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Aeby A - - 2003
The authors performed imaging studies in two children with epilepsy and congenital facial hemangioma. The first patient had dysplastic pericallosal arteries and frontal polymicrogyria. In the second patient, dysplastic arteries and dysplastic cortex lined the interhemispheric fissure, the dysplastic cortex bridging across the midline, which resulted in holoprosencephaly. Abnormal cortical ...
Nabulsi Mona M - - 2003
The association between isolated congenital heart defects and consanguinity was examined in 759 Lebanese patients with different types of congenital heart malformations. The subjects were patients of the Children's Cardiac Registry Center (CCRC) at the American University of Beirut Medical Center. The proportion of first-cousin marriages among cardiac subjects was ...
Huang Guoqian - - 2003
Congenital ventricular diverticulum is a very rare malformation in adults. We describe a 21-year-old male with a congenital muscular left ventricular diverticulum in the inferior wall. The lesion was suspected on two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography; transesophageal echocardiography allowed clear detection of the diverticulum as well of mild mitral valve prolapse. The ...
Männer Jörg - - 2003
Suramin, a polysulfonated naphthylamine, has been used for the chemotherapy of trypanosomiasis and onchocerciasis since about the 1920s. Currently, it is also being tested as an anticancer agent. It is hoped that suramin might stop the progression of some kinds of cancer since it has been found to inhibit the ...
Weinberg Jason B - - 2003
A 13-year-old girl with surgically corrected congenital heart disease presented with a 3-day history of fever 1 month after piercing her navel. An echocardiogram demonstrated a vegetation within her right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit, and several blood cultures were repeatedly positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Surgical replacement of the conduit ...
Angelini Paolo - - 2003
Crisscross heart, or superoinferior ventricles, is a complex and often confusing congenital anomaly. We report a heretofore unreported presentation of "isolated" crisscross heart in situs inversus levocardia, which allows us to more clearly define the typical features of crisscross ventricles. The case of this 41-year-old woman, who had a peculiar ...
Al-Senan Kefah A - - 2003
Pulmonary hypoplasia is a rare cause of pulmonary insufficiency, and has a significant rate of morbidity and mortality among affected infants. In most cases, pulmonary hypoplasia is secondary to underlying abnormalities. These may include space occupying lesions, as in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia; malformation of chest wall resulting in ...
Rokicki Władysław - - 2003
The aim of the work was to study the pattern of congenital circulatory system malformations in the newborns in Upper Silesia, Poland (N = 355), and to compare it with the data known from the literature, predominantly with genetically very distant Chinese population from Hong Kong (N = 744). There ...
Fuke Shinji - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a new method for the antenatal prediction of pulmonary hypoplasia by Doppler blood flow velocimetry. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred seventy-seven fetuses (160 normal fetuses and 17 fetuses with congenital anomalies that may affect fetal lung growth and/or development) were studied. Blood ...
Usui Noriaki - - 2002
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is considered a potentially useful tool to investigate structural abnormalities of the esophagus in pediatric patients, as in adults. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of EUS for the diagnosis of congenital esophageal stenosis. METHODS: High-frequency catheter probe EUS was performed under ...
Hjortdal V E - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: A hybrid operation is a joint procedure involving the interventional cardiologist and the cardiac surgeon concomitantly to optimise surgical management. The aim of our study was to demonstrate the conceptual development and the feasibility of a hybrid approach to complex congenital cardiac surgery. METHODS: Descriptive study of two different ...
Sichel Jean-Yves - - 2002
Congenital cervical teratomas are associated with a high rate of perinatal mortality due to airway obstruction. We describe a multidisciplinary management of a neonate with prenatal diagnosis of giant cervical teratoma. An 'operation on placenta support' (OOPS) technique was carried out during delivery, and intubation was successfully performed with no ...
Moreno R - - 2002
Congenital quadricuspid aortic valve is very uncommon, and is often associated with other cardiac disorders, such as patent ductus, ventricular septal defect, pulmonary stenosis, mitral valve malformation, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and coronary abnormalities. We report a patient with congenital quadricuspid aortic valve associated with congenital complete heart block. To our knowledge, ...
