Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 778
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Mazumdar Avi - - 2006
OBJECT: This study was conducted to determine whether there is a change in intracranial arterial diameters after verapamil infusion for vasospasm and, if it is present, to determine whether the change occurs in proximal, intermediate, or distal vessels. METHODS: The authors measured arterial diameters in all patients treated with intraarterial ...
Kakinohana Manabu - - 2006
In this case report, we describe recurrent spasms of the right coronary artery with no apparent preexisting abnormal angiogram that caused second-degree atrioventricular (AV) block and inferior wall hypokinesis. These hemodynamic changes were induced by mechanical compression of the right coronary artery by a pericardium drain tube. From our experience, ...
Larner Andrew J - - 2005
This article summarizes briefly the life and work of Dr Caleb Hillier Parry (1755-1822), a friend of Dr Edward Jenner. He made original clinical observations, including the bradycardic effect of carotid artery compression, and the association of thyroid enlargement with cardiac disease. He also undertook experimental work and published extensively, ...
Deleu Dirk - - 2005
A 32-year-old man presented with left hemifacial spasm. Neurophysiological findings revealed an absent ipsilateral R1 on blink reflex. An MRI showed a dolichoectatic left vertebral artery impinging on the root exit zone of the left facial nerve. Botulinum toxin infections relieved the manifestations of hemifacial spasm. This case demonstrates that ...
Takahashi Masaya - - 2005
We examined the effects of trandolapril and candesartan on changes in the levels of sarcoglycans and dystrophin in the right ventricle of rats with the left coronary artery ligation. Hemodynamic and morphological alterations suggested the development of hypertrophy of the right ventricle and chronic heart failure by the 8th week. ...
Demircan Senol - - 2005
In this study, we found that carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) was significantly increased and carotid artery atherosclerotic plaques were detected more frequently in patients who had early-onset coronary artery disease compared with control subjects (0.73 +/- 0.10 vs 0.60 +/- 0.10 mm, p <0.001, and 40% vs 11%, p <0.001, ...
Uchino M - - 2005
We report a rare case of symptomatic hemifacial spasm caused by a fusiform vertebral artery aneurysm. A 59-year-old woman presented with left hemifacial spasm of 18 months duration. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an enlarged a fusiform aneurysm of the left vertebral artery which compressed the seventh cranial nerve at its ...
Matsumoto Keigo - - 2005
A 62-year-old woman presented with right hemifacial spasm persisting for 6 months. Brain magnetic resonance imaging and digital subtraction angiography showed a wide-neck aneurysm of the intracranial portion of the right vertebral artery. The patient underwent endovascular trapping of the aneurysm by coil embolization of the parent vessel on both ...
Mazarakis Andreas - - 2005
Allergic angina and allergic myocardial infarction (Kounis syndrome) occurring during the course of a drug-induced allergic reaction in the absence of angiographically stenosed coronary arteries, is rare in clinical practice. This paper reports the case of a 70-year-old woman with no significant risk factors for coronary artery disease who developed ...
Cheng Chi-Wen - - 2005
Development of coronary collateral vessels is described in a patient with coronary artery spasm associated with ST-segment depression. The collateral vessels disappeared after spasm was relieved and the ST segment was normalized, suggesting that the collateral vessels occurred during coronary artery spasm and were localized to the perfused ischemic area ...
Golomb Meredith R - - 2005
The prognosis for intellectual development in children with symptomatic infantile spasms is usually poor. We report a 9-year-old boy with a history of a large, presumed perinatal, left middle cerebral artery infarct discovered when he developed infantile spasms at 6 months of age. The infantile spasms responded to treatment with ...
Loirand Gervaise - - 2005
Resistance arteries are able to adapt to physiological and pathophysiological stimuli to maintain adequate perfusion according to the metabolic demand of the tissue. Although vasomotor control allows rapid adaptation of lumen diameter, vascular remodeling constitutes an active process that occurs in response to long-term alterations of hemodynamic parameters. Unfortunately, this ...
