Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 761
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Dishop M K - - 1999
We describe a case of staphylococcal coronary arteritis in the setting of sepsis due to arteriovenous fistula and dialysis catheter infection. The left circumflex coronary artery was the only vessel involved. The patient was a 77-year-old, insulin-dependent diabetic man with chronic renal failure. The immunosuppressed state in diabetes with subsequent ...
Usui J - - 1999
Dieulafoy's lesion is an abnormal submucosal artery in the gastrointestinal tract characterized by massive gastrointestinal bleeding. We describe a patient who developed Dieulafoy's lesion of the esophagus in the course of isolated pulmonary Takayasu's arteritis. Angiographic findings indicated a relationship between pulmonary arterial involvement of Takayasu's disease and Dieulafoy's lesion ...
Haque U - - 1999
The pulmonary manifestations of Takayasu's arteritis (TA) are frequently overshadowed by the systemic circulation involvement. We describe a patient who presented with life threatening complications of unrecognized proximal pulmonary arterial disease that mimicked thromboembolic disease. We review the literature on pulmonary involvement in TA, and discuss the use of imaging ...
Brack A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To identify variables that distinguish large-vessel giant cell arteritis (GCA) with subclavian/axillary/brachial artery involvement from cranial GCA. METHODS: Seventy-four case patients with subclavian/axillary GCA diagnosed by angiography and 74 control patients with temporal artery biopsy-proven GCA without large vessel involvement matched for the date of first diagnosis were identified. ...
Suzuki H - - 1999
Takayasu aortitis is a chronic inflammatory vasculitis characterised by stenosis or obliteration of large and medium sized arteries. Although coronary arteries are affected in approximately 10% of cases, most of the lesions are luminal narrowing, and coronary aneurysm formation is extremely rare. A case is described of giant aneurysm of ...
Mingoli A - - 1999
The case of a 16-year old female with severe renovascular hypertension resulting from type-3 Takayasu's arteritis is reported. The entire thoracic and abdominal aorta was affected by an active inflammatory process and all its branches were stenotic or occluded. After the early failure of a percutaneous balloon angioplasty of the ...
Rizzi R - - 1999
Takayasu's arteritis is an idiopathic, systemic inflammatory disease, typically involving the aorta and its main branches. Cell-mediated autoimmunity has been strongly implicated in its pathogenesis. Early or active-stage pathology consists of continuous or patchy granulomatous inflammation, which progresses to intimal and adventitial fibrosis and scarring of the media. Multiple focal ...
Schmidt W A - - 1999
In a patient with active extracranial giant cell arteritis, duplex ultrasonography demonstrated hypoechoic mural thickening of the brachial, axillary, subclavian, and carotid arteries with bilateral subtotal occlusions of the brachial and axillary arteries. The ultrasound image of the artery walls became midechoic within 8 weeks, and hyperechoic within one year ...
Zaacks S M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Ephedrine has previously been described as a causative factor of vasculitis but myocarditis has not yet been associated with either ephedrine or its plant derivative ephedra. CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old African American male with hypertension presented to Rush Presbyterian St. Luke's Medical Center with a 1-month history of progressive ...
Shinonaga M - - 1999
We report a case of a giant bulla in a 16-year-old boy who was oxygen and wheelchair dependent. He had been diagnosed with Marfan's syndrome and had severe kyphoscoliosis. The giant bulla occupying his entire left thoracic cavity compressed the contralateral lung. Until referral to our hospital, a bullectomy had ...
Grech V - - 1999
Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile illness of childhood of unknown origin which causes an arteritis of small and medium sized arteries. The arteritis may involve any organ, including the coronary arteries, causing diffuse dilatation, aneurysm formation, stenosis, infarction and death. This paper determines the incidence of KD in ...
Hamano K - - 1999
A 69-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for investigation of an abnormality detected by a chest roentgenogram, and was subsequently found to have an ascending aortic aneurysm. She had not suffered any symptoms such as headache or polymyalgia rheumatica. Aneurysmectomy and reconstruction of the ascending aorta was performed using ...
