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Kobayashi Daisuke D Division of Cardiology, Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, - - 2014
We report an infant with aortic valve atresia, interrupted aortic arch, ventricular septal defect, confluent pulmonary arteries, bilateral arterial ducts, absent common carotid arteries, and anomalous coronary arteries arising from main pulmonary artery. Hybrid procedure consisting of bilateral pulmonary artery banding and bilateral arterial duct stenting was performed at 4 ...
Dong Li - - 2014
Hypoxic pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) as a severe pulmonary disease is characterized by changes of pulmonary vascular reconstruction. Mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channel (mitoKATP) was considered as one of factors responsible for the proliferation of hypoxic pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs), although the exact mechanisms remain unclear. Pulmonary artery hypertension ...
Yang Lili L Institute of Pathology of Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, - - 2014
We describe for the first time a rare coexistence of a cardiac cavernous hemangioma with multiple pulmonary cavernous hemangiomas. Computed tomography revealed bilateral pulmonary nodules, left pleural effusion, and pericardial effusion. Positron emission tomography showed a pericardial neoplasm. Pathologically, multiple large dilated vascular spaces, lined by a single layer of ...
Ugurlucan Murat M Anadolu Medical Center Hospital, Cardiovascular Surgery Clinic, Istanbul, - - 2014
Isolated left subclavian artery from the pulmonary trunk is a rare congenital cardiovascular malformation. In this report, we present the images of ascending aortic aneurysm and left subclavian artery originating from the pulmonary artery in a 4-year-old girl in addition to her congenital cardiac pathology.
L C Prasanna P Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical Collage , Manipal University, Manipal, India - - 2014
Introduction: During early embryonic development, absorption of pulmonary venous network by the left primitive atrial chamber results in opening of four pulmonary veins which drain independently into its chamber. The extent of absorption and hence, the number of pulmonary veins which open into the left atrium, may vary. As only ...
Kim Byung Jin BJ Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Homocysteine is an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis, plausibly through induction of endothelial dysfunction and smooth muscle cell proliferation. Under oxidative stress and inflammatory stimuli, vascular smooth muscle cells may undergo osteogenic differentiation, which leads to coronary artery calcification. This study evaluated the association between plasma homocysteine and coronary artery ...
Ricard Nicolas N INSERM UMR_S 999, LabEx LERMIT, Centre Chirurgical Marie Lannelongue, Le Plessis-Robinson & University Paris-Sud, School of Medicine, Kremlin-Bicêtre, - - 2014
Pericytes and their crosstalk with endothelial cells (ECs) are critical for the development of a functional microvasculature and vascular remodeling. It is also known that pulmonary endothelial dysfunction is intertwined with the initiation and progression of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We hypothesized that pulmonary endothelial dysfunction, characterized by abnormal fibroblast ...
Simsek Ziya Z Faculty of Medicine, Department of Cardiology, Ataturk University, Erzurum, - - 2014
Cor triatriatum dexter (CTD) is an extremely rare congenital anomaly in which the right atrium is divided into 2 chambers by a membrane. The estimated incidence of cor triatriatum has been reported as 0.1% of congenital cardiac malformations. The septation of the right atrium in the setting of CTD is ...
Verma Himanshu H Narayana Institute of Vascular Sciences, Narayana Hrudayalaya Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka - - - 2014
<sec id="st1"><title>ABSTRACT</title><p><bold>Carotid-jugular arteriovenous fistula (C-J AVF) after inadvertent carotid puncture during internal jugular vein puncture is a rare entity. Previously, majority of reported cases of CJAVF were identified during inadvertent arterial puncture and managed as emergency. We report a delayed presentation of congestive cardiac failure following multiple attempts at securing ...
Paudel Govinda G Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, University of Iowa, Iowa, United States of - - 2014
The levoatriocardinal vein provides alternative egress from the left atrium to the systemic veins in left-sided obstructive lesions. Although rare, it has been described in association with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. We report a case of hypoplastic left heart syndrome with levoatriocardinal vein and aberrant right subclavian artery where cardiac ...
Uhl Jean-François JF URDIA Anatomy Research Unit, Paris Descartes University, - - 2014
To study the anatomy of the veno-muscular pumps of the lower limb, particularly the calf pump, the most powerful of the lower limb, and to confirm its crucial importance in venous return. In all, 400 cadaveric limbs were injected with green Neoprene latex followed by an anatomical dissection. The foot ...
Lange Alexander W AW Perinatal Institute, Division of Pulmonary Biology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, The University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, United - - 2014
The SRY-box containing transcription factor Sox17 is required for endoderm formation and vascular morphogenesis during embryonic development. In the lung, Sox17 is expressed in mesenchymal progenitors of the embryonic pulmonary vasculature and is restricted to vascular endothelial cells in the mature lung. Conditional deletion of Sox17 in splanchnic mesenchyme-derivatives using ...
