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Liebeskind David S DS UCLA Stroke Center, Los Angeles, Calif., - - 2014
The Stroke Outcomes and Neuroimaging of Intracranial Atherosclerosis (SONIA) study validated noninvasive imaging tests of intracranial atherosclerosis against catheter angiography in a prospective, blinded, multicenter setting. Critical evaluation of transcranial Doppler (TCD) and magnetic resonance angiography in the SONIA study standardized their performance and interpretation. We performed a similar analysis ...
Frankowska Emilia E Department of Radiology, Military Institute of Medicine, Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Growing number of vertebral artery dissection has been detected due to higher awareness and improved imaging techniques, even after seemingly minor head turning in young- or middle-aged adults without predisposing risk factors for cerebrovascular disease. Treatment options for this condition at this time are limited and there is a troubling ...
Reardon Michael J MJ Houston-Methodist-Debakey Heart and Vascular Center, Houston, Tex. Electronic address: - - 2014
The CoreValve Extreme Risk US Pivotal Trial enrolled patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis deemed unsuitable for surgical aortic valve replacement. Implants were attempted using transfemoral access (n = 489) or an alternative access (n = 150). In present analysis, we sought to examine the safety and efficacy of CoreValve transcatheter aortic valve replacement ...
- - 2014
Previous studies have indicated a neuroprotective effect of remote limb ischemic preconditioning. The aim of the present study was to assess whether upper arm ischemic preconditioning is feasible and safe in patients with unilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis as compared to healthy volunteers. Ten patients with unilateral middle cerebral ...
Shin Hee Sup HS Department of Neurosurgery, Stroke and Neurological Disorders Centre, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
A 70-year-old woman presented with headaches and recurrent stroke symptoms. During five years, the patient has been treated for cerebral infarction associated with severe atherosclerotic stenosis of the internal carotid artery. Three-year follow-up magnetic resonance angiography showed a tiny de novo aneurysm arising from the distal part of atherosclerotic internal ...
Cornelius Jan Frederick JF Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital, Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf, - - 2014
Surgical C1C2-stabilization may be complicated by arterial-arterial embolism or arterial injury. Another potential complication is hemodynamic stroke. The latter might be induced in patients with poor posterior fossa collateralization (risk factor 1) when the vertebral artery (VA) is compressed during reduction (risk factor 2). We report a clinical case where ...
Choi Jae Young JY Department of Neurosurgery, Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the technical feasibility and clinical efficacy of emergent carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) for acute stroke due to athero-thrombotic occlusion of the cervical internal carotid artery (ICA). Review of medical records identified 17 patients who underwent emergent CAS for treatment of athero-thrombotic ...
Kanemaru Kazuya K Department of Neurosurgery, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi; Chuo, Yamanashi, Japan - - - 2014
We describe a case of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) successfully treated by coil embolization with an anchor coil inserted in the varix to facilitate dense packing at the shunting site. AVF of the left anterior choroidal artery (AChoA) draining into the ipsilateral basal vein of Rosenthal was incidentally found in a ...
Shovlin Claire L CL NHLI Cardiovascular Sciences, Imperial College London, London, UK; ; Respiratory Medicine, Hammersmith Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, - - 2014
Has the recent identification of iron deficiency as a risk factor for ischaemic stroke in patients with pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) unmasked a new paradigm for stroke/infarct pathogenesis? This commentary reviews evidence that spans associations between iron deficiency and ischaemic strokes, iron deficiency enhancement of platelet aggregation in response to ...
Correa Edgar E Department of Neurology, Andrade Marín Hospital, San Francisco of Quito University Quito, - - 2014
Traumatic intracranial internal carotid artery dissection is a rare but significant cause of stroke in patients in their forties, leading to high morbidity and mortality. Simultaneous ischemic stroke and optic nerve infarction can occur. Clinical suspicion of dissection is determining in the acute management.
Sun D J DJ Department of Neurology, LianyunGang Second People's Hospital (Bengbu Medical College, Lianyungang Hospital), District Xinpu, LianyunGang, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the relationship between the recurrence and prognosis of patients with acute middle cerebral artery infarction, atherosclerotic brain infarction, and the existence of microemboli. We continuously enrolled patients with acute atherosclerotic thrombotic cerebral infarction artery stenosis. We performed transcranial Doppler color ultrasound micro emboli monitoring, color ...
Lin Chen C Department of Neurology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2014
Background. Nontraumatic cerebral air embolism cases are rare. We report a case of an air embolism resulting in cerebral infarction related to angioinvasive cavitary aspergillosis. To our knowledge, there have been no previous reports associating these two conditions together. Case Presentation. A 32-year-old female was admitted for treatment of acute ...