García Vázquez J M - - 1999
Giant cell arteritis most often affects the superficial temporal artery. Arterial territories such as the facial, carotid, myometrial and upper and lower limb arteries may be affected. In this paper we describe the case of a 52-year-old patient with upper and lower limb ischaemia who presented with grade III ischaemia ...
Ziyal I M - - 1999
Takayasu's Arteritis is a progressive occlusive disease of the aortic arch and its branches. It may need several bypass procedures along with or without endovascular techniques. A twenty-six year old woman who had a history of Takayasu's Arteritis, and had a Gore-Tex Dacron Y-graft from the ascending aorta to the ...
Raninen R O - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility and potential diagnostic usefulness of colour-Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) to detect complications of supra-aortic vascular bypass grafts in Takayasu's arteritis (TA). DESIGN: A prospective study. MATERIALS: Nine supra-aortic grafts in six patients with Takayasu's arteritis. METHODS: The minimal, maximal, and true colour-flow image diameters of ...
Sullivan E J - - 1998
Pulmonary vascular inflammation may be seen in a variety of primary lung diseases and in the setting of numerous systemic illnesses. This article reviews those entities in which pulmonary vasculitis represents a central feature of the pathologic process (Wegener's granulomatosis, Churg-Strauss syndrome, and pulmonary capillaritis). In addition, features of pulmonary ...
Ashmeik K - - 1998
Takayasu's arteritis is a chronic inflammatory arteriopathy. It mainly affects the aortic arch and its main branches. The aortic valve annulus and coronary and pulmonary arteries are rarely affected. Mitral and tricuspid annular calcification were not reported previously. We identified mitral annular calcification by using transthoracic echocardiography in 3 patients ...
Lau H - - 1998
Aortic pseudo-aneurysm is a rare manifestation of Takayasu arteritis. We present a 16-year-old girl who first complained of multiple arthritis, recurrent abdominal pain and malaise at the age of 15 years. The initial working diagnosis was juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Follow-up abdominal ultrasonography for her hepatomegaly incidentally revealed an aortic aneurysm. ...
Bejjani B A - - 1998
Atelosteogenesis type 1 (AO1) is a rare lethal chondrodysplasia characterized by incomplete ossification of cartilage anlagen. Histologically, the cartilage contains irregular clusters that occasionally include giant chondrocytes. Pulmonary hypoplasia is a characteristic finding that has been presumed to be the cause of neonatal lethality. We report on a male fetus ...
Kitamura H - - 1998
HLA-DNA typing using PCR-SSOP and PCR-DCP methods was performed in 85 patients with Takayasu arteritis and 492 healthy controls who had been typed for HLA by serological method. Frequencies of HLA-B52 (B*5201) and B39 (B*3901 and B*3902) were significantly increased in the patients. Frequency of HLA-DRB1*1502 was also increased but ...
Kajstura J - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to determine whether coronary artery narrowing was associated with the activation of necrotic and apoptotic myocyte cell death in the myocardium and whether these 2 forms of cell death were restricted to the left ventricle, or involved the other portions of the heart. Coronary ...
Hara M - - 1998
We report a case of early phase Takayasu arteritis that predominantly involved the pulmonary arteries and had, along with expected radiographic findings, the unusual pattern of diffuse pulmonary parenchymal lesions on CT. We suggest that this finding may be an additional feature in early phase Takayasu arteritis and need not ...
Dettmeyer R - - 1998
A case of probable isolated primary arteritis of the coronary arteries (coronaritis) in a 68-year-old man who died suddenly and unexpectedly is presented. The histologic presentation of the disorder is discussed, especially the differential diagnosis of arteritis of the coronary arteries versus distinct coronary artery sclerosis with concomitant inflammatory change.
Seese B - - 1998
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between carotid and coronary atherosclerosis and their diagnostic value for predicting angiographically significant coronary artery disease (CAD). We investigated 80 subjects (mean age 55 +/- 8 years) by electron beam computed tomography (EBT), the most sensitive technology for noninvasive detection ...
Panja M - - 1998
Two hundred and twenty five patients of Takayasu's arteritis were studied over 13 years. Male:Female ratio was 1:7. Mean age of the study population was 19 +/- 4 years. Of these 225 patients, 75 patients had symptoms and/or signs of cardiac involvement and these patients were subjected to coronary angiography. ...
