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Results 201 - 250 of 761
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Kamigaki Mitsunori - - 2005
We encountered a 69-year-old woman displaying a filling defect within the left descending pulmonary artery (PA) on a chest CT scan and pulmonary angiography. A subsequent 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) scan demonstrated focal uptake in the left hilum. A cytologic examination of transbronchial needle aspiration specimens revealed small ...
Kolossváry E - - 2005
A 76-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with vertigo. Previously he had been extensively examined because of an increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate without any clinical symptoms. Physical examination revealed 60 mmHg blood pressure difference between the two arms. Color duplex ultrasound examination revealed bilateral extreme narrowing of the external ...
Gotway Michael B - - 2005
The objective of our study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of cross-sectional imaging for establishing the diagnosis of Takayasu's arteritis (TA), an inflammatory vascular disorder that produces arterial stenoses and aneurysms primarily involving the thoracoabdominal aorta and its branches and the pulmonary arteries. CT and MRI findings of TA ...
Robinson William P WP - - 2005
Takayasu's arteritis is a rare inflammatory arteriopathy characterized by segmental involvement of the aorta, its major branches, and, occasionally, the pulmonary arteries. Arterial inflammation generally results in occlusion, but Takayasu's arteritis occasionally presents as aneurysm formation. Takayasu's arteritis generally afflicts young women and is most often characterized by an acute ...
Horigome Hitoshi - - 2005
We present a pediatric case of neurofibromatosis-1 (NF-1) complicated by acute lymphoblastic leukemia and hypereosinophilia, which caused multiple end-organ damage. Although clinical symptoms such as fever and coughing were noted only 1 week before admission, the condition deteriorated rapidly with a fatal outcome prior to antileukemic therapy. A postmortem examination ...
Desai Milind Y - - 2005
Delayed contrast-enhanced MRI is increasingly being used for cardiac viability imaging. Takayasu's arteritis is a rare inflammatory disorder of unknown cause that affects the aorta, its major branches, and the pulmonary artery; it is characterized by inflammation and fibrosis in the arterial wall. We report our initial experience with seven ...
Schmidt Wolfgang A - - 2005
Temporal arteritis, including large-vessel giant cell arteritis, and Takayasu's arteritis are the two primary large-vessel vasculitides. Patients with temporal arteritis often present with headache, swollen temporal arteries, impairment of vision or symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica. Clinical examination includes palpation of the temporal arteries and radial pulses, auscultation of the subclavian ...
Post Nicholas - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The pretemporal approach has gained popularity for the treatment of basilar apex aneurysms. However, it requires the sacrifice of anterior temporal bridging veins to allow posterior temporal lobe retraction and, for patients with dominant pretemporal venous drainage, has the attendant risk of venous hypertension, hemorrhagic venous infarction, or seizures ...
Yamazaki Ichiya - - 2005
Involvement of the pulmonary arteries is common in systemic Takayasu's arteritis, but pulmonary arteritis alone is very rare. A 67-year-old woman had severe right pulmonary artery stenosis and left pulmonary arterial obstruction caused by Takayasu's arteritis. Surgical treatment was successfully performed with extracorporeal circulation, without transection of the ascending aorta ...
Carlier P G - - 2005
Arterial spin labeling (ASL) in combination with NMR imaging is an in vivo technique that quantifies tissue perfusion in absolute values (ml blood x min(-1) x g tissue(-1)) with high temporal (1-10 s) and spatial (0.1-3 mm) resolution. It uses the arterial water spins as endogenous freely diffusible markers of ...
Merchant Saumil N - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The cause and pathogenesis of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss remain unknown. Proposed theories include vascular occlusion, membrane breaks, and viral cochleitis. AIMS: To describe the temporal bone histopathology in 17 ears (aged 45-94 yr) with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss in our temporal bone collection and to discuss ...
Duque C - - 2005
Takayasu's arteritis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects large blood vessels, especially the aorta and/or its major branches. The condition presents with segmental lesions adjacent to normal, apparently unaffected, areas. The lesions include stenosis, occlusion, dilatations or aneurysm formations along the path of the affected artery. Because of the ...