Masaki Nobuyuki - - 2005
Endothelial dysfunction plays an important role in the pathogenesis of cardiac syndrome X, and intracoronary low-dose acetylcholine infusion is a widely used diagnostic modality for studying the coronary artery endothelial function. The authors herein report 2 cases of cardiac syndrome X with coronary artery endothelial dysfunction and microvessel spasm. The ...
Nakano Akira - - 2005
We encountered a patient with microvascular angina (MVA) who was died suddenly, and observed ST-segment elevation during attack without epicardial coronary arterial vasoconstriction, suggesting the occurrence of microvascular spasm. Doppler guide wire (DGW) and N-13 ammonia positron emission tomography (PET) demonstrate severe impairment of the coronary microcirculation extending throughout the ...
Fukui Toshihiro - - 2005
We report a case of a 52-year-old man with severe coronary artery and graft spasm after triple-vessel off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. Emergent coronary angiography was performed to identify the location and severity of the spasm. Intracoronary injections of several vasodilators failed to relieve the spasm. Observational treatments including intra-aortic ...
Kawano Hiroaki - - 2005
Coronary spasm plays an important role in the pathogenesis of not only variant angina but also coronary heart disease in general including acute coronary syndromes, especially in the Japanese population. The vascular endothelium has been reported to be a multifunctional organ whose integrity is essential for normal vascular physiology. Vascular ...
Chiladakis John A - - 2005
We describe a patient with nonsignificant coronary artery disease who experienced variant angina after beta -blockade withdrawal. Standard therapy with nifedipine and nitrates aimed at suppressing symptoms and typical transient ST-segment elevations was superseded by the reinstitution of metoprolol. The autonomic alternations before and after readministration of metoprolol were analyzed ...
Wong Aaron - - 2005
Coronary artery spasm is common during percutaneous coronary intervention and is easily relieved by intracoronary administration of vasodilators. We report the case of a patient who had severe, protracted, generalized spasm of the entire left coronary artery system during coronary artery stenting. The spasm, which was unresponsive to intracoronary vasodilators ...
Kimura Naoyuki - - 2005
Percutaneous cardiopulmonary support (PCPS) is a powerful resuscitation tool for patients in cardiogenic shock. The femoral artery is generally used for arterial access; however, vascular complications, particularly in atherosclerotic arteries, can occur. Although such complications occur infrequently, they can be fatal. We describe the case of a 75-year-old woman who ...
Vijayalakshmi Kunadian - - 2004
The original description of the TIMI frame count (TFC) method was based on angiograms acquired at 30 f/sec. Modern digital angiograms are acquired at lower frame rates (between 12.5 and 25 f/sec). Coronary angiography was acquired at 12.5 and 25 f/sec after 200 mug of intracoronary glyceryl trinitrate. Results of ...
Murakami Hiroatsu - - 2004
The lateral spread response (LSR) is used in the electrophysiological diagnosis of a hemifacial spasm or for monitoring during microvascular decompression. The authors used LSRs for intraoperative monitoring during endovascular surgery in a rare case of vertebral artery (VA) aneurysm that caused intractable hemifacial spasm. A 49-year-old woman presented with ...
Erne Paul - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We sought to demonstrate that brachytherapy reduces coronary spasm in refractory and highly symptomatic variant angina. BACKGROUND: In some patients with variant angina due to extensive vasoconstriction, intensive drug therapy fails to sufficiently relieve symptoms. METHODS: In 18 patients with frequent angina episodes despite triple anti-anginal therapy, coronary spasm ...
Fukuda Naoto - - 2004
We examined vasospasms of the radial artery after a transradial approach was used for coronary angiography or angioplasty. In forty-eight patients (39 males and 9 females), arteriography of the radial artery was initially performed just after the transradial approach was used for coronary angiography and/or angioplasty. Then, five months later, ...
Vydt Tom - - 2004
We present a case of variant angina complicated by recurrent sudden cardiac death. During coronary angiography a diffuse 3-vessel vasoconstriction was observed progressing to a more severe vasoconstriction in the mid LAD. Intracoronary administration of urapidil did not reverse the vasoconstriction of the LAD; instead an occlusive vasospasm occurred accompanied ...
