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- - 2011
Cover image:  Discontinuous tight junctions in the ipsilateral thalamus after middle cerebral artery occlusion in rat. See Li et al, pp 776-782. •  Pumping ions •  Pet ownership and cardiovascular risk •  Propofol and LPS-induced kidney injury •  Tight junction lesion in thalamus •  Dalteparin increases ROTEM(®) parameters.
Rao Mamatha - - 2011
Ischemic stroke secondary to aortic dissection is not uncommon. We present a patient with left hemiplegia secondary to Stanford type A aortic dissection extending to the supra-aortic vessels, which was precipitated by rifle butt recoil chest injury. The diagnosis of aortic dissection was delayed due to various factors. Finally, the ...
Gong X X Department of Cardiology, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2011
Several studies have demonstrated that the proteasome inhibitors prevent restenosis following arterial injury. The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib shows anti-inflammatory and antiproliferative effects. Here, we evaluate the efficacy of bortezomib in inhibiting the restenosis following arterial injury and the effect on nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) and p27. An injured iliac ...
Vaishnava Prashant - - 2011
A 52-year-old gentleman with a history of rheumatic fever presented with dyspnea. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed severe valvular aortic stenosis and severe mitral stenosis. A preoperative coronary angiogram revealed an anomalous left circumflex (LCX) artery arising from the right coronary sinus. The patient underwent aortic and mitral valve replacement. Postoperatively, a ...
Slavin Richard E - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Segmental arterial mediolysis, an uncommon arterial disorder most often occurring in the splanchnic muscular arteries of the abdomen, is a cause of catastrophic hemorrhages. Its histology and initial clinical presentations suggested that it represented a localized norepinephrine-induced vasospastic response to perturbations in vascular tone and blood volume distribution caused ...
Onegbu Nwamaka - - 2011
Ischemic conditioning has long held promise for preventing ischemic-reperfusion (I-R) injury. Although a number of studies have evaluated the effects of brief repeated episodes of ischemia before a prolonged ischemic episode on the cardiovascular system using clinical endpoints, more sensitive techniques by which to measure its effects are lacking. Since ...
Reinsfelt B - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is associated with new foci of restricted diffusion on cerebral magnetic resonance imaging suggestive of cerebral microembolism. The aim of the present investigation was to quantify the cerebral embolic load and to evaluate during which phase of the TAVI ...
Nazli Yunus - - 2011
Although acute elbow dislocations are common orthopedic injuries, concomitant neurovascular injury is rare. Brachial artery transection can result from open elbow dislocation and responds well to vascular repair. Rapid evaluation and a high level of suspicion are essential to facilitate immediate treatment. Delay to identify vascular injury after elbow dislocation ...
Saxena Pankaj - - 2011
A 40-year-old man presented with left lower lobe pneumonia that failed to resolve on antibiotic therapy. Computed tomography revealed intralobar sequestration of the left lower lobe supplied by a large artery from the descending aorta. The aberrant artery was embolized using polyvinyl alcohol particles. The sequestered tissue was resected 3 ...
Bavare Charudatta - - 2011
Aortic injuries presenting in a delayed fashion after attempted repair of an acute injury are uncommon. We report a case of a patient presenting with an initial aortic injury associated with thoracic spinal hardware placement, which was repaired with an open and endovascular approach, and 5 months later presented with ...
Zebele Carlo - - 2011
A 72-year-old man was admitted with one blade of a huge pair of shears in his left thorax. His hemodynamics deteriorated due to life-threatening vascular lesions. An urgent thoracotomy revealed several injuries to the intercostal vessels and left apical inferior lung lobe. The blade tip was stuck in the posterior ...
Tasdemir Kutay - - 2011
Left ventricular injury has a bad prognosis, especially when a coronary artery is involved. After perforation of the left cardiac ventricle by a knife, a 19-year-old male patient presented with: (i) complete bilateral visual loss; (ii) left anterior descending (LAD) artery injury; (iii) severe systemic hypotension. Under emergency conditions and ...