Rubin Mark N MN Mayo Clinic, Department of Neurology, Jacksonville, FL, - - 2014
Stroke remains an exceedingly incident and prevalent public health burden across the globe, with an estimated 16 million new strokes per annum and prevalence over 60 million, and extracranial internal carotid artery atherosclerotic disease is an important risk factor for stroke. Randomized trials of surgical treatment were conducted (North American ...
Salvati Bruno - - 2014
Cervical carotid dissection is more common in extracranical vessel: internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD) is typical, vertebral artery dissection is uncommon, common carotid artery dissection (CCAD) is rare and even a more rare cause of ischemic stroke. Cervical artery dissections account up to 20-25% of ischemic strokes in young patients. ...
Jin Rong R Vascular Biology and Stroke Research Laboratory, Department of Neurosurgery, Louisiana State University Health Science - - 2014
Clinically, thrombolytic therapy with use of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) remains the most effective treatment for acute ischemic stroke. However, the use of tPA is limited by its narrow therapeutic window and by increased risk of hemorrhagic transformation. There is an urgent need to develop suitable stroke models to ...
Tao Hua H Department of Neurology, Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Medical College, Zhanjiang, China - - 2014
Background Comorbidity of coronary artery stenosis (CoAS) and cerebral artery stenosis (CeAS) is relatively common, but little is known about their angiographic correlation and synergistic effect. Material and Methods A total of 66 patients with CoAS were divided into 2 groups: 30 patients with mild CoAS in group A and ...
Neto Hugo Sterman HS Division of Neurosurgery, University of São Paulo Medical School São Paulo, - - 2014
We report a case of watershed ischemic stroke in a 36-year-old male secondary to manual strangulation. The patient presented with a right hemiparesis with grade IV motor deficit and an expressive aphasia. Radiological investigation revealed an ischemic stroke on the left distal middle cerebral artery territory and in watershed areas ...
- - 2014
A correction was made to Embolic Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion (MCAO) for Ischemic Stroke with Homologous Blood Clots in Rats. The institution information was updated. The institution "Louisiana State University Health Science Center" was changed to "Louisiana State University Health Science Center, Shreveport".
Ladner Travis R TR Department of Neurosurgery, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, - - 2014
Mechanical thrombectomy holds promise for children with large cerebral arterial occlusions, although there are few reports in this population. We report a case of retrievable stent-assisted mechanical thrombectomy in a 5-year-old with basilar artery occlusion, despite late presentation and extensive initial diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) restriction. This resulted in successful Thrombolysis ...
Folliguet Thierry A - - 2013
We report a case of aortic valve replacement with a sutureless valve in a degenerated aortic homograft. This technique allows rapid aortic valve replacement in a heavily calcified aortic root. It avoids the problems of postoperative prosthetic disinsertion frequently encountered after aortic valve replacement in a calcified annulus. It is ...
Ramakrishnan Pankajavalli P Departments of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Radiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Marcus Stroke and Neuroscience Center, Grady Memorial Hospital, Atlanta, Ga., - - 2013
Thromboembolic complications are well recognized during the endovascular management of intracranial aneurysms. In this study, we present a case series of 40 patients with intraprocedural thrombotic complications who were treated with intra-arterial eptifibatide (IAE), and a review of the literature. Twenty-five patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysms (RIA), 10 with unruptured ...
Cui Yongchun Y State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100037, - - 2013
The miniature pig is an optimal animal model for studying nervous system disease because of its physiologic and pathologic features. However, the rete mirabile composed of arteries and veins at the skull base limits their application as a model of ischemic stroke by middle cerebral artery occlusion. The present study ...
Rong Chunshu C Department of Encephalopathy, Affiliated Hospital of Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun 130021, Jilin Province, China ; Department of Neurology, First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130021, Jilin Province, - - 2013
The angiotensin-converting enzyme gene is a candidate gene of stroke. The present study involved 62 healthy volunteers and 148 patients with middle cerebral artery stenosis as confirmed by brain color ultrasound from a Han population in North China, and determined the peripheral blood angiotensin-converting enzyme genotype using PCR-restriction fragment length ...
Wang Gang G Department of Radiology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical University, Jinzhou 121001, Liaoning Province, - - 2013
Thirty-four patients with cerebral infarction and 18 patients with transient ischemic attack were examined by multi-slice spiral CT scan, CT perfusion imaging, and CT angiography within 6 hours after onset. By CT perfusion imaging, 29 cases in the cerebral infarction group and 10 cases in the transient ischemic attack group ...
