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Ball Bret Gene - - 2011
Myelopathy from ectatic vertebral artery compression of the spinal cord at the cervicomedullary junction is a rare condition. A 63-year-old female was originally diagnosed with occult hydrocephalus syndrome after presenting with symptoms of ataxia and urinary incontinence. Ventriculoperitoneal shunting induced an acute worsening of the patient's symptoms as she immediately ...
Luczak Bernard P - - 2011
Closed digital artery injury with secondary acute ischemia is a rare phenomenon. The most common injury pattern involves a crush mechanism with a resultant transverse fracture in proximity to the interphalangeal joints. Secondary acute ischemia requires urgent surgical exploration with digital arterial repair to avoid necrosis and associated decreased hand ...
Singam P - - 2011
Traumatic intractable epistaxis following fractures of the facial and base of skull rarely may be life-threatening. Common sites of injury are the internal carotid and maxillary artery. When conventional methods of arresting haemorrhage fail, the choices are then an open arterial ligation or superselective embolisation. This paper presents a patient ...
Belczak Sergio - - 2011
To evaluate the feasibility of using endovascular repair to treat penetrating arterial injuries with covered stents. Feasibility was examined according to the circumferential extent of the injury. Surgical trauma often increases the risk of major morbidity and mortality associated with vascular injury, and endovascular repair has many advantages in such ...
Pedersen Steen Fjord - - 2011
Inflammation plays a pivotal role in all stages of atherosclerosis. Since edema is known to be an integral part of inflammation, a noninvasive technique that can identify edema in the coronary artery wall may provide unique information regarding plaque activity. In this study, we aimed to determine whether edema induced ...
Chen Jun - - 2011
Emerging evidence of histopathological analyses suggests that endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play an important role in vascular diseases. Neointimal hyperplasia can be reduced by intravenous transfusion of EPCs after vascular injury in mice. Therefore, it would be advantageous to develop an in vivo technique that can explore the temporal and ...
Li Weidong - - 2011
An aortic valve tear associated with aortic regurgitation following blunt chest trauma is seldom seen. In this case, a 55-year-old man sustained a non-penetrating chest injury caused by a sudden fall from 10 meters. This led to a sizable tear in the left coronary cusp associated with severe aortic insufficiency. ...
Hoedemaekers Cornelia W - - 2011
In the last decade, moderate hypothermia has become the mainstay of treatment in the post-resuscitation period. However, for the damaged brain, optimizing oxygen transport, including arterial oxygenation, may also be important. The current view states that hyperoxia in the immediate post-resuscitation period may worsen cerebral outcome, and international guidelines recommend ...
Parr Adam - - 2011
Patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are predisposed to cardiovascular events and often experience continual expansion of their aneurysm. Cardiovascular events and expansion rates are positively correlated with aneurysm size. AAA is usually associated with intraluminal thrombus, which has previously been implicated in AAA pathogenesis. This study prospectively assessed the ...
Laborde Jean Claude - - 2010
This study evaluated the feasibility of percutaneous endovascular treatment of infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) using the novel low profile modular Tripelay system (Tripelay, France). Endovascular aortic aneurysm treatment (EVAR) has become more widely used as early mortality has been significantly reduced. Also, percutaneous access has become possible with the ...
Lee W-H - - 2010
Endograft mal-deployment during endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) may cause renal artery (RA) occlusion. We report bilateral RA occlusion following insertion of an endograft with suprarenal barb fixation. Attempted salvage using the 'pull-down' technique caused right RA dissection. Despite bilateral RA stenting, the right kidney was atrophic on an ultrasound scan ...
Robbins Debra Ann - - 2010
Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) represent a significant health problem in the United States as more than 1 million people are afflicted and the prevalence is only expected to increase. Given that AAA rupture carries a high mortality rate, there is interest in repairing the aneurysm electively before aneurysm rupture. Two ...
Dolinger Cami - - 2010
Descending thoracic aortic aneurysms (dTAA) comprise 40% of all aneurysms arising from the thoracic aorta. Because rupture of thoracic aneurysms is associated with a 94% mortality rate, timely detection, surveillance and treatment is imperative. Endovascular stent-graft repair of thoracic aneurysms was first performed in 1992 and has become an accepted ...
Walker Karen L KL Division of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida 32610-0129, - - 2010
The US Food and Drug Administration approved the first thoracic aneurysm endograft in 2005. However, because the United States lacks a thoracic aneurysm endovascular repair registry, implications of Food and Drug Administration endograft approval on surgical management of thoracic aneurysms in clinical practice are unknown. Retrospective review of thoracic aneurysm ...
Moloney M A - - 2011
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery provides a unique opportunity to study the impact of arterial stiffness on central haemodynamics, reflected in augmentation index (AI). The aneurysmal aorta is significantly stiffer than undilated age-matched aorta. We investigated whether replacement of an aneurysmal aorta with a compliant graft would result in a ...
Goergen Craig J CJ Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, 318 Campus Dr., Stanford, CA 94305-5431, USA. - - 2011
To quantitatively compare aortic curvature and motion with resulting aneurysm location, direction of expansion, and pathophysiological features in experimental abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). MRI was performed at 4.7 T with the following parameters: (1) 3D acquisition for vessel geometry and (2) 2D cardiac-gated acquisition to quantify luminal motion. Male 24-week-old ...
