Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 598
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David R Hootnick - - 2004
Ischemic necrosis, which develops rarely after clubfoot surgery, may have a vascular etiology, since many idiopathic and neurogenic clubfeet have congenital deficiency of the anterior tibial and dorsalis pedis arteries. Dorsalis pedis deficiency is demonstrated more frequently in those clubfeet showing greater deformity. Substantial hypoplasia of the profunda femoris and ...
Altuntas Ali - - 2004
Choanal atresia is one of the most commonly observed congenital abnormalities of the nose. This defect is frequently associated with other congenital anomalies. One of the anomalies, which is rarely encountered is a Tessier's facial cleft 2. In this report, we present a 6-year-old girl who was brought to our ...
Chockalingam Anand - - 2004
Submitral aneurysm (SMA) is congenital outpouching of the left ventricular (LV) wall invariably occurring adjacent to the posterior leaflet of mitral valve. SMA is typically diagnosed in young adults who present with severe mitral regurgitation, heart failure, systemic embolism, and sudden cardiac death. African blacks account for the majority of ...
Gravereaux Edwin C. - - 2004
Congenital vascular anomalies are rare. The cardiovascular specialist should nevertheless be aware of the more common types of vascular anomalies and understand the implications for patient treatment and the likelihood of associated morbidity. The presentation of congenital arteriovenous malformations can range from asymptomatic or cosmetic lesions, to those causing ischemia, ...
Torres Javier - - 2004
LEOPARD syndrome is a neuroectodermal disorder presumed to result from an abnormality in neural crest cells. The acronym 'LEOPARD' is derived from the clinical features which include multiple lentigines, electrocardiographic abnormalities, ocular hypertelorism, pulmonary stenosis, abnormal genitalia, retarded growth, and deafness. Given the multisystem nature of the disease process, several ...
Schaefer Katherine S - - 2004
The outflow tract (OFT) is abnormal in many congenital heart defects. One critical mechanism for morphogenesis of this complex structure is apoptosis. Chicken embryos (stages 19-38; ED4-10) stained with a fluorescent supravital lysosomal dye (LysoTracker Red; LTR) revealed the three-dimensional relationship between structural changes and apoptosis. The LTR staining peaked ...
Bellini C - - 2004
We report on three infants with congenital chylothorax (CC) and congenital pulmonary lymphangiectasia (CPL). CPL appears to be a characteristic pathological finding in CC. Through the use of lymphoscintigraphy and computed tomography, this study suggests that CC and CPL are strongly correlated entities and that the dysplasia of the lymphatic ...
Lin Pei-Chun - - 2004
Aneurysms of the subclavian artery are rare. Similarly, congenital absence of the internal carotid artery is an extremely rare vascular anomaly. In this report, we discuss the case of a 54 year-old woman with an unusual aneurysm of the right subclavian artery in association with congenital absence of the right ...
Kussman Barry D - - 2004
Compression of the paediatric airway is a relatively common and often unrecognized complication of congenital cardiac and aortic arch anomalies. Airway obstruction may be the result of an anomalous relationship between the tracheobronchial tree and vascular structures (producing a vascular ring) or the result of extrinsic compression caused by dilated ...
Griselli Massimo - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Congenital heart defects with major aortopulmonary collateral arteries show marked variability in the size and distribution of native pulmonary arteries. We sought to classify the size and distribution of native pulmonary arteries and to determine their influence on surgical outcome. METHODS: Between 1989 and 2002, 164 patients underwent surgical ...
Yilmaz Mehmet Birhan - - 2003
Swyer-James syndrome is an uncommon disease with unknown aetiology. It is generally discovered on a chest radiograph as increased translucency involving one hemithorax because of diminished vascular markings. Pulmonary vascularization on the affected side is greatly reduced leading to radiological translucency. Myocardial bridging describes an angiographic entity, which is any ...
Yukiiri Kazushi - - 2003
Congenital malformation of the right atrium or the coronary sinus is rare, and cases are classified into 1 of the following 4 categories: (1) congenital enlargement of right atrium, (2) single diverticulum, (3) multiple diverticula of the right atrium, and (4) diverticulum of the coronary sinus. This report presents a ...