Takeda Norifumi - - 2005
A 15-year-old Japanese man was referred for evaluation of heart failure. Conventional heart failure therapy had little effect, and severe left ventricular dysfunction as well as elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate persisted. Magnetic resonance angiography showed aortic dilatation with wall thickening characteristic of Takayasu's arteritis. An endomyocardial biopsy specimen revealed infiltration ...
Coenegrachts K - - 2005
We present a case of giant aneurysm in the superficial temporal artery. A 59-year-old male was admitted to our hospital with a slowly growing swelling just in front of his right ear. Diagnosis was made by US and CT. CTA was able to provide accurate anatomic information and to eliminate ...
Maruyoshi Hidetomo - - 2005
A 49-year-old woman complained of hearing loss and diminution of left radial arterial pulsation. She had been diagnosed with sudden deafness and treated with corticosteroids. Her audibility deteriorated again after the cessation of the therapy. Angiograms showed stenosis in the bilateral carotid arteries, the left vertebral artery, the left subclavian ...
Schmidt Wolfgang A - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ultrasonography and positron emission tomography have been increasingly studied and, in part, introduced in clinical practice to diagnose large-vessel vasculitides, such as temporal arteritis, Takayasu arteritis, large-vessel giant cell arteritis, and isolated aortitis. RECENT FINDINGS: Ultrasonography reveals characteristic homogenous, concentric wall thickening in vasculitis, often combined with ...
Kalungi S - - 2004
We report herein the case of a 23 year old woman who was referred to Mulago National Referral and Faculty of Medicine Makerere University Teaching Hospital because of sudden collapse, left sided weakness and headache for management. The patient underwent a battery of investigations but died five days after admission. ...
Bulum Josko - - 2005
Takayasu's arteritis is a rare, chronic inflammatory disease of unknown origin, affecting the walls of the aorta and its main branches, as well as coronary and pulmonary arteries. The inflammation of the arteries may lead to stenosis, occlusions, dilatations, and aneurysms of involved vessels. It is relatively common in Asia ...
Meyers Arlen D - - 2004
Temporal arteritis, also known more accurately as giant cell arteritis (GCA), is a multisystem vasculitis of elderly people that involves large and medium-sized blood vessels with a particular predilection to the craniofacial branches of the carotid arteries, especially the temporal artery. Symptoms include visual loss, headaches, fever, audiovestibular symptoms, and ...
Baerlocher Mark O - - 2004
Radiation-induced arteritis is a described rare complication of radiotherapy, particularly in patients with cancer. We report bilateral radiation-induced arteritis leading to stenoses in the external iliac arteries, which was treated with primary percutaneous arterial stenting, and review the current literature on the topic.
Gonzalez-Gay Miguel A - - 2004
Most classical manifestations of giant cell arteritis (GCA) are the result of occlusive vascular involvement. However, unlike ischemic manifestations, aortic aneurysmal disease in patients with GCA has been less well described. We assessed the incidence and predictors of aortic aneurysm and dissection in patients with biopsy-proven GCA from the Lugo ...
Al-Absi Ahmed I - - 2004
Medial arterial calcification, which has been increasingly recognized in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, has been associated with acutely symptomatic vascular complications including calcific uremic arteriolopathy (calciphylaxis) and ischemic changes in the extremities. This report describes a 50-year-old ESRD patient on maintenance hemodialysis in whom medial arterial calcification developed with ...
Sonwalkar H A HA Department of Radiology, Sree Chithra Institute of Medical Science and Technology, Trivandrum, India - - - 2004
A rare case of multiple cerebral aneurysms associated with Takayasu aortitis is reported. Only seven cases have been reported so far, all of which are from Japan. This is the first case with this association being reported from India. A 50-year-old hypertensive woman developed sudden onset severe headache and loss ...
Galasso John M - - 2004
A 61-year-old female presented with a moderate decrease in vision in the left eye. The patient denied any other ocular or systemic symptoms related to giant cell arteritis. Visual acuity was 20/50 in the left eye with a 2+ relative afferent pupillary defect and markedly abnormal color vision. Dilated fundus ...
