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Ey E H - - 1988
Two cases of congenital bony stenosis of the nasal piriform aperture (anterior nares) are presented. Both patients experienced episodes of respiratory distress and clinical symptoms similar to those seen in patients with posterior choanal atresia. The underlying anatomic abnormalities in congenital bony inlet stenosis are quite different from those in ...
Schofield D E - - 1988
We describe a congenitally malformed heart with usual atrial arrangement and concordant atrioventricular connexions in which a solitary arterial trunk left the base of the heart and supplied the coronary and systemic arteries. Pulmonary blood supply was derived from systemic to pulmonary collateral arteries but, in addition, hypoplastic intrapericardial pulmonary ...
Zaw-Tun H I - - 1988
Congenital supraglottic laryngeal obstruction still is being described as subglottic stenosis. There are three clearly defined types of congenital laryngeal atresia, which result from arrest at consecutive developmental stages. Type 1 consists of a supraglottic obstruction, absent vestibule, and stenotic infraglottis, and type 2 is a supraglottic obstruction that separates ...
Cooley D A - - 1988
Recently, there has been an increasing emphasis on definitive correction of congenital heart defects at an early age. Nevertheless, in the presence of severe cyanotic congenital heart disease, survival may depend on palliative techniques designed either (1) to promote increased pulmonary blood flow by means of a systemic-pulmonary artery shunt ...
Shimazaki Y - - 1988
Cineangiograms of 172 patients with tetralogy of Fallot and pulmonary atresia were qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed retrospectively. Findings: Twenty-eight (16%) patients had congenital absence of the central and unbranched hilar portions of the left or right pulmonary artery or both, and thus had congenitally nonconfluent pulmonary arteries. Five additional patients ...
Perry S B - - 1988
The present status of catheter-directed therapy in pediatric congenital and acquired heart disease is reviewed. Balloon pulmonary valvotomy, established as the procedure of choice for children and adults with isolated pulmonary stenosis, has now been extended to neonates with critical pulmonary stenosis. Balloon mitral and aortic valvotomy are being performed ...
van Donselaar C A - - 1988
Giant fusiform aneurysms of the basilar artery were found in a 6-year-old boy who subsequently died after rupture of the aneurysm, and in a 64-year-old man who showed signs of ischemia and compression of the brain stem. Autopsy disclosed strikingly similar abnormalities of the wall of the basilar artery, consisting ...
Lindberg H - - 1988
ALVT is a very rare congenital malformation. Until 1983 a collective review reported only 37 cases published. A 5-month-old girl with a body weight of 5.5 kg was referred for cardiomegaly and cardiac murmur. 2D-echo revealed the diagnosis which was later confirmed by angiography. The child was then operated upon ...
Lie J T - - 1988
An arterial aneurysm of any kind is rare in infancy, and one that occurs in the brachial artery is probably even more rare; when such an aneurysm is asymptomatic and congenital, it must be exceedingly rare. One such unique case is described herein, together with a brief review of the ...
Rabinovitch M - - 1987
In patients with pulmonary hypertension associated with congenital heart defects, ultrastructural abnormalities are observed in endothelial cells, which suggest heightened metabolic function. If endothelial production of the von Willebrand factor (vWF) is increased, this may be associated with abnormal interactions with platelets leading to worsening of the pulmonary hypertension. We ...
Smith F R - - 1987
Congenital absence of the left coronary artery system and the prevalence of a single right coronary artery to supply the heart is a rare anomaly. There is not yet enough data to determine its importance because only a few have been found in living patients. This is just such a ...
Hootnick D R - - 1987
We have carried out the third in a series of anatomical dissections of amputated congenitally deformed human limbs in an attempt to determine the etiological relationship between the bony and soft tissue anomalies. This specimen consisted of a limb with congenital tibial aplasia and an adducted foot with five toes. ...