Konen Eli - - 2003
The term congenital pulmonary venolobar syndrome refers to a wide spectrum of pulmonary developmental anomalies that may appear singly or in combination. The main components of congenital pulmonary venolobar syndrome are hypogenetic lung (including lobar agenesis, aplasia, or hypoplasia), partial anomalous pulmonary venous return, absence of pulmonary artery, pulmonary sequestration, ...
Raas-Rothschild Annick - - 2003
The Stuve-Wiedemann syndrome (SWS) is a congenital bone dysplasia characterized by camptodactyly with ulnar deviation and congenital bowing of the long bones. Affected patients present with respiratory difficulties in the neonatal period or later and recurrent episodes of hyperthermia. The typical radiological findings are bowing of the long bones of ...
Angtuaco Sylvia S O - - 2003
The clinical presentation of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction due to congenital heart disease (CHD) is similar to that of cor pulmonale. RV volume and pressure loads, and primary RV myocardial dysfunction are mechanisms by which CHD affects right heart function. RV volume load may arise from pre-tricuspid left to right ...
Ishikawa Shiro - - 2003
Pulmonary hypoplasia is involved in patients with various surgical diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of measurement of the chest/trunk-length ratio (C/T) for predicting pulmonary hypoplasia in patients with congenital anomalies, with the exception of mass-like lesions in the thorax such as diaphragmatic hernia ...
Aeby A - - 2003
The authors performed imaging studies in two children with epilepsy and congenital facial hemangioma. The first patient had dysplastic pericallosal arteries and frontal polymicrogyria. In the second patient, dysplastic arteries and dysplastic cortex lined the interhemispheric fissure, the dysplastic cortex bridging across the midline, which resulted in holoprosencephaly. Abnormal cortical ...
Nabulsi Mona M - - 2003
The association between isolated congenital heart defects and consanguinity was examined in 759 Lebanese patients with different types of congenital heart malformations. The subjects were patients of the Children's Cardiac Registry Center (CCRC) at the American University of Beirut Medical Center. The proportion of first-cousin marriages among cardiac subjects was ...
Huang Guoqian - - 2003
Congenital ventricular diverticulum is a very rare malformation in adults. We describe a 21-year-old male with a congenital muscular left ventricular diverticulum in the inferior wall. The lesion was suspected on two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography; transesophageal echocardiography allowed clear detection of the diverticulum as well of mild mitral valve prolapse. The ...
Männer Jörg - - 2003
Suramin, a polysulfonated naphthylamine, has been used for the chemotherapy of trypanosomiasis and onchocerciasis since about the 1920s. Currently, it is also being tested as an anticancer agent. It is hoped that suramin might stop the progression of some kinds of cancer since it has been found to inhibit the ...
Weinberg Jason B - - 2003
A 13-year-old girl with surgically corrected congenital heart disease presented with a 3-day history of fever 1 month after piercing her navel. An echocardiogram demonstrated a vegetation within her right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit, and several blood cultures were repeatedly positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Surgical replacement of the conduit ...
Angelini Paolo - - 2003
Crisscross heart, or superoinferior ventricles, is a complex and often confusing congenital anomaly. We report a heretofore unreported presentation of "isolated" crisscross heart in situs inversus levocardia, which allows us to more clearly define the typical features of crisscross ventricles. The case of this 41-year-old woman, who had a peculiar ...
Al-Senan Kefah A - - 2003
Pulmonary hypoplasia is a rare cause of pulmonary insufficiency, and has a significant rate of morbidity and mortality among affected infants. In most cases, pulmonary hypoplasia is secondary to underlying abnormalities. These may include space occupying lesions, as in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia; malformation of chest wall resulting in ...
Rokicki Władysław - - 2003
The aim of the work was to study the pattern of congenital circulatory system malformations in the newborns in Upper Silesia, Poland (N = 355), and to compare it with the data known from the literature, predominantly with genetically very distant Chinese population from Hong Kong (N = 744). There ...