Dellaripa P F - - 1998
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is well known to present with protean manifestations. We describe a 68-year-old woman with persistent upper extremity ischemic symptoms despite adequate treatment for GCA. She underwent successful balloon angioplasty of bilateral axillary artery stenosis. To our knowledge this is the first case utilizing this technique in ...
Yoshida S - - 1998
A 25-year-old man developed sudden pain and a pulsating mass in the left thigh. A diagnosis of Behçet's disease was made because of four major symptoms. Laboratory data indicated active inflammation. Emergency spiral computed tomographic angiography (CTA) showed an aneurysm of the left superficial femoral artery (SFA). Under steroid therapy, ...
Yoshimoto T - - 1998
A 55-year-old male suffered sudden onset of dysarthria and mild left hemiparesis due to a right intracerebral small hemorrhage. On admission, six subcutaneous elastic hard lumps were found on the scalp with painless and regular pulsation. The lumps were located along the course of the bilateral superficial temporal arteries (5 ...
D'Souza S J - - 1998
Stenotic aorto-arteriopathy is an uncommon vascular lesion characterized by segmental arterial stenoses. We reviewed the experience with several management algorithms to define the most effective management course. The clinical records of 14 pediatric patients with acquired SAA who presented over a 16-year period were reviewed. Most patients presented with a ...
Felz M W - - 1998
Periorbital vasculitis is a previously unreported complication of Kawasaki syndrome (KS). We describe an infant with severe KS refractory to initial management with salicylate and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). Retreatment with IVIG and high-dose pulsed steroids was required for persistent fever and inflammatory manifestations. Despite aggressive medical therapy, a large left ...
Kwok A K - - 1998
PURPOSE: To report the first case of bilateral central retinal artery occlusion caused by giant cell arteritis in a Chinese patient. METHODS: We studied a Chinese patient who had a history of weight loss, calf claudication and sequential right and left central retinal artery occlusion. RESULTS: The erythrocyte sedimentation rate ...
Thielen K R KR Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 1998
We report the radiographic findings in a case of histologically proven giant cell (temporal) arteritis coupled with high-grade stenoses affecting the internal carotid and vertebral arteries. The 69-year-old patient sought medical assessment because of transient ischemic attacks. The stenoses, which were extradural just proximal to the dural entry point, were ...
Barber D A - - 1998
Takayasu's arteritis, also known as Takayasu's syndrome, is a chronic inflammatory disease, which primarily affects large vessels including the aorta and its main branches. The anesthetic management for the patient presenting with Takayasu's arteritis is complicated by the multiple organ systems affected by the disease. A 59-year-old Chinese female with ...
Hayreh S S - - 1998
PURPOSE: To report the ocular manifestations of giant cell arteritis using the strict criterion of a positive temporal artery biopsy for diagnosis of giant cell arteritis. METHODS: In a prospective study from 1973 to 1995, we investigated 170 patients whose diagnosis of giant cell arteritis was confirmed on temporal artery ...
Morbini P - - 1998
Coronary arteries are frequently involved in systemic arteritis. The inflammatory infiltrate damages the intima and may trigger the occurrence of coronary thrombosis. We report an extreme example of how intimal inflammation in multiple sites of a coronary tree with and without atherosclerosis may trigger coronary thrombosis, in an elderly female ...
Kaiser M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether vasoocclusion in giant cell (temporal) arteritis (GCA) is related to intimal hyperplasia and in situ production of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). METHODS: Temporal artery biopsy specimens from patients with GCA were analyzed for the presence of intimal hyperplasia. Expression of PDGF-A and PDGF-B was assessed by ...
Matsumoto T - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Various carotid reconstructions have been used in Takayasu's arteritis (TA) to relieve brain ischemic insult. The indications and guidelines for surgical management, however, have remained poorly defined. The authors present a new reconstructive procedure using the sequential internal thoracic artery (ITA) as the donor for bypass surgery to supplement ...
Moster M L - - 1998
A 70-year-old man underwent coronary artery bypass graft complicated postoperatively by visual loss. The diagnosis was nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. Possible predisposing factors in this patient were hypotension, anemia, a "disk at risk," and internal carotid artery stenosis. In the postoperative setting, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate may be elevated, ...
