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Motomura Ayumi A Department of Legal Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo, Chiba City, Chiba, 260-8670, Japan, - - 2014
The vertebral arteries are important blood vessels that supply the cerebral circulation in conjunction with the internal carotid arteries. In cases of subarachnoid hemorrhage, it is necessary to examine the vertebral arteries as potential sources of bleeding due to blunt trauma (head and neck) or of cerebral embolism that originated ...
Ciołkowski Maciej K MK Department of Descriptive and Clinical Anatomy, Centre of Biostructure Research, Medical University of Warsaw, Chałubińskiego 5, 02-004, Warsaw, Poland, - - 2014
To present case of vertebral artery duplication surrounding the posterior arch of atlas. The vertebral artery variation was encountered during dissection of specimen from the body of a 62-year-old man. The vertebral artery formed a circle located extraduraly, surrounding the posterior arch of atlas vertebra. Topography and morphometry of the ...
Ronchey S S Department of Vascular Surgery San Filippo Neri Hospital, Rome, Italy - - - 2014
We report an endovascular approach that used to treat a symptomatic extracranial vertebral artery aneurysm associated to an asymptomatic aberrant right subclavian artery aneurysm. A 54-year-old man presented with neck pain, vertigo and loss of balance. The computed tomography (CT) scan demonstrated a left extracranial vertebral artery aneurysm that compressed ...
Sureka Binit B Department of Radiodiagnosis, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2014
Melorheostosis is an uncommon mesenchymal dysplasia that rarely affects the axial skeleton. We describe two atypical cases of melorheostosis with classical imaging findings - the first one involving the cervico-dorsal spine with encroachment of left vertebral artery canal causing attenuation of the left vertebral artery and the second one of ...
Jensen Guy G Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, - - 2014
We present the case of a 48-year-old man presenting to the emergency department with acute onset of chest pain radiating to the back in the setting of a known ascending aortic aneurysm. Preoperative echocardiography revealed an incompetent duplicate mitral valve, with a medially directed eccentric 3+ jet of mitral regurgitation, ...
Guo Liemei L From the Department of Neurosurgery, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
We reported 2 cases with hemorrhagic dissecting vertebral artery (VA) aneurysms involving posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA), and one was treated with aneurysm trapping and PICA-VA anastomosis, whereas another was treated with coil embolization and VA-to-PICA stent placement. We suggest both bypass surgery and VA-to-PICA stent placement are good options ...
Yang Dal Mo DM Department of Radiology, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, 149, Sangil-Dong, Gangdong-Gu, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
Duplication of the portal vein is a rare congenital anomaly. We experienced a case of duplication of the portal vein associated with hepatic fat accumulation with sparing. Fat accumulation was seen in the central portion of the liver, which was supplied by the portal vein coursing upward to the porta ...
Lu Jun J Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Hospital; Beijing, China - - - 2014
Agenesis of carotid or vertebrobasilar arteries with rete formation is rare. The anterior spinal artery or posterior spinal arteries supplying the posterior circulation with steno-occlusion or agenesis of bilateral vertebral arteries is also uncommon. Here, we describe a very rare case of concomitant segmental agenesis of bilateral carotid and vertebral ...
Babu C S Ramesh CS Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Muzaffarnagar Medical College , Muzaffarnagar, (U.P), India - - 2014
Anomalies of the inferior vena cava (IVC) are uncommon and most of them remain asymptomatic. Though rare, anomalies of IVC can lead to severe hemorrhagic complications especially during aortoiliac surgery. Prior knowledge of these variations facilitates proper interpretation of radiological images and safe performance of interventional procedures and surgeries. During ...
Shintakuya Ryuta R Department of Surgery, Hiroshima City Asa Hospital, 2-1-1 Kabeminami, Asakitaku, Hiroshima, 731-0293, Japan, - - 2014
We describe here a thoracic esophageal cancer with an unusual type of duplicated inferior vena cava. A 58-year-old man was referred to our hospital because a tumor in his lower esophagus had been identified by endoscopy and radiology. Computed tomography scans showed an unusual type of duplicated inferior vena cava ...
de Castro Steve Mm SM Department of Traumatology, Academic Medical Center, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Stab wounds to the neck can be potentially lethal. They are often associated with vascular injury of the carotid artery and jugular vein. Injury of the vertebral artery is rarely seen. The injury can vary from severe bleeding after transection with hemorrhage into the surrounding soft tissues of the neck ...