Tan Tze-Woei TW Section of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Boston University Medical Center and Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02119, - - 2011
To examine the outcomes of lower extremity (LE) and upper extremity (UE) arterial trauma. Retrospective review of 2008 version of National Trauma Databank. Adult patient with LE and UE arterial trauma was identified and outcomes were compared. There were 8311 cases of extremity arterial trauma and 37% involved the LE. ...
Dregelid Einar - - 2011
High operative mortality of infected thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (ITAA) is partly attributable to ischemic injury during aortic clamping. A case is presented of an 88-year old man who was admitted with imminent rupture of an ITAA. Axillobifemoral bypass grafting had been performed after removal of an infected abdominal aortic prosthesis ...
Raval Mehul - - 2012
Vascular Ehlers-Danlos (VED) represents a rare disorder in which a defect in collagen synthesis renders vessels to be extremely fragile. We report the successful repair of a subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm via a hybrid technique employing delivery of a covered stent along with video-assisted thoracoscopic ligation of the internal mammary artery ...
Chang Chin-Hsien - - 2011
The aims of this study were to establish a rat model of carotid artery injury and to evaluate its suitability for evaluating therapeutic agents active against endothelial proliferation. Wistar-Kyoto rats were injected intravenously with the photochemically reactive dyes rose bengal or Evans blue, and the carotid artery was then focally ...
Zhao Ming - - 2011
In most previous studies, ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) induced vascular injury referred to injury in the tissue or blood vessel that was actually subjected to I/R. However, less attention has been focused on remote vascular injury that might be caused by cardiac I/R. In the present study, we aimed to assess whether ...
Sevigny Leila M LM Hemostasis and Thrombosis Laboratory, Molecular Oncology Research Institute, Tufts Medical Center, 75 Kneeland St, Boston, MA 02111, - - 2011
Emerging evidence suggests that protease-activated receptors-1 and -2 (PAR1 and PAR2) can signal together in response to proteases found in the rapidly changing microenvironment of damaged blood vessels. However, it is unknown whether PAR1 and PAR2 promote or mitigate the hyperplastic response to arterial injury. Using cell-penetrating PAR1 pepducins and ...
Viaccoz Aurélien - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Isolated focal common carotid artery dissection is a rare condition. CASE REPORT: A 43-year-old healthy woman suffered for the first time from a transient episode of word-finding difficulties, which was associated with her typical migraine headaches. A month prior to this event she had suffered from a ...
Hong Ji Heon - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Following rupture of an anterior communicating artery (ACoA) aneurysm, the anterior cingulum and the fornix can be vulnerable to injury. However, very little is known about this topic. OBJECTIVE: To investigate injuries of the cingulum and fornix in patients with an ACoA aneurysm rupture, using diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). ...
Lopera Jorge E - - 2011
PURPOSE: To report experience with endovascular treatment of traumatic injuries of the main renal artery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of traumatic injuries to the main renal artery was performed in three major trauma institutions. Eight patients (age range, 17-46 y; mean age, 27 y) presented with main renal ...
Barbosa Fernando Martin - - 2011
Aortic valve perforation due to a penetrating cardiac injury is extremely rare, especially with an associated shunt between the right ventricle and the aortic valve. We report here the case of an 18-year-old male, who after suffering a chest stab injury, was seen at another institution where he underwent an ...
Fink Kathleen R - - 2011
The incidence of ischemic stroke reported after blunt vertebral artery injury is lower than that reported after blunt carotid artery injury. Unlike the carotid arteries, the vertebral arteries receive collateral blood flow through ascending cervical branches in addition to a convergent arterial supply with the contralateral vertebral artery. We hypothesize ...
Wang Xiang - - 2011
A superficial temporal artery (STA) false aneurysm caused by surgery of a traumatic intracranial false aneurysm is reported. A 28-year-old man underwent craniotomy for aneurysm clipping 20 days after traumatic head injury. At surgery the aneurysm was a false aneurysm due to its avulsion from the parent artery without a ...
Lee Chien-Ching - - 2011
We describe the successful management of extravasation injury to the left hand by contrast medium with stellate ganglion block and intra-arterial nitroglycerin in a patient which befell during contrast-enhanced imaging. The incidence of contrast-medium extravasation injury is increasing because of the convenience and availability of contrast-enhanced imaging and ease of ...