Fuke Shinji - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a new method for the antenatal prediction of pulmonary hypoplasia by Doppler blood flow velocimetry. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred seventy-seven fetuses (160 normal fetuses and 17 fetuses with congenital anomalies that may affect fetal lung growth and/or development) were studied. Blood ...
Usui Noriaki - - 2002
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is considered a potentially useful tool to investigate structural abnormalities of the esophagus in pediatric patients, as in adults. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of EUS for the diagnosis of congenital esophageal stenosis. METHODS: High-frequency catheter probe EUS was performed under ...
Hjortdal V E - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: A hybrid operation is a joint procedure involving the interventional cardiologist and the cardiac surgeon concomitantly to optimise surgical management. The aim of our study was to demonstrate the conceptual development and the feasibility of a hybrid approach to complex congenital cardiac surgery. METHODS: Descriptive study of two different ...
Sichel Jean-Yves - - 2002
Congenital cervical teratomas are associated with a high rate of perinatal mortality due to airway obstruction. We describe a multidisciplinary management of a neonate with prenatal diagnosis of giant cervical teratoma. An 'operation on placenta support' (OOPS) technique was carried out during delivery, and intubation was successfully performed with no ...
Moreno R - - 2002
Congenital quadricuspid aortic valve is very uncommon, and is often associated with other cardiac disorders, such as patent ductus, ventricular septal defect, pulmonary stenosis, mitral valve malformation, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and coronary abnormalities. We report a patient with congenital quadricuspid aortic valve associated with congenital complete heart block. To our knowledge, ...
Barboza Jodi M - - 2002
Structural cardiac anomalies are estimated to occur in 8 of every 1,000 live births. Cardiovascular anomalies are frequently associated with other congenital anomalies because the heart is among the last organs to develop completely in the embryo. The guidelines for routine prenatal evaluation of both the American College of Radiology ...
Andiran Nesibe - - 2002
Congenital cutis laxa is an uncommon disorder of generalized elastolysis. The clinical picture is characterized by inelastic, loose, hanging skin that gives the appearance of premature aging. The disease is inherited most commonly in a severe autosomal recessive form, or as a relatively benign, autosomal dominant form. There is often ...
Atmaca Yusuf - - 2002
A single coronary artery (SCA) constitutes a rare congenital anomaly. The reported incidence of SCA ranges from 0.2 1.6% of the population undergoing coronary angiography. The congenital absence of the ostium of the right coronary artery (RCA) with the origin of the RCA as a continuation of the distal circumflex ...
Granton John T - - 2002
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a recognized complication of congenital systemic to pulmonary arterial cardiac shunts. The prognosis of PAH in this situation is better than primary or other secondary forms of PAH. Our knowledge of the pathophysiology of PAH complicating congenital heart disease has evolved over the past decade. ...
Rossi Renata N - - 2002
Tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia is one of the most challenging congenital cardiac malformations, for the morphologist, cardiologist and surgeon alike. Much of the difficulty in this lesion concerns the nature and development of pulmonary arterial supply, and the manner in which complete segmental supply to the lungs can ...
Farghly Essam - - 2002
Unilateral pulmonary artery agenesis is a rare congenital anomaly often associated with other cardiovascular abnormalities. It is usually diagnosed and surgically treated in childhood. Subjects without associated cardiac anomalies (isolated unilateral pulmonary artery agenesis) may be asymptomatic or have recurrent respiratory infections. We report a case of left pulmonary artery ...
Konez Orhan - - 2003
Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma (RICH) is a recently recognized entity in which the vascular tumor is fully developed at birth and undergoes rapid involution. Angiographic findings in two infants with congenital hemangioma are reported and compared with a more common postnatal infantile hemangioma and a congenital infantile fibrosarcoma. Congenital hemangiomas ...
Bezante G P - - 2002
Cor triatriatum sinistrum is a rare congenital heart disease usually diagnosed in symptomatic children. Symptoms depend on the degree of obstruction to pulmonary venous return with pulmonary hypertension and other associated abnormalities. Persistent left superior vena cava is quite a common congenital heart disease (about 0.5% in healthy populations). It ...