Rameshbabu Cs C Department of Anatomy, Muzaffarnagar Medical College, Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
Bilateral duplicated origin of V-1 segment of vertebral arteries is an extremely rare vascular variant and only two such cases have been reported so far. Presence of this vascular abnormality was observed incidentally in a 36-year-old male patient, with a complaint of dizziness, evaluated by multidetector row computed tomography (CT) ...
Gul H L HL Department of Stroke, BDGH, Barnsley, South Yorkshire, - - 2014
Primary polycythaemia, also known as polycythaemia vera (PV), is a myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) which is associated with arterial and venous thrombosis and which can contribute to significant morbidity and mortality if untreated. Arterial thrombosis accounts for a large proportion of PV-related thrombotic events which may manifest as stroke and myocardial ...
Gailloud Philippe - - 2013
The angiographic observation of a radiculomedullary artery variation found in a patient with a spinal cord vascular malformation is presented. A posterior radiculomedullary artery arising from the left L2 intersegmental artery had a duplicated origin. Two radicular trunks were seen aiming towards the neural foramen: a dominant anterior one providing ...
Verma Himanshu - - 2013
Duplication of inferior vena cava (IVC) is the most common IVC anomaly. We report a successful iliac vein and collateral stenting for venous decompression in a patient with an occluded right femorocaval graft with a duplicated IVC. We also review the literature of embryological development of IVC.
Weber Benedikt - - 2013
Background: Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) represents a major global health problem with increasing prevalence and morbidity. CVI is due to an incompetence of the venous valves, which causes venous reflux and distal venous hypertension. Several studies have focused on the replacement of diseased venous valves using xeno- and allogenic transplants, ...
Nwaejike Nnamdi - - 2013
The duplicated common femoral artery can be safely cannulated for femorofemoral bypass, but we recommend postoperative imaging to identify potential complications. We found no previous reports of duplicated common femoral artery.
Yoon Kyeong-Wook - - 2013
We describe two cases of vertebral artery injury during posterior cervical fusion. We treated both cases by an endovascular technique. The vertebral artery injury may result in catastrophic situations, such as, infarction, massive blood loss and even death. Our clinical outcome was good and we prove that endovascular treatment is ...
Rusu Mugurel Constantin - - 2013
Fenestrations of the vertebral arteries (VAs) are usually identified angiographically. A left fenestrated vertebral artery (fVA) is reported here, identified in an adult specimen by microdissection. The distal segment of this VA was fenestrated and it consisted of two arms, the caudal one being larger than the cranial one. The ...
Katsanos Aristeidis H - - 2013
Vertebral artery hypoplasia is not currently considered an independent risk factor for stroke. Emerging evidence suggest that vertebral artery hypoplasia may contribute to posterior circulation ischemic events, especially when other risk factors coexist. In the present literature review, we present published data to discuss the relationship between a hypoplastic vertebral ...
Bashir Mohamad - - 2013
We present a case of blunt traumatic aortic laceration following a motor vehicle crash. The aortic laceration was 4.5 cm above the coeliac axis and occurred because of an unstable tenth thoracic vertebral body. Open surgery was considered high risk, whereas an endovascular approach with an endoprosthesis placed at the ...
Shang Eric K - - 2013
Aneurysms of the extracranial vertebral artery are uncommon, with most cases attributed to penetrating head and neck trauma. We report a 29-year-old man with a symptomatic proximal extracranial vertebral artery aneurysm of unclear etiology. This patient's aneurysm was definitively treated after a successful balloon occlusion test of his affected vertebral ...
Kedia Shweta - - 2013
Background: The microanatomy features of cerebral arteries may be variable and may be different in different ethnic groups. Aim: To study the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) anatomy in North-West Indian cadavers. Materials and Methods: Microanatomy features of the ACA were studied in 15 formalin fixed human cadaveric brains under microscope. ...
Gupta Pratibha - - 2013
On dissection of the abdomen of an adult male cadaver, in addition to the normal inferior vena cava on the right side, an unusual venous channel which connected the left renal vein with the left common iliac vein was found; (probably the left inferior vena cava). The left testicular and ...
