BACKGROUND: In patients with coronary artery disease, dysfunctional hypoperfused myocardium at rest may represent either necrotic or viable hibernating myocardium. The accuracy of inotropic stimulation in identifying hypoperfused, reversibly dysfunctional myocardium has not been extensively investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighteen patients with stable chronic coronary artery disease underwent, while off ...
Minato N - - 1995
We experienced a rare case of Marfan's syndrome with annulo-aortic ectasia, aortic regurgitation and Prinzmetal's variant angina. In a modified Bentall's operation (button technique), perioperative severe coronary artery spasm occurred in spite of the preventive use of nitroglycerin infusion, which resulted in profound ventricular fibrillation and subsequent chordal rupture of ...
Kobata H - - 1995
Hemifacial spasm (HFS), a hyperactive dysfunction of the facial nerve, is rarely seen in young people. Between 1984 and 1994, we treated 924 patients with HFS by microvascular decompression at our institution. Of these, 8 (0.9%) were younger than 30 years. In most of the older patients with HFS, the ...
Koh K K - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery spasm readily occurs at sites of atheromatous plaque. Some lipid profiles are related to the genesis of coronary artery spasm. In Korean patients, it is frequently observed in grossly normal coronary arteries, in contrast to the situation in western patients, who frequently have coronary artery spasm superimposed ...
Amanullah A M - - 1995
Factors determining myocardial ischemia during adenosine-induced coronary vasodilation in patients with angina pectoris are not well defined. To evaluate the angiographic, scintigraphic, hemodynamic, and echocardiographic determinants of ST segment depression during adenosine infusion, 40 patients with angina pectoris underwent technetium-99m sestamibi single photon emission computed tomography and simultaneous two-dimensional echocardiography. ...
Fournier J A - - 1995
A 24-year-old man was found to have angiographically normal coronary arteries shortly after suffering blunt thoracic trauma. Selective ergonovine administration into the left coronary artery induced total occlusion of the left anterior descending branch and electrical alternans of the ST-segment. This case demonstrates coronary artery spasm as a possible mechanism ...
Dolezel S - - 1994
A fine non-compressing methacrylate ring was implanted on the ramus circumflexus (RC) in 13 dogs. After the animals survived 7-14 days, the distribution and the rate of the Wallerian degeneration was studied in coronary arteries and myocardium by means of the formaldehyde induced fluorescence (FIF) technique and the transmission electron ...
Kai H - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) has been shown to dilate the coronary artery. The aim of this study was to determine whether, in patients with effort angina pectoris, intracoronary infusion of ANP attenuates pacing-induced myocardial ischemia either by dilating the stenotic lesion in a large coronary artery or by dilating ...
Ito A - - 1994
BACKGROUND: The intracellular mechanism of coronary artery spasm is still unknown. The pathway mediated by protein kinase C (PKC) is an important intracellular process of various cellular responses, including vascular smooth muscle contraction. Thus, we examined the role of the PKC-mediated pathway in the pathogenesis of coronary artery spasm in ...
Hara K - - 1994
Percutaneous transluminal balloon dilation of an 8-month-old free graft of the gastroepiploic artery was followed by diffuse and profound graft spasm. Because free arterial grafts are more prone to spasm, suitable precautions, such as administration of calcium channel antagonists, should be taken before attempting any interventions on these vessels.
Hori M - - 1994
This study was undertaken to examine whether 5-amino-4-imidazolecarboxamide (AICA) riboside (acadesine), which augments adenosine release in ischemic myocardium, further attenuates ischemic injury after acute coronary microembolization. The left anterior descending coronary artery was cannulated and perfused with blood from the left carotid artery in 46 dogs, and coronary blood flow ...
Frantz R P - - 1994
Coronary artery spasm is a rarely reported condition after heart transplantation. We report a case of exercise-induced coronary artery spasm in a patient 1-year after orthotopic heart transplantation. Serial quantitative coronary angiography showed significant diffuse loss of luminal diameter. Provocative testing with intracoronary acetylcholine and intravenous methylergonovine maleate was performed ...
Kedem J - - 1994
To test the hypothesis that dopamine-stimulated work and myocardial O2 consumption (MVO2) in collateral-dependent myocardium would be reduced, Ameroid constrictors were implanted around the circumflex coronary artery (CFX) in nine dogs. Four weeks later, in an anesthetized open-chest preparation, segment length (ultrasonic dimension gauge) and force (miniature force transducer) were ...
