Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1292
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Goto Tomoko - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Arteriosclerosis of the ascending aorta is an important risk factor for cerebral embolism. However, the association between arteriosclerosis of the ascending aorta and neurologic dysfunction after coronary artery surgery has not been evaluated prospectively. METHODS: We examined whether varying degrees of arteriosclerosis in the ascending aorta, assessed by epiaortic ...
Choi Jong Bum - - 2003
Tuberculous aortitis generally develops at the distal aortic arch and the descending aorta that are close to specific groups of mediastinal lymph nodes, but exceptionally it develops in the ascending aorta. We report a case of rupture of the ascending aorta after tuberculous aortitis in a 53-year-old man without a ...
Kuralay Erkan - - 2003
Circular elasticity cannot be obtained in standard patch aortaplasty in patients with coarctation of aorta. We inserted Dacron patch perpendicularly to standard fashion. The creases of Dacron patch became parallel to descenden aorta. Circular elasticity, that reduces both true and false aneurysm incidence in the long-termperiod, can be obtained with ...
Tohno Yoshiyuki - - 2003
To elucidate quantitative changes of Ca, P, and Mg in the arteries with aging, the authors investigated changes of the mass ratios of Mg to Ca and P in the arteries of Japanese and Thai by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry. The arteries of Japanese that were used were ...
Konstantinov Igor E - - 2003
A newborn girl with a retroaortic innominate vein, coarctation of the aorta, ventricular septal defect, and subaortic stenosis underwent a complete repair at 8 days of age. The ascending aorta was transected and the innominate vein was brought in front of it. We review the anatomy and embryology of this ...
Mekkaoui Choukri - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The serious disturbances in ventriculoarterial coupling after thoracic aorta bypass grafting are addressed through aortic entry impedance in the frequency domain from flow-pressure waves. We designed a method for synthesizing pressure and flow waves to evaluate opposal to aortic flow along the cardiac cycle, addressing myocardial, brain, and visceral ...
Bell Rachel E - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Late aneurysm formation is a well-recognized complication of surgery for aortic coarctation. Open surgery to repair these aneurysms is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Endoluminal repair is an attractive alternative to open surgery. METHODS: Data were collected prospectively on consecutive patients who presented with aneurysms associated with coarctation ...
Aguirre-Sanceledonio M - - 2003
Experimental coarctation of the thoracic aorta was produced in 13 adult Yucatan minipigs by placing a gradually expanding "C-shaped" occluder around the aorta. The aortic constriction was standardized by measuring the blood pressure above the coarctation, with a mean arterial pressure of 165-170mmHg as the target. The pigs were humanely ...
Forbes T - - 2003
Intravascular stents have emerged as an effective alternative to surgery and balloon angioplasty in the treatment of native and recoarctation of aorta. Balloon angioplasty, although effective in the treatment of native coarctation of the aorta, is associated with several complications such as recoarctation, aneurysm formation, aortic dissection, and vascular injury. ...
de Salazar Alvaro Ortiz - - 2003
We report a clinical case of multiple mycotic aneurysms, in the ascending aorta, aortic arch, and descending aorta. The patient underwent surgery to replace the ascending aorta and aortic arch by means of a highly modified "elephant trunk" technique and with the aid of arterial cannulation from the right subclavian ...
Fukui Sumio - - 2003
Descending thoracic aorta to femoral artery bypass is an effective and safe procedure for the treatment of aortoiliac occlusive disease when an approach to the abdominal aorta is undesirable. The major limitation of this technique has resulted from the morbidity rate associated with thoracotomy in a relatively high-risk vascular surgery ...
Touati G - - 2003
A 33-year-old hypertensive man presented with epigastric pain radiating to the back. Transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) revealed an intimal flap on the aortic arch and descending aorta. No intimal flap of the ascending aorta was detected on TOE or CT. The diagnosis was made on opening the ascending aorta: complete circumferential ...
