Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 762
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Aoyagi S - - 1998
A 26-year-old man was admitted for treatment of congestive heart failure resulting from aortic regurgitation. The patient had been on medical treatment for ulcerative colitis (UC) since he was 14 years old and for ankylosing spondylitis (AS) since he was 20 years old. On admission, gradients of blood pressure among ...
Bosley T M - - 1998
PURPOSE: To obtain information about the incidence of giant cell arteritis in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Retrospective review of all temporal artery biopsies performed at the King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital from December 1982 to January 1998. RESULTS: Seventy-two temporal artery biopsies were performed over this 15 year period, of which ...
Said S A - - 1997
A caucasian teenage Dutch schoolgirl with known chronic low visual acuity and albinism, presented with frank acute pulmonary oedema, died after 1 h of cardio-pulmonary resuscitation for bradyarrhythmia and cardiac arrest. Two weeks prior to presentation, during sport training, she complained of oppressive chest pain on exertion accompanied with vomiting ...
Aoyagi M - - 1997
To investigate the possible mechanism of neointimal formation in Moyamoya disease, we histologically examined the superficial temporal arteries and also investigated cultured smooth muscle cells (SMCs) from the arteries. Intimal thickening of the scalp arteries developed significantly at an early age in Moyamoya patients compared with control subjects. The histopathological ...
Kume N - - 1997
Takayasu arteritis is a chronic inflammatory angiopathy involving the cerebral arteries. We performed upright and supine 99Tcm-HMPAO brain single photon emission tomography (SPET) to investigate the cerebral perfusion pattern in eight patients with Takayasu arteritis, and we compared the results with those acquired using 123I-IMP and acetazolamide in six patients. ...
Albornoz M A - - 1997
Occipital neuralgia is a commonly encountered presenting feature in patients with giant cell arteritis. However, actual histopathologic confirmation of vasculitis of the occipital arteries is rarely cited. We present the first case of multi-vessel giant cell arteritis diagnosed with simultaneous biopsies of the right occipital and bilateral temporal arteries, along ...
Lauwerys B R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To test the diagnostic value of color Doppler sonography (CDS) of the superficial temporal arteries in patients suffering from giant cell arteritis (GCA). METHODS: The superficial temporal arteries and their frontal and parietal rami were examined by CDS in 11 patients with GCA, 21 patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR), ...
Finelli P F - - 1997
PURPOSE: To describe a patient with alternating amaurosis fugax and the importance of this condition in diagnosing temporal arteritis. METHODS: Case report of a 77-year-old man who had numerous episodes of transient alternating loss of vision for several days. RESULTS: Temporal artery biopsy showed vasculitis with a giant cell component. ...
Joseph G - - 1997
We report on a patient with pulseless disease (Takayasu's arteritis) in whom access to the central circulation by extremity arterial cannulation was not possible due to absent pulses in all four limbs. The transseptal approach was used for aortography, bilateral selective carotid angiography, and successful elective stent deployment in the ...
Tenjin H - - 1997
Although parietal EDAS or STA-MCA anastomosis are effective in pediatric moyamoya disease, they do not adequately prevent ischemia in the frontal and occipital lobes. Some additional methods that can prevent ischemia in the frontal and occipital lobes are sometimes needed. We investigated whether EDAS using a frontal branch of the ...
Ing E B - - 1997
A 77-year-old man presented with jaw claudication, arthralgias and myalgias, weight loss, marked fatigue, and thickened temporal arteries. No vasculitis was seen on the temporal artery biopsy specimen, but amyloidosis was suspected and confirmed with Congo red staining. Subsequent bone marrow biopsy revealed multiple myeloma. Although the patient initially was ...
Fahal A H - - 1997
The blood supply to the mycetoma lesion and its vasculature were studied in patients with various types of mycetoma using histological, ultrastructural, angiographic and sonographic techniques. The mycetoma lesion proved to be well vascularized. However, certain vascular abnormalities were demonstrated. In histological sections, the small arteries and arterioles showed medial ...
Punamiya K - - 1997
We describe 2 patients with Takayasu's arteritis and left main coronary stenosis who were considered poor candidates for surgical revascularization. Elective left main coronary artery balloon angioplasty followed by endoluminal stenting was performed with excellent results. At 3-mo follow-up, one patient had evidence of in-stent restenosis, but the other remained ...