Tecce M A - - 1994
The true incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) from coronary artery spasm is unknown. The following case involves SCD in a previously asymptomatic young man with reasonable evidence to implicate coronary artery spasm as a potential cause for his clinical event. Ergonovine provocation may be warranted in patients who present ...
Ferrante F - - 1994
The present study was designed to assess the influence of treatment with the calcium channel blocker darodipine (PY 108-068) on the morphology of pial and coronary arteries in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Twelve week male SHR were used in this study. One group was treated with a daily dose of ...
Koh K K - - 1994
A 55-year-old man demonstrated typical reflux esophagitis, not esophageal spasm, by esophageal manometry, although he demonstrated classic migraine, positive Raynaud's scan, and proven coronary artery spasm. He suffered from severe chest pain by medication of ergotamine tartrate. Ergot alkaloids should be avoided in patients with symptomatic coronary artery spasm.
Ballantyne E S - - 1994
The case is reported of a 60-year-old woman with left-sided trigeminal neuralgia, hemifacial spasm, and hypertension. Compression of the left trigeminal, facial, and vagus nerves by the anterior and posterior inferior cerebellar arteries and a persistent trigeminal artery variant were demonstrated by magnetic resonance angiography using a novel sequence. At ...
Núñez B D - - 1994
The purpose of the present study was to determine the maximal coronary flow reserve (CFR) before and after the administration of successive cocaine doses (0.1, 0.5, 3, and 7 mg/kg IV) for 2 minutes at 10-minute intervals in eight miniature swine. CFR was assessed by the administration of adenosine (0.03, ...
Nguyen T V - - 1994
Describes a technique for reconstructing the skeletal structure of coronary arteries from a succession of frames of a single-view cineangiogram. The authors use local features in each frame to determine correspondences of arterial segments in successive frames. They define a similarity measure in 2D image space as the change in ...
Kazumi T - - 1994
We report a 46-year-old man with familial hypercholesterolemia who simultaneously developed angina pectoris and left hemiplegia. Angiography revealed complete tapering occlusion of the right internal carotid artery and a 75% stenosis of the right coronary artery. In addition to hypercholesterolemia, his serum Lp(a) levels were very high, with a mean ...
Handa K - - 1993
We examined activities or levels of plasmin and thrombin inhibitors in essentially untreated patients with angiographically documented coronary artery spasm. The patients received the ergonovine malate provocation test and were classified into two groups: (a) those with significant coronary artery spasm that produced reduction of the internal luminal diameter of ...
Soo C S - - 1993
The authors report 4 Oriental cases of total occlusion of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) with differing presentations. The first patient had a twelve-year history of stable angina pectoris. The second patient had angina for a year, which became unstable two months prior to diagnosis. The third patient had ...
Etsuda H - - 1993
Studies in pigs and dogs show that intimal injury is related to coronary artery spasm; it is not known whether intimal injury is related to coronary artery spasm in human beings. We examined intima at the site of coronary artery spasm by percutaneous transluminal coronary angioscopy in 10 of 13 ...
Pinto F J - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Intracoronary ultrasound (ICUS) has the ability to quantitatively evaluate vessel wall morphology and is well suited for serial studies of coronary artery disease regression and progression. However, the potential risk for catheter-induced endothelial damage and accelerated atherosclerosis in instrumented vessels is a concern. The acute effects as well as ...
Kirigaya H - - 1993
To examine the vasospastic activity of coronary arteries which have been subjected to previous balloon angioplasty, we conducted an acetylcholine provocative test at diagnostic catheterization in 147 consecutive patients. All patients underwent successful elective angioplasty and had follow-up angiography 1 to 6 months after the procedure. Sixty-two patients had a ...
Sambuceti G - - 1993
The behavior of myocardial blood flow (MBF) regulation in territories supplied by angiographically normal vessels of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) has been poorly investigated. Resting MBF and coronary reserve were evaluated in 32 patients with stable angina, no previous myocardial infarction, and isolated left anterior descending or left ...
Peterson H A - - 1993
Premature physeal arrest may occur after various insults to the physis. Its association with diaphyseal fracture without obvious physeal damage is well known, but the cause is obscure. The case reported documents premature closure of the distal tibial physis of an infant after a temporary but significant episode of vascular ...
Kuga T - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to examine whether basal coronary artery tone is elevated at the spastic site in patients with variant angina and to determine the significance of basal artery tone in predicting provocation of coronary artery spasm. BACKGROUND: Previous data have been conflicting on whether basal coronary artery ...
