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Storto Giovanni - - 2007
PURPOSE: We assessed coronary flow reserve (CFR) by sestamibi imaging in patients with typical chest pain, positive exercise stress test and normal coronary vessels. METHODS: Thirty-five patients with typical chest pain and normal angiogram and 12 control subjects with atypical chest pain underwent dipyridamole/rest (99m)Tc-sestamibi imaging. Myocardial blood flow (MBF) ...
Nakamura Tomomi - - 2007
The aim of the study was to clarify the relationship between neurovascular compression of the rostral ventrolateral medulla and arterial hypertension in patients with primary hemifacial spasm. We enrolled 82 patients with primary hemifacial spasm and 82 age- and sex-matched magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) controls of the posterior cranial fossa. ...
Johar Sandeep - - 2007
A 57-year-old Caucasian woman presented to the emergency department with chest discomfort after testifying in a child custody battle in court. Electrocardiography (ECG) revealed ST-segment elevation in the lateral leads, and T-wave inversions in the inferior and lateral leads. The creatine kinase, creatine kinase-MB, and troponin I concentrations were elevated ...
Durning Steven J - - 2006
Chest pain with electrocardiographic changes is usually a life-threatening presentation of cardiac ischemia. There are, however, a variety of noncardiac conditions that have been reported to mimic these clinical and electrocardiographic changes. An Asian woman presented with chest pain and ST segment elevations in the distribution of the left anterior ...
Visocchi M - - 2006
AIM: Spasm of cerebral arteries is a complication associated with subarachnoid haemorrhage. The aim of the present work is to find an experimental model of reliable, simple and in vivo monitoring of ''early'' basilar artery spasm after subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). Early spasm occurs within minutes of the SAH, its duration ...
Kagiyama Shuntaro - - 2007
During coronary angiography of right coronary artery (RCA), a catheter wedged into a conus artery, and a remarkable coved-type ST elevation was seen in precordial lead through V1-3. LCA angiography did not show any abnormal findings, but we recognized a slow contrast flow in a conus artery by RCA angiography. ...
Li Yuxin - - 2007
Coronary spasm may be one of the reasons for the appearance of chest pain after successful percutaneous coronary interventions, and is potentially hazardous when myocardial ischemia occurs. Coronary spasm can be diagnosed by intracoronary administration of ergonovine as a selective spasm provocative test. We report here the case of a ...
Li Jian-Jun - - 2007
Variant angina, defined as spontaneous angina pectoris associated with transient ST-segment elevation, has proved to be caused usually by episodic coronary spasm since Prinzmetal and his associates described a form of angina quite different from classic Heberden angina pectoris in 1959. Currently, coronary artery spasm is defined as reversible coronary ...
Shimizu Masakatsu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Serotonin (5HT) can induce coronary artery spasm (CAS) in patients with variant angina (VA). We have previously reported that 5HT(1B) and 5HT(2A) receptors gene were expressed in human coronary arterial smooth muscle cells and that isolated coronary artery from a patient with VA showed the supersensitivity to sumatriptan (SMT), ...
Varenne Olivier - - 2006
AIMS: Radial artery spasm remains the major limitation of transradial approach for percutaneous coronary interventions. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of vasodilators in the prevention of radial artery spasm during percutaneous coronary interventions. METHODS AND RESULTS: 1,219 patients were consecutively randomized to receive placebo (n ...
Naz Iram - - 2006
Acute ischemia of an extremity potentially threatens limb loss and occasionally the life of the patient. We are reporting two cases of extremity ischemia secondary to ergot poisoning. The first patient was a 60 years old woman, who presented with a 15 days history of ischemia of the left arm ...
Song Min-Ho - - 2006
A 62-year-old woman underwent aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis. Her hemodynamics deteriorated with ST-T depression 6 hours postoperatively. Emergency coronary catheterization showed diffuse right coronary artery spasm. The spasm persisted despite intracoronary infusion of nitrates and calcium antagonists. Intracoronary adenosine triphosphate infusion finally resolved the spasm and stabilized the ...