Jenkins J - - 1997
A novel abnormality of intramural coronary arteries has been recently described in allograft cardiac biopsies. Three-dimensional (3-D) models of these abnormal arteries have now been constructed from serial histological sections of diagnostic post-transplant endomyocardial biopsies. These revealed that there was an interlacing meshwork of longitudinal smooth muscle bundles in abnormal ...
Boyle J J - - 1997
Arteries are usually studied morphometrically after pressurized fixation and resin embedding. These procedures are impracticable when dealing with diagnostic biopsies. The accuracy of arterial morphometry is determined partly by the degree of tissue distortion during section preparation. The axial ratios of 7340 arteries were measured in 353 endomyocardial biopsies from ...
Yoshioka N N Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Osaka City University, - - 1997
We treated a case of postoperative osteomyelitis and epidural abscess in the left temporal and parietal region. The scalp and skull defect following debridement was reconstructed immediately with an arterialized occipitoparietal osteocutaneous flap that was supplied proximally by the occipital artery and distally by the superficial temporal artery. This method ...
Belli L - - 1997
Primary and metastatic tumors of the liver can be treated successfully with transcatheter chemoembolization (TACE) during selective arterial catheterism. Arteritis is a possible referred side effect which can lead to tortuosity of the arteries, stenosis and occlusion of vessels. In our hospitals 117 consecutive patients were treated with TACE from ...
Taniguchi N - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to compare the usefulness of ultrasonography to that of angiography for studying arterial lesions in Takayasu's arteritis. Ultrasonographic and angiographic findings from 44 carotid arteries of 22 patients with Takayasu's arteritis (2 men and 20 women; mean age, 41.2 years) were compared. Angiography was ...
Evans J - - 1997
Giant cell arteritis is associated with a markedly increased risk of aortic aneurysm formation or aortic rupture, particularly in the thoracic aorta. Although this association is not new, it has gained renewed attention recently. In this paper, the nature of aortic aneurysm formation in association with giant cell arteritis is ...
Numano F - - 1997
Takayasu's arteritis is a chronic vasculitis, the etiology of which is still unknown. This condition involves primarily the aorta, its main branches, and the coronary and pulmonary arteries. One epidemiologic characteristic of this morbid condition is that almost all patients come from Asian and South American countries, which has led ...
Haugeberg G - - 1997
In a retrospective study of primary vasculitis in a Norwegian community hospital 6 patients were found to have polyarteritis nodosa (PAN). Five of them had taken a temporal artery biopsy and in all biopsies vasculitic changes were found, but no giant cells. Muscle biopsies from each of the patients showed ...
Abe Y - - 1997
We have developed a local type experimental model of angiitisin rabbits. Repeated intracutaneous injections of erythrogenic toxins types A and C (ETA, ETC) along the intermediate auricular artery of the rabbit ear produced subacute type arteritis, characteristic of lymphocyticinfiltration, simulating Kawasaki disease angiitis. Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) and toxic shock ...
Landrin I - - 1997
Pulmonary artery thrombosis caused by giant cell arteritis is an extremely rare condition. We report the case of an 86-year-old woman, who was hospitalized for dyspnea. Pulmonary artery thrombosis was confirmed by pulmonary angiogram and was linked to giant cell arteritis. This observation is accompanied by a discussion of the ...
Millar A J - - 1996
Abdominal aortic aneurysms are rare in children. Causes include mycotic aneurysms, vasculitides (eg, Takayasu's arteritis), connective tissue diseases (eg, Marfan's syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, and tuberous sclerosis) and traumatic false aneurysms. Four cases are described. Case 1 was a 12-year-old boy who presented with an acute unheralded rupture of the subdiaphragmatic ...
Sun Y - - 1996
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Takayasu's arteritis is an inflammatory vasculopathy involving the aorta and its major branches. Little information is available on the natural history and temporal profile of changes in the carotid vessels, the major vessels involved in Takayasu's arteritis. Duplex ultrasonography may provide a reliable and efficient tool for ...