Malas Mahmoud B - - 2010
Iliac artery aneurysms (IAA) are often found coexisting with abdominal aortic aneurysms. There is significant risk of associated morbidity and mortality when not treated appropriately. In these two case reports, the authors describe a minimally invasive endovascular approach to treat IAA by placing an aorto-uni-iliac endograft through the contralateral side ...
Wells C E - - 2011
The aim of this research was to determine the effects of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) on blood flow patterns in the common femoral artery (CFA) and to determine the feasibility of detecting AAA by analysis of the CFA Doppler waveform. CFA Doppler waveforms were measured from 30 patients with AAA ...
Starnes Benjamin W - - 2010
This article describes a novel technique that combines off-label endovascular methods with an open surgical debranching procedure to facilitate repair of a para-anastomotic juxtarenal aortic aneurysm. We present a case of recurrent aortic aneurysmal disease 10 years after infrarenal tube graft repair. The aneurysm was treated in two stages; first ...
Coppi Gioacchino - - 2010
To investigate long-term outcomes for inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms (IAAA) after endovascular treatment (EVAR). Between May 1997 and January 2009, 9 male patients (Mean 67 years, range 54-75 years) with IAAA were treated with EVAR using commercially available endografts. Results were assessed using contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) at 3 months, ...
von Heesen M - - 2010
A 71-year-old patient had been referred to our hospital with the diagnosis, made by angio-computed tomography (CTA), of a covered ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) resulting in an aortocaval fistula (ACF). The physical examination revealed macrohematuria and high-output heart failure with increasing circulatory insufficiency. An open endovascular procedure was not ...
Kirkwood Melissa L - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine the fate of aneurysmal iliac arteries managed during endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). We analyzed data from the Cook Zenith trial. Follow-up was at 1 month, 6 months, 12 months, and then annually for 5 years. Patients were ...
Li Zhi-Yong - - 2010
Aneurysm expansion rate is an important indicator of the potential risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture. Stress within the AAA wall is also thought to be a trigger for its rupture. However, the association between aneurysm wall stresses and expansion of AAA is unclear. Forty-four patients with AAAs were ...
Raman Bhargav - - 2010
The degree of angulation of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) has emerged as an important factor in assessing eligibility for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). The authors developed an automatic algorithm that reduces variability of measurement of aortoiliac angulation. For highly structured manual methods, intraobserver variability was 8.2 degrees ± 5.0 (31% ...
Canaud Ludovic - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term and midterm results of endovascular repair of false aneurysm formation after coarctation repair. Between November 1998 and August 2009, seven patients underwent endovascular repair for false aneurysm formation after coarctation repair (two women, five men; mean age: 45.4 ± 12.1 years; ...
Alsac Jean-Marc - - 2011
Endoleak is one of the rare complications that occur after thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR). The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of endoleaks and the predictive factors for their occurrence, as well as their effect on secondary interventions after TEVAR. Medical and radiological data of all ...
Shum Judy - - 2011
Recent studies have shown that the maximum transverse diameter of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and expansion rate are not entirely reliable indicators of rupture potential. We hypothesize that aneurysm morphology and wall thickness are more predictive of rupture risk and can be the deciding factors in the clinical management ...
Oberhuber A - - 2010
Dilatation of the infrarenal aortic segment determines the long-term outcome after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. This segment is crucial for sealing and preventing stent-graft migration. The purpose of this study was to evaluate influence of fixation mechanism on changes of supra- and infrarenal aortic diameters over a 10-year ...
Greiner A - - 2010
Marfan Syndrome is a heritable disorder of connective tissue leading to aortic aneurysms and other cardiovascular complications associated with reduced life expectancy. Marfan patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs) or with thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs) should be treated by means of open surgery, requiring an extensive protocol, including extracorporeal circulation, ...
Avgerinos Efthimios D - - 2010
According to the current international guidelines, patients with infrarenal or juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) measuring > or = 5.5 cm should undergo repair to reduce the risk of rupture. The 5.5-cm-diameter threshold is the size when the AAA rupture rate balances the mortality rates of elective open surgical AAA ...
Harlin Stuart A - - 2010
Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms with the Endologix Powerlink System has been shown to be a safe and effective alternative to open surgery in patients having an aortic neck diameter of up to 26 mm. We report the mid-term outcomes of an endovascular repair approach wherein the infrarenal bifurcated ...
Paraskevas Kosmas I - - 2010
According to current international guidelines, patients with infrarenal or juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) measuring > or = 5.5 cm should undergo repair to reduce the risk of rupture. The 5.5-cm-diameter threshold is the size when the AAA rupture rate balances the mortality rates of elective open surgical AAA repair ...
Veith Frank J - - 2010
Mortality rates following repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms have remained depressingly high over the last number of decades despite advances in anesthesia and perioperative care. Prior to the introduction of endovascular repair, refinements in surgical technique had been few and far between. It was not until fairly recently that ...