Distefano G - - 1987
We described two sibs born to consanguineous Sicilian parents who died of severe congenital heart malformation. Both had dextrocardia; however, only the girl had situs viscerum inversus. At necropsy she was found to have a right spleen and right pulmonary isomerism (three lobes in each lung, as commonly found in ...
Rosa U - - 1987
Origin of the right pulmonary artery from the ascending aorta is a rare congenital malformation resulting in a large left-to-right shunt through the right lung at systemic pressure. We report the CT findings in an adult with this anomaly. Computed tomography was diagnostic. The patient is the sixth adult with ...
Hernandez R J - - 1987
The purpose of this prospective study was to assess and compare the roles of CT, sonography, and cineangiography in the evaluation of the central pulmonary arteries. Twenty patients with severe cyanotic congenital heart disease were evaluated. In six patients, cineangiography failed to identify pulmonary arteries (four right, two left) that ...
Pongiglione G - - 1987
Congenital Heart Malformations (CHM) can be present together with Extracardiac Malformations (ECM) in a single individual, however the frequency and the patterns of associations are not well defined because the casistics of the literature are little comparable. The diagnosis of CHM has been demonstrated with cardiac catheterization in any case. ...
Assey M E - - 1987
Congenital aortic stenosis in children is characterized by low left ventricular systolic wall stress allowing for supernormal ejection performance. In contrast, adults with acquired aortic stenosis have normal or excessive systolic wall stress resulting in either normal or subnormal ejection performance. In this study young children with congenital aortic stenosis, ...
Kaufman S L - - 1987
Interventional radiologic techniques have been applied to the management of congenital cardiovascular abnormalities. Transcatheter embolization is now the procedure of choice in the treatment of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations. Transluminal angioplasty has been successfully employed in the management of patients with congenital pulmonary and aortic valvular stenosis and may also be ...
Huhta J C - - 1987
Fetal echocardiography has yet to have an impact on the treatment of congenital heart disease. Critical aortic valve stenosis was diagnosed by echocardiography before birth in a 35 week gestation fetus. The risks to the fetus and mother associated with prolonged rupture of membranes prompted their transport to a hospital ...
Rothschild P A - - 1987
The diagnosis of herniation of the left ventricle through a pericardial window was made using MRI. This is a rare type of herniation because it presented 6 years after a pericardial window was made for pericarditis. Herniation of the heart through congenital, traumatic and post surgical pericardial defects are discussed.
Beck B L - - 1987
Post-mortem arteriography, properly carried out, visualizes the whole extent of the arterial vascular system. The intimate relationship of parenchymatous organs to their arterial supply makes it possible to identify and localize the individual structure, even where there are abnormalities. Arteriography has never been methodically applied to post-mortem examinations of fetuses ...
Belcourt C L - - 1986
Congenital stenosis of individual pulmonary veins is uncommon. Of the 49 cases reported, four were seen at the IWK Hospital for Children and are reported here. Plain radiographs show a shift of the heart toward the side of major involvement, Kerley B lines, fluid in the fissures, and interstitial edema ...
Fingland R B - - 1986
In a retrospective study of 29 dogs with congenital pulmonic stenosis, we evaluated the clinical, radiographic, angiocardiographic, and cardiac catheterization data. Eighteen dogs had no clinical signs of disease and were referred for evaluation of a previously detected cardiac murmur, 5 dogs had congestive right-sided heart failure, and 5 dogs ...
Reid J M - - 1986
Unilateral pulmonary vein stenosis is a rare congenital anomaly. A case is described in a girl who first presented at the age of four years with recurring haemoptysis but in whom diagnosis was not established until she was 16 years old. Pulmonary angiography demonstrated a minimally hypoplastic right pulmonary artery, ...
Lien W P - - 1986
A retrospective analysis was performed in 926 consecutive Chinese persons, aged 14 to 68 years, in whom congenital heart disease had been diagnosed and catheterization had been performed over the past 24 years. The incidence of various congenital cardiac malformations was compared with that in other series reported world-wide. About ...
