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Gobron C - - 2010
Chronic idiopathic granulomatous arteritis of the large vessels - and, specifically, "Takayasu's arteritis" and "giant cell arteritis" - is an unusual condition that rarely leads to stroke and is only occasionally associated with Crohn's disease. We report here on a unique case of a 56-year-old man with a 25-year history ...
Reddy Srikrishna Modugula - - 2009
Coronary arterial involvement is rare in Takayasu's arteritis. We describe successful coronary arterial bypass grafting in a 15 year teenager with Takayasu's arteritis and unstable angina because of stenosis of the main stem of the left coronary artery.
Kobak Senol - - 2009
We report a 40-year-old woman with saddle shaped-nose and bilateral deformed "cauliflower" ears who was admitted to our clinic because of arthralgia, fatigue, weakness and coldness in both arms, recurrent swelling and pain of the nose and both auricles. On physical examination, bruits were heard over both carotid arteries and ...
Sachetto Zoraida - - 2010
A 43-year-old woman reported pain in the right hypochondrium, which had started 3 years before and had been worsening for the past few days. Claudication in the superior and inferior limbs, diffuse myalgia, dyspnea, precordialgia followed by dizziness and visual turbidity were added to the clinical picture. In the physical ...
Kawano Hiroyuki - - 2009
We report a 68-year-old woman who was incidentally diagnosed as having an occlusion in the right internal carotid artery on magnetic resonance angiography. On ultrasound, the right common carotid artery showed narrow and tortuous lumens, which suggest the uneven thickening of the arterial wall in the nonactive stage of Takayasu's ...
Delis Aristidis - - 2009
A 79-year-old male presented with symptoms suggesting giant cell arteritis (GCA) and elevation of acute-phase reactants. Bilateral superficial temporal artery (STA) biopsies were negative for GCA. However, the right-sided biopsy showed a STA dissection. Spontaneous isolated STA dissection has never been reported previously. The pertinent available literature is also discussed.
Ikuta Katsuya - - 2010
Takayasu arteritis is a rare, idiopathic, and chronic inflammatory large vessel vasculitis, involving mainly the aorta and its major branches. Takayasu arteritis predominantly affects women. The clinical presentation is characterized by an acute phase with constitutional symptoms, followed by a chronic phase in which symptoms relate to stenosis or occlusion ...
Tan Chun-Yu - - 2010
The objective of the study is to report a case of atrial myxoma with bloodstream metastasis misdiagnosed to be Takayasu arteritis. A 23-year-old woman manifested with fever, repetitive vasocerebral events and extremities ischemic signs (claudication, difference of BP in arms and absence of pulse) for 5 years. Imaging studies revealed ...
Hamir A N - - 2009
The testes and the spermatic cord of raccoons (Procyon lotor, kits to adult breeders; n = 48) were examined. Segmental arteritis confined to the extratesticular portions of the testicular artery was present in raccoons of all ages. The arterial changes were seen in laboratory-confined experimental and control animals as well ...
Gumus Burcak - - 2010
The aim of this report is to demonstrate the successful endovascular treatment of bilateral renal artery stenosis due to Takayasu arteritis by cutting balloon angioplasty in a 5-year-old child with mid-term follow-up.
Rossi Carlo Maria - - 2009
Both the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS) are major target organs in primary vasculitides. They may either be affected in the setting of systemic vasculitis, potentially involving any other organ, or they may be the sole site of the inflammatory process. In both cases, the ...
Mar? B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To identify analytical and clinical variables that may improve the effectiveness of temporal artery biopsy (TAB) for the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of TABs conducted between 1989 and 2007 at the 450-bed Hospital Parc Taul?, Sabadell. Demographic data, clinical manifestations, analytical ...
Kusunose Kenya - - 2011
Most cases of chronic stenosis or occlusive lesions of the pulmonary arteries are attributed to thromboembolism, and pulmonary arteritis is extremely rare as the primary cause of these entities. We report a case of pulmonary stenosis and occlusion caused by Takayasu arteritis. The patient was a 54-year-old woman who presented ...
Geiger Julia - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively analyse inflammatory involvement of the ophthalmic arteries in patients with GCA utilizing high-resolution MRI. METHODS: A cohort of 50 patients with GCA who had been examined by 1.5 or 3T high-field MRI was analysed retrospectively in a consensus reading for possible involvement of the ophthalmic arteries. In ...
Breuer Gabriel S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine to what extent performing simultaneous bilateral temporal artery biopsies might increase the diagnostic sensitivity in giant cell arteritis (GCA). METHODS: In total 173 consecutive pathology reports of temporal artery biopsies were reviewed for histological findings by a single pathologist. The rate of discordance of biopsy results was ...
Schmidt Wolfgang A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Ophthalmic complications are common in acute GCA. Do temporal artery ultrasound and clinical parameters correlate with the occurrence and severity of ophthalmic complications? METHODS: The results of temporal artery ultrasound examinations are compared with the occurrence of anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (AION), central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO), branch retinal ...
Blockmans Daniel - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ultrasonography, MRI, and PET are increasingly studied in large-vessel vasculitis. They have broadened our knowledge on these disorders and have a place in the diagnostic approach of these patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Temporal artery ultrasonography can be used to guide the surgeon to that artery segment with the ...
Borazan Ali - - 2009
Takayasu arteritis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects mainly the aorta, main branches of aorta, and pulmonary arteries with unknown etiology. Disease affecting solely the renal arteries is rare. We will present a case that had hypertension, hypokalemia, and metabolic alkalosis where the etiology was type 2 Takayasu arteritis, ...
Pérez López J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic value of colour-duplex ultrasonography (CDU) of the temporal and ophthalmic arteries in the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA) and its usefulness in the follow-up of the disease. Furthermore, to examine the relationship between CDU abnormalities in ophthalmic arteries and blindness. METHODS: This is a ...
Hoshino Atsushi - - 2009
A 49-year-old woman presenting with leg edema and progressive dyspnea on exertion was found to have a diastolic murmur. Echocardiography revealed increased left ventricular volume and severe aortic regurgitation (AR). She also had pain in her chest and left shoulder. Gallium scintigraphy showed increased uptake in the sternum, and further ...
Haddad Fadia - - 2008
Active aortitis caused by giant cell arteritis occurs more commonly than has been previously appreciated, and ascending aortic dissection may occur despite medical therapy, without a preexisting aneurysm or ectasia. We report a case of acute type A aortic dissection in a patient already treated for giant cell arteritis. The ...
Ghosn Samer - - 2008
A 7-year-old Lebanese girl with recently diagnosed relapsing polychondritis had a 1-month history of several painful ulcerations involving her entire body. Skin biopsy was consistent with the diagnosis of pyoderma gangrenosum. She was hospitalized and started on intravenous steroids with partial improvement. During her hospital stay, she developed right wrist ...
Ioannides Marios A - - 2009
Neurological manifestations may complicate Takayasu arteritis (TA) but seizures are rare. A 40-year-old man with TA presented with recurrent episodes of epileptic seizures. Episodes consisted of a brief period of unresponsiveness followed by sudden falling, tonic stiffening and limb jerking. A postictal period with drowsiness, urine incontinence and a temporal ...
Petrovic-Rackov Ljiljana - - 2009
Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is a rare vasculitis that affects the aorta and its primary branches. Heterogeneous clinical manifestations have been described in different geographical areas. We aimed to evaluate demographic, clinical, and angiographic features and the outcome in 16 TA patients who were followed in a single center in Serbia. ...
Toloza Sma - - 2008
To determine whether killer cell immunologlobulin-like receptor (KIR) genotypes are associated with vasculitis, vascular arterial events or anticardiolipin (aCL) antibodies in patients with lupus. A total of 304 patients followed prospectively at the University of Toronto Lupus Clinic were assessed for the occurrence of vasculitis and vascular arterial events. Molecular ...
