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Al Jaber Jihad - - 2010
A 51-year old Middle-Eastern man presented with recurrent chest pain associated with ST-segment elevation. The patient was treated with placement of a stent in the right coronary artery. He was subsequently diagnosed with severe hyperthyroidism secondary to Graves disease, which is thought to be the cause of the coronary spasm. ...
Morikawa Yoshinobu - - 2010
Coronary spasm can usually be controlled by administration of Ca antagonists. However, there are some cases of coronary spasm whose attacks cannot be controlled even with large doses of Ca antagonist and/or its combination with nitrates. Here we describe the case of a 41-year-old man whose attacks of coronary spasm ...
Rathore Sudhir S Department of Cardiology, Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, Liverpool, UK. - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of length and hydrophilic coating of the introducer sheath on radial artery spasm, radial artery occlusion, and local vascular complications in patients undergoing transradial coronary procedures. Radial artery spasm is common during transradial procedures and the most common cause for ...
Siegel Wayne - - 2010
This article provides narration of the events during the development of ergonovine maleate infusions for detecting coronary artery spasm at the Cleveland Clinic in 1973. This was the first safe, reproduceable and reliable test for angiographic visualization of the pathophysiology associated with the Prinzmetal Syndrome termed "angina inversa".
Min Ho-Ki - - 2010
Postoperative coronary artery spasm following off-pump coronary artery bypass is a rare and unpredictable complication. The clinical manifestations following spasm vary, depending on the severity or the affected vessels. In serious cases, it can proceed to circulatory collapse and cardiac arrest. Coronary angiography with infusion of coronary vasodilators has been ...
Pedagogos Eugenie - - 2010
Date written: December 2008 Final submission: March 2009.
Ornek Ender - - 2010
Many cases of coronary artery spasm during regional or general anesthesia have been reported. To our knowledge, for the first time we report a case of coronary artery spasm induced by general anesthesia that was documented by immediate angiography and treated with intracoronary nitroglycerine. A 68-year-old female was to undergo ...
Baek Jong Hyun - - 2010
Native coronary artery spasm after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is scarce. It frequently causes disastrous circulatory collapse. We report a 72-yr-old male, who experienced native coronary artery spasm and grafted artery spasm following CABG, which was successfully treated with coronary angiography and intracoronary injection of nitroglycerine.
Spar David S - - 2010
A 16-year-old female patient with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome and supraventricular tachycardia underwent radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of an accessory pathway in the left lateral area. During RF ablation she developed reversible ST segment elevation secondary to coronary artery spasm. Coronary angiography demonstrated the ablation catheter in close proximity to the circumflex ...
Osugi Taku - - 2010
AIM: We investigated the role of endothelin-1 (ET-1) in coronary microvascular spasm in a porcine model. METHODS: A flowmeter was implanted around the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), and epicardial coronary artery endothelial denudation (ED) was performed just distal to the flowmeter every 2 weeks (W) until 6 W ...
Takefuji Mikito - - 2010
Coronary artery spasm has an important function in the etiology of variant angina and other acute coronary syndromes. Abnormal activation of Rho-family GTPases has been observed in cardiovascular disorders, but the function of genetic variability in Rho-family GTPases remains to be evaluated in cardiovascular disorders. We examined the genetic variability ...
Demir Senay - - 2010
Ergotamine-induced limb ischemia is rare and usually results from an accidental overdose. Several agents, including erythromycin and tetracycline, raise serum ergotamine levels and augment its effect. We present a case of acute lower limb ischemia with characteristic angiography findings of diffuse arterial spasm resulting from use of ergotamine and an ...
Yaqub Yasir - - 2009
A 75-year-old woman with known diagnosis of Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome presented with acute onset of chest pain, dyspnea and elevated cardiac enzymes. She had triple vessel coronary artery disease on subsequent coronary angiography. Given the unavailability of venous conduits secondary to lower extremity varicosities, coronary artery bypass grafting with radial and ...