Russo C P - - 1996
Common and uncommon nonatheromatous diseases affecting the cervical carotid artery are discussed. Specifically, the radiographic and pertinent clinical features of cervical carotid artery congenital variants, dissection, fibromuscular dysplasia, Takayasu's arteritis, and infection are described. Catheter angiography continues to have an important role in the diagnosis of many of these conditions. ...
Nikkari S T - - 1996
Inflammation precedes erosion and rupture of atherosclerotic atheromas and aneurysms. Inflammatory infiltrates of macrophages have been shown to secrete proteolytic enzymes, including matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), that weaken the arterial wall. The effect of inflammation on arterial structure and remodeling can be studied in primary vascular inflammatory diseases such as in ...
Takahashi K - - 1996
PURPOSE: Our goal was to describe the pulmonary parenchymal manifestations of Takayasu arteritis visualized on CT. METHOD: We assessed the CT findings for the pulmonary parenchyma in 25 patients with Takayasu arteritis and compared them with those visualized by pulmonary angiography (n = 20) and radionuclide perfusion scintigraphy (n = ...
Nakabayashi K - - 1996
Although the pulmonary artery is often involved in Takayasu arteritis, only a few cases have been reported in which pulmonary artery involvement occurred as the initial clinical manifestation. Based upon history, physical findings, laboratory data, and radiographic studies, we diagnosed Takayasu arteritis in three young females who had pulmonary artery ...
Sharma B K - - 1996
Diagnosis of Takayasu arteritis (TA) is often delayed because of a non-specific clinical presentation. Ishikawa's criteria (1988) has been widely used for the diagnosis of this disease. Few modifications have been proposed in Ishikawa's criteria for the diagnosis of TA. The proposed modifications include: (a) removal of the obligatory criteria ...
Numano F - - 1996
Takayasu arteritis is a chronic vasculitis mainly involving the aorta, its main branches, pulmonary and coronary arteries. Recent international survey has made clear different sex ratio, different involvement and different clinical manifestations among countries. At the same time, ethnic distribution of this morbid condition has focused on the role of ...
Rangel A - - 1996
The authors describe the first reported case of type IV Takayasu's arteritis with pulmonary valve stenosis. After thirty months under corticosteroid therapy the disappearance of the pulmonary valve stenosis signs was observed in the patient. In the same patient coarctation of the aorta, aortic insufficiency, stenosis of both pulmonary arteries, ...
Raninen R O - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and potential diagnostic usefulness of arterial ultrasonography in Takayasu's arteritis. METHODS: The total wall, intimal + medial, and adventitial thickness of the common carotid, subclavian and common femoral arteries, and of the abdominal aorta, were examined by B mode ultrasonography in 16 patients with Takayasu's ...
Rose A G - - 1996
We report pathologic findings in two patients with inflammatory pseudotumor of the heart. The first patient was a 15-year-old-boy who died suddenly and unexpectedly of myocardial ischemia caused by an angiocentric inflammatory pseudotumor affecting all of the major coronary arteries and some of their branches. Inflammatory pseudotumor was also centered ...
Noy J J Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, - - 1996
In adults splenorenal arterial bypass is a highly effective treatment for renovascular hypertension, but in children the procedure has been less successful because of the small size of the splenic artery. However, with the improvement in microvascular techniques the procedure is now possible in children. A 2-year-old child with Takayasu's ...
AbuRrahma A F AF Robert C. Byrd Health Sciences Center of West Virginia University, Charleston, - - 1996
Giant cell arteritis of surgical significance includes two clinical entities, temporal arteritis and Takayasu's arteritis, and they are pathologically indistinguishable from one another. This study summarizes our experience in 21 cases of temporal arteritis during a recent 5-year period. Patient Population and Results: This study includes patients who were discharged ...
Pagni S - - 1996
An isolated, long segment abdominal aortic coarctation is an infrequent occurrence. Although different names have been given to this entity, it is believed that all represent different stages of nonspecific inflammatory arteritis, or Takayasu's disease. Usually involving the arch and descending aorta, occasionally an isolated segment of the abdominal aorta ...
Yamasaki S - - 1996
A 27-year-old woman presented with destructive scleritis of the left eye with subcutaneous haemorrhage and swelling of the lower eyelid. She had experienced recurrent nasal bleeding for the last six years, and chronic sinusitis resulting in the destruction of the nasal septum and left maxillary sinus. Nasal mucosal biopsies demonstrated ...