McKeown P P - - 1986
Pericardial patching to enlarge the right ventricular outflow tract is often required in congenital cardiac surgery in lesions such as tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary atresia, pulmonary stenosis, and pulmonary artery repair following removal of a palliative pulmonary artery band. A method of simplifying the attachment of the pericardial patch onto ...
Adams D B - - 1986
The intraluminal duodenal diverticulum is an uncommon congenital anomaly which is associated with obstructive symptoms. Treatment of the symptomatic intraluminal duodenal diverticulum can be undertaken either endoscopically with excision by snare cautery or with duodenotomy and excision of the diverticulum. An understanding of the embryologic and anatomic characteristics of the ...
Maron B J - - 1986
Cardiovascular diseases responsible for sudden unexpected death in highly conditioned athletes are largely related to the age of the patient. In most young competitive athletes (less than 35 years of age) sudden death is due to congenital cardiovascular disease. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy appears to be the most common cause of such ...
Momma K - - 1986
The morphology of the central pulmonary artery was studied by selective angiography in 21 previously unoperated patients (aged 11 days-21 years, median 4 years) with pulmonary atresia associated with various types of congenital heart disease. Angiographic findings were confirmed at operation in 10 patients. There was juxtaductal obstruction of the ...
Thomson K J - - 1986
Recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy and vocal cord paralysis due to mitral stenosis was first described in 1897 (Ortner 1897). Since then other cardiovascular causes, including hypertension, coronary heart disease, aortic aneurysm and congenital heart disease have been described. There are two recorded cases of left recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy due ...
Burrows P E - - 1985
Thorough investigation of the state of the pulmonary vascular bed is an important part of the preoperative assessment of patients with congenital heart disease. This article describes the imaging techniques applicable to anomalies and acquired changes of the pulmonary arteries, with emphasis on recent developments. The morphology and imaging of ...
Kawahara, Katsunobu
A 60-year-old, Japanese woman, with congenital web-like tracheal stenosis surgically treated. Successful relief from tracheal stenosis was obstained. Detection in adulthood and chance of the treatment for congenital tracheal stenosis is very rare. As far as this case is concerned, delay in detection and treatment is discussed of congenital tracheal ...
Gruel Y - - 1985
To prevent the severe prognosis of pulmonary hypoplasia in congenital diaphragmatic hernia, the authors developed a new method of ventilation, using a modulated mixture of helium and oxygen. Associated with a leptanalgesia (Chlorpromazine-Morphine), the authors observed with this method two good results. Efficiency of this technique has been confirmed by ...
Bestetti R B - - 1985
We report the first autopsied case of congenital absence of the left circumflex coronary artery. The patient was a 12-year-old girl in whom the clinical diagnosis was idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. This type of heart disease is uncommon among children. The coexistence of the two conditions therefore suggests a possible aetiologic ...
Yamaki S - - 1985
Frozen sections of lung biopsy were prepared in 30 cases of congenital heart anomalies with pulmonary hypertension, and evaluation of severity of the pulmonary vascular changes was made during the surgery. Statistically, significant differences was not found between the diagnosis made by frozen sections and those made by paraffin sections. ...
Cagle P T - - 1985
An unusual, uniformly stenotic arteriopathy involving the aorta and its major branches, the pulmonary trunk, and the left and right pulmonary arteries was found in association with a persistent common atrioventricular canal in an otherwise normal stillborn female infant. The uniform arterial thickening was due to hyperplastic medial elastic laminae, ...
Hanson M R - - 1985
Three patients with developmental abnormalities of the optic disc (two morning glory anomalies and one retinochoroidal-optic disc coloboma) had angiographically documented aberrancies of the carotid circulation including large trunk occlusions, moya-moya-like collaterals, dolichoectasia, and absent ophthalmic artery. Although developmental optic disc abnormalities have been linked with other problems such as ...
Benson J E - - 1985
The combination of tracheoesophageal and pulmonary malformations is unusual and reportedly carries a high mortality. We have observed six patients with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula and one with a bronchoesophageal fistula who had associated bronchopulmonary anomalies ranging from lobar hypoplasia and agenesis to unilateral pulmonary hypoplasia or agenesis. All ...