Uchino Akira - - 2013
Extremely rarely, a posterior communicating artery (PCoA) of "duplicate origin" occurs when two branches of the PCoA arise separately from the supraclinoid segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA) and quickly fuse to form an arterial ring. Three such cases previously reported were described as "fenestration." We report the case ...
Dargon Phong T - - 2013
Rotational vertebral artery occlusion, or bow hunter's stroke, is reversible, positional symptomatic vertebrobasilar ischemia. The typical mechanism of action is obstruction of a dominant vertebral artery with contralateral head rotation in the setting of baseline ipsilateral vertebral artery stenosis or occlusion. Here we present a rare case of mechanical occlusion ...
Palmieri C - - 2013
A 22-day-old dicephalic spur-thighed tortoise (Testudo graeca ibera) died following a history of lethargy, anorexia and absence of defecation. The two heads were anatomically similar with independent reaction to external stimuli. The carapace showed doubled first and extra second vertebral scutes. Radiography and transplastronal ultrasonography, performed when the animal was ...
Vohra Hunaid A - - 2013
Valve repair has emerged as an important intervention for the management of bicuspid aortic valve disease. This systematic review aims to assess the safety, efficacy and durability of bicuspid aortic valve repair. Initial searches yielded 682 abstracts, reduced by de-duplication to 370, of which 56 full papers were accessed and ...
Lim Chung S - - 2013
Internal jugular vein cannulation is a common clinical procedure but not without risks including inadvertent artery puncture. The incidence of vertebral artery puncture during internal jugular vein cannulation is unclear but is thought to be much less than carotid artery involvement. Here, we describe an unsuspected case of vertebral artery ...
Sadowska Alicja - - 2013
To retrospectively review the bilateral venous system within the popliteal fossa to evaluate the types of variations and their frequency seen in venous anatomy. During routine dissection of formalin-fixed cadavers, a retrospective review of 32 bilateral (64 limbs) lower limbs obtained from adult donors was performed. Deep veins present in ...
Ballesteros L - - 2013
Given its importance for clinical diagnosis and management, the purpose of this study was to determine the morphological expression of the intracranial segment of both vertebral and spinal arteries. Ninety-five fresh cadaveric specimens autopsied at the Instituto de Medicina Legal of Bucaramanga (Colombia) were perfused with polyester resins at the ...
Ramaswamy Sharan - - 2013
Limitations of currently available prosthetic valves, xenografts, and homografts have prompted a recent resurgence of developments in the area of tri-leaflet polymer valve prostheses. However, identification of a protocol for initial assessment of polymer valve hydrodynamic functionality is paramount during the early stages of the design process. Traditional in vitro ...
Türkmen Nursel - - 2013
Vertebral artery aneurysm rupture is a rare cause of sudden death. The presented case was 31-year-old woman who was found dead in her bedroom. Family members stated that she had history of one year duration childhood epilepsy treatment. Autopsy investigation revealed 5 mm in diameter aneurysm, ruptured in 1 mm ...
Ma Harry - - 2012
Variations in abdominal aortic anatomy may have significant implications in various surgical procedures. We report here a pediatric patient with symptoms of chronic mesenteric ischemia, labile hypertension, and lower extremity claudication. Angiography revealed a partially duplicated aorta with the anterior aorta containing the splanchnic and renal arteries and the posterior ...
De Santis F - - 2012
Arterial entrapment syndrome (AES) at elbow level is very rare and to our knowledge no case of AES by lacertus fibrosus in the cubital fossa in presence of brachial artery duplication has been described to date. We describe a rare case of acute arterial thrombosis of one of two brachial ...
Elsharkawy Ahmed - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To review the management of aneurysms arising at the origin of a duplicated middle cerebral artery (DMCA) which is an extremely rare entity. METHODOLOGY: We present our 4 cases with ICA-DMCA aneurysms and review 24 previously published cases. RESULTS: Out of the 28 aneurysms 17 were ruptured and 11 ...