Lie J T - - 1996
Involvement of the pulmonary arteries is common in systemic Takayasu arteritis and, in nearly all of the reported cases, the diagnosis has been based solely on clinical and angiographic evaluations of the patients. Isolated pulmonary Takayasu arteritis occurs rarely and can be diagnosed only after histologic examination of the appropriate ...
Jung E M - - 1996
A twenty-five-year-old Caucasian man with Takayasu arteritis, who was formerly diagnosed as suffering from premature arteriosclerosis, is described. Necropsy disclosed involvement of the entire aorta and its major branches, the pulmonary arteries, the coronary arteries, the intramyocardial arteries, and the heart valves, a combination hitherto not described. Literature concerning heart ...
Dummer W - - 1996
Temporal arteritis, a variant of giant cell arteritis, is a systemic granulomatous vasculitis of large and medium-sized arteries. Usually the clinical features are dominated by ophthalmological and neurological complications. In rare instances, ischaemic necrosis, especially of the scalp, may lead patients to the dermatologist. We report a 76-year-old woman presenting ...
Gur H - - 1996
Pulmonary involvement is rare in giant cell arteritis (GCA). Only a few cases have been reported, manifested by interstitial infiltration, pulmonary nodules, pulmonary artery vasculitis, and granuloma formation. Moreover, only 3 previous cases of pleural effusion associated with GCA have been described. Herein we report a 67-year-old woman with biopsy-proven ...
Yokoi K - - 1996
The authors describe 2 patients with Takayasu's arteritis in whom lupus anticoagulant was positive and the titer of anticardiolipin antibody was elevated. One patient developed diffusely stenotic and occlusive changes in the multiple larger arteries. Histology of the small-sized arteries in another patient showed occlusive vasculitis without thrombosis, in addition ...
Ong G - - 1996
AIMS: To attempt to detect Chlamydia pneumoniae DNA in atheromatous vascular tissue. METHODS: A modification of an existing polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay and immunofluorescence staining with a monoclonal antibody directed against C pneumoniae were used to detect C pneumoniae. Specimens from 32 patients undergoing abdominal aortic aneurysm repair were ...
Tsuyuoka R - - 1996
Temporal arteritis (TA) is an adult-onset, focal granulomatous inflammatory disorder of the small and medium sized arteries. Intestinal perforation is a rare complication of TA. Regarding its etiology, steroid-induced or arteritis-induced ulceration have been proposed. We describe a patient who developed TA in addition to preceding paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. During ...
Giele H - - 1996
This case report illustrates the dramatic presentation of a previously unreported complication of surgery in the temporal region: development and rupture of a false aneurysm of the superficial temporal artery. This complication was related to the operation, the age of the patient, and split skin graft coverage of the superficial ...
Ferretti G - - 1996
Takayasu's arteritis involves the pulmonary artery tree in more than 50% of the cases. Initial isolated involvement of the pulmonary artery by Takayasu's arteritis, however, is very rare. We report the case of a 34-year-old white woman who presented a clinical and radiographic pattern that mimicked an acute pulmonary embolism ...
Rodon P - - 1996
We report a patient who presented with clinical symptoms suggesting giant cell arteritis. A diagnosis of AL amyloidosis was made on temporal artery biopsy. Temporal artery involvement is unusual in AL amyloidosis, but its frequency may be underestimated. Another uncommon finding was the presence of an IgD monoclonal gammopathy without ...
Nick J - - 1996
Although early postmortem series reported pulmonary involvement as a relatively common manifestation of polyarteritis nodosa (PAN), using the modern classification of PAN pulmonary involvement is very uncommon. A 62-yr-old male with well-documented classic PAN was found to have an arteritis of medium-sized muscular pulmonary arteries. The patient subsequently demonstrated a ...
Bamidis P D - - 1995
Magnetic field tomography (MFT) displays three dimensional estimates of the distribution of the primary current density vector, Jp, as extracted from non-invasive, non-contact, magnetoencephalographic (MEG) measurements. MFT was used to study the spatiotemporal evolution of the interictal activity during single spike events of a patient with complex partial epilepsy. The ...
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