Hein P R - - 1985
A case of acardius acephalus in a Macaca fascicularis is reported. This congenital anomaly occurs only in multiple-birth gestations (most commonly monozygotic twins). Artery-to-artery and vein-to-vein anastomoses appear to be a constant feature. This condition is very rare in man and probably even more so in monkeys. Classification and theories ...
Stark J - - 1984
Tisseel (human fibrin seal) was used in 38 children with complex congenital heart defects (2.8% of all operations for congenital heart defects) between July, 1980, and August, 1983. Control of bleeding was excellent in 31 patients, good in 6 patients, and unsatisfactory in 1 patient. Best results were achieved when ...
Stocker J T - - 1984
Intralobar pulmonary sequestration (ILS) has generally been considered a congenital malformation, mainly because of the presence of one or more systemic arteries to the sequestered portion of lung. We performed a study of the pulmonary ligaments in children without congenital pulmonary or vascular disease that demonstrated systemic arteries in ten ...
Bax N M - - 1984
Repair of a congenital posterolateral diaphragmatic defect (CPLDD) by direct suture results in a flat drum-head diaphragm, which has very little function. Other harmful effects of such a repair include enlargement of the thoracic cavity, resulting in more overexpansion of the hypoplastic lungs which may contribute to pulmonary vascular obstruction, ...
Bini R M - - 1984
Congenital pulmonary vein stenosis is a rare and serious form of congenital heart disease. Between 1969 and 1982 10 patients with this lesion were studied. In 2 patients the condition was diagnosed at autopsy; these patients died before the presence of congenital heart disease was suspected. Of the 8 in ...
Cobanoglu A - - 1984
Congenital unilateral absence of a pulmonary artery is rare. When present, it is usually associated with other cardiac malformations. In this communication an infant with coarctation of the aorta, ventricular septal defect and absent right pulmonary artery is reported. After correction of the first two defects, due to persistent respiratory ...
Hootnick D R - - 1984
Previous studies have shown an association between an abnormal arterial pattern and bony malformations of the human lower limb. We have dissected and performed arteriography on a congenitally short limb with ectrodactyly in order to examine the relationship between arterial pattern and bony anomalies in another type of deformity. The ...
Kashani I A - - 1984
Two sisters who presented with diffuse hypoplasia of pulmonary arteries, relative hypoplasia of ascending aorta, obstructive uropathy, bilateral ureteral reflux, and hydronephrosis, are described. The subsequent course was characterized by progressive and gradual onset of right heart failure, failure to thrive, chronic malabsorption and systemic hypertension. The syndrome which appears ...
Wagenvoort C A - - 1984
In lung biopsy specimens of 19 patients with congenital heart disease and pulmonary hypertension, in addition to the common features of plexogenic arteriopathy, longitudinal smooth muscle cells were found in small pulmonary arteries. These cells were arranged in bundles or layers, particularly in the intima but sometimes within the media ...
Harrison M R - - 1983
In an attempt to simulate congenital hydronephrosis secondary to urethral obstruction, we evaluated the consequences of obstructing the urethra in fetal lambs by several techniques. When the urethra was ligated before 108 days gestation, the bladder decompressed through the urachus and the upper-urinary tract developed normally. Ligation of both the ...
Lansing A M - - 1983
The case of a patient with congenital mitral stenosis successfully treated by insertion of a left atrial-left ventricular valved conduit is presented. After insertion of the conduit, pulmonary artery pressure was normal, persistent pulmonary edema and ascites disappeared, and the child's rate of growth and level of activities returned to ...
Mantero R - - 1983
The authors show their routine technique for arteriographic examination in patients with congenital malformations. They demonstrate angiograms taken in the more common congenital deformities of the hand. Vascular anomalies are nearly always found. Most commonly the progressively more distal artery is seen with the development of a single arterial system ...
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