Chen Kang-Yin - - 2009
1. Both peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and coronary artery spasm (CAS) are associated with endothelial dysfunction. Thus, a higher incidence of CAS may be expected in patients with PAD. In the present study, we evaluated the incidence and characteristics of CAS in patients with PAD. 2. A total of 78 ...
Murakami Eiji - - 2009
In coronary artery bypass surgery, arterial grafts result in improved patency rates. However, these grafts frequently fail due to spasm. Papaverine has been used to prevent graft spasm, but its effect is short-lived. Botulinum toxin inhibits muscle contraction for about three months. We investigated the usefulness of botulinum toxin in ...
Georgiadis G S - - 2009
The existence of traumatic arterial spasm in large arteries is questionable in current literature. We report a case of a 19-year old man with comminuted unstable femur fracture who presented with an ischemic foot. Localized arterial spasm was revealed in the middle portion of the superficial femoral artery triggered by ...
Rekik Sofiene - - 2009
ST-segment elevation during dobutamine stress echocardiography is a serious complication usually related to severe coronary artery disease. However, it can occur in absence of significant coronary artery disease supposedly as a consequence of an occlusive dobutamine-induced coronary artery spasm. We report the case of a 56-year-old man without cardiovascular history ...
Smith Chez - - 2009
Diffuse coronary vasospasm is an unpredictable and serious complication following coronary artery bypass surgery. The treatment of this emergency is dependent on patient suitability for angiography and direct injection of vasodilators into the affected vessels. In patients unable to proceed to angiography the diagnosis can only be suspected but treatment ...
Bhardwaj Rajeev - - 2009
We describe a case that underwent successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in cardiogenic shock but after half an hour, again had severe chest pain with re-elevation of ST segment and was found to have coronary artery spasm as a cause of recurrence of symptoms.
Nishizawa Shinya - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Organic coronary artery stenosis is a significant prognostic factor in patients with coronary spastic angina (CSA), so the present study was focused on assessing the impact of intermediate fixed stenosis at sites of provoked spasm on the long-term outcomes of CSA patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: CSA patients diagnosed on ...
Aboukhoudir Falah - - 2009
AIMS: The aim of this article was to assess whether abnormal dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) can be due to a dobutamine-induced coronary spasm in patients with angiographically documented vasospastic coronary arteries. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between January 2004 and April 2008, we prospectively evaluated all patients with known or suspected coronary ...
Ramnarayan R R Malar Hospitals, Chennai, India. - - 2009
To present an emerging clinical entity which may mimic another common entity. A 31 year-old woman complained of sudden severe headache and collapsed. She had delivered by Cesarean section one week previously. She had a normal antenatal history and did not have any evidence of hypertension. Clinical examination revealed her ...
Demura Y - - 2009
A 69-year-old male non-smoker with a history of atopic asthma presented with symptoms suggestive of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and this appeared to be corroborated by lung function testing and a chest radiograph. However, a chest CT showed no evidence of pulmonary emphysema and instead demonstrated free air along the ...
Barajas Ramon F RF - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Hemifacial spasm caused by a cerebellopontine angle lipoma is extremely rare. We describe a patient with left-sided hemifacial spasm caused by vascular compression of the facial and vestibulocochlear cranial nerves by the anteroinferior cerebellar artery embedded within a cerebellopontine angle lipoma. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 77-year-old man presented with a ...
Osman Faizel - - 2008
Coronary angiography and intervention can be performed safely using the radial artery. However, arterial spasm is often encountered and usually amenable to nitrate/verapamil therapy. Rarely, surgical intervention is required to remove catheters and wires. Intra-arterial papavarine can be used to treat severe radial artery spasm and prevent the need for ...
Jørgensen Leif - - 2008
Coronary arteriograhy in patients with ischemic heart disease often shows spasm of the coronary arteries. The question is whether spasm is a triggering factor for thrombosis in a stenotic artery. If so, what are the mechanisms for this? A stenosing teflon ring was applied to the right common carotid artery ...
