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Corone P - - 1983
The distribution of congenital heart lesions was studied in 238 families with at least 2 affected members. A statistical analysis was performed. Concordant lesions were found in 48% of the affected first degree relatives and in 28% of the affected second and third degree relatives. The concordance rate is highly ...
Williams L - - 1983
Three amputated legs with tibial dysplasia were studied by radiography, arteriography and anatomical dissection. The radiographic appearances were the same as the Type 1b tibial dysplasia described by Jones, Barnes and Lloyd-Roberts (1978) in that the tibiae were absent but the lower femoral epiphyses were normal. However, our anatomical findings ...
Maggiore G - - 1983
A 16-year-old boy with congenital hepatic fibrosis, on whom a portocaval anastomosis was performed because of bleeding esophageal varices, developed lip cyanosis, exertional dyspnea, and clubbing of the fingers 7 years postoperatively. This progressive syndrome was caused by a right-to-left shunt due to the presence of pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas. Increased ...
Takahashi T - - 1983
Pulmonary arteries were counted per surface area of lung sections, with a correction for the degree of lung collapse, in 31 subjects who had congenital cardiac defects and pulmonary hypertension. Arterial diameters were also established, as were the degrees of any pulmonary vascular lesions. In comparison with control cases, the ...
Adeyemo A O - - 1983
In a 2 1/2-year-old boy chest X-ray examination because of dyspnoea revealed hyperlucency of the left upper lobe with herniation of the hyperinflated lobe into the right hemithorax. Surgical exploration showed the upper lobe of the trilobed lung to be the site of congenital lobar emphysema, while the lingula and ...
Ohta T - - 1983
Congenital absence of one of the pulmonary arteries not accompanied by other congenital heart disease is rare. Less than 90 cases have been reported since Fräntzel noted the first case in 1868 (5). In Japan, Osano first reported a case of an 11-year old boy with unilateral absence of the ...
Ein S H - - 1982
This is a report of a case of complete congenital tracheal stenosis confirmed by tracheobronchogram. The stenosis also involved the origin of the right main bronchus. The membranous portion of the trachea was absent. It was repaired through a sternotomy and right thoracotomy aided by partial cardiopulmonary bypass. The posterior ...
Mallette L E - - 1982
Transient congenital hypoparathyroidism was observed in four neonates who also had congenital cardiac defects. Severe hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia were noted at 2 or 3 weeks of age, but resolved by 2 to 4 months of age with minimal treatment (oral calcium alone). Parathyroid hormone, measured with a highly sensitive, homologous ...
Kimura K - - 1982
Congenital stenosis involving the entire length of the trachea has generally been regarded as a fatal disease. Tracheoplasty using costal cartilage grafts to enlarge the lumen was successfully employed in such a case, and the technique is described. A 12-mo-old female was referred with recurrent severe respiratory distress since birth. ...
Krummel T M - - 1982
Pulmonary failure is the most frequent cause of mortality in newborns, accounting for 15,000 deaths yearly. It may be the result of the respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS), or persistent fetal circulation (PFC), including infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Early identification of patients with predictably fatal ...
Bharati S - - 1982
The endocardium was analyzed in all four chambers of 99 hearts with various types of congenital heart defects in which surgical repair was performed more than 6 weeks before death. The findings were compared with those of normal hearts in similar age groups. In some cases the endocardium was microscopically ...
Hootnick D R - - 1982
Arteriograms were examined in three limbs of two patients who had talipes equinovarus. An abnormal arterial pattern characterized by severe diminution in the size of the anterior tibial artery and diminution or absence of the dorsalis pedis artery was evident. Inasmuch as one of these patients was preambulatory, the arterial ...
Driscoll D J - - 1982
Congenital stenosis of the pulmonary veins is a rare but frequently lethal congenital cardiac abnormality. Eight patients with this malformation were diagnosed, evaluated and treated. All eight patients had associated congenital cardiac defects. Two of the eight died, one of sepsis and one after operative pulmonary venoplasty. In three patients ...