Piasecki C K - - 1993
While transilluminating guinea pig gastric wall, we noticed foci of irregular compression of submucosal veins and arteries, featuring parallel bands across arteries, with complete cessation of blood flow, mucosal pallor, and shrinkage of the area. Other features demonstrated that this was not due to artifactual pressure. We attribute it to ...
Schreiner W - - 1993
Arterial branchings closely fulfill several "bifurcation rules" which are deemed to optimize blood flow. The question is whether these local criteria in conjunction with a general optimization principle can explain the overall structure of an arterial tree. We present a model of an arterial vascular tree which is grown on ...
Miwa K - - 1993
Five patients with variant angina showed alternating ST-segment elevation and contralateral ST-segment depression between the precordial and inferior leads in electrocardiographic recordings made during sequential anginal attacks. This electrocardiographic "seesaw" phenomenon was observed during ergonovine-induced attacks in 3 cases and during spontaneous attacks in 1 case. Another patient showed ST-segment ...
Miwa K - - 1993
This study examined the question of whether intracoronary administration of nitroglycerin modifies contralateral intracoronary acetylcholine test results. Acetylcholine was injected separately into both left and right coronary arteries in 63 patients with coronary spastic angina. Acetylcholine (20 and 50 micrograms) was injected first into the coronary artery responsible for the ...
Kalsner S - - 1993
Traditionally coronary artery spasm, which is implicated in the pathogenesis of angina, myocardial infarction and sudden death, has been perceived as involving either a powerful spasmogen or larger quantities of a less potent stimulant. The present essay proposes that spasm may occur in the complete absence of any inciting chemical ...
Ide M - - 1993
Posttraumatic cerebral arterial spasm occurred in a 51-year-old male after a fall striking the left frontal region of the head. The initial computed tomography was identical to that of severe subarachnoid hemorrhage from ruptured aneurysm. He was neurologically stable for the 1st week following the accident, but his condition deteriorated ...
Yamanishi K - - 1993
To clarify the effect of intracoronary injection of acetylcholine on coronary collateral circulation, acetylcholine (20 and 50 micrograms) was injected directly into the donor artery of 5 patients with rest angina who had angiographically demonstrable collateral channels. Coronary spasm was defined as severe vasoconstriction (> or = 90% of luminal ...
Tisdale L A - - 1993
Many patients in the critical care unit (CCU) are at risk for myocardial ischemia and acute coronary artery reocclusion. The use of continuous ST segment monitoring detects transient and sustained ischemia, despite the absence of symptoms, more completely than rate and rhythm monitoring alone. The accuracy and sensitivity of the ...
Mizuyama K - - 1993
Coronary artery spasm occurred during thoracotomy under cervical epidural anesthesia in a 60-year-old male patient who had no prior history of myocardial ischemia. It is most likely that the administration of methoxamine induced the spasm. Hypotension and venodilatation induced by the epidural anesthesia and increased vagal tone might also contribute ...
De Mattos J P - - 1992
A 70 years-old man was admitted at our hospital because of unstable angina pectoris. He had essential hypertension and right hemiplegia from a ischemic stroke two years before admission. On neurologic examination, it was found mental disorientation, unstable emotionality, right spastic hemiparesis with right Babinski sign, and segmental myoclonus affecting ...
Gaspardone A - - 1992
A 58-year-old woman, referred to our hospital to undergo invasive assessment of mitral valve stenosis, demonstrated prolonged asymptomatic catheter-induced left anterior descending and right coronary artery spasm during coronary arteriography. Coronary spasms were not associated with ECG and arterial blood pressure changes. Intracoronary injection of nitroglycerin (300 and 600 micrograms ...
Miwa K - - 1992
In an attempt to clarify the role of coronary artery spasm in the pathogenesis of unstable angina, acetylcholine (20 and 50 micrograms) was injected directly into the coronary arteries of 19 patients with unstable effort angina (group 1), 30 patients with unstable spontaneous angina (group 2), and 15 patients with ...
Oguni H - - 1992
We studied 36 drop seizures in 5 patients with myoclonic astatic epilepsy of early childhood (MAEE) with simultaneous split-screen video recording and polygraph. Sixteen were falling attacks and 20 were either less severe attacks exhibiting only deep head nodding or seizures equivalent to drop attacks in terms of ictal pattern ...
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