Birnie A J - - 2004
We present three patients who experienced late, severe bleeding from the superficial temporal artery (STA) following uncomplicated removal of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) from the temple. This is a common site for BCC and the risk of damage to the temporal branch of the facial nerve and the STA are ...
Wu Chien-Sheng - - 2004
Giant cell arteritis is rarely reported in people aged less than 50 years. We report a case of giant cell arteritis in a woman who developed symptoms of dizziness, headache, bilateral sensorineural hearing impairment, and had 1 episode of transient left hemiparesis before the age of 30. Carotid angiography showed ...
Shlomai Amir - - 2004
The current report describes a female patient with Takayasu's arteritis who was hospitalized because of respiratory complaints and a ventilation-perfusion (V/P) scan demonstrating severe perfusion defects with normal ventilation. Her symptoms and V/P scan results were initially interpreted as massive pulmonary embolism, but a spiral computed tomography (CT) of the ...
Margos P N - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the elastic properties of the ascending aorta in untreated patients with giant cell arteritis compared with age and sex matched normal controls. METHODS: Distensibility of the ascending aorta and aortic strain were measured in 22 patients with a recent diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (documented by a ...
McDonald Mark A - - 2004
Takayasu's arteritis is a rare idiopathic arteriopathy that produces narrowing and eventually closure of affected blood vessels. Ocular symptoms typically occur late in the disease process in those individuals who have severe involvement of the aortic arch and the carotid arteries. Visual loss typically occurs as a result of either ...
Gowda Anitha R - - 2004
Takayasu arteritis, an inflammatory and obliterative disease of medium and large arteries, is classified as a giant cell arteritis. It has a predilection for the aortic arch, its main branches, and coronary and pulmonary arteries. The early symptoms of Takayasu arteritis may be mainly systemic and may resemble polymyalgia rheumatica. ...
Zborowska Bogna - - 2004
Giant cell (temporal) arteritis is a severe potentially fatal systemic vasculitis characterized by focal involvement of the cranial arteries resulting in ischaemic arterial occlusion. The case is presented of a 75-year-old woman with presumed giant cell arteritis and normal bilateral temporal artery biopsies. Despite a seemingly adequate course of systemic ...
Lichtstein Daniel M - - 2004
To return to the case vignette, the new onset of headache in a 74-year-old woman with anemia and a markedly elevated ESR should alert the physician to the strong possibility of giant cell arteritis. Vision loss is the most significant potential early complication. Temporal artery biopsy is indicated, and treatment ...
Nastri Marcio V - - 2004
Takayasu arteritis is a form of large vessel vasculitis with a possible autoimmune origin that may cause stenosis of the aorta and its major branches. Six types of Takayasu arteritis are recognized; the type depends on whether the ascending aorta, descending thoracic aorta, abdominal aorta, aortic cervicobrachial branches, or renal ...
Marie Isabelle - - 2004
Pulmonary involvement is considered to be rare in giant cell arteritis (GCA), usually occurring in the course of the disease. We describe the case of a patient who developed left pleural effusion revealing GCA. Thoracic CT scan demonstrated an abundant left pleural effusion and a thickening of the aortic wall. ...
Ducasse E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To report popliteal artery entrapment in a patient with distal necrosis and cannabis-related arteritis, two rare or exceptional disorders never described in association. To conduct a targeted review and especially to seek information on the clinical presentation with characteristics specific to each disorder so as to hasten the diagnosis ...
Arboix Adrià - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To update the less frequent etiologies causing lacunar infarcts (LIs). To highlight recent advances in risk factors, clinical syndromes, topography, complementary tests and long-term prognosis in this subtype of ischemic stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The most important studies are analyzed, from CM Fisher works, selecting those referring to LIs ...
Matteucci Marco L S - - 2004
Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is a chronic large vessel vasculitis, first described in 1908 by the Japanese ophthalmologist Takayasu, affecting more frequently young women. The typical lesions represented by aneurysmatic dilatation or obliteration, and narrowing of the arterial lumen may pose technical difficulties as well as demanding decision making for treatment. ...