Lauer Mark E ME Cleveland Clinic, United - - 2014
We previously reported an altered hyaluronan (HA) metabolism in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) lung tissue and cultured smooth muscle cells. Hyaluronan was present in the smooth muscle cell layer surrounding the pulmonary vasculature and in plexigenic lesions. Additionally, cultured pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) produced spontaneous HA cable ...
Alassas Khadija K Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 4500 San Pablo Road, Jacksonville, FL 32224, - - 2014
 Pulmonary hypertension is characterized by alterations in the viscoelastic properties of the pulmonary arteries, leading to increased pulmonary arterial stiffness and elevated pressures. Early detection and accurate quantification of pulmonary hypertension are limitations to conventional noninvasive imaging and may have therapeutic implications. Cardiac MRI provides important information that can aid ...
Hunter Gary R GR Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA ; Department of Nutrition Science, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, - - 2014
Arterial health may influence muscle function in older adults. Study purpose was to determine whether arterial elasticity is related to strength, central and peripheral fatigue, fatigue at rest, and treadmill endurance. Subjects were 91 healthy women aged >60. Treadmill endurance and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) were measured. Peripheral and ...
Tokumoto Kazuki K Department of Neurology, Ishikiriseiki - - 2014
A-68-year-old man experienced nuchal pain and bilateral shoulder weakness that occurred suddenly after he performed a golf swing. He was conscious. His cranial nerves were normal, but bilateral deltoid and biceps muscle strengths weakened. Magnetic resonance image (MRI) showed no brain stem infarctions or cervical epidural hematoma. We tentatively diagnosed ...
Suh Chong Hyun CH Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Cardiac Imaging Center, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asanbyeongwon-gil 86, Seoul, 138-736, South - - 2014
A 24-year-old man presented to our hospital with symptoms of dyspnea and palpitation for 2 weeks. Cardiac CT showed not only a leaflet coaptation defect in the aortic valve but also a small ventricular septal defect (VSD) immediately beneath the prolapsed right coronary cusp. A shunt flow in the direction ...
Costa Alexandre A Neurologist at the Centro Hospitalar de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro in Vila Real, Portugal. - - 2014
A 79-year-old woman with a medical history of hypertension and cardiac surgery for mitral valve repair was seen in the Emergency Department after falling to the floor in her bedroom. Acute abdominal aortic occlusion is an uncommon condition frequently resulting from saddle embolism or thrombus of an atherosclerotic plaque. Sudden ...
Javed Arshad A Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University/Detroit Medical Center, Detroit, Michigan, - - 2014
Primary cardiac tumours are a rare finding, with cardiac myxoma and fibroelastoma representing the majority of these tumours. Cardiac myxomas are most commonly found in the left atrium but are rarely found with attachment to the cardiac valves. The authors describe a case of aortic myxoma found in an 81-year-old ...
Mutha Vivek V The Northern Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
A 69-year-old man with a history of ischaemic heart disease and previous stent implantation in the right coronary artery (RCA) was found to have a large well-encapsulated mass attached to the right atrium on a routine transthoracic echocardiogram. Subsequent investigations including transoesophageal echocardiography and CT coronary angiogram suggested an RCA ...
Swärd Karl K Department of Experimental Medical Science, Lund University, Lund, - - 2014
Caveolae are omega-shaped plasma membrane micro-domains that are abundant in cells of the vascular system. Formation of caveolae depends on caveolin-1 and cavin-1 and lack of either protein leads to loss of caveolae. Mice with caveolin-1 deficiency have dysfunctional blood vessels, but whether absence of cavin-1 similarly leads to vascular ...
Akın Alper A Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2014
Experiences with invasive cardiac catheterization in low birth weight infants are few. In our clinic, we performed balloon aortic valvuloplasty by antegrade approach in a neonate weighing 1100 g with critical aortic stenosis, patent ductus arteriosus and atrial septal defect. The right femoral vein was accessed with a 4 Fr ...
Donovan Joseph J Hammersmith Hospital, London, - - 2014
A 66-year-old woman with a history of tissue aortic valve replacement and chronic back pain presented to the emergency department with a suspected right leg deep vein thrombosis. A recent outpatient MRI had revealed discitis. A ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest occurred in the emergency department. Cardiac output was restored on ...
Kadner Alexander A Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Berne, Berne, Switzerland - - 2014
The cor triatriatum sinister is an uncommon congenital cardiac anomaly and reports in the literature are limited. It is often associated with other cardiac malformations, such as atrial septal defect, transposition of the great arteries, tetralogy of Fallot or atrioventricular septal defect. We present here a 6-year old boy who ...