Springer Shelley Cypher - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To develop a predictive model using echocardiographic indices to identify nonsurvivors from survivors in preoperative patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). STUDY DESIGN: Eight cases of CDH, with a mortality rate of 38%, underwent echocardiographic study before surgical repair. Left ventricular mass (LVMASS) using the area-length method of Wyatt ...
Orliaguet O - - 2002
A 70-year-old man with recurrent undiagnosed episodes of bronchial cast expectoration and pulmonary infiltrates on chest radiography for 15 years is described. The diagnosis of chyloptysis was established by chemical analysis of the bronchial aspiration. We emphasize the radiological findings of this rare observation. The CT-associated lymphangiography showed mediastinal lymphangiectasis ...
Peirone Alejandro - - 2002
Bilateral arterial ducts represent an uncommon form of pulmonary or systemic blood supply associated with complex congenital cardiac disease. We sought to determine the role of high-resolution cross-sectional echocardiography and color flow Doppler ultrasonography in assessing this condition, as well as to describe the management and outcome in a group ...
Lee Kuo-Sheng - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We described the surgical efficacy of congenital pyriform aperture stenosis by measuring the width of the nasal pyriform aperture with three-dimensional computed tomography. METHODS: Six patients with congenital pyriform aperture stenosis accepted surgical intervention. Three-dimensional computed tomography was performed for preoperative and postoperative evaluation of nasal pyriform aperture width. ...
Macayran Joanne F - - 2002
We observed a 46, XY infant with atrophy of the optic nerve, complex congenital heart disease including a double outlet right ventricle, hypoplasia of the right pulmonary artery and lung, eventration of the diaphragm, and ambiguous genitalia. The baby died of cardiac arrhythmias at 204 days. The pattern of malformations ...
Kamiya Hiroyuki - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: A congenital coronary artery fistula (CAF) is a relatively rare congenital anomaly and is defined as an abnormal direct communication between any coronary artery and any of the cardiac chambers. This article reviews our experience over the past 27 years, as well as other ...
Holzer Ralf - - 2002
We describe an infant born prematurely at 30 weeks gestation with Down's syndrome who became dependent on oxygen at 3 weeks of age after an uneventful initial neonatal period. There had been no evidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. An isolated aortopulmonary collateral artery of moderate size was mistakenly diagnosed as persistent ...
Donofrio M T - - 2002
We describe an inherited form of a disorder in which four patients spanning three generations were affected with congenital myocardial disease. The youngest member of the family, diagnosed as a fetus with a large aneurysm of the muscular interventricular septum, demonstrates an antenatal pathogenic process. Study of the specific findings ...
Rodrigues Consuelo J - - 2002
PURPOSE: Characterization of the structural changes occurring in the pulmonary arteries resulting from surgically produced congenital diaphragmatic hernia in rabbits, with particular emphasis on the preventive effects of prenatal tracheal ligation or administration of intra-amniotic dexamethasone or surfactant. METHODS: Twenty rabbit fetuses underwent surgical creation of a left-sided congenital diaphragmatic ...
Mikhailovsky M V - - 2002
CDI and other types of segmental instrumentation are wide used in surgical treatment of congenital spinal deformities. At the same time we didn't find in orthopaedic literature any data concerning 3-D evaluation of the results of such procedures. The aim of this study is the assessment of 3-D effect of ...
Given C A CA - - 2001
Absence of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is a rare congenital anomaly. The embryology of the ICA and the common collateral pathways associated with its congenital absence are reviewed, with four new cases provided for illustration. While collateral blood flow may allow these patients to remain asymptomatic, two of our ...
Fröber R - - 2001
An unusual case of pulmonary atresia with an aberrant karyotype of 46,XX,t(6;8)(p21.2;q11.2) is reported. Fetal ultrasonic examination at the 20th week of gestation revealed a hypoplastic right ventricle and an intact interventricular septum. Authors summarize their postnatal findings in fetal heart and the large adjacent vessels with special reference to ...
Tsai S K - - 2001
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is often used during surgical repair of congenital heart disease. In our case series of 256 newborns and infants, we found that a left paracarinal view of TEE could visualize the proximal left pulmonary artery, a frequent blind spot for TEE, in most patients, except in a ...
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