Sealove Brett A - - 2008
Transient global amnesia (TGA) is characterized by sudden, temporary dysfunction of antegrade and recent retrograde memory without other neurologic deficits. Although there is sometimes a precipitating event, the origin of TGA remains controversial. We encountered a patient who developed recurrent TGA when upright, in whom the symptom promptly and regularly ...
Borg Frances A - - 2008
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a medical emergency characterized by systemic inflammation and critical ischemia. Neuro-ophthalmic complications occur early, with permanent vision loss in up to one fifth of patients. This mainly results from failure of prompt recognition and treatment. Diagnosis of GCA is often preceded by unrecognized symptoms, including ...
Nesher Gideon - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Temporal artery vasculitis (TAV) in patients younger than 50 years is extremely rare. A case of TAV in an 18-year-old man is described here, followed by a literature review regarding cases of all types of vasculitic involvement of the temporal arteries in the young. METHODS: Review of the English ...
Marie Isabelle - - 2008
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) mainly affects arteries arising from the external carotid arteries, although it may also be responsible for extracephalic clinical presentation related to impairment of vessels other than the carotids, such as the aorta as well arteries of the lower and upper limbs (10%-30% of cases). However, breast ...
Marchal Vanessa - - 2008
Giant cell arteritis is the most common systemic vasculitis in people over the age of 50 years. Ischaemic manifestations are well known. 'Occult' manifestations as aortic aneurysmal disease need consideration. The incidence of aortic aneurysm and/or dissection is about 18.5 per 1000 person-years at risk (18.9 in Lugo(4) and 18.7 ...
Kanaan Samer - - 2008
Takayasu's arteritis is a chronic vasculitis of unknown cause. Coronary arteries are affected in approximately 10% of cases with aneurysm formation being extremely rare. Coronary aneurysms (not related to Takayasu's arteritis) have been surgically treated with aneurysm resection and coronary bypass. We describe the case of a young woman found ...
Hiu Takeshi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This report describes a unique case of Takayasu arteritis with occlusion of the left common carotid artery (CCA) and the right internal carotid artery (ICA), which was successfully treated by right CCA-left ICA crossover bypass grafting using the saphenous vein. The histological findings of the original occluded prosthetic graft ...
Noël Bernard - - 2008
Cannabis arteritis is a serious peripheral vascular disease affecting young adults consuming cannabis. An increasing number of cases have been recently reported in Europe. The risk of amputation is high. Cannabis arteritis is often confused with atherosclerosis. We present a new case in which complete arterial revascularization was obtained with ...
Fukuda Yusuke - - 2008
Takayasu's arteritis has often been difficult to diagnose because of a lack of typical symptoms and other specific makers. We report here a case of Takayasu's arteritis in a 73-year-old man who was considered to exhibit isolated pulmonary artery involvement. Pulmonary hypertension and right heart failure and severe stenosis in ...
Andrade Jason - - 2008
A 70-year-old man presented with a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction attributable to a 99% occlusion of his mid-left anterior descending artery and concomitant symptoms suggestive of giant cell arteritis. He underwent bare metal stenting, with an excellent angiographic result, and was placed on dual antiplatelet therapy, as well as oral ...
Beschorner Ulrich - - 2008
PURPOSE: To describe the use of percutaneous directional atherectomy to aid in the diagnosis of atypical Takayasu arteritis in the lower limb vessels. CASE REPORT: In a 24-year-old woman with severe peripheral artery disease (Rutherford-Becker category 5), imaging showed bilateral occlusion of the superficial femoral arteries (SFA), but no lesions ...
Koening Curry L - - 2008
Takayasu's arteritis is a rare disease that causes arterial inflammation with resulting stenosis or aneurysm of affected vessels. It primarily affects young females and has a predilection for the aorta, its primary branches, and the pulmonary arteries. Patients may present with symptoms of organ ischemia, such as stroke or claudication, ...