Otsuka Toshiaki - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested that the Rho/Rho-kinase mediated pathway (Rho-kinase pathway) regulates the vasomotion of arteries in pathological conditions. However, it remains unclear regarding whether this pathway regulates the coronary vasomotion of atherosclerotic lesions. METHODS AND RESULTS: The coronary diameter at the concentric stenotic site, which is considered to ...
Ueno Tetsuya - - 2006
We report a case of lethal spasm of non-grafted coronary arteries after an uncomplicated off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting in a patient with no predisposing factors other than smoking. Transcatheter intraluminal injection of several vasodilators failed to relieve the spasm. The patient remained in profound cardiogenic shock due to broad ...
Celedin S - - 2006
Summary: In a child undergoing combined transarterial and direct percutaneous puncture embolization of an extensive and complex facial arteriovenous malformation, severe arterial spasm fixed a flow-directed microcatheter in an ethmoidal branch of the left ophthalmic artery. Multiple traction attempts failed to remove the microcatheter. After catheterization of the distal, post ...
Wang Charles Chao-Yung - - 2006
This study reports 2 cases of severe coronary artery spasm with anaphylactoid shock caused by contrast medium. The first patient had anaphylactoid shock in response to contrast medium and severe coronary spasms of both the left anterior descending coronary artery and the left circumflex coronary artery. The patient developed ventricular ...
Heinroth Konstantin M - - 2006
Relevant bradycardias during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are a rare event, but they require immediate therapy by temporary pacing. However, transvenous pacing is associated with frequent and severe complications. Therefore, we wanted to evaluate the safety and reliability of trans-coronary pacing by means of a PCI guidewire. Coronary pacing was ...
Minato Naoki - - 2006
PURPOSE: We experienced 3 cases of serious perioperative coronary artery spasm in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB). In consideration of the causes, we directed our attention to hypomagnesemia, one of the triggers of coronary artery spasm. This study was performed to confirm the tendency to hypomagnesemia in OPCAB. METHODS: ...
Bossert Torsten - - 2006
Native coronary artery spasm is a very rare complication during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. We report the case of a 74-year-old man who experienced angiographically documentated right coronary artery spasm while undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting on the diseased left coronary system. Despite two episodes of ventricular fibrillation ...
Mazumdar Avi - - 2006
OBJECT: This study was conducted to determine whether there is a change in intracranial arterial diameters after verapamil infusion for vasospasm and, if it is present, to determine whether the change occurs in proximal, intermediate, or distal vessels. METHODS: The authors measured arterial diameters in all patients treated with intraarterial ...
Kakinohana Manabu - - 2006
In this case report, we describe recurrent spasms of the right coronary artery with no apparent preexisting abnormal angiogram that caused second-degree atrioventricular (AV) block and inferior wall hypokinesis. These hemodynamic changes were induced by mechanical compression of the right coronary artery by a pericardium drain tube. From our experience, ...
Larner Andrew J - - 2005
This article summarizes briefly the life and work of Dr Caleb Hillier Parry (1755-1822), a friend of Dr Edward Jenner. He made original clinical observations, including the bradycardic effect of carotid artery compression, and the association of thyroid enlargement with cardiac disease. He also undertook experimental work and published extensively, ...
Deleu Dirk - - 2005
A 32-year-old man presented with left hemifacial spasm. Neurophysiological findings revealed an absent ipsilateral R1 on blink reflex. An MRI showed a dolichoectatic left vertebral artery impinging on the root exit zone of the left facial nerve. Botulinum toxin infections relieved the manifestations of hemifacial spasm. This case demonstrates that ...
Takahashi Masaya - - 2005
We examined the effects of trandolapril and candesartan on changes in the levels of sarcoglycans and dystrophin in the right ventricle of rats with the left coronary artery ligation. Hemodynamic and morphological alterations suggested the development of hypertrophy of the right ventricle and chronic heart failure by the 8th week. ...
Demircan Senol - - 2005
In this study, we found that carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) was significantly increased and carotid artery atherosclerotic plaques were detected more frequently in patients who had early-onset coronary artery disease compared with control subjects (0.73 +/- 0.10 vs 0.60 +/- 0.10 mm, p <0.001, and 40% vs 11%, p <0.001, ...