Barboza Jodi M - - 2002
Structural cardiac anomalies are estimated to occur in 8 of every 1,000 live births. Cardiovascular anomalies are frequently associated with other congenital anomalies because the heart is among the last organs to develop completely in the embryo. The guidelines for routine prenatal evaluation of both the American College of Radiology ...
Andiran Nesibe - - 2002
Congenital cutis laxa is an uncommon disorder of generalized elastolysis. The clinical picture is characterized by inelastic, loose, hanging skin that gives the appearance of premature aging. The disease is inherited most commonly in a severe autosomal recessive form, or as a relatively benign, autosomal dominant form. There is often ...
Atmaca Yusuf - - 2002
A single coronary artery (SCA) constitutes a rare congenital anomaly. The reported incidence of SCA ranges from 0.2 1.6% of the population undergoing coronary angiography. The congenital absence of the ostium of the right coronary artery (RCA) with the origin of the RCA as a continuation of the distal circumflex ...
Granton John T - - 2002
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a recognized complication of congenital systemic to pulmonary arterial cardiac shunts. The prognosis of PAH in this situation is better than primary or other secondary forms of PAH. Our knowledge of the pathophysiology of PAH complicating congenital heart disease has evolved over the past decade. ...
Rossi Renata N - - 2002
Tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia is one of the most challenging congenital cardiac malformations, for the morphologist, cardiologist and surgeon alike. Much of the difficulty in this lesion concerns the nature and development of pulmonary arterial supply, and the manner in which complete segmental supply to the lungs can ...
Farghly Essam - - 2002
Unilateral pulmonary artery agenesis is a rare congenital anomaly often associated with other cardiovascular abnormalities. It is usually diagnosed and surgically treated in childhood. Subjects without associated cardiac anomalies (isolated unilateral pulmonary artery agenesis) may be asymptomatic or have recurrent respiratory infections. We report a case of left pulmonary artery ...
Konez Orhan - - 2003
Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma (RICH) is a recently recognized entity in which the vascular tumor is fully developed at birth and undergoes rapid involution. Angiographic findings in two infants with congenital hemangioma are reported and compared with a more common postnatal infantile hemangioma and a congenital infantile fibrosarcoma. Congenital hemangiomas ...
Bezante G P - - 2002
Cor triatriatum sinistrum is a rare congenital heart disease usually diagnosed in symptomatic children. Symptoms depend on the degree of obstruction to pulmonary venous return with pulmonary hypertension and other associated abnormalities. Persistent left superior vena cava is quite a common congenital heart disease (about 0.5% in healthy populations). It ...
Springer Shelley Cypher - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To develop a predictive model using echocardiographic indices to identify nonsurvivors from survivors in preoperative patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). STUDY DESIGN: Eight cases of CDH, with a mortality rate of 38%, underwent echocardiographic study before surgical repair. Left ventricular mass (LVMASS) using the area-length method of Wyatt ...
Orliaguet O - - 2002
A 70-year-old man with recurrent undiagnosed episodes of bronchial cast expectoration and pulmonary infiltrates on chest radiography for 15 years is described. The diagnosis of chyloptysis was established by chemical analysis of the bronchial aspiration. We emphasize the radiological findings of this rare observation. The CT-associated lymphangiography showed mediastinal lymphangiectasis ...
Peirone Alejandro - - 2002
Bilateral arterial ducts represent an uncommon form of pulmonary or systemic blood supply associated with complex congenital cardiac disease. We sought to determine the role of high-resolution cross-sectional echocardiography and color flow Doppler ultrasonography in assessing this condition, as well as to describe the management and outcome in a group ...
Lee Kuo-Sheng - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We described the surgical efficacy of congenital pyriform aperture stenosis by measuring the width of the nasal pyriform aperture with three-dimensional computed tomography. METHODS: Six patients with congenital pyriform aperture stenosis accepted surgical intervention. Three-dimensional computed tomography was performed for preoperative and postoperative evaluation of nasal pyriform aperture width. ...