Takagi Atsushi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In the present study it was examined whether transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTDE) would be useful for noninvasive diagnosis of coronary spastic angina (CSA) by assessing coronary arterial tone in the morning. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population comprised 21 CSA patients and 27 control subjects. All diagnoses were angiographically ...
Tanaka Yasuaki - - 2008
A 20-year-old woman suffered from cardiopulmonary arrest due to ventricular fibrillation. The electrocardiogram after resuscitation showed prolonged QTc interval with bifid T wave. On the third hospital day, the QTc interval and the T-wave changes improved. However, the QTc interval was distinctively prolonged after administration of epinephrine, oral glucose load, ...
Townsend Amanda - - 2008
Coronary spasm is a recognized complication of fluorouracil (FU) chemotherapy. Spasm has been documented at other arterial sites with FU. SIR-spheres (radioactive yttrium-90 microspheres) are increasingly being used for hepatic colorectal metastasis. Various FU schedules are reported in the literature, and it is likely there will be coadministration with SIR-spheres. ...
Niccoli Giampaolo - - 2008
AIMS: Thromboxane A2 (TXA2) is a key mediator of platelet activation and aggregation, and an important mediator of platelet-induced coronary artery constriction. We sought to investigate whether baseline plasma levels of TXA2 are associated with coronary no-reflow after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 47 ...
Fallavollita Pascal - - 2008
A novel method is presented for 3D reconstruction of the coronary arteries. The algorithm refines the point correspondences between the arteries visible in a pair of monoplane X-ray fluoroscopy images acquired at different incidences. Traditional computer vision techniques use the RANSAC methods to discard outliers in a list of corresponding ...
Lu Guang-Ming - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of myocardial bridging (MB) is of clinical importance because of the association between MB and compromised coronary flow. The aim of this study was to compare the ability of dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) and conventional coronary angiography (CAG) to detect MB. METHODS AND RESULTS: DSCT were performed ...
Sharman James E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with coronary slow flow (CSF) present with a syndrome (often recurrent) of resting angina with no significant coronary stenoses. The nature of myocardial blood flow (MBF), MBF reserve and systemic arterial characteristics may contribute to symptoms in these patients but this has not been examined previously. This study ...
Yilmaz Ali - - 2009
We sought to evaluate whether Caucasian patients suffering from vasospastic angina have a decreased brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) like their Japanese counterparts and whether certain serum factors known to be associated with impaired vasomotility or endothelial dysfunction are abnormal. In this prospectively conducted study, 33 subjects presenting with resting ...
Nishizaki Mitsuhiro - - 2008
A 49-year-old man with chest pain and syncope presented saddleback or occasionally coved type ST elevation in V1-V3. Coronary spasm in the left anterior descending artery was induced by acetylcholine injection and ST elevation changed from saddleback to coved type in V2-V3 together with ST depression in V4-V5, whereas acetylcholine ...
Duygu Hamza - - 2008
ST-segment deviation in lead augmented vector right (aVR) is useful for evaluating patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The ST-segment elevation in this aVR in the patient with clinically suspected acute coronary syndrome suggests a strong possibility of left main coronary artery (LMCA) obstruction due to fixed stenosis. In this ...
Attaran Saina - - 2008
The radial artery has increased in popularity as a conduit for use in coronary artery bypass surgery. However, concerns remain regarding the risk of radial artery spasm. Although the use of different pharmacological agents to prevent and treat this has been described, there is currently no clear agreement as to ...
Lewis Andrea F - - 2008
Delayed arterial spasm is a clinical and angiographic condition frequently observed after subarachnoid hemorrhage. It has long been associated with a local myogenic reaction to prolonged arterial contact with fresh blood. Carotid spasm from direct manipulation of the petrous carotid during skull base procedures is also a rare but known ...