Pfizenmaier D H - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the clinical and angiographic predictors of left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) from a relatively large and angiographically characterized Takayasu's or Giant Cell aortitis (TA/GCA) population. BACKGROUND: LVSD in patients with TA/GCA has been described in case reports and attributed variously to ...
Ahn Hyuk - - 2003
Three patients with type III Takayasu's arteritis were referred to us because of the upper extremity hypertension and vascular claudication of the lower extremities. They underwent extra-anatomic ascending aorta-abdominal aorta bypass with vascular graft under a median sternotomy and a splitted midline laparotomy incision without cardiopulmonary bypass. The postoperative course ...
Nuenninghoff Dirk M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mortality of giant cell arteritis (GCA) with large-artery complication compared with that of GCA without large-artery complication. METHODS: An inception cohort of 168 residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, in whom GCA was diagnosed between January 1, 1950, and December 31, 1999, was followed up. Mortality in ...
Clark T - - 2003
Classification and nomenclature schemes are guidelines and are not intended to recognize and distinguish the entire spectrum of any single disease. It may in fact be misleading to suggest that a classic presentation of a given disease plus atypical features should be considered an "overlap" of two separate, often rare, ...
Yoshida Seijiro - - 2003
We present a case of Takayasu's arteritis with severe renovascular hypertension and symptomatic subclavian steal syndrome. A 60-year-old woman underwent successful percutaneous balloon renal angioplasty and axillo-axillary bypass grafting. The role of hybrid therapy, angioplasty and extra-anatomical bypass grafting for revascularization of symptomatic ischemia in this disease is reviewed. (Ann ...
Brodmann M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: As one of the diagnostic criteria for giant cell arteritis affecting the temporal arteries (temporal arteritis) is still biopsy-proven vasculitis of the affected artery, the aim of our study was to evaluate the value of a non-invasive procedure, 2-(18)F-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (F-18-FDG-PET), in the diagnosis of Horton's ...
Caruso Rosario A - - 2003
A 60-year-old male patient with advanced gastric adenocarcinoma was treated by subtotal gastrectomy with dissection of the regional lymph nodes. Microscopic examination of the tumour revealed tubular adenocarcinoma which invaded the muscularis propria. There was no evidence of metastatic carcinoma in the dissected lymph nodes (pT2N0Mx). Granulomatous reaction comprising epithelioid ...
Parra Jose R - - 2003
Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is a chronic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology that can produce stenosis, occlusion, or aneurysmal degeneration of large arteries. TA occurs worldwide but disproportionately affects young females of Asian descent. A variable acute phase of largely constitutional symptoms is followed by a chronic phase in which symptoms ...
Calvo-Romero J M - - 2003
Giant cell arteritis (GCA), temporal arteritis or Horton's arteritis, is a systemic vasculitis which involves large and medium sized vessels, especially the extracranial branches of the carotid arteries, in persons usually older than 50 years. Permanent visual loss, ischaemic strokes, and thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms are feared complications of ...
Yamaguchi Atsushi - - 2003
Takayasu's disease affects the aorta and its major branches including coronary arteries, some of which may require coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, calcification of the aorta affected by Takayasu's disease often makes proximal anastomosis of a vein graft very difficult. In addition, since the major branches of the aortic ...
Evans Randolph W - - 2003
New daily persistent headache (NDPH), which is the acute onset of headache within 3 days and is persistent for 15 days or more each month for at least 3 months, is a predominantly female heterogeneous subtype of chronic daily headache, typically with migraine features of unknown etiology. NDPH may be ...
Sugawara Yuji - - 2003
In Takayasu's arteritis (TA), both atypical coarctation (CO) and brachiocephalic involvement are common features that occasionally require operative correction. A combination of these abnormalities could duplicate underlying illness in patients, posing an increased risk of operative morbidity. We present, herein, two TA patients in which hypertensive heart disease secondary to ...
Cullen J F - - 2003
Giant cell arteritis as the underlying cause of blindness in the elderly is common in the West but is not seen except on rare occasions in South East Asia. We describe an 86-year-old Chinese man from Singapore who presented with a central retinal artery occlusion. Biopsy of a prominent superficial ...
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