Macayran Joanne F - - 2002
We observed a 46, XY infant with atrophy of the optic nerve, complex congenital heart disease including a double outlet right ventricle, hypoplasia of the right pulmonary artery and lung, eventration of the diaphragm, and ambiguous genitalia. The baby died of cardiac arrhythmias at 204 days. The pattern of malformations ...
Kamiya Hiroyuki - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: A congenital coronary artery fistula (CAF) is a relatively rare congenital anomaly and is defined as an abnormal direct communication between any coronary artery and any of the cardiac chambers. This article reviews our experience over the past 27 years, as well as other ...
Holzer Ralf - - 2002
We describe an infant born prematurely at 30 weeks gestation with Down's syndrome who became dependent on oxygen at 3 weeks of age after an uneventful initial neonatal period. There had been no evidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. An isolated aortopulmonary collateral artery of moderate size was mistakenly diagnosed as persistent ...
Donofrio M T - - 2002
We describe an inherited form of a disorder in which four patients spanning three generations were affected with congenital myocardial disease. The youngest member of the family, diagnosed as a fetus with a large aneurysm of the muscular interventricular septum, demonstrates an antenatal pathogenic process. Study of the specific findings ...
Rodrigues Consuelo J - - 2002
PURPOSE: Characterization of the structural changes occurring in the pulmonary arteries resulting from surgically produced congenital diaphragmatic hernia in rabbits, with particular emphasis on the preventive effects of prenatal tracheal ligation or administration of intra-amniotic dexamethasone or surfactant. METHODS: Twenty rabbit fetuses underwent surgical creation of a left-sided congenital diaphragmatic ...
Mikhailovsky M V - - 2002
CDI and other types of segmental instrumentation are wide used in surgical treatment of congenital spinal deformities. At the same time we didn't find in orthopaedic literature any data concerning 3-D evaluation of the results of such procedures. The aim of this study is the assessment of 3-D effect of ...
Given C A CA - - 2001
Absence of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is a rare congenital anomaly. The embryology of the ICA and the common collateral pathways associated with its congenital absence are reviewed, with four new cases provided for illustration. While collateral blood flow may allow these patients to remain asymptomatic, two of our ...
Fröber R - - 2001
An unusual case of pulmonary atresia with an aberrant karyotype of 46,XX,t(6;8)(p21.2;q11.2) is reported. Fetal ultrasonic examination at the 20th week of gestation revealed a hypoplastic right ventricle and an intact interventricular septum. Authors summarize their postnatal findings in fetal heart and the large adjacent vessels with special reference to ...
Tsai S K - - 2001
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is often used during surgical repair of congenital heart disease. In our case series of 256 newborns and infants, we found that a left paracarinal view of TEE could visualize the proximal left pulmonary artery, a frequent blind spot for TEE, in most patients, except in a ...
Heyneman L E - - 2001
The purpose of our study is to describe the radiologic findings of adult patients presenting with congenital unilateral pulmonary vein atresia. Chest radiography in affected patients typically reveals a small hemithorax and ipsilateral pulmonary artery as well as ipsilateral septal thickening. CT shows, in addition, ground-glass attenuation, the absence of ...
Lee J J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of electron beam tomography (EBT) for morphological assessment of congenital heart disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen subjects were examined by EBT, transthoracic echocardiography, cardiac cine angiography and surgery. EBT scan was performed using single slice continuous volume mode to acquire high-resolution static image. Double dose ...
Oh C H - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical and radiographic findings in seven adults with congenital esophageal stenosis. In young or middle-aged individuals, particularly men with long-standing dysphagia, an upper or mid esophageal stricture with multiple ringlike constrictions is a characteristic appearance of congenital esophageal stenosis on double-contrast ...
de Lagausie P - - 2001
Congenital malformations of the tracheobronchal tree and the related arterial blood supply are a complex group of lesions in which there are abnormalities of the venous drainage and lung parenchyma. These malformations are examples of congenital pulmonary venolobar syndrome (CPVS). Tracheal trifurcation is an extremely rare anomaly associated with CPVS. ...