Hamazaki M - - 1982
A male newborn expired 5 days after birth, because of multiple congenital cardiac anomalies. The postmortem examination demonstrated tricuspid stenosis, pulmonary atresia, hypoplastic right ventricle, persistent venous valve, and so on. In addition, he had coronary arterio-ventricular fistulous connection, associated with absence of the proximal connection of the coronary artery ...
Wieder S - - 1982
Histoplasma mediastinitis with complete or partial pulmonary artery obstruction due to compression and/or intraluminal granuloma was diagnosed in five patients and surgically verified in two. The patients, ages 12-27 years, had cough, dyspnea (four cases), and hemoptysis (two cases). Radionuclide imaging showed unilateral absence of pulmonary perfusion and minimal diminution ...
Pleet A B - - 1981
Congenital bicuspid aortic valve, one of the most common congenital heart abnormalities, may become infected, may calcify, and may cause progressive stenosis or progressive insufficiency. While no previous reports suggested cerebral emboli in the absence of valvular infection, we studied four such cases. In all, cerebral angiography was normal and ...
Gussen R - - 1981
Temporal bone changes in a 14-month-old female infant with congenital rubella are described. The inner ears showed cochleo-saccular degeneration, with more severe involvement of the right side. Perivascular round cell infiltration was demonstrated in the base of the cochlea, stria vascularis, and superior ampullary cribriform region, consistent with viral infection. ...
Arciniegas J G - - 1981
A segmental angiographic analysis of congenital heart malformations has been developed with the intention of making evaluation of complex congenital heart anomalies as comprehensive as possible. Each vascular and cardiac segment is analyzed sequentially, considering morphology, connections, and relations. Additional associated cardiovascular abnormalities such as shunts, stenoses, hypoplasias, and atresias ...
Norwood W I - - 1981
Aortic atresia is a form of congenital cardiac disease complicated by associated severe hypoplasia of the ascending aorta and various degrees of mitral valve and left ventricular hypoplasia. Occasionally, neonates with severe aortic stenosis have associated severe hypoplasia of the ascending aorta and left ventricle. These two defects constitute the ...
Benjamin B - - 1981
Twenty-one cases of congenital tracheal stenosis seen at the Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children 1971 through 1980 were reviewed with regard to the clinical features, associated anomalies, endoscopic findings and radiological evaluation. Congenital tracheal stenosis was usually a serious problem often associated with other major anomalies of the respiratory tract, ...
Gordon R T - - 1981
A good method of assisting the right ventricle of the heart has, up to the present, not been available. This paper presents a new approach to assisting the right ventricle of the heart which can be utilised independently or during cardiac surgery. Through implementation of this approach, and timed inflation ...
Chauve A - - 1981
The classical "banding" of the pulmonary arterial trunk (PAT) is often difficult to remove at the time of definite repair of the cardiac congenital malformation; often its removal alone requires the use of a cardiopulmonary bypass and an angioplasty of the PAT. These difficulties have led the authors to study ...
Skovránek J - - 1981
The authors document the importance of echocardiograhy (ECHO) with special respect to the pulsed Doppler technique (PDE) in the diagnosis of congenital heart diseases. Typical ECHO and PDE findings in atrial and ventricular septal defects, patent ductus arteriosus, valvular stenosis and insufficiency, absence of pulmonary valves, tricuspid and pulmonary atresia, ...
Bramlet D A - - 1981
Congenital aneurysm of the left atrial appendage is a rare anomaly, usually presenting in adult life. The case reported is that of a 55-year-old man who died of cerebral embolism originating from a thrombus in a congenital aneurysm of the left atrial appendage. The cardiac silhouette 11 years previously had ...
Levin S E - - 1980
The clinical features and course of five children with the recently described syndrome of arteriohepatic dysplasia are presented. All had bilateral pulmonary arterial stenosis, proven at cardiac catheterization, as well as associated liver disease of varying severity. In one of the fatal cases, a hitherto undescribed anomaly was found--stenosis of ...