Abou-Chebl Alex A Department of Neurology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Ky., - - 2013
Intra-arterial therapy (IAT) for acute ischemic stroke treatment is evolving. Whereas the efficacy of recanalization with traditional intra-arterial fibrinolysis is relatively poor, mechanically based recanalization with multimodal approaches, stenting and mechanical embolectomy is more effective. Until recently, this has not resulted in overwhelming clinical benefit and has not always equated ...
Chikamori Fumio F 0000-0003-4015-332X Department of Surgery, Kuniyoshi Hospital, 1-3-4 Kamimachi, Kochi City, Kochi 780-0901, - - 2013
A 67-year-old woman had hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) measuring 3.7 cm at S8 of the liver with hyperammonemia due to a spontaneous giant mesocaval shunt. Admission laboratory data revealed albumin, 2.9 g/dL; total bilirubin, 1.3 mg/dL; plasma ammonia level (NH3), 152 g/dL; total bile acid (TBA) 108.5 μmoL/L; indocyanine green retention rate at 15 min (ICG15), 63%. ...
Stimpson James A - - 2012
We sought to define the crude prevalence rate of the persistent median artery (PMA) (palmar type). Although there is no reported case in the anesthetic literature, a few sporadic case reports and series reported in anatomical and orthopedic journals describe an incidence of between 1.5% and 27.1%. We conducted a ...
Burgazlı K Mehmet KM Department of Cardiology and Angiology, JL-University of Giessen, Giessen, - - 2012
A stroke attack in the brainstem area as a serious complication of atrial fibrillation (AF) in a 51 year old woman with known paroxysmal AF (CHADS(2) score 3) was treated with LAA occlusion procedure after the complication of arterial bleeding secondary to anticoagulation therapy. LAA closure device embolisation was developed ...
Kawase Isamu - - 2012
Coronary ostial stenosis is usually treated by conventional coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Although patch angioplasty is a widely accepted alternative surgical treatment, it has been reported sporadically. We encountered bilateral ostial stenosis with Takayasu disease. This report describes successful patch angioplasty using glutaraldehyde-treated autologous pericardium of bilateral coronary ostial ...
Tousoulis D - - 2012
Coronary atherosclerosis is the pathophysiologic background of coronary artery disease. Vascular calcification is an actively regulated form of calcified tissue metabolism and a common feature of coronary atherosclerotic plaques. Interestingly, systematic research has revealed that vascular mineralization, is also a strong and independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Recently, ...
Arce-Esquivel Arturo A AA Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. - - 2012
This study was designed to examine the effects of high-fat (HF) diet and subsequent exercise training (Ex) on coronary arteries of an animal model of early stage CAD. We hypothesized that HF diet would induce early stage disease and promote a proatherogenic coronary phenotype, whereas Ex would blunt disease progression ...
Paravastu Sharath C V - - 2011
Cystic adventitial disease (CAD) is a rare vascular disorder, predominantly seen in young healthy men with minimal cardiovascular risk factors. Cystic adventitial disease can affect both arteries and veins. Patients with arterial CAD present with sudden onset or rapidly progressing claudication symptoms, and those with venous CAD present with limb ...
Ferrari Enrico - - 2012
Transapical aortic valve replacement through an apical aneurysm is traditionally contraindicated because of the risk of severe systemic embolization when thrombi are present. However, a chronic fibrotic aneurysm without apical thrombi carries a low risk of distal embolization and can be safely employed for a transapical transcatheter aortic valve replacement ...
Lee Craig R - - 2012
Digital peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT) is an emerging, noninvasive method to assess vascular function. The physiology underlying this phenotype, however, remains unclear. Therefore, we evaluated the relation between digital PAT and established brachial artery ultrasound measures of vascular function under basal conditions and after reactive hyperemia. Using a cross-sectional study ...
Senay Sahin - - 2011
Objective: This study aims to investigate the risk factors for postoperative stroke and analysis of outcome after coronary bypass surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.Methods: Between 1999 and 2008, 3248 consecutive patients who underwent isolated coronary surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were prospectively enrolled in the study. Demographic and perioperative data were analyzed. ...
Maekawa Yuichiro - - 2011
We describe an 85-year-old woman with severe aortic stenosis, who also had severe coronary artery disease. She suffered from dyspnea on exertion and frequent syncope. Echocardiography revealed an immobile and heavily calcified aortic valve, and coronary angiography revealed two-vessel disease including chronic total occlusion. Open-heart surgery was refused and she ...