Peters Paul - - 2003
Quadriplegia developed suddenly 1 month after coarctation repair in a 53-year-old human. Cervical cord ischemia caused by thrombosis in an enlarged anterior spinal artery collateral was diagnosed on magnetic resonance scan and spinal angiography. After urgent cord decompression and anticoagulation there was neurologic improvement over a period of several months. ...
de Araujo Netto Belmino Corrêa - - 2003
A study of the anatomy of the fasciocutaneous branch of the third perforator artery of the deep femoral artery was performed to help the elaboration of a fasciocutaneous flap for the reconstruction of skin and subcutaneous and deep fascia of the knee and popliteal region. Forty thighs in 27 fresh ...
Olson Leslie - - 2002
Cannulation of the abdominal aorta in organ donors with advanced arteriosclerotic disease or extensive trauma may be problematic owing to difficulty in securing a watertight tie around the diseased aorta, the danger of creating a false passageway in the aorta, and the risk of breaking off plaque particles that can ...
Shin Jae Seung - - 2002
A 44-year-old man with congenital aortic coarctation experienced acute dissection that crossed the coarctation and extended to both iliac arteries. The primary entry of the dissection was proximal to the coarctation segment, just below the origin of the left subclavian artery. Surgical procedures involved resection of the diseased segment including ...
Kanda K - - 2002
We have cannulated the ascending aorta for cardiopulmonary bypass via left thoracotomy in order to avoid conventional retrograde perfusion from the femoral arteries, which is associated with an increased risk of cerebral embolism. We use silk sutures to retract the anterior margin of the opened pericardium from the chest wall, ...
Schreiber Christian - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In case of severely calcified ascending aorta, modified operative strategies are required in order to avoid manipulations of the aorta and minimize subsequent cerebral vascular accidents. CASE REPORT: A 73-year-old woman, with a coronary two-vessel disease and aortic stenosis was scheduled for coronary artery bypass grafting and aortic valve ...
Sherke R, Yemala R, ...
Two male patients aged 23 years (patient A) and 42 years (patient B) presented with intracranial hemorrhage with Hunt and Hess grade of IV. In the patient A, coarctation of aorta was suspected due to failure to negotiate the catheter across the thoracic aorta and was confirmed by duplex doppler ...
Wanhainen A - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to estimate the agreement between ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) in the measurement of aortic diameter in subjects with and without abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-one subjects were investigated, 33 with a diameter >30mm and 28 with a diameter ...
Kamada Makoto - - 2002
Penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer (PAU) is most often found in the descending aorta but rarely in the ascending aorta. In such a rare case, a 63-year-old man with ischemic change at precordial leads in electrocardiography was found in coronary angiography to have the left main trunk stenosis and in aortography (aortic ...
Viganò Mario - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Ascending aortic aneurysms without dilatation of the sinuses of Valsalva are generally handled by resection and replacement with a tubular graft or by tailoring aortoplasty. We propose an alternative treatment with a direct anastomosis of the two stumps of the aorta after complete aneurysm resection through an upper J ...
Malec E - - 2003
We describe a successfully treated pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta in a 2-month-old infant after a previous operation due to hypoplastic left heart complex. After a rapidly progressing respiratory tract obstruction as a first symptom, echocardiography revealed a huge aneurysmal formation originating from the anterior and right lateral wall of ...
Al-Hroob A - - 2003
Aortic aneurysm may develop after surgery for coarctation of aorta especially patch aortoplasty. The size of patch and of adjacent native aortic wall was analyzed to determine whether aortic dilatation represents a true aneurysm. Electron beam tomography (EBT) was done on 19 patients, three months to 17.5 years after patch ...
Rampoldi V - - 2002
Acute type A aortic dissection and coarctation of the aorta is a rare associated disease. A case of two-stage repair is presented. Firstly the ascending aorta and the right hemi-arch was replaced using deep hypo-thermic circulatory arrest. Cardiopulmonary bypass was proximally instituted, in a patient with total aortic isthmus occlusion, ...