Angelini Annalisa - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Filter protection after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is now available to prevent distal embolization. The aims of this study were (1) to evaluate the microembolization phenomenon during procedures of stent implantation in native coronary arteries of patients with stable and unstable angina, (2) to assess the amount and characteristics ...
Di Cori Andrea - - 2004
Ventricular tachyarrhythmias have been well documented in patients with variant angina. Episodes of torsade de pointes have been described infrequently. We report a case of a 60-year-old male with a previous history of one vessel artery disease and a successful coronary angioplasty with stenting of the left anterior descending artery, ...
Kawai Yuko - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Basic and clinical studies have indicated that 15-(p-[(123)I] iodophenyl)-3-(R, S) methylpentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) can identify ischemic myocardium without evidence of myocardial infarction by the regional decline of tracer uptake. The present study compared BMIPP SPECT with rest-stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) findings and ...
Sezai Akira - - 2004
The patient was a 48-year-old male who was diagnosed with unstable angina. He had worsening cardiogenic shock during coronary angiography. Emergency coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was performed. He had a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) mediastinitis on day 22 after CABG. Drains were placed in the anterior mediastinum, left thoracic ...
Nathoo Narendra - - 2004
W. James Gardner, a skillful neurosurgeon and inventor, is best remembered for his cervical tongs and hydrodynamic theory of syringomyelia. A pioneer of modern neurosurgery, Gardner trained under Charles Frazier in Philadelphia, and in 1929 he moved to Ohio where he became chief of neurosurgery at the Cleveland Clinic, a ...
Miwa Kunihisa - - 2004
BACKGROUND: It is not known whether multivessel coronary spasm occurs spontaneously in patients who have variant angina (VA) with demonstrated multivessel spasm induced by intracoronary injection of acetylcholine (ACh). Regional left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction or wall motion abnormality may persist after an episode of coronary vasospasm. Color kinesis (CK) ...
Poppas Athena - - 2004
We evaluated the ability of electromechanical mapping (EMM) to discriminate between normal, viable, and nonviable (scarred) myocardium in patients with coronary artery disease versus dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) when the correspondence between the test and reference data sets is established via a common 3-dimensional reconstruction of the left ventricle. We ...
Schori Thomas R - - 2004
PURPOSE: To report a case of arterial calcification in a person who has had long-term treatment with warfarin. Although the anticoagulant has been shown to induce arterial calcification in laboratory animals, there have been no previous reports implicating warfarin as a clinical factor. CLINICAL FEATURES: On routine annual examination, the ...
Satoshi Kurisu - - 2004
A 64-year-old man with a history of previous coronary intervention of the left anterior descending artery was admitted to hospital because of recurrent chest pain at rest. Coronary angiography revealed no significant coronary artery stenosis. During preparation for the second shot of the right coronary artery, chest pain occurred unexpectedly, ...
Naito Yuji - - 2004
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is an uncommon acquired disorder of blood cells characterized by intravascular hemolysis due to an inordinate sensitivity to complement-mediated membrane damage. This report documents coronary artery revascularization in a patient with PNH, which has not been described in the literature so far. We used the on-pump ...
Watanabe Tohru - - 2004
RS-7897 is a novel antianginal nitrate containing an L-2-oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid (OTCA) and unlike other organic nitrates does not induce nitrate tolerance. OTCA is known to be converted to L-cysteine (L-Cys) by rat 5-oxo-prolinase (5-OPase) and was detected in the plasma of RS-7897-treated dogs. Nitrate tolerance is considered to develop mainly ...
Wheeler Matthew T - - 2004
Vascular spasm is a poorly understood but critical biomedical process because it can acutely reduce blood supply and tissue oxygenation. Cardiomyopathy in mice lacking gamma-sarcoglycan or delta-sarcoglycan is characterized by focal damage. In the heart, sarcoglycan gene mutations produce regional defects in membrane permeability and focal degeneration, and it was ...
Wheeler Matthew T - - 2004
Genetic defects in the plasma membrane-associated sarcoglycan complex produce cardiomyopathy characterized by focal degeneration. The infarct-like pattern of cardiac degeneration has led to the hypothesis that coronary artery vasospasm underlies cardiomyopathy in this disorder. We evaluated the coronary vasculature of gamma-sarcoglycan mutant mice and found microvascular filling defects consistent with ...