Uchino M - - 2005
We report a rare case of symptomatic hemifacial spasm caused by a fusiform vertebral artery aneurysm. A 59-year-old woman presented with left hemifacial spasm of 18 months duration. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an enlarged a fusiform aneurysm of the left vertebral artery which compressed the seventh cranial nerve at its ...
Matsumoto Keigo - - 2005
A 62-year-old woman presented with right hemifacial spasm persisting for 6 months. Brain magnetic resonance imaging and digital subtraction angiography showed a wide-neck aneurysm of the intracranial portion of the right vertebral artery. The patient underwent endovascular trapping of the aneurysm by coil embolization of the parent vessel on both ...
Mazarakis Andreas - - 2005
Allergic angina and allergic myocardial infarction (Kounis syndrome) occurring during the course of a drug-induced allergic reaction in the absence of angiographically stenosed coronary arteries, is rare in clinical practice. This paper reports the case of a 70-year-old woman with no significant risk factors for coronary artery disease who developed ...
Cheng Chi-Wen - - 2005
Development of coronary collateral vessels is described in a patient with coronary artery spasm associated with ST-segment depression. The collateral vessels disappeared after spasm was relieved and the ST segment was normalized, suggesting that the collateral vessels occurred during coronary artery spasm and were localized to the perfused ischemic area ...
Golomb Meredith R - - 2005
The prognosis for intellectual development in children with symptomatic infantile spasms is usually poor. We report a 9-year-old boy with a history of a large, presumed perinatal, left middle cerebral artery infarct discovered when he developed infantile spasms at 6 months of age. The infantile spasms responded to treatment with ...
Loirand Gervaise - - 2005
Resistance arteries are able to adapt to physiological and pathophysiological stimuli to maintain adequate perfusion according to the metabolic demand of the tissue. Although vasomotor control allows rapid adaptation of lumen diameter, vascular remodeling constitutes an active process that occurs in response to long-term alterations of hemodynamic parameters. Unfortunately, this ...
Masaki Nobuyuki - - 2005
Endothelial dysfunction plays an important role in the pathogenesis of cardiac syndrome X, and intracoronary low-dose acetylcholine infusion is a widely used diagnostic modality for studying the coronary artery endothelial function. The authors herein report 2 cases of cardiac syndrome X with coronary artery endothelial dysfunction and microvessel spasm. The ...
Nakano Akira - - 2005
We encountered a patient with microvascular angina (MVA) who was died suddenly, and observed ST-segment elevation during attack without epicardial coronary arterial vasoconstriction, suggesting the occurrence of microvascular spasm. Doppler guide wire (DGW) and N-13 ammonia positron emission tomography (PET) demonstrate severe impairment of the coronary microcirculation extending throughout the ...
Fukui Toshihiro - - 2005
We report a case of a 52-year-old man with severe coronary artery and graft spasm after triple-vessel off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. Emergent coronary angiography was performed to identify the location and severity of the spasm. Intracoronary injections of several vasodilators failed to relieve the spasm. Observational treatments including intra-aortic ...
Kawano Hiroaki - - 2005
Coronary spasm plays an important role in the pathogenesis of not only variant angina but also coronary heart disease in general including acute coronary syndromes, especially in the Japanese population. The vascular endothelium has been reported to be a multifunctional organ whose integrity is essential for normal vascular physiology. Vascular ...
Chiladakis John A - - 2005
We describe a patient with nonsignificant coronary artery disease who experienced variant angina after beta -blockade withdrawal. Standard therapy with nifedipine and nitrates aimed at suppressing symptoms and typical transient ST-segment elevations was superseded by the reinstitution of metoprolol. The autonomic alternations before and after readministration of metoprolol were analyzed ...
Wong Aaron - - 2005
Coronary artery spasm is common during percutaneous coronary intervention and is easily relieved by intracoronary administration of vasodilators. We report the case of a patient who had severe, protracted, generalized spasm of the entire left coronary artery system during coronary artery stenting. The spasm, which was unresponsive to intracoronary vasodilators ...
