Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 599
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Komaba Y - - 1998
During early embryogenesis, anastomoses are formed between the carotid artery and the basilar or the vertebral artery, and subsequently, these anastomoses regress. In some cases, these anastomoses remain as persistent carotid-basilar or carotid-vertebral anastomoses. Atrial septal defect (ASD), a communication between the atria at the septal level, is a congenital ...
Sing T M - - 1997
Congenital intrahepatic arterioportal venous malformations (APVM) are uncommon lesions. A congenital intrahepatic APVM found incidentally in a 51-year-old man during pre-operative aortography for an abdominal aortic aneurysm is reported here. This was successfully treated by transcatheter embolization of the involved hepatic artery prior to surgical repair of the aortic aneurysm.
VanderWall K J - - 1997
Fetal tracheal occlusion accelerates lung growth and corrects the often fatal pulmonary hypoplasia seen in fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Fetoscopy presents a unique opportunity to glimpse into the world of the fetus, but its use, until recently, has been limited to diagnostic and simple procedures. Using fetoscopic techniques ("Fetendo"), ...
Cunningham M L - - 1997
Pulmonary agenesis is a rare malformation that can be isolated or associated with other anomalies. We became interested in pulmonary agenesis after evaluation of a child with right pulmonary agenesis, an unlobed left lung, bilateral cleft lip and palate, maxillary and mandibular hypoplasia, bilateral microtia, bilateral radial ray hypoplasia, horseshoe ...
Yamaki S - - 1997
Morphometric analysis of small pulmonary arterial changes was performed in three patients with different congenital heart disease with pulmonary hypertension: congenital mitral stenosis (MS), ventricular septal defect (VSD) and transposition of the great arteries (TGA). The material was biopsy or autopsy lung specimens, all having the same degree of elevated ...
Garfia A - - 1997
A 12-year-old girl was taken to the Virgen Macarena Universitary Hospital in Seville, Spain, complaining of abdominal pain, nausea, palpitations, and difficulty in breathing. Her school teacher informed that the girl collapsed after a 100-m race at sports in school. Emergency rescue personnel found the patient pale, in a cold ...
Peng T C TC Department of Anesthesiology, Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, - - 1997
A 24-year-old parturient with single ventricle and moderate aortic stenosis was admitted due to preeclampsia and fetal distress at 31 weeks' gestation. Emergency Caesarean section was performed under lumbar epidural anesthesia and epidural analgesia was given for post-operative pain control. Mother and baby both survived. The anesthetic techniques and managements ...
Kotilo─člu E - - 1997
A two-year-old boy presenting with the signs and symptoms of partial intestinal obstruction caused by a mucosal web in the ileum is presented. Histopathological evaluation following resection and primary anastomosis revealed neuronal intestinal dysplasia associated with fibromuscular arterial dysplasia limited to the segment proximal to the web and normal findings ...
Liang C C - - 1997
Tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve is a rare congenital cardiac anomaly. We report on the echocardiographic features of a fetus with such an anomaly and aneurysm of the pulmonary artery associated with hydrops fetalis and polyhydramnios. The prognosis of tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve and pulmonary ...
Pinho P - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary artery banding remains a palliative option for patients with congenital heart disease and excessive pulmonary blood flow, if there is unfavourable anatomy or frail condition. In contrast to more developed countries, our patients at Red Cross Children's Hospital, Cape Town, often present to medical services late and in ...
Adès L C - - 1996
We describe the clinical, histopathologic, and angiographic findings in four children with congenital abnormalities of the great vessels of unknown cause, comprising either single or multiple arterial aneurysms, aortic/arterial dilatation, vessel tortuosity, or combinations of these abnormalities. Two children had early and severe respiratory distress due to aneurysmal compression of ...
Yam M C - - 1996
Isolated congenital tricuspid valve dysplasia is a rare and potentially lethal congenital heart disease that can be easily confused with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. We describe a neonate with isolated congenital tricuspid valve dysplasia who did not respond to mechanical ventilation but improved by tolazoline. Clinicians should be ...
Nobuhara K K - - 1996
The patient born with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) presents with a multitude of problems. The pulmonary hypoplasia associated with CDH results in an inadequate surface area for gas exchange, decreased cross sectional area of the pulmonary vascular tree, precocious muscularization of the pulmonary vessels, and probable surfactant deficiency. Elevated levels ...
Gross B - - 1996
Congenital aneurysm of the right atrium was diagnosed in a 17-week fetus. It appeared as an outward bulge of the right atrium which doubled its size. The aneurysm was akinetic. Flow across the atrioventricular valves appeared unobstructed. The fetus had no evidence of cardiac failure. The patient elected to terminate ...
Harrison D A - - 1996
Interventional cardiac procedures for patients with congenital heart disease, developed for the pediatric patient, have been adapted for the adult patient. In this review these unique procedures are reviewed with emphasis on the experience at The Toronto Congenital Cardiac Centre for Adults. Procedures directed to closing shunts include: occlusion of ...
Edasery B - - 1996
Hemitruncus is a rare congenital anomaly in which one pulmonary artery branch, usually the right, arises from the ascending aorta just above the aortic sinuses, whereas the main pulmonary artery and the other pulmonary branch arise in their normal position. The authors present a case in which the patient was ...
Dodo H - - 1996
The average life expectancy of patients with congenital heart disease has dramatically improved over the past four decades because of advances in medical and surgical therapy, with patients with complex lesions surviving to adolescence and adulthood. Tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of the great arteries, ventricular septal defects, patent ductus, and ...
Chia B L - - 1996
Although idiopathic dilatation of the pulmonary artery is uncommon, it requires to be distinguished from other important congenital heart diseases for which it may be confused clinically. We describe the two-dimensional (2D) and Doppler echocardiographic findings in two patients with this condition. Enlargement of the main pulmonary artery and right ...
Lee J C - - 1996
Pulmonary sling is a rare congenital condition in which the left pulmonary artery arises from the right pulmonary artery forming a sling around the trachea causing tracheal compression. Many cases are associated with cardiovascular and tracheo-bronchial anomalies. When combined with complete tracheal ring, it is called "ring-sling complex". The average ...
Bae C W - - 1996
Pulmonary hypoplasia(PH) commonly occurs in association with oligohydramnios and other congenital anomalies, especially congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Pulmonary hypoplasia is an important factor, as persistent pulmonary hypertension, in the prognosis of CDH. In some reports, there is a decrement of pulmonary surfactant in PH accompanying CDH. Recently, there are some ...
Van der Merwe P L PL Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Stellenbosch and Tygerberg Hospital, W. - - 1996
Two patients with partial absence of the right and left pulmonary veins respectively are described. Congenitally absent pulmonary veins are a rare phenomenon and the diagnosis is often missed or delayed. When children present with haemoptysis and/or recurrent respiratory infections with no obvious underlying cause, absence of the pulmonary veins ...
Rais-Bahrami K - - 1996
We describe an infant with severe eventration of the right diaphragm and pulmonary hypoplasia who presented like a newborn with congenital diaphragmatic hernia complicated by persistent pulmonary hypertension. Surgical correction while on extracorporeal life support was unsuccessful due to attachments of the liver which prevented reduction into the abdominal cavity ...
Basu S - - 1996
This study was undertaken to determine the morphologic changes occurring in the pulmonary vasculature in congenital heart disease. Autopsy was performed in twenty cases of congenital heart disease ranging in age from newborn (full term) to 14 years. Postmortem arteriography was performed in most of them followed by histomorphometry. It ...
Beregi J P - - 1996
We report a rare case of congenital left ventricular aneurysm, diagnosed by spiral CT angiography. Despite 1 s time acquisition, spiral CT, with adequate acquisition parameters and bolus injection of contrast medium, produced sufficiently good images to permit visualization of the aneurysm. Subsequently, reconstructions (shaded surface display and multiplanar reformation) ...
Clementi M - - 1996
Congenital bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is one of the most frequent heart defects detected by echocardiographic investigation and necropsy (0.9-1% of the general population), but only 16 families with familial congenital BAV have been described up to now. We report on a family in which 4 members of two generations ...
Rozenman Y - - 1996
We report a patient with ischemic chest pain due to obstructive coronary artery disease. The patient underwent a second cardiac catheterization 2 years later that revealed progression of the coronary disease and the appearance of a new arteriovenous malformation. Unless a prior angiogram was available, this malformation would have been ...
Chang R Y - - 1996
Idiopathic dilatation of the pulmonary artery is an uncommon, but not rare, congenital anomaly that is diagnosed by exclusion and generally has a benign clinical course. A left hilar mass on the chest x-ray film is the major presentation. The authors present a case of idiopathic dilatation of the pulmonary ...
Marek J - - 1996
A case of congenital absence of both aortic and pulmonary valves with severe heart failure detected prenatally by cross-sectional and pulsed and colour Doppler echocardiography is reported in small for gestational age male fetus in 17th week of gestation. Additional double outlet right ventricle, hypoplastic left ventricle, and ventricular septal ...
Chleboun J O - - 1995
A persistent sciatic artery is a rare congenital anomaly where the internal iliac artery and the original axial artery of the embryo continue to provide the major blood supply to the lower limb after birth. Its predisposition to atherosclerosis, aneurysmal degeneration of its gluteal segment and association with other congenital ...
Slavik Z - - 1995
Right-sided BSCA provides for satisfactory pulmonary arterial growth in infants and children with complex congenital heart defects, and it could enhance the growth of a small right pulmonary artery. The growth of the left pulmonary artery, particularly in younger patients, needs close attention to confirm the safe role of BSCA ...
Abad C - - 1995
The case of a 57-year-old man with a congenital aneurysm of the right sinus of Valsalva dissecting into the interventricular septum is presented. The patient had a previous heart block and aortic insufficiency. The diagnosis was made by echocardiography and cardiac catheterization. Open-heart surgery was performed, closing the entrance of ...
Kizilcan F - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a possible mechanism (the vascular theory) in the development of congenital anomalies of the penis and urethra in the fetus of the goat. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen male Angora goat fetuses underwent an operation at 110-114 days of gestation whereby branches of the internal pudendal artery within ...
Hirose R - - 1995
An infant girl with extralobar pulmonary sequestration (PS) composed of congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM)-like structure is presented. Initially, the antenatal sonographic findings indicated CCAM. The macroscopic findings of the resected specimen were compatible with extralobar PS; however, the microscopic findings showed cystic structure mimicking type II CCAM. The combination ...
Weinzweig N - - 1995
Gangrene of an extremity secondary to a congenital constriction band may result from in utero or postnatal vascular compromise. Often ths process is completed in utero following spontaneous resolution of the vascular insufficiency, resulting in a healed wound by fetal repair and regeneration or in amputation of the distal part. ...
Lauria M R - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To review published data pertaining to the pathogenesis, antenatal prediction, and neonatal diagnosis of pulmonary hypoplasia. DATA SOURCES: A computerized search of articles published through February 1995 was performed on the MEDLINE data base. Additional sources were identified through cross-referencing. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: All available references were reviewed ...
Lau G - - 1995
A medico-legal autopsy conducted on a young Chinese man, a victim of sudden unexpected death, with a vague and unconfirmed history of congenital cardiovascular disease, revealed the presence of a congenital right coronary artery (arteriosystemic) fistula communicating with the markedly hypertrophied left ventricle, which showed microscopic evidence of myocardial ischaemia. ...
Schultz V A - - 1995
A three-month-old, male Chihuahua puppy with congenital absence of the distal 40% of the right thoracic limb was examined. The limb ended as a short, rounded, skin-covered stump. Radiography revealed a 40% shortened humerus tapered to a blunt end without its distal extremity. Dissection of the left thoracic limb identified ...
Bartels C - - 1995
Arterial and venous vascular malformations due to congenital abnormalities rarely occur in the daily practice of vascular surgeons. These malformations represent a heterogeneous group of isolated or multiple congenital abnormalities, sometimes associated with complex congenital syndromes. Correct recognition and classification of these rare abnormalities may sometimes be difficult. No systematic ...
Roman J - - 1995
Unilateral absence of the left pulmonary artery is a rare congenital anomaly that may remain unrecognized until adulthood, in which case it may lead to inappropriate diagnosis and management. The authors describe a case in which a patient came to their institution with dyspnea and a chest roentgenogram showing a ...
Shindo T - - 1995
We present the unusual case of a 72-year-old woman whose chest X-ray showed an abnormal left hilar shadow. A pulmonary angiogram revealed an aneurysm in the pulmonary artery with a diameter of 55 mm that extended from the main pulmonary trunk to its bifurcation. Mild pulmonic stenosis with a systolic ...
Waller B F - - 1995
Little morphologic information is available on operatively excised pulmonic valves. The causes of pulmonic stenosis are limited to a few conditions: (1) rheumatic and (2) nonrheumatic (congenital, carcinoid, infective endocarditis). Congenital causes of pulmonic stenosis constitute well over 95% of these conditions. Congenital types of pulmonic stenosis include acommissural dome-shaped, ...
Döhlemann C - - 1995
Pulmonary sling (PS) is a congenital condition in which the left pulmonary artery (LPA) arises from the right pulmonary artery (RPA), forming a sling around the trachea causing tracheal compression. The incidence is not so rare as initially thought. Symptoms of severe airway obstruction often begin in the newborn or ...
Ditchfield M R - - 1995
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has an established role in the accurate and non invasive assessment of airways compression by congenital vascular rings and pulmonary artery slings, making angiography of these lesions unnecessary. This role can be broadened to encompass other vascular compressive lesions, as in the two pediatric patients described ...
Unal M - - 1995
We present a 32-year-old female with aortopulmonary window and vegetation of non-valvular main pulmonary artery. The aortopulmonary window is a rare congenital disease in which the aorta and pulmonary arteries are communicated by a defect of variable diameter. The pulmonic valve is the least commonly involved valve in bacterial endocarditis, ...
Duerinckx A J - - 1994
Palliative and corrective operations for the treatment of cyanotic congenital heart disease frequently involve or potentially influence the size of the pulmonary arteries. Echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are two noninvasive imaging techniques currently used to assess morphologic abnormalities of the pulmonary arteries. The purpose of this study was ...
Sagy M - - 1994
We describe seven patients who had intrathoracic airway obstruction resulting in severe respiratory distress. The patients were a four month old with bronchial cartilage hypoplasia presenting as congenital lobar emphysema; a one month old with segmental bronchomalacia; a one month old with tracheal bronchus; a two day old and a ...
Lu C - - 1994
The VATER association denotes a nonrandom pattern of congenital malformations which typically include vertebral defects, anal atresia, tracheo-esophageal fistula, and radial and renal dysplasia. Vascular anomalies including ventricular septal defect and single umbilical artery have also been described, although the frequency of cardiovascular anomalies in this congenital association is unknown. ...
Rappaport D C - - 1994
Congenital lung disease is divided into two types: lesions that arise from the primitive foregut (i.e., bronchopulmonary malformations) and lesions that originate in the pulmonary vasculature. The latter often are detected early in life because of signs and symptoms or other serious associated anomalies. Conversely, many of the bronchopulmonary anomalies ...
Hasegawa S - - 1994
In nine patients with left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) developing within 24 hours of birth, the authors measured the dimensions of the bilateral main pulmonary arteries by echocardiography, and investigated whether the left:right main pulmonary artery dimension ratio (PAD ratio) was a useful index for predicting pulmonary hypoplasia and persistent ...
Chen J C - - 1994
This description of congenital tracheal lesions is presented with a focus on the information derived from the specimens collected for the Laryngeal Development Laboratory at the Children's Memorial Hospital in Chicago from 1975 to 1992. During this period, 115 laryngotracheal specimens were obtained, 22 of which were found to have ...
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