Roguin N - - 1980
Lobar emphysema is an uncommon cause of respiratory distress in infancy. Congenital heart disease is seen in about 20% of the patients with infantile (congenital) lobar emphysema. We described six infants with lobar emphysema. In three of them a congenital heart disease was demonstrated by cardiac catheterization and cineangiography; two ...
Hofman K J - - 1980
Congenital antithrombin III deficiency is a rare but well-documented abnormality. A young man presented with pulmonary embolism and was found to be suffering from this condition. His family history revealed numerous members with venous disease and its complications. Treatment of the acute episode and prophylaxis are discussed.
Naveh Y - - 1980
A family with congenital hepatic fibrosis (CHF) and congenital heart disease (CHD) is presented. The consanguineous healthy parents gave birth to 12 children of whom 10 survived. One son had CHF and CHD, one daughter had CHF and a second daughter had CHD. Three other siblings probably had small a ...
Eichelberger M R - - 1980
Agenesis of the hemidiaphragm is an unusual congenital anomaly associated with a high mortality. This paper presents the fourth patient to survive the neonatal period with agenesis of the hemidiaphragm. He was an identical twin, weighing 1.5 kg and his clinical course was characterized by ipsilateral pulmonary hypoplasia, large alveolar-arterial ...
Haller J A JA - - 1980
In this experience, life-threatening hemorrhage and operative excision of large cranial congenital A-V malformations were managed in two young patients. The major feeding arteries were selectively occluded, shrinking the masses dramatically and greatly facilitating resection which could then be followed by immediate skin grafting. This technique employs standard technology for ...
Harrison M R - - 1980
A conical silicone rubber balloon was placed in the left hemithorax of fetal lambs and progressively inflated through an exteriorized catheter over the last trimester. Newborn lambs died of severe respiratory insufficiency, despite maximal resuscitation. The lungs were markedly hypoplastic with greatly reduced parenchymal mass and air capacity. This model ...
Zureikat H Y - - 1980
Selective coronary arteriography (using the Sones technique) was performed in 67 patients with congenital heart disease aged 1 to 33 years. Five of the 23 patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease had collateral vessels between the coronary and bronchial arteries; none of the 44 patients with noncyanotic congenital heart disease ...
Thomsen J - - 1980
A patient with a large congenital cholesteatoma of the left temporal bone is presented. The case is unique in that, although the cholestetoma invaded all three semicircular as well as the basal coil of the cochlea, the patient retained normal hearing. She had an almost complete left-sided facial paralysis, yet ...
Osinowo O - - 1980
A case of congenital aneurysm of the left pulmonary artery in a 52-year-old Nigerian woman is presented. She presented with a transient history of cough and epigastric pains. A chest radiograph revealed a rounded left hilar mass just superior to the left main bronchus, and pulmonary angiography confirmed the presence ...
van Nie C J - - 1980
Congenital bicuspid stenosis with left ventricular hypoplasia was diagnosed in a kitten. Clinical weakness, dyspnoea and marked cardiomegaly (X rays) were related to postmortem findings. The cardiomegaly had resulted from an enlargement of the left auricular appendage. It is supposed the cardiomegaly developed after the closing of the foramen ovale.
Borgeson E - - 1980
This study demonstrates that when the heart is markedly displaced posteriorly to the left, or perhaps to the right, the posterior approach may make echocardiographic evaluation possible. Thus, in a patient with congenital unilateral absence of the left pulmonary artery, with marked displacement of the heart posteriorly, it was possible ...
Isler W - - 1980
Congenital and acquired cerebrovascular diseases in the very young age group are reviewed and discussed. Whilst saccular aneurysms are rare arteriovenous malformations and cavernous hemangiomas represent the most frequent types of all congenital anomalies. The aneurysm of the great vein of Galen manifests in the newborn period and mostly is ...
Gillet H G - - 1979
The soft corn is defined as an interdigital hyperkeratosis. Footwear contributes to interdigital corns when there is a congenital or acquired predisposing factor. These predisposing factors cause apposition of particular bony prominences between adjacent toes. The congenital factors include a short first metatarsal, a short fifth metatarsal, or third and ...