Kimura Naoyuki - - 2005
Percutaneous cardiopulmonary support (PCPS) is a powerful resuscitation tool for patients in cardiogenic shock. The femoral artery is generally used for arterial access; however, vascular complications, particularly in atherosclerotic arteries, can occur. Although such complications occur infrequently, they can be fatal. We describe the case of a 75-year-old woman who ...
Vijayalakshmi Kunadian - - 2004
The original description of the TIMI frame count (TFC) method was based on angiograms acquired at 30 f/sec. Modern digital angiograms are acquired at lower frame rates (between 12.5 and 25 f/sec). Coronary angiography was acquired at 12.5 and 25 f/sec after 200 mug of intracoronary glyceryl trinitrate. Results of ...
Murakami Hiroatsu - - 2004
The lateral spread response (LSR) is used in the electrophysiological diagnosis of a hemifacial spasm or for monitoring during microvascular decompression. The authors used LSRs for intraoperative monitoring during endovascular surgery in a rare case of vertebral artery (VA) aneurysm that caused intractable hemifacial spasm. A 49-year-old woman presented with ...
Erne Paul - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We sought to demonstrate that brachytherapy reduces coronary spasm in refractory and highly symptomatic variant angina. BACKGROUND: In some patients with variant angina due to extensive vasoconstriction, intensive drug therapy fails to sufficiently relieve symptoms. METHODS: In 18 patients with frequent angina episodes despite triple anti-anginal therapy, coronary spasm ...
Fukuda Naoto - - 2004
We examined vasospasms of the radial artery after a transradial approach was used for coronary angiography or angioplasty. In forty-eight patients (39 males and 9 females), arteriography of the radial artery was initially performed just after the transradial approach was used for coronary angiography and/or angioplasty. Then, five months later, ...
Vydt Tom - - 2004
We present a case of variant angina complicated by recurrent sudden cardiac death. During coronary angiography a diffuse 3-vessel vasoconstriction was observed progressing to a more severe vasoconstriction in the mid LAD. Intracoronary administration of urapidil did not reverse the vasoconstriction of the LAD; instead an occlusive vasospasm occurred accompanied ...
Angelini Annalisa - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Filter protection after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is now available to prevent distal embolization. The aims of this study were (1) to evaluate the microembolization phenomenon during procedures of stent implantation in native coronary arteries of patients with stable and unstable angina, (2) to assess the amount and characteristics ...
Di Cori Andrea - - 2004
Ventricular tachyarrhythmias have been well documented in patients with variant angina. Episodes of torsade de pointes have been described infrequently. We report a case of a 60-year-old male with a previous history of one vessel artery disease and a successful coronary angioplasty with stenting of the left anterior descending artery, ...
Kawai Yuko - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Basic and clinical studies have indicated that 15-(p-[(123)I] iodophenyl)-3-(R, S) methylpentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) can identify ischemic myocardium without evidence of myocardial infarction by the regional decline of tracer uptake. The present study compared BMIPP SPECT with rest-stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) findings and ...
Sezai Akira - - 2004
The patient was a 48-year-old male who was diagnosed with unstable angina. He had worsening cardiogenic shock during coronary angiography. Emergency coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was performed. He had a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) mediastinitis on day 22 after CABG. Drains were placed in the anterior mediastinum, left thoracic ...
Nathoo Narendra - - 2004
W. James Gardner, a skillful neurosurgeon and inventor, is best remembered for his cervical tongs and hydrodynamic theory of syringomyelia. A pioneer of modern neurosurgery, Gardner trained under Charles Frazier in Philadelphia, and in 1929 he moved to Ohio where he became chief of neurosurgery at the Cleveland Clinic, a ...
Miwa Kunihisa - - 2004
BACKGROUND: It is not known whether multivessel coronary spasm occurs spontaneously in patients who have variant angina (VA) with demonstrated multivessel spasm induced by intracoronary injection of acetylcholine (ACh). Regional left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction or wall motion abnormality may persist after an episode of coronary vasospasm. Color kinesis (CK) ...
Poppas Athena - - 2004
We evaluated the ability of electromechanical mapping (EMM) to discriminate between normal, viable, and nonviable (scarred) myocardium in patients with coronary artery disease versus dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) when the correspondence between the test and reference data sets is established via a common 3-dimensional reconstruction of the left ventricle. We ...
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