Miyata T - - 1998
To evaluate the clinical characteristics of anastomotic aneurysms that develop in surgically treated patients with Takayasu's arteritis. Among 103 patients with Takayasu's arteritis treated surgically over 40 years, 91 patients with 259 anastomoses (allowing for exclusion of 12 operative deaths) participated in follow-up study from 1 month to 37.3 years ...
Brugiere O - - 1998
Pulmonary arteries involvement is well described in Takayasu's arteritis (TA), a condition which is mainly associated with involvement of the systemic arteries. We report a case of TA with documented isolated pulmonary arteries involvement. Symptoms were quite similar to those encountered in chronic thromboembolic disease. A pulmonary angiogram showed bilateral ...
Lambert M - - 1998
We describe a case of Takayasu's arteritis discovered at the early systemic phase. Ultrasonography and computed tomography show thickening of the walls of the superior mesentery and common carotid arteries despite normal findings on angiography. Diagnosis was confirmed by arterial biopsy. We emphasize the importance of noninvasive vascular investigation to ...
Murakami K - - 1998
This report describes an autopsy case of large-vessel arteritis associated with chronic active Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in a 10-year-old Japanese girl. All of the 3 main coronary arteries, bilateral common carotid and subclavian arteries, abdominal aorta and its major branches, and bilateral common iliac arteries were involved, and all ...
Fukuhara K - - 1998
A 40-year-old Japanese man with psoriatic arthritis (PA) involving the spine, sacroiliac and peripheral joints presented with dyspnoea and ankle oedema. Blood pressure was 180/110 and 114/80 mmHg in the right and left upper arms, respectively. Examinations showed left ventricular dilatation and diffuse hypokinesis of the left ventricle, with no ...
Pipinos I I - - 1998
We analyzed the data from our vascular registry to determine the cause, clinical features, and cost-effective management of this uncommon pathologic entity. Patients referred to the vascular surgery outpatient clinic of a tertiary referral center during the past 18 years were evaluated. The subjects were six male patients (14 to ...
Nagashima Y - - 1998
Segmental mediolytic arteritis is a very rare vascular disease which causes sudden intraabdominal hemorrhage. The disease is characterized by degeneration of the arterial media, followed by aneurysmal dilatation and rupture of the involved artery. Up to now, only 13 cases have been reported, and this unique disease is not fully ...
Généreau T - - 1998
We describe temporal artery localization of hepatitic C virus related cryoglobulin induced vasculitis in a 66-year-old woman. The patient had features of both cryoglobulin induced vasculitis (palpable purpura, arthralgia, hypocomplementemia, no inflammatory syndrome) and temporal arteritis (recent onset of headaches, jaw claudication). In the temporal artery biopsy, the vasculitis was ...
Gonzalez-Gay M A - - 1998
Giant cell (temporal) arteritis is a systemic vasculitis involving medium and large-sized vessels. Despite the high frequency of involvement of cranial arteries, pain on examination of the external carotid artery itself has been exceptionally reported. We describe 3 patients with biopsy-proven giant cell arteritis (GCA) and wincing pain on palpation ...
Matsushima T - - 1998
The indirect non-anastomotic bypass procedures for moyamoya disease are herein reviewed, and our multiple combined indirect procedure, i.e. a fronto-parieto-temporal combined indirect bypass procedure, is also introduced. Direct procedures such as superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery anastomosis are able to form collaterals with a high reliability, but these procedures are ...
Cantú C - - 1998
Intracranial arteritis is a well-known complication of cerebral cysticercosis. The aim of this study was to explore the possible role of transcranial Doppler (TCD) in the evaluation of cysticercotic arteritis in 9 patients with subarachnoid cysticercosis and stroke. Arteritis of main basal vessels was detected by TCD in 7 of ...
Aoyagi S - - 1998
A 26-year-old man was admitted for treatment of congestive heart failure resulting from aortic regurgitation. The patient had been on medical treatment for ulcerative colitis (UC) since he was 14 years old and for ankylosing spondylitis (AS) since he was 20 years old. On admission, gradients of blood pressure among ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >