Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 761
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Bonsib S M - - 2001
Polyarteritis nodosa is one of the earliest forms of systemic vasculitis described. It is characterized by segmental necrotizing arterial lesions affecting medium-sized and small-sized arteries. Active necrotizing lesions are frequently associated with chronic reparative lesions. Current convention would exclude patients with necrotizing glomerular lesions from this category. An aneurysm may ...
Bhatti M T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: With proper training, superficial temporal artery biopsy is a safe office procedure with few complications. Surgeons from different disciplines, including ophthalmologists, dermatologists, general surgeons, and plastic surgeons may be called upon to perform this common procedure to confirm giant cell arteritis. OBJECTIVE: To emphasize the surgical anatomy of the ...
Creager M A - - 2001
Takayasu arteritis is a severe inflammatory vascular disorder that can involve the thoracic or abdominal aorta and their branches as well as the pulmonary artery. It has a much higher incidence in women than in men, and is most frequently found in Asia, although known in North America, Europe, Africa, ...
Neidhart B - - 2001
Takayasu's arteritis is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease that usually affects the aorta, its primary branches and occasionally the pulmonary and coronary arteries. Female gender in reproductive age and Asian origin are known factors associated with higher disease prevalence. The clinical manifestations vary considerably and are typically caused by limb ...
Schäuble B - - 2000
A 70-year-old man presented with a history of headache and sudden loss of vision of the left eye. Funduscopic examination showed sector retinal edema and hemorrhage as well as optic disc swelling consistent with anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. The Westergren sedimentation rate was 66 mm/h. Temporal artery biopsy was consistent ...
Sueyoshi E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence, development, and outcome of aortic aneurysm on CT in a group of patients with Takayasu's arteritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the files of 31 patients with Takayasu's arteritis between January 1990 and March 1999. All patients were followed ...
Ludewig B - - 2000
Arterial inflammatory responses are thought to be a significant component of atherosclerotic disease. We describe here, using a transgenic approach, the mutual perpetuation of immune-mediated arterial inflammation and cholesterol-induced atherosclerosis. Mice expressing the bacterial transgene beta-galactosidase exclusively in cardiomyocytes and in smooth muscle cells in lung arteries and the aorta ...
Seo J B - - 2000
Pulmonary vasculitis includes various disease entities with a wide range of clinical presentations and overlapping imaging features. Radiological findings of vasculitis in the angiitis-granulomatosis group are nodular and patchy opacities, whereas the principal feature of those diseases causing widespread capillaritis is diffuse air space consolidation. Aneurysms or stenoses of pulmonary ...
Nordborg C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate morphometrically the relationship between the degree of inflammatory reaction and arterial cross-sectional dimensions in giant cell arteritis (GCA). METHODS: The media and intima of cross-sectioned inflamed arteries from GCA patients were outlined. The media circumference and the media and intima cross-sectional areas were measured. The two segments ...
Iwai T - - 2000
Anastomotic aneurysm may occur after surgical treatment of Takayasu's arteritis. We describe a surgical technique designed to prevent this problem. The technique includes a bypass from a donor artery to a nondiseased distal artery, reinforcement of the suture line to prevent stretching or expansion at the anastomoses, and minimization of ...
Giordano J M - - 2000
Takayasu's disease is an unusual arteritis that affects young females. Stroke is a common presenting symptom usually due to sudden occlusion of one or more thoracic aortic arch arteries. The author recommends prophylactic bypass of involved aortic arch arteries to prevent strokes. Abdominal aortic involvement causes severe claudication of the ...
Lefebvre C - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the capacity of B-Mode ultrasonography (B-Mode US) and electron-beam computed tomography (EBCT) to detect arterial changes in Takayasu's arteritis. METHODS: EBCT angiography of the thoracoabdominal aorta and pulmonary artery, and B-mode US of large superficial arteries (common carotid, subclavian, and common femoral arteries) were performed prospectively in ...
Wagner A D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies suggest that giant cell arteritis (GCA) may be an antigen-driven disease. Since Chlamydia pneumoniae has been identified in arterial vessel walls, it was hypothesized that this organism might be associated with GCA. METHODS: Fourteen paraffin-embedded temporal artery biopsy specimens from 9 patients with GCA were examined by ...
Schmidt W A - - 2000
Ultrasonography of the temporal arteries detects characteristic signs of vasculitis with a high sensitivity and specificity: a hypoechoic halo due to an oedema of the artery wall and stenoses. The use of modern scanners with high resolution is essential. A halo has to be displayed in two planes. It is ...
Hunder G G - - 2000
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a common vasculitis of unknown cause that affects persons in middle age and older. Its incidence rises with increasing age. The inflammatory lesions involve larger arteries that contain an abundance of elastic tissue. Although cranial symptoms such as headache, tender scalp, jaw claudication and visual ...
Munir I - - 2000
Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is an inflammatory process frequently associated with stenosis and obliteration of the aorta and its primary branches. Renal manifestations of the disease include renal artery stenosis, hypertension, and ischemic kidney disease. To our knowledge, vasculitis involving intrarenal arteries has not been reported in association with TA. We ...
Numano F - - 2000
Takayasu arteritis is a chronic vasculitis, mainly involving the aorta and its main branches as well as the coronary and pulmonary arteries, causing stenosis and/or obstruction due to thrombus formation or dilatation due to aneurysmal formation and/or rupture of the involved arteries. These characteristic anomalies resulted from ischemia of retinal ...
Yamada I - - 2000
The purpose of the study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of breath-hold contrast-enhanced three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance (MR) angiography in Takayasu arteritis. Thirty patients suspected of having Takayasu arteritis were examined with MR angiography and conventional angiography. Takayasu arteritis was diagnosed in 20 of these patients. MR angiography was ...
Ando M - - 2000
Because complication by aortic dissection is markedly rare in patients with Takayasu's arteritis, a limited number of reports have been published regarding surgically treated cases of Takayasu's arteritis that is complicated by aortic dissection. When graft replacement of the ascending aorta and aortic arch and extra-anatomic bypass grafting were performed ...
Kobayashi M - - 2000
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyse the immunopathological mechanisms of vasculo-Behçet disease, which were also compared to cases of Takayasu's arteritis and inflammatory aneurysm to evaluate differences in inflammatory mechanisms. METHOD AND RESULTS: We reviewed six cases of vasculo-Behçet disease, four of Takayasu's arteritis and seven inflammatory ...
Tateyama T - - 2000
A-16-year-old male adolescent with a 4-year history of protean clinical manifestations such as fever, abdominal pain, back pain, erythema nodosum and uveitis developed complete occlusion of left renal artery. Although he had been suspicious of having an autoimmune disease and treated with prednisolone, a definite diagnosis was not made. Finally, ...
Jardine D L - - 2000
A 48-year-old woman presented with a history of progressive cough, dysphonia, dysphagia, and postural symptoms. Subsequent neurological investigations were consistent with a bilateral vagal mononeuropathy, and neurosarcoidosis was diagnosed after scalene node biopsy. Autonomic investigations including microneurography, neurohormones, and heart rate variability demonstrated arterial and cardiopulmonary baroreflex failure. In addition, ...
Ando M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Takayasu's arteritis is an inflammatory vascular disease of unknown etiology that affects the aorta and its main branches, requiring surgical intervention due to occlusive lesions. We studied early and late surgical results. METHODS: Between 1979 and December 1998, 46 patients--1 man and 45 women aged 15 to 72 years ...
Sparks S R - - 2000
Surgical intervention during the early stages of Takayasu's arteritis is rarely necessary. In the chronic stages of this disease, however, surgeons may be faced with difficult decisions regarding the timing of complex arterial reconstructions. These issues can be especially challenging in the pediatric population. We report the case of an ...
Raninen R O - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of ultrasonography (US) in the detection and quantification of arterial involvement in Takayasu's arteritis (TA). METHODS: The common carotid and subclavian arteries, and the abdominal aorta of 15 patients with TA were studied by Color Doppler (CD) US and Doppler spectral analysis and compared with ...
Dimaunahan C - - 2000
A 45-year-old Mexican woman with a history of noninsulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), hypertension, and coronary artery disease presented to the hospital after 2 months of intractable nausea, vomiting and diarrhea-all made worse by eating and drinking. She reported fever, chills, anorexia and a documented 50-pound weight loss during this ...
Wasicky R - - 2000
The variability of the origin of the anterior tympanic artery was investigated in 104 individuals of both sexes. A surprising laterality was found: thus, while the left anterior tympanic artery originated as a singular vessel from either the maxillary or the superficial temporal artery with almost equal frequencies (44.7 and ...
Elsasser S - - 2000
We report a case of Takayasu's arteritis with predominant pulmonary involvement, which led eventually to complete obliteration of the right pulmonary artery. Subsequently, cavitation and chronic inflammation developed in the nonperfused right lung. A right pneumonectomy was performed to control the infectious process, leading to functional improvement and better control ...
Houkin K - - 2000
The effects of direct and indirect revascularization for moyamoya disease were analyzed for each donor artery to determine which surgical procedure is most useful for the induction of neovascularization. In the past 12 years, 85 patients with moyamoya disease were surgically treated by combined surgery consisting of indirect revascularization via ...
Skaria A M - - 2000
Takayasu arteritis (TA) is an inflammatory arteriopathy involving predominantly the aorta and its main branches. The disease evolves in two phases: a first, nonspecific inflammatory stage and a late 'pulseless' stage, in which complications related to arterial stenosis and aneurysm formation predominate. In both phases, skin manifestations, such as inflammatory ...
Goh K Y - - 2000
Giant cell arteritis is a chronic granulomatous inflammation of unknown aetiology involving large and medium size arteries in the elderly. It causes acute visual loss from ischaemia to the optic nerves or central retinal artery occlusion. This is a rare cause of anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy in our local population. ...
Sasaki S - - 2000
The clinical profile of thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) has been changing. The purpose of this study was to clarify the distribution of arterial involvement in this disease, based on a nationwide survey carried out in 1993. A total of 825 TAO patients with complete records were analyzed. There were 749 men ...
Del Corso L - - 1999
The authors report a 7 year follow-up of Takayasu's arteritis (TA) type III, group 1, in a young Italian woman. At diagnosis, at the age of 25, the echotomographic and angiographic studies showed narrow subclavian arteries, narrow abdominal aorta (diameter of 0.6-0.8 cm) below the renal arteries, stenotic left common ...
Dudra J - - 1999
A case report of Takayasu's arteritis with aneurysmal involvement of the ascending aorta, aortic arch and descending thoracic aorta is presented. The patient underwent successful two-stage operation by use of Elephant trunk technique. During the first operation, replacement of ascending aorta and aortic arch was done under selective cerebral perfusion. ...
LoRusso F J - - 1999
DESIGN: Prospective laboratory methodology study. PURPOSE: Certain tissues, by virtue of their shape and extreme thinness or pliability, are difficult to position correctly during routine paraffin embedding to provide the optimal orientation for histopathologic studies. Biopsy specimens from temporal arteries must be sampled at different points along the length of ...
Teoh M K - - 1999
Renal artery stenosis caused by Takayasu's arteritis is an important cause of hypertension in young patients in the Far East. The role of surgery in Takayasu's arteritis is not as well-defined as in atherosclerosis or fibromuscular dysplasia. In this retrospective review, the author reports the results of 19 renal artery ...
Chen T H TH Department of Surgery at Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China. - - 1999
The superficial temporal artery is important in head and neck surgery. Ethnologic variation may affect surgical procedure. In this study, we evaluated the variations of the artery in Chinese adults. We measured its bifurcating location, the diameter of its vessels, and its relationship to nearby structures. A total of 26 ...
Shindo S - - 1999
Takayasu's arteritis was originally described as a systemic inflammatory arterial disease presenting with occlusive changes. However, it has also been known to cause aneurysm formation. In this report, a patient with Takayasu's arteritis was found to have an aortoduodenal fistula. An emergency operation was carried out with resection of the ...