Danielson G K - - 1979
The criss-cross heart is a rare anomaly in which systemic and pulmonary bloodstreams cross at the atrioventricular (AV) level. Although diagnosed now with increasing frequency, successful surgical repair of associated anomalies has been reported only once. Straddling AV valve is another rare cardiac anomaly which only recently is being diagnosed ...
Nagai Y - - 1979
The characteristic echocardiographic findings for congenital absence of the pulmonary valve with tetralogy of Fallot were described in three patients, whose diagnoses were confirmed by operation and/or autopsy. The abnormal linear echo, which was thought to be derived from the rudimentary pulmonary valve tissue, was recorded anteriorly to the dense ...
Cooley D A - - 1979
Within the spectrum of neonatal congenital cyanotic heart disease, emergent surgery is often necessary to correct profound pulmonary hypoperfusion. An ascending aorto-to-pulmonary artery anastomosis (Waterston-Cooley) has proved to be the preferred procedure in selected patients. A new technique to correct the occasional resultant pulmonary arterial deformity is presented which is ...
Malangoni M A - - 1978
Congenital rectal stenosis may be detected in the newborn during the initial physical examination. Failure of conservative therapy (dilatation) should alert the physician to the presence of an associated pathologic condition in the presacral space. Presacral teratoma, anterior sacral meningocele, or bony anomalies may be the underlying extrinsic causes of ...
van der Linde-Sipman J S - - 1978
Two different congenital malformations of the heart were seen in two calves and two ewe lambs. In all these malformations the left ventricle was more or less hypoplastic; it was small with a narrow lumen and a thick wall. In one malformation the aorta began as a cul-de-sac above the ...
McClelland R R - - 1978
Congenital aneurysmal dilatation of the left auricle is a rare condition often associated with cardiac arrhythmias and systemic emboli. The diagnosis is made often by surgical exploration or presurgically by contrast angiography. A case is reported in which the dilated left auricle did not fill during contrast angiography but was ...
Ford R B - - 1978
Congenital supravalvular pulmonic stenosis was diagnosed in a dog. A pulmonary artery-to-pulmonary artery anastomosis of a Dacron arterial conduit restored continuity of blood flow around the obstruction in the main pulmonary artery. By the 6th day after surgery, right ventricular systolic pressure averaged 85 mm of Hg, a decrease of ...
Pacifico A D - - 1978
The use of valved external conduits has majorly expanded the place of corrective operations for children with a variety of congenital cardiac defects. Initially they were employed to correct patients with congenital pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect and subsequently placed between the venous ventricle and pulmonary artery for a ...
Singh S P - - 1978
Pulmonary venous injection of contrast medium in the near-wedge position produced a flow into the pulmonary arterial tree in 15 out of 21 children with cyanotic congenital heart disease. In 5 there was good opacification of both sides from a single injection. The technique provides an additional method of demonstrating ...
Kucera J - - 1978
In the period from 1961 to 1974, 80 cases of congenital coronary artery anomalies in necropsies of infants and stillborn fetuses were diagnosed in the Czech Socialist Republic among more than 2.1 million consecutive deliveries. In the population thus defined the mean frequency of these anomalies was 3.8 per 100,000, ...
Mendelsohn G - - 1977
We describe a case of extreme primary pulmonary hypoplasia. No other congenital anomalies and none of the conditions known to be associated with pulmonary hypoplasia were present. Pregnancy had been complicated by substantial polyhydramnios. The hypoplasia was due to a marked deficiency of the respiratory parenchyma in the presence of ...
Flanagan W H - - 1977
A presystolic ejection click was present in a patient with congenital valvular pulmonic stenosis. The coincidence of this sound with presystolic pulmonary valve opening was demonstrated by simultaneous phonoechocardiography. Hemodynamic confirmation of this observation was made by demonstrating presystolic crossover of RV-PA pressures. This sound was distinguished on phonocardiogram as ...
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