Otsuka Toshiaki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Rho/Rho-kinase signaling pathway is known to be involved in the pathogenesis of coronary artery spasm. Previous studies reported the efficacy of the Rho-kinase inhibitor, fasudil, in the prevention and relief of coronary spasm. The usefulness of fasudil in combination with conventional vasodilating agents, however, has not been fully ...
Angelini Paolo - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Takotsubo or ampulla transient left ventricular apical ballooning (LVAB) cardiomyopathy has been described as a clinical syndrome characterized by the sudden onset of chest pain, cardiac failure, ischemic changes on electrocardiography, and apical severe myocardial dysfunction in the presence of "normal" coronary arteries on angiography. All features last from ...
Tsuda Etsuko - - 2008
We report vasospastic angina in a young female with a history of Kawasaki disease (KD). She had had KD at the age of 20 months. Selective coronary angiograms at the age of 4 years revealed no coronary aneurysms or stenosis. She remained symptom-free for 29 years, but coronary angiograms at ...
Harskamp Ralf E - - 2008
Spasm of the left internal thoracic artery in the perioperative period represents a life-threatening complication after coronary artery bypass grafting. We present a case in which graft spasm was treated with the administration of intra-arterial nitroglycerin and verapamil. Although vasospasm is more often seen in radial artery grafts, this case ...
Willoughby R E - - 2008
In 2004, a teenager survived bat-associated rabies through the Milwaukee protocol (MP). This survivor and another patient with dog-associated rabies were found to have developed deficiencies of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) and associated neurotransmitters. BH4 is also essential for neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), so rabies is predicted to cause constriction of ...
Vassilev Dobrin - - 2008
Transradial approach to coronary angiography and angioplasty has been widely accepted in the last few years. As an alternative approach from the forearm, with some potential advantages, we decided to test the transulnar approach as a first-choice strategy. Transulnar approach was tried in 131 patients. In 29 patients there was ...
Mascioli Giosuè - - 2007
Coronary artery spasm can cause both brady- and tachyarrhythmia, through induction of AV block (usually linked to coronary spasm of the right coronary artery) or ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation linked to extensive myocardial ischemia. The electrocardiographic aspect of coronary artery spasm is an ST segment elevation. We describe the case of patient ...
Sugimoto Atsuhiko - - 2007
A patient with variant angina presented complaining of frequent morning chest pain refractory to maximal doses of 5 vasodilator agents. His condition was complicated by a drug eruption due to a side effect of the calcium antagonist. Coronary angiography showed no organic stenosis, but a challenge test revealed multiple and ...
Xiang Ding-Cheng - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery spasm usually attacks while at rest and the diagnosis depends on provoking tests which mostly are invasive, expensive and not practical. Previous investigations demonstrated that in most patients with coronary artery spasm, treadmill exercise electrocardiography (TEEC) did not induce any ischemic changes, and myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) ...
Coughlin Stephanie - - 2008
Cardiotoxicity is a recognised side effect of intravenous 5-fluorouracils. In the two case reports described we demonstrate similar cardiotoxic side effects seen with the use of capecitabine. With the increasing use of oral adjuvant chemotherapeutic agents, capecitabine should be used with caution in those patients with existing coronary artery disease.
Fumero Andrea - - 2007
Percutaneous coronary revascularization, coronary artery bypass graft surgery and medical management are nowadays very effective in treating coronary artery disease. Nevertheless, the number of patients affected by refractory chronic angina pectoris is increasing. Epidemiological estimates for refractory angina pectoris predict the diagnosis of more than 100,000 patients each year in ...
Tsutsumi Masanori - - 2007
PURPOSE: The PercuSurge system is a distal balloon embolic protection device used for carotid artery stenting (CAS). We performed a retrospective study on the prognosis and clinical effects of spasms induced by the PercuSurge GuardWire system (PercuSurge-induced spasm). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed CAS in 118 carotid stenoses using the ...
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