Corrêa Marcelo Brum - - 2008
The temporal muscle is greatly used for forming myofascial flaps and transposition in cases of reconstructive and reparative plastic surgery of the face and neck. Despite this important application, lack of success has been reported, probably because of lack of knowledge of the anatomical characteristics of this muscle, such as ...
Sheikh Bassem Yousef - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative angiography is useful in evaluating the vascular lesion before clipping/excision, presence of any residual lesion, and excluding unintended occlusion/stenosis of the arterial branch/parent artery. The previously reported techniques using the superficial temporal artery involved either retrograde cannulation of the aortic arch or its permanent obliteration at the end ...
Moftakhar Roham - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Surgical access to the posterior portion of the mediobasal temporal lobe presents a formidable challenge to neurosurgeons, and much controversy still exists regarding the selection of the surgical approach to this region. The supracerebellar transtentorial (SCTT) approach to the posterior mediobasal temporal region can be used as an alternative ...
Tehrani Rodney - - 2008
This review summarizes the diagnosis, clinical manifestations and management of giant cell arteritis. Giant cell arteritis is an immune-mediated vasculitis of medium to large sized arteries that affects individuals older than the age of 50. Patients typically present with signs of vascular insufficiency of the extracranial arteries of the head ...
Makkuni D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The ischaemic complications of giant cell arteritis (GCA) such as blindness and stroke may result from luminal narrowing of the affected arteries. This study focuses on the association between the severity of intimal proliferation on temporal artery biopsy (TAB) histology and neuro-ophthalmic complications (NOCs) of GCA. METHOD: We identified ...
Chatelain D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Permanent visual loss (PVL) is the most feared complication of giant cell arteritis (GCA), and its risk factors are still unclear. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to assess the pathological features predictive of PVL on temporal artery biopsy (TAB) specimens in patients with GCA. METHODS: The slides ...
Civilibal M - - 2008
Takayasu's arteritis is a chronic inflammatory disease that primarily involves the aorta and its main branches. Varying degrees of narrowing, occlusion, or dilatation develop in the involved vessel segments. However, dissection of the aorta is quite rare in this disease, and it may develop particularly after angioplasty. We report a ...
Schurr Christian - - 2008
Giant cell arteritis is a chronic vasculitis, which involves large- and medium-sized branches of the arteries originating from the aortic arch. This disease is a diagnostic challenge with a wide range of clinical symptoms and findings due to different affected vessels. Classic symptoms are temporally located headache, thickened temporal artery ...
Geiger J - - 2008
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a granulomatous vasculitis. Early diagnosis is important for the initiation of corticosteroid treatment because the arteritis can result in blindness. In most of the cases, the superficial cranial arteries are affected. However, extracranial involvement of various arteries is known. Here, we report a case of ...
Magge Suresh N - - 2008
The authors report the case of an 18-month-old girl who presented with a ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm, and who was later diagnosed with Takayasu arteritis. Her initial aneurysm was successfully treated with clip application. However, over a 6-month period she had multiple ruptures from new and rapidly recurring aneurysms ...
Schmidt W A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristic ultrasound findings and clinical features of patients with newly diagnosed cranial and large-vessel (LV) GCA in a specialized ultrasound clinic. METHODS: This case-control study includes all consecutive patients between 1997 and 2006 with newly diagnosed GCA. Duplex ultrasound of the temporal, subclavian, axillary and proximal brachial ...
Karadag Bilgehan - - 2008
Pulmonary artery involvement as the initial predominant clinical manifestation in Takayasu arteritis (TA) is rare. We describe a young adult female who presented with life-threatening complications of proximal pulmonary arterial involvement of Takayasu arteritis. In our case, atypical presentation of TA with pulmonary symptoms due to pulmonary artery involvement resulted ...
Tatò Federico - - 2008
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is increasingly being recognized as a systemic vascular disease, not confined to the cranial arteries. Epidemiological studies have shown that almost one-third of the patients with GCA develop serious peripheral vascular complications during long-term follow up, and there is growing evidence that unrecognized extracranial involvement may ...
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