Kaviratna Anubhav S - - 2012
Acute lung injury causes inactivation of pulmonary surfactant due to leakage of albumin and other markers. Current surfactants are ineffective in this condition and are instilled intratracheally. Nanovesicles of 300 ± 50 nm composed of nonlamellar phospholipids were developed as pulmonary surfactant aerosols for therapy in acid-induced lung injury. A ...
Park Yun Ji - - 2011
Therapeutic paracentesis is considered to be a relatively safe procedure and is performed commonly for the control of massive ascites in patients with liver cirrhosis. The commonest puncture site, approximately 4 or 5 cm medial of left anterior superior iliac spine, can be located across the route of the inferior ...
Marcucci Giustino - - 2011
The internal carotid artery (ICA) usually, lies posterolaterally to the external carotid artery (ECA). Sometimes a complete carotid transposition can occur, with the ECA in a lateral position and the ICA on the medial side can occur. Our study evaluated the significance and impact that this anomaly may have on ...
Choi Sang Hyun - - 2011
Purpose:To evaluate the frequency of hepatic arterial injury in 3110 patients who had undergone percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) and assess the risk factors for hepatic arterial injury and the treatment outcome after transcatheter arterial embolization.Materials and Methods:A total of 3110 patients who underwent 3780 PTBDs between January 2003 and ...
Rutherford M A - - 2011
Neonatal stroke encompasses a range of focal and multifocal ischaemic and haemorrhagic tissue injuries. This review will concentrate on focal brain injury that occurs as a consequence of arterial infarction, most frequently the left middle cerebral artery, or more rarely as a consequence of cerebral sinus venous thrombosis (CSVT). Both ...
Stevic Ivan - - 2011
Carotid artery dissections are the second leading cause of stroke in young adults. The hemostatic response to a dissection involves exposure of the subendothelium to the intravascular environment. Platelet activation/aggregation superimposed by secondary coagulation cascade activity attempts to heal the injury. Failure of the hemostatic response to heal the injury ...
Cai Changmao - - 2011
Background/Aims: We investigated changes in serum diamine oxidase (DAO) activity during superior mesenteric arterial occlusion. We aimed to evaluate its value in the early diagnosis of superior mesenteric arterial occlusion. Methodology: Seventy mature male Sprague-Dawley rats were used in the study. These were divided into 7 groups of 10 rats ...
Galtés Ignasi - - 2011
  Vertebral artery removing constitutes a significant forensic pathology challenge. Dissection techniques during head-neck autopsy are based on anterior approach, a difficult method, which is unable to assess the transverse part of the artery. This work presents an original and simple method for dissecting vertebral arteries by a posterior approach, ...
Ender Topal A - - 2011
Although incidence of subclavian and axillary artery injury account for less than 9% of all vascular injuries, trauma to these vessels presents a surgical challenge particularly with high mortality and morbidity rates. The aim of the study was to review our experience on subclavian and axillary vessels injury and to ...
Kim Ji-Hwan - - 2011
Chest trauma can lead to various cardiac complications ranging from simple arrhythmias to myocardial rupture. A variety of injuries to the coronary arteries, including laceration, thrombosis, intimal dissection, arteriovenous fistula and pseudoaneurysm formation following blunt trauma have been rarely reported. We report a very unusual case of distal embolization of ...
Yuan Kuo-Ching - - 2011
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Lumbar artery injury after blunt trauma is not frequently discussed. We review our experience with blunt lumbar artery injury management, especially alternative treatments in which embolization is not feasible. METHODS: We reviewed our trauma registry for 8 years 8 months. We sought all patients who sustained blunt torso ...
Galtés Ignasi - - 2012
Traumatic vertebral artery dissection is not often seen by forensic pathologists, and cases investigated are scarce in the forensic literature. We present the case of a 40-year-old woman cyclist who was struck by a car while wearing a helmet, and was neurologically near normal immediately thereafter at Emergency. She presented ...