Rocker M D - - 2001
We describe the case of a woman with congenital rubella who presented with backache. Plain abdominal X-ray revealed calcification of a superior mesenteric artery aneurysm. Intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography demonstrated multiple aneurysms of the arteries to the upper and lower limbs and the viscera. We have not found another report ...
Morales J M - - 2001
Aneurysms of the left atrium are rare abnormalities. They can be congenital or acquired. Whereas a true congenital aneurysm presents as isolated pathology, inflammatory or degenerative processes involving the endocardium are associated with the acquired type. The clinical records of 2 patients with the diagnosis of left atrial aneurysm were ...
Alexi-Meskishvili V - - 2001
Direct communication between the right pulmonary artery and the left atrium is a rare congenital vascular malformation. The clinical diagnosis is difficult, and preoperative angiography is essential. We treated this anomaly successfully with surgery and the use of cardiopulmonary bypass in an 11-year-old boy. Surgery provides a complete cure for ...
Kiyomatsu Y - - 2001
To elucidate the origin of transient heart murmur during the late neonatal period, we examined 50 neonates with this type of heart murmur and compared them with 50 controls. We serially examined the morphology of and blood flow in the main pulmonary artery (MPA), the right pulmonary artery (RPA), and ...
Kunishima T - - 2001
A 25-year-old man was found to have an abnormal cardiac contour on a chest radiograph, and was referred. Transesophageal echocardiography suggested herniation of the left atrial appendage (LAA) through a gap in the pericardium, and magnetic resonance imaging indicated congenital partial absence of the pericardium. Cardiac dysfunction was caused by ...
Ahel V - - 2001
Congenital tracheal stenosis is a rare anomaly characterized by a broad spectrum of variations. Affected segments differ in the grade extent of stenosis, from thin webs to more severe stenoses such as short-segmental, funnel-like, or long-segment tracheal stenosis. A 5-month-old infant with persistent congenital stridor and acute respiratory distress is ...
Buchholz T - - 2001
Congenital sialidosis is a rare lysosomal storage disease caused by a primary neuraminidase deficiency which results from defects in the neuraminidase gene on chromosome 6p. The inheritance is autosomal recessive. Patients exhibit excessive urinary excretion of bound sialic acid and decreased or undetectable amounts of neuraminidase activity in various tissues. ...
Soongswang J - - 2000
Nowadays, it has been widely accepted that echocardiography is the most efficient, non invasive diagnostic tool to diagnose congenital heart diseases. However, cardiac catheterization remains the gold standard to diagnose and obtain hemodynamic data prior to cardiovascular surgery. In order to find out the accuracy of transthoracic echocardiography in relation ...
Diaz-Jimenez J P - - 2000
A 14-year-old boy with a history of congenital cardiopathy is presented. At age 4, a left systemic-to-pulmonary fistula was performed, using a tubular prosthesis to anastomose the left subclavian artery to the left pulmonary artery. Following this procedure, he developed recurrent episodes of hemoptysis, cough, and left upper lobe consolidation. ...
Mahnken A H - - 2000
Unilateral absence of the pulmonary artery and bronchial-to-coronary artery anastomosis are rarely described congenital vascular anomalies. The authors report a case of a 49-year-old female presenting with both anomalies. The presenting symptoms and pertinent diagnostic imaging are described, including conventional radiographs, angiography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging, and the ...
Aeba R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: There is substantial controversy regarding the use of Hemashield in young patients. METHODS: Twenty-one consecutive patients younger than 20 years of age with a variety of congenital cardiovascular lesions underwent surgical procedures using a Hemashield woven graft. Hemashield was used for reconstruction of the aortic wall (n = 16), ...
Pomé G - - 2000
Congenital aneurysmal dilatation of the left atrial appendage is a rare but correctable lesion. It represents a diagnostic dilemma in patients with cardiomegaly and is commonly associated with supraventricular arrhythmias and life-threatening systemic embolization. We describe the diagnostic evaluation and surgical treatment during 1997 of a patient with congenital aneurysmal ...
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