Kitamura H - - 1999
A rare case of epithelioid hemangioma (angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia) arising in the right temporal artery of a 68-year-old Japanese woman was investigated. The patient had been treated with corticosteroids (Predonine 5 mg/day p.o.) for 4 years for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. Headaches in the right temporal region with repeated high ...
Lim K H - - 1999
A 62-year-old man presented with a 3-month history of chronic non-productive cough and unexplained fever. Further questioning revealed that he had headaches and myalgia. Bilateral thickened temporal arteries were noted on physical examination. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate was 96 mm in 1 h. A biopsy specimen of the left temporal ...
Kaiser M - - 1999
Inflammation of the arterial wall in giant cell arteritis induces a series of structural changes, including the formation of new vasa vasorum. To study the regulation of neoangiogenesis in giant cell arteritis, temporal arteries were examined for the extent and localization of microvessel generation and for the production of angiogenic ...
Hennebry T A - - 1999
We describe the initial presentation and followup of a 54-year-old Caucasian woman who presented in 1995 with bilateral arteritis of the axillary arteries and acute onset dyspnea. Chest radiograph, chest fluoroscopy, and pulmonary function studies confirmed the diagnosis of right hemidiaphragmatic paresis. Prednisolone and methotrexate therapy and short term anticoagulation ...
Kattah J C - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pathophysiologic mechanism of optic nerve infarction in giant-cell arteritis (GCA). BACKGROUND: Previous pathologic reports of optic nerve infarction in GCA involved patients who were blind at the time of death. The optic nerve infarcts were primarily retrolaminar in localization. Simultaneous short ciliary and ophthalmic artery vasculitis ...
Ishibashi-Ueda H - - 1999
This report describes an in-stent restenosis of the infrarenal aorta in a patient with Takayasu's arteritis in a nonactive state. A 10-mm-diameter Wallstent had been deployed 42 months previously. The stented restenosed segment was replaced by a surgical graft. Histopathological examination of the excised aortic segment showed a thin layer ...
Kalangos A - - 1999
We report the case of a child with an ascending aortic aneurysm associated with aortic insufficiency. Histopathological examination of the ascending aorta and aortic valve showed findings in favor of Takayasu's arteritis, and subsequent evaluation of the entire aorta demonstrated the presence of multiple steno-occlusive lesions. This unusual clinical problem ...
Noguchi M - - 1999
A 76-year-old woman with giant cell (temporal) arteritis was described; she presented with a one year history of headache and tinnitus. Histopathological findings from a superficial temporal artery showed arteritis with granulomatous changes. Bilateral carotid arteriograms demonstrated the stenoses of both internal carotid arteries as well as the narrowing of ...
Nagasawa S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: While superficial temporal artery (STA) to superior cerebellar artery (SCA) or STA to posterior cerebral artery (PCA) anastomosis has been used for rostral brain stem ischemia, it is reported not infrequently to be associated with serious complications. Although the inferior temporal artery has been proposed as a possible recipient ...
Paul J F - - 1999
Pulmonary artery involvement in Takayasu's arteritis is suggestive of the disease. Our aim was to use electron beam CT to study pulmonary artery changes in patients with Takayasu's arteritis. Diffuse wall thickening and dilatation or stenosis were significantly more frequent on CT in patients with Takayasu's arteritis than in the ...
Minakata K - - 1999
Takayasu's arteritis is a rare inflammatory aortoarteritis of unknown etiology and causes stenoocclusive disease of the aorta and its branches as well as aortic regurgitation. A surgical case of Takayasu's arteritis is presented. A 56-year-old female exhibited aortic regurgitation complicated by severe coarctation of the thoracoabdominal aorta due to Takayasu's ...
Chiou A C - - 1999
Complications of Takayasu's arteritis are typically ischemic in nature because of progressive arterial narrowing, with aneurysm formation occurring as a late sequela. A 30-year-old Black woman with Takayasu's arteritis presented with a progressively enlarging and tender pulsatile mass at the base of the right neck. Upper extremity pulses were intact. ...
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