Gandhi Chirag D - - 2011
Penetrating neck injury causing internal carotid artery (ICA) transection is nearly always fatal. The novel use of Onyx Liquid Embolic System (Onyx LES) for rapid hemostasis of a traumatic cervical ICA transection is reported. A patient with a gunshot wound to the face and neck underwent emergent catheter angiography which ...
Valentine Rowan - - 2011
Carotid artery injury during endonasal surgery is the most feared and catastrophic complication. Internal carotid artery injury is more frequent during skull base surgery, and risk factors include acromegaly, previous revision surgery, and prior radiotherapy and bromocriptine therapy. Nasal packing is frequently used to gain hemostasis, often resulting in vascular ...
Davidovic Lazar - - 2011
Injuries to the branches of the aortic arch are rare and may be caused by blunt, penetrating, blast or iatrogenic trauma. Innominate vascular injury is a rare entity, particularly in blunt trauma. It is estimated that 71% of patients with innominate injuries die before arrival at the hospital. We report ...
Ribeiro-Ribeiro André Luis - - 2011
Pseudoaneurysms are vascular injuries resulting from a rupture of the vessel walls with blood extravasation into perivascular tissues. Proper treatment is required to prevent rupture and intense bleeding. This article reports a case of pseudoaneurysm of the facial artery that evolved to a late complication, presenting dehiscence of suture and ...
Gyedu A - - 2011
A 39-year-old woman presented with ischemia of the left hand. Angiography revealed thrombosis of forearm arteries. Surgical intervention was unsuccessful. CT angiography revealed an exostosis on the distal humerus close to the brachial artery which we believe was the cause of repetitive minor trauma to the brachial artery leading to ...
Peynircioglu Bora - - 2011
Endovascular treatment options have evolved in many ways and become an important alternative for open surgical repairs in various vascular territories. Herein, we present a case of an 18-year-old man with complex injury to the left subclavian artery and vein caused by a gunshot 4 months ago. After the gunshot, ...
Okahisa Shohei - - 2011
Abstract: Although rarely encountered, major vascular injury is a serious complication of total hip arthroplasty (THA). We report the case of an 85-year-old woman who sustained a deep femoral artery injury associated with a superficial femoral artery thrombosis during revision of a dislocated bipolar hemiarthroplasty to a THA. Altered anatomy ...
Bents Robert T - - 2011
Shoulder arthroplasty is a very successful procedure that places significant technical demands on the surgeon. Complications, such as neural injury and postoperative fracture, have been reported in the literature. In this article, I describe 2 cases of axillary artery thrombosis that occurred after humeral resurfacing arthroplasty. Case 1 involved a ...
Taşcılar Nida - - 2011
Soccer, one of the most popular sports worldwide among young men, can result in a wide range of orthopedic injuries. Although vascular injuries such as dissection occur rarely, they can cause significant mortality if left undiagnosed. We report herein a 31-year-old male who suffered a large middle cerebral artery infarction ...
Gilani Ramyar - - 2011
Purpose: To describe the use of custom fenestrated endografts to preserve left subclavian artery (SCA) flow when requiring coverage during endovascular repair of blunt aortic injury (BAI). Case Report: A 39-year-old male involved in a motor vehicle accident sustained injuries including intracranial hemorrhage, BAI, and extremity fractures. Immediate neurosurgical intervention ...
Chen Huai-Min - - 2011
We report here an uncommon anterior chest trauma with an unusual fatal penetrating coronary artery injury by pneumatic nail gun with effective perioperative management. While doing upholstery, a 32-year-old male patient accidentally stabbed by a pneumatic nail gun with injury to the anterior chest was brought to the emergency room ...
Yoon Michael K - - 2011
To describe 4 patients who sustained facial nerve injury during temporal artery biopsy. Retrospective, observational case series. The medical records were reviewed of 4 patients (2 men, 2 women; mean age 72.8 years, range 60 to 87), referred for evaluation of palsy of the frontal branch of the facial nerve ...
Koruth Jacob S - - 2011
Safety and Efficacy of HIFU in Epicardial Ablation. Background: Coronary arterial injury continues to be a limitation of epicardial catheter ablation using currently available energy sources. Application of high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) energy may avoid such injury due to its theoretical ability to focus energy beyond the ablation element ...
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