Bergman Per - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Intra-aortic filtration during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has the potential to harvest all particles embolized into the aorta proximal to the filter. The aim of this study was to determine risk factors for embolization of particles during CABG. METHODS: Forty consecutive patients undergoing conventional multi-vessel CABG were included ...
Brander L - - 2002
In pneumopericardium, a rare but potentially life threatening differential diagnosis of chest pain with a broad variety of causes, rapid diagnosis and adequate treatment are crucial. In upright posteroanterior chest radiography, the apical limit of a radiolucent rim, outlining both the left ventricle and the right atrium, lies at the ...
Jiarakongmun P - - 2002
Summary: A 39-year-old man presented with acute headache and neck pain, followed by quadriparesis and quadriparesthesia, accompanied by urinary and bowel incontinence. Lumbar puncture showed subarachnoid haemorrhage. Angiogram via a right axillary approach revealed severe coarctation of the aorta, between the left common carotid artery and left subclavian artery. Multiple ...
Nishimoto Masayoshi - - 2002
We investigated the levels and locations of angiotensin II-forming enzymes, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) and chymase, in aneurysmal and normal aortas. Aneurysmal aortic specimens (n = 14) were obtained at the time of operative aneurysm repair from 14 patients ranging in age from 57 to 84 y. Normal aortic specimens ...
Gessler Manfred - - 2002
Gridlock (grl) is one of the first mutations characterized from the large zebrafish mutagenesis screens, and it results in an arterial (aortic) maturation defect, which was proposed to resemble aortic coarctation, a clinically important human malformation. While the grl mutation appears to be a hypomorph, grl knockdown experiments have shown ...
Badmanaban Balaji - - 2002
Two varied cases of coarctation of the aorta are described, in which transpericardial ascending to descending thoracic aortic conduits were routed around the right atrium, utilizing deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. The approach was through a median sternotomy in two patients. The first case is a 52-year-old female who underwent combined ...
d'Audiffret Alexandre - - 2002
The natural history of the ectatic infrarenal aorta remains undetermined. While surveillance protocols have been proposed for true aneurysms, no recommendations are currently available for ectatic aortas. The purpose of this study is to define the natural history and recommend surveillance protocols for the infrarenal aorta 2.5-2.9 cm in diameter. ...
Hacein-Bey Lotfi - - 2002
Neuroradiologists generally do not fully appreciate the importance of the territory of the ascending pharyngeal artery. The ascending pharyngeal artery is a small but important artery that supplies multiple cranial nerves and anastomotic channels to the anterior and posterior cerebral circulations. Several disease processes in the head and neck involve ...
Klokocovnik T - - 2002
The author describes a minimally invasive approach for aortic insufficiency associated with severe calcification of the ascending aorta. The Bentall operation was easily performed through an 8 cm skin incision affording excellent exposure of the operating field, and with the use of CPB with vacuum-assisted venous drainage and clamping the ...
Rokkas Chris K - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Adult patients with aortic coarctation may have complications after childhood repair. Other adult patients have coarctation and aneurysms of the aorta and the left subclavian artery. The optimal management of such cases is not clearly established. We evaluated the role of hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass and circulatory arrest. METHODS: Thirteen ...
Theocharis Achilleas D - - 2002
Glycosaminoglycans participate in several biological functions in the arterial wall through their specific structures. They undergo specific compositional and structural modifications during the development of vascular diseases. The present study was performed to determine the variations in the concentration and the structural characteristics of galactosaminoglycans--chondroitin sulfate (CS) and dermatan sulfate ...
Slavotinek Anne M - - 2002
We report a female patient who had a scalp hemangioma, a cleft uvula, an upper sternal defect, pectus excavatum, arachnodactyly, pes planus, and joint hypermobility. She had rupture of an aortic aneurysm after minor trauma at 11 years of age. At 17 years of age, elective repair of a dilated, ...
Rubinowitz Ami N - - 2002
The authors describe two cases of penetrating ulcers of the descending thoracic aorta associated with intramural hematoma of the ascending aorta. Since neither patient had evidence of diffuse thoracic aortic atherosclerosis to limit longitudinal extent of spread, it is postulated that the intramural hematoma started at the level of the ...