Maynard Suzanne J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The 12-lead electrocardiogram underestimates ST segment alteration in acute coronary syndromes compared with multi-lead body surface mapping. We assessed whether 80-lead mapping would improve detection of ST alteration during percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: Simultaneous maps and 12-lead electrocardiograms were recorded pre-procedure, during balloon inflation and post-procedure from patients undergoing ...
Ramondo Angelo - - 2004
Ths study reports different mechanisms (i.e., microvascular spasm and discrete microinfarction) that may underlie different pattern of slow-reflow after elective coronary stenting on the basis of the different tissue level of perfusion achieved, assessed by blush grade and MRI.
Shoemaker Laura K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Cardiotoxicity is a rare but well-documented adverse effect of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). The underlying cause of this side effect of 5-FU is uncertain. METHODS: We present a case report of a 63-year-old man treated for metastatic colon cancer who experienced chest pain while being treated with the FOLFIRI regimen. This ...
Krasnianski Michael - - 2003
We report a 62-year-old woman with a locked-in syndrome with bilateral masticatory spasms and persistent trismus, who was still able to yawn. A vascular malformation of the basilar artery-megadolichobasilar artery (fusiform aneurysm, vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia) was determined to be the underlying cause of this rare combination of symptoms. A thrombus in ...
Mansuroglu Denyan - - 2003
Hemodynamic instability due to late postoperative radial artery spasm is a rare phenomenon. This entity developed in our patient who was operated on for severe left main coronary artery stenosis with a dominant circumflex artery. The spasm could not be relieved with intraluminal vasodilator therapy, and the patient underwent reoperation ...
Sueda Shozo - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the coronary flow reserve (CFR) in patients with pure vasospastic angina (VSA). METHODS AND RESULTS: The phasic flow velocities of both spasm-positive and spasm-negative coronary arteries of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) were recorded at rest and during hyperaemia (50 microg of adenosine ...
Sueda Shozo - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There have been few studies comparing the clinical usefulness for the induction of coronary artery spasm (CAS) between acetylcholine (ACh) and ergonovine (ER). This study is designed: (1) to examine the duration of effect after intracoronary injection of ACh on the responsible vessels using a 0.014 inch, ...
Iwami Takahiro - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Coronary arterial remodeling influences the clinical presentation of ischemic heart disease; however, there is little information on the relationship between coronary arterial remodeling and the type of angina pectoris that patients manifest. HYPOTHESIS: The study was undertaken to determine the difference of coronary arterial remodeling in patients with different ...
Molloi Sabee - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Previous studies demonstrated that the dysfunction of vasomotor tone (VT) is closely linked to the development of atherosclerosis and it is considered important in the very early stages of atherogenesis. Currently, the evaluation of VT relies on lumen changes in response to vasoactive stimuli using quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) ...
Krejza Jaroslaw - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The overall accuracy of transcranial Doppler sonography in the diagnosis of middle cerebral artery spasm has not been established. Moreover, the factors of age and sex have not been addressed in most studies. In this article, we present receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis of the accuracy of transcranial ...
Kelkar Bharat R - - 2003
Between May 1990 and April 2000, 61 patients with severe occlusive arterial disease (44 with thromboangiitis obliterans, 13 with atherosclerosis, and four with diabetes mellitus), who had not responded to previous nonsurgical and surgical treatment and had chronic critical ischemia in the lower limbs, had corticotomy near major neurovascular bundles ...
Chang Kiyuk - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Coronary spasm seems to be associated with coronary nitric oxide deficiency. OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether the Glu298Asp polymorphism in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene is a definite risk factor for coronary spasm and whether diffuse spasm involving normal-looking coronary artery correlates significantly with the Glu298Asp polymorphism, in ...
Moukarbel George V - - 2003
Coronary artery spasm is reported to occur in 1 5% of percutaneous coronary interventions. However, coronary spasm induced solely by guidewire insertion is very rare. We present a case of diffuse coronary artery spasm induced by guidewire insertion, which responded promptly to intracoronary nitrates. The case illustrates the importance of ...
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