Polguj Michał - - 2012
Duplication of the left vertebral artery was observed in a 43-year-old Caucasian male with dissection of the right internal carotid artery during multidetector 64-row computer tomography and Doppler ultrasonography B-flow mode. Both duplicated segments arose from the left subclavian artery and united at levels C5-C6 to form a single vessel. ...
Meila D - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to show the different origins and courses of the extracranial VA on CTA with special emphasis on embryological considerations. The duplicated VA is an anomaly that has been assumed to predispose for dissection and to be associated with aneurysms. We report its frequency ...
Mahmoud M - - 2012
Pseudoaneurysms of the neck arteries are rare lesions usually traumatic and less frequently infectious in origin. They are often described as case reports. We describe here an unusual occurrence of pseudoaneurysms in the common carotid and vertebral artery in a four-year-old child victim of a stab wound in the neck ...
Toy Jonathan - - 2012
Electrical injuries often result in extensive tissue damage. Vascular damage may occur resulting in thrombosis and spontaneous rupture of blood vessels. Rupture of brachial, radial, ulnar, internal mammary, and obturator arteries has been reported in the literature. The authors present two cases of carotid artery rupture following high-voltage electrical injuries. ...
Maskatia Shiraz A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aims of our study are to describe the incidence, clinical profile, and risk factors for pulmonary reperfusion injury after the unifocalization procedure for tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary atresia, and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries. We hypothesized the following: (1) Pulmonary reperfusion injury is more likely to occur after unifocalization ...
Hauville Camille - - 2012
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been introduced as an alternative to conventional surgery for high-risk patients with aortic stenosis. A recently published randomized clinical trial demonstrated reduction of mortality in high-risk or inoperable patients when compared to medical treatment or balloon aortic valvuloplasty. Despite this evidence of superiority, the ...
Tanaka Shohei - - 2012
A 74-year-old man complained of near loss of consciousness when he rotated his head to the left side. The symptom was reversed by returning his head to a neutral position. Transcranial Doppler studies with the patient's neck rotated into the left side revealed reduction of flow in his left vertebral ...
Kaur D - - 2012
A variation in the course of the thoracic duct was found in the cervical portion of a male cadaver during routine dissection of the head and neck region for undergraduate students. The thoracic duct, while arching laterally above the clavicle, was coursing posterior to the vertebral vein but anterior to ...
Rabin Joseph - - 2012
Traumatic aortic rupture is a significant challenge, further complicated by prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery with a left internal mammary artery anastomosis. We present a patient with prior coronary artery bypass graft and valve replacement who sustained multiple injuries, including an aortic rupture, after a motor vehicle crash. This ...
Ravi K S - - 2012
Objectives: Descriptions of the variant arterial pattern of upper limb are not exceptional and are therefore frequently reported in anatomy archives.Background: A noteworthy deviation from the usual branching pattern was observed unilaterally in a single cadaver. This unique division of axillary artery (AA) was present on the right side in ...
Kishi Seiji - - 2012
Traumatic intracranial vertebral artery injury is a relatively rare but potentially fatal disease. We present a case of a 63-year-old man who presented with sudden onset of loss of consciousness after hitting his head. After immediate resuscitation, he showed quadriplegia and absence of spontaneous breathing. Brain and cervical spine magnetic ...
Pedersen Steen Fjord - - 2011
Inflammation plays an essential role for destabilization and rupture of carotid atherosclerotic plaques causing embolic ischemic stroke. Inflammation of the vessel wall may result in the formation of edema. This study investigated whether edema in the carotid artery wall induced by acute balloon injury could be detected by cardiovascular magnetic ...
Bensley Jonathan Guy - - 2012
Introduction:Preterm birth affects 8-12% of live births and is associated with the development of elevated arterial blood pressure and aortic narrowing in later life; this suggests that preterm birth may alter the development of arteries. Our objective was to determine the effects of preterm birth, accompanied by antenatal corticosteroid administration, ...
Ikeda Takuhiro - - 2011
OBJECTIVESTo repair unexpected damage of the pulmonary artery (PA) during thoracic surgery, fibrinogen/thrombin-based collagen fleece (TachoComb(®) [TC]) can be applied as a haemostatic material. The progression of vessel restoration with TC has not been elucidated. In this study, we investigate details of the healing process with TC after PA injury ...
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