Jim Jeffrey - - 2010
Although endovascular aneurysm repair has been shown to be an effective way to treat abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), certain anatomic characteristics such as a short aortic neck, limit its applicability. Initially, commercially available devices were approved only for the treatment of AAA with an aortic neck length ≥ 15 mm. ...
Handa Nobuhiro - - 2010
Abdominal aortic dissection (AAD) is a rare pathology and potentially causes rupture or other serious complications. This case report details our experience in endovascular aneurysm repair for AAD in a patient who had a history of coronary bypass surgery. Circumferential dissection of terminal aorta showed stenosis of true lumen as ...
Donas Konstantinos P - - 2010
To present our initial experience with the use of chimney grafts in endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) with challenging anatomy. Among 390 EVAR cases performed at our institution between November 2008 and February 2010, 15 patients (all men; mean age 81.8 years) underwent EVAR with synchronous ...
Tholpady Ashok - - 2010
To review an experience with the Amplatzer vascular plug (AVP) for prevention of type II endoleaks during endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of thoracic and thoracoabdominal aneurysms. Retrospective review was undertaken of 14 patients undergoing transcatheter occlusion of the left subclavian (n = 12) or celiac artery (n = 2) with ...
Pfister K - - 2010
In the past, multislice computed tomography angiography (CTA) with arterial and venous phase was recommended as the gold standard in follow-up after endovascular abdominal aneurysm repair (EVAR). Iodine-containing contrast agents and frequent radiation exposure are limitations for use in elderly patients with chronic renal insufficiency. Colour-coded Doppler sonography (CCDS) and, ...
Tolenaar Jip L - - 2010
Type II endoleaks occur in 5% to 10% of patients who are treated by endovascular aneurysm repair. A persistent type II endoleak combined with documented aneurysm expansion is generally considered an indication for intervention. Thrombin injection directly into the aneurysm sac is described as a safe and efficient treatment option. ...
Totsugawa Toshinori - - 2010
Endovascular repair remains a challenge in the treatment of juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs); open surgery is now the treatment of choice. Because the proximal anastomosis involves a fragile aortic wall and renal ischemic time is correlated with postoperative renal dysfunction, simple and secure reinforcing of the suture line is ...
Sachs Teviah - - 2010
The use of stent grafts and mortality of stent graft repair of type B thoracic aortic dissection (T(B)AD) is not well defined. We sought to determine national estimates for the use and mortality of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for T(B)AD in the United States. Records of the Nationwide Inpatient ...
Moxon Joseph V - - 2010
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality in elderly men, and prevalence is predicted to increase in parallel with a global aging population. AAA is commonly asymptomatic, and in the absence of routine screening, diagnosis is usually incidental when imaging to assess unrelated medical complaints. ...
Bellandi G - - 2010
To report treatment of bilateral evolutive iliac artery aneurysms three years after EVAR. Three years following uncomplicated Zenith AAA stent-graft placement, the patient presented with aneurysmal common iliac arteries. Through a combined femoro-brachial approach, both iliac artery aneurysms were excluded, and a Zenith branch graft was placed to preserve the ...
Dawson J A - - 2011
Modulation of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) expansion by HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) might be linked to reducing IL-6 and MMP-9, which may be consequent on reducing plasma cholesterol. Ezetimibe is a novel cholesterol absorption inhibitor used in combination with statins. This pilot study compared the biological effects of ezetimibe combination ...
Miyake Takashi - - 2011
Currently, there is no effective clinical treatment to prevent abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). To develop a novel therapeutic approach, we modified decoy oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) against nuclear factor κB (NFκB) and ets, to a ribbon-shaped circular structure without chemical modification, to increase its resistance to endonuclease for systemic administration. Intraperitoneal administration ...
Hague J - - 2010
Most palliative care patients will require multidisciplinary management to optimise symptom control. This overview will show that endovascular procedures are an important consideration in many cases. These procedures can be used primarily, or more commonly, as an adjunct to other therapy modalities. Catheter, wire and modern imaging technology allow interventional ...
Saba L - - 2010
Our purpose was to investigate the multi-detector-row CT angiography (MDCTA) application in endoleak detection. Fifty-nine patients that underwent endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm with endoluminal stent graft were retrospectively studied. MDCTA scans were obtained after administration of 110-130 mL of contrast material using a 4-6 ...
Bakken Andrew M - - 2010
In the last decade, endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has become the preferred method for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in patients with suitable anatomy. EVAR offers the advantage of lower perioperative morbidity and mortality but carries the cost of device-related complications such as endoleak, graft migration, graft thrombosis, and structural ...
Knepper Jordan - - 2010
Aortic disease is a significant pathology, as it represents the 12(th) leading cause of overall death. Aneurysms of the descending thoracic aorta pose a small but significant part of this pathology. Traditional open descending thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) repair continues to be performed despite relatively high morbidity and mortality rates. ...
Stamou Sotiris C - - 2010
Open surgical repair after failed endovascular aneurysm repair usually involves complete aneurysm removal and replacement with a prosthetic surgical graft. We describe an alternative strategy of open surgical repair of a thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair after failed endovascular aneurysm repair that entails preserving the functioning portion of the endograft and sewing ...
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