Al-Ammouri Iyad - - 2011
Kawasaki disease is the leading cause of acquired coronary artery disease in young children. There is a lack of data on Kawasaki disease and its effect on coronary arteries in Jordan and other developing countries. We report clinical and demographic data of Kawasaki disease in Jordan from a single institution, ...
Ulusan Z - - 2011
Behçet's disease is a multisystem inflammatory disorder that is classified among the vasculitides and can affect all types and sizes of blood vessels. Vascular manifestations of Behçet's disease are venous and arterial occlusion, and arterial aneurysms. As vasculitis of the vasa vasorum is the main pathological hallmark of Behçet's disease, ...
Nathan Derek P - - 2012
Increased utilization of computed tomography angiography (CTA) has increased the radiologic diagnosis of penetrating atherosclerotic ulcers (PAUs), which are defined as the ulceration of atherosclerotic plaque through the internal elastic lamina into the aortic media. However, the presentation, treatment indications, and natural history of this disease process remain unclear. The ...
Bhatt Ami B - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the pathophysiology of chronic venous insufficiency in adults with a Fontan circulation. BACKGROUND: Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is prevalent in adults with a Fontan circulation, however the underlying pathophysiology has not been identified. We defined the prevalence of venous reflux and obstruction in a Fontan population, identified ...
Ikoma Akira - - 2011
Histologic evidence of safety after bronchial arterial embolization (BAE) with N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) should be assured. The present report describes a 78-year-old man with massive hemoptysis from lung cancer who underwent surgical lobectomy 23 days after hemostasis had been achieved via BAE with NBCA. Pathologic examination revealed that NBCA filled ...
Seo Yeon-Ho - - 2011
A bronchial artery aneurysm (BAA) is uncommon and usually associated with chronic inflammatory lung disease or a systemic vascular condition, which is rarely the etiology of mediastinal hemorrhage. A middle-aged person presented with spontaneous hemothorax and hemomediastinum. A diagnostic evaluation identified a bronchial artery aneurysm as the source. To prevent ...
Kim Gi-Beom - - 2011
Despite various medications for Kawasaki disease, a small number of children have been undergoing interventions for severe coronary artery complications. Transcatheter intervention is a feasible alternative to coronary artery bypass grafting in a patient with chronic totally occluded lesion after Kawasaki disease, even by stent fracture.
Hvizdošová-Kleščová A - - 2011
The increased fetoplacental vascular resistance due to chronic hypoxia cannot be explained by simple hypoxic vasoconstriction, as it sustains to some degree after recovery in normobaric environment. To verify a hypothesis that fetoplacental arteries undergo remodeling of their walls similar to remodeling of pulmonary arteries in hypoxic pulmonary hypertension, we ...
Luna Michael - - 2012
The CrossBoss chronic total occlusion catheter has been developed for the treatment of coronary chronic total occlusions. We report a novel use of the CrossBoss catheter for the crossing of a superficial femoral artery chronic total occlusion in three patients after conventional guidewire techniques failed.
Kim Ki Bang - - 2011
A 73-year-old woman with a history of chronic hypertension and severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, presented to a district general hospital with thoracic pain in a profound state of shock. She was diagnosed with cardiac tamponade, severe mitral regurgitation, and Stanford type A (Debakey type I) intramural hematoma. Her ascending ...
Herceg-Cavrak Vesna - - 2011
Survivors of childhood cancer have a significantly higher late morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to determine whether anthracyclines used in childhood could increase arterial stiffness, a well-known independent predictor of cardiovascular diseases. The study included 53 children and adolescents aged 6-20 years having ...
Oi Keiji - - 2011
A 53-year-old man, complaining of left calf and hip claudication, was treated with surgery of the occluded common femoral artery. After incision in the artery, gelatinous material came out from the intramural cavity. All the contained material was evacuated, and definitive diagnosis of cystic adventitial disease was confirmed postoperatively. Twenty ...
Deftereos Spyridon - - 2011
Background: Transradial coronary catheterization has emerged over the last years as a favorable catheterization practice, based on evidence that it is associated with less vascular complications and shorter hospital stays. However, access site crossover appears to be more frequent when the initial route is the transradial one, one of the ...
Ninomiya Hiroyoshi - - 2011
Dogs are well adapted to cold climates and they can stand, walk and run on snow and ice for long periods of time. In contrast to the body trunk, which has, dense fur, the paws are more exposed to the cold due to the lack of fur insulation. The extremities ...
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