Schaarschmidt K - - 2002
BACKGROUND: A left thoracotomy is the standard access for aortosternopexy in severe tracheomalacia. We report a modified technique for thoracoscopic aortopericardiosternopexy. METHODS: The thymus is mobilized, and the needle is passed through the sternum and back. In extensive or recurrent tracheomalacia, not only the ascending aorta but also the innominate ...
Pedra Carlos A C - - 2002
We report a case of a 9-year-old girl status post-balloon dilation for native coarctation of the aorta who had a large aortic pseudoaneurysm 1 year after the initial procedure. The aneurysm was occluded with multiple coils after stent implantation to the aorta. The technique and possible advantages of this novel ...
Connolly John E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Congenital coarctation of the thoracic aorta at the ligamentum arteriosum or the aortic arch is well recognized. But a much less common variety (0.5% to 2.0%) of aortic coarctation is located in the distal thoracic aorta, or abdominal aorta, or both and is often called "middle aortic syndrome" or ...
Chin B S P - - 2002
A 69-year-old man presented with resistant hypertension, symptoms of calf claudication, faint femoral pulses and relative lower limb hypotension, suggestive of aortic coarctation. CT scanning revealed extensive arterial thrombosis from his lower abdominal aorta to both common iliac arteries as the aetiology of his apparent manifestation of aortic coarctation.
Gil-Jaurena Juan-Miguel - - 2002
Right aortic arch, in all situations, is relatively rare. In association with coarctation and vascular compression, it is extremely rare. We present a patient with a right aortic arch and an aberrant left subclavian artery, in addition to coarctation. This was dealt with through a left thoracotomy by dividing the ...
Heikkinen Leo O - - 2002
Fistulous communication between the aorta and the pulmonary parenchyma developed in a 38-year-old woman 19 years after repair of a congenital aortic coarctation with Dacron patch aortoplasty. The fistula, inducing intermittent hemoptysis, arose from the suture line between the prosthetic fabric and the aorta. There was no infectious background or ...
Hornung T S - - 2002
The standard treatment of coarctation of the aorta is surgical. In the last 2 decades, however, treatment by catheter intervention has become more widespread, using either balloon angioplasty or primary stent implantation. Balloon angioplasty was originally used for recurrent coarctation after surgical repair but has now been shown equally effective ...
Sternik Leonid - - 2002
The repair technique for an ascending aortic aneurysm depends on the portion of the aorta involved. An aneurysm in which the geometry of the sinotubular junction and the distal ascending aorta is preserved has classically been treated with resection and replacement with tube graft. We report an alternate method of ...
Nakashima Yutaka - - 2002
Diffuse intimal thickening (DIT) is a thickened intima present in human arteries before atherosclerosis develops and is considered to be related to atherogenesis. The purpose of this study was to clarify the systemic and age distributions of DIT. Coronary, cerebral, carotid, subclavian, iliac and abdominal organ arteries and the aorta ...
Kim Yang Min - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We encountered several patients with posteriorly displaced ascending aorta and bronchial compression associated with congenital heart disease. We describe the helical computed tomography (CT) findings and explore the mechanism of airway compression. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data and CT findings of 8 patients with posterior displacement of ...
Stein Marjorie W - - 2002
A 5-year-old girl presented with hypertension, with no perceived blood pressure differential between the lower and upper extremities. Doppler ultrasound revealed a tardus-parvus pattern with diminished systolic acceleration and peak systolic velocities in the abdominal aorta and both main renal arteries. Doppler interrogation of the suprasternal aorta showed a normal ...
von Kodolitsch Yskert - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify the predictors of aneurysmal formation after surgical correction of aortic coarctation. BACKGROUND: In 9% of patients, aneurysms develop late after corrective surgery of coarctation of the aorta, with a 36% mortality rate if left untreated. However, the predictors of postsurgical aneurysmal formation are unknown. METHODS: ...
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