Zhang Lin L Department of Respiratory Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, No. 222 Zhongshan Road, Dalian 116000, China. - - 2014
Baicalin, a flavonoid compound purified from the dry roots of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, has been shown to possess various pharmacological actions. Previous studies have revealed that baicalin inhibits the growth of cancer cells through the induction of apoptosis. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a devastating disease characterized by enhanced pulmonary ...
Ali Omair M OM Department of Internal Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio, - - 2014
We present a case where an ECG and echocardiogram suggested pulmonary embolism and early treatment led to a positive outcome.
Kamiya Yuki Y Department of Neurology, Showa University Fujigaoka - - 2014
A 48-year-old woman with no previous neurological diseases was transferred to our hospital because of sudden-onset unconsciousness. On arrival, she showed consciousness disturbance (E1V1M3 on the Glasgow Coma Scale), tetraplegia, right conjugate deviation and bilateral pathological reflexes. These symptoms resulted in a NIH stroke scale score of 32. Brain diffusion-weighted ...
Liaw Nicholas N Toshiba Stroke and Vascular Research Center and Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York, United States of - - 2014
Hemodynamic insults at arterial bifurcations are believed to play a critical role in initiating intracranial aneurysms. Recent studies in a rabbit model indicate that aneurysmal damage initiates under specific wall shear stress conditions when smooth muscle cells (SMCs) become pro-inflammatory and produce matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). The mechanisms leading to SMC ...
Morschauser Timothy J TJ Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pediatrics, and Animal Sciences, University of Wisconsin, - - 2013
Uterine artery adaptations during gestation facilitate increases in uterine blood flow and fetal growth. Hypothesis: local expression and distribution of uterine artery connexins play roles in mediating in vivo gestational eNOS activation and NO production. We established an ovine model restricting pregnancy to a single uterine horn and measured uterine ...
Wang Mingyi M Laboratory of Cardiovascular Science, National Institution on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Biomedical Research Center (BRC), 251 Bayview Boulevard, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Arterial aging is the major contributing factor to increases in the incidence and prevalence of cardiovascular disease, due mainly to the presence of chronic, low-grade, 'sterile' arterial inflammation. Inflammatory signaling driven by the angiotensin II cascade perpetrates adverse age-associated arterial structural and functional remodeling. The aged artery is characterized by ...
Pang Benjamin J BJ Department of Cardiology, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia; Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2013
There have been rare case reports of damage to adjacent coronary arteries by screw-in pacemaker and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) leads. Our aim was to assess the proximity of pacemaker and ICD leads to the major coronary anatomy using cardiac computed tomography (CT). Cardiac CT images were retrospectively analyzed to assess ...
Lee Timmy T Department of Internal Medicine and Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH; Cincinnati Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH; Dialysis Vascular Access Research Group, Cincinnati, OH; Department of Medicine and Division of Nephrology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2013
Venous stenosis, secondary to venous neointimal hyperplasia (VNH), at the arteriovenous anastomosis (AV) is a major etiology of vascular access failure in AV fistulas (AVF) and AV grafts (AVG). Recently, our group has reported that severe VNH also occurs prior to vascular access placement. The objective of this study was ...
Kudlička J J Third Department of Medicine, General University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic. - - 2013
Early recognition of collapsing hemodynamics in pulmonary embolism is necessary to avoid cardiac arrest using aggressive medical therapy or mechanical cardiac support. The aim of the study was to identify the maximal acute hemodynamic compensatory steady state. Overall, 40 dynamic obstructions of pulmonary artery were performed and hemodynamic data were ...
Aydın Cemalettin C Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Bezmialem Vakif University, 34093 Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Primary cardiac tumors are rare and approximately three quarters of them are benign and up to half of the benign tumors are myxomas. Right atrial villous myxoma with pulmonary embolism is an unusual apparition. A 29 year-old male was admitted to our outpatient clinic with progressive exertional dyspnea, chest pain ...
Maguire Janet J - - 2013
The chemokine receptor CCR5 and its inflammatory ligands have been linked to atherosclerosis, an accelerated form of which occurs in saphenous vein graft disease. We investigated the function of vascular smooth muscle CCR5 in human coronary artery and saphenous vein, vascular tissues susceptible to atherosclerosis and vasospasm.Methods and ResultsCCR5 ligands ...
Macchi Veronica V Institute of Human Anatomy, Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Padova, Via A. Gabelli 65, 35127 Padova, - - 2014
The frequency of suboccipital injections to treat headaches has increased. The third segment of the vertebral artery is located in the suboccipital triangle and its main muscular branch, the suboccipital artery of Salmon (SAS), supplies blood to the suboccipital muscles. The purpose of this study was to radiographically investigate the ...
Hattori Yasunori - - 2013
Vascular trauma associated with brachial plexus injury affects the selection of reconstructive procedures. Often, there is a paucity of appropriate recipient vessels with adequate blood flow for functioning free muscle transfer. The presence of associated vascular injuries of the subclavian or axillary artery is considered a contraindication to the double ...
Castillo Octavio A OA Urology Department. Clinica Indisa. Chile. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad Andres Bello. Santiago. - - 2013
To present a rare complication of an iliac artery to ileal conduit fistula after radical cystectomy. A 74 year-old man with muscle invasive bladder cancer was submitted for robotic radical cystectomy with intracorporeal ileal conduit. Twenty-four days after surgery he was readmitted due to an active bleeding from the ileal ...
Kim Tae-Jin TJ Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, - - 2013
A 62-year-old woman with six months history of dizziness was admitted to our hospital. A large mass in the left atrium was detected by transthoracic echocardiography. Coronary angiography showed two feeding arteries from the right coronary artery and left circumflex artery to the left atrium. Chest computed tomography, coronary computed ...
Bagoji Ishwar B IB Lecturer, Department of Anatomy, Shri BM Patil Medical College, BLDE University Bijapur, Karnataka, India - - 2013
During routine dissection classes for under graduate students, we found a unique and unusual case regarding the anomalous branching in the third part of the axillary artery was terminated into subscapular arterial trunk, superficial brachial artery and deep brachial artery. The subscapular arterial trunk was origin of several important arteries ...
Valente Acrisio Sales - - 2013
The supravalvular aortic stenosis is a rare congenital heart defect being very uncommon in adults. We present a case of supravalvular aortic stenosis in adult associated with anomalies of the aortic arch vessels and aortic regurgitation, which was submitted to aortic valve replacement and arterioplasty of the ascending aorta with ...
Bersi M R MR Department of Biomedical Engineering, Yale University, New Haven, CT, - - 2013
Chronic infusion of angiotensin-II has proved useful for generating dissecting aortic aneurysms in atheroprone mice. These lesions preferentially form in the suprarenal abdominal aorta and sometimes in the ascending aorta, but reasons for such localization remain unknown. This study focused on why these lesions do not form in other large ...
Wang Yongshi - - 2013
A 19-year-old male presented with mild to moderate hypertension and differential cyanosis. Transthoracic echocardiography and multi-slice computed tomography revealed type B aortic interruption along with various congenital cardiac defects including patent ductus arteriosus with bidirectional shunt, perimembranous ventricular septal defect with left-to-right shunt, bicuspid aortic valve, and severe pulmonary hypertension.
Shabestari Mahmoud Mohammadzadeh MM Atherosclerosis Prevention Research Center, Imam Reza Hospital, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2013
A 69-year-old woman presented with a 2-week history of chest pain and mitral and aortic valve replacement 15 and 5 years earlier. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a well-seated monoleaflet mitral valve and a bileaflet aortic valve with normal function. Cardiac catheterization showed 3-vessel coronary artery disease and an abnormal cluster of ...
Goncharov Dmitry A - - 2013
Enhanced proliferation, resistance to apoptosis and metabolic shift to glycolysis of pulmonary arterial vascular smooth muscle cells (PAVSMC) are key pathophysiological components of pulmonary vascular remodeling in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). The role of distinct mTOR complexes mTORC1 (mTOR-raptor) and mTORC2 (mTOR-rictor) in PAVSMC proliferation and survival in PAH ...
Pontes M - - 2013
A 68 year old woman was submitted to a mediastinal lymphangioleiomyoma resection found in a follow-up study of lower left lung resection due to bronchiectasis complicated by chylothorax. This led to a revaluation of the pulmonary specimen that revealed, in addition to inflammatory bronchiectasis, small spindle cell nodules in the ...
Shimamura Norihito - - 2013
Differentiated smooth muscle cells (SMC) control vasoconstriction and vasodilation, but they can undergo transformation, proliferate, secret cytokines, and migrate into the subendotherial layer with adverse consequences. In this review, we discuss the phenotypic transformation of SMC in cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Phenotypic transformation starts with an insult as caused ...
Iwata Kazumi - - 2013
Involvement of reactive oxygen species derived from NADPH oxidase has been documented in the development of hypoxia-induced model of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Because the PAH-like phenotype was demonstrated in mice deficient in Nox1 gene (Nox1(-/Y)) raised under normoxia, the aim of this study was to clarify how the lack ...
Luo Wen-Zong - - 2013
Submitral aneurysm is a rare cardiac disease, predominantly being diagnosed among the black Africans. A Chinese adult was admitted as submitral aneurysm of the left ventricle in our department recently. We present this case for its rarity among Xanthoderm.
Shormanov S V - - 2013
Compensated coarctation of the aorta is accompanied by a decrease in the tone of hepatic vessels, thinning of the vascular walls, and moderate expression of α-SMA. Bundles of intimal muscles, myoelastic sphincters, and polyp-like pads form in the arteries; the muscle rolls in the efferent veins degenerate. Hepatocyte changes are ...
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