Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1146
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Akutsu Koichi - - 2007
A 30-year-old man with severe back and abdominal pain was referred to our hospital because of a recurrence of acute type B aortic dissection. A computed tomography scan showed a 3-channel dissection and a severe narrowing of the true lumen of the descending aorta to the abdominal aorta because of ...
Robken Jon - - 2007
PURPOSE: To present a new approach route for recanalization of a chronically occluded superior mesenteric artery (SMA). TECHNIQUE: Percutaneous treatment of an SMA occlusion can be accomplished in some cases via retrograde crossing through collaterals from the celiac artery. From a right common femoral artery (CFA) approach, an 8-F RDC ...
Widlus David M - - 2007
GOALS: To present the results of a new protocol for provocative visceral arteriography. BACKGROUND: Acute lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage (LGIB) usually stops spontaneously. In the absence of an identifiable source, if bleeding is recurrent, provocative visceral arteriography has been advocated for diagnosis. Prior studies using Streptokinase, Urokinase, or tissue plasminogen activator ...
Ilica Ahmet Turan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe the clinical and multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography findings of celiac, mesenteric, and renal artery entrapment by the median arcuate ligament. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients (n = 453) who underwent MDCT abdominal aorta angiography in a period of 3 years were retrospectively reviewed for vascular ...
Erdogmus Senem - - 2007
The anatomic description of the arterial supply of the muscles of the eyeball was studied because medial and lateral approaches to the orbit to treat various disorders might severely damage the main trunk of the ophthalmic artery. The different arterial pedicles for each muscle, as well as their origins and ...
Gloviczki Peter - - 2007
Celiac artery syndrome exists, although it remains controversial, and in some patients a firm diagnosis cannot be established. Duplex scanning or computed tomographic, magnetic resonance, or contrast aortography will confirm intermittent or permanent compression of the celiac artery by the crus of the diaphragm, the median arcuate ligament, or fibrous ...
Shukla P J - - 2007
Pancreaticoduodenectomy remains the recommended procedure for periampullary and pancreatic head tumors. The dissection of the uncinate process from the superior mesenteric vessels is a key step in this surgery. We describe a modification in the existing practice of infracolic division of the jejunum in order to facilitate this step. In ...
Uraiqat A A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Construction of a satisfactory ileal reservoir-anal anastomosis is dependent on the ability of the reservoir to reach the anus without tension. METHOD: A literature review of English language scientific papers from Medline and Pubmed between 1978 and 2004 about ileal pouch surgery techniques was conducted. RESULTS: The critical factor ...
Ignjatovic D - - 2007
AIMS: The study aim was to provide data on pattern and length of crossing of the ileocolic artery (ICA) and right colic artery (RCA) with the superior mesenteric vein (SMV). METHODS: Specimens from 30 fresh human cadavers underwent corrosion casting. Methylacrylate was injected into the SMV and superior mesenteric artery ...
Kobayashi Michiya - - 2007
In this paper we report a technique for laparoscopic lymph node (LN) dissection for descending and proximal sigmoid colon cancer with the preservation of the superior rectal artery (SRA) to maintain the blood supply to the distal sigmoid colon. Five (5) cases were included from November 2004 to March 2005. ...
Loukas Marios - - 2007
Anatomic variations are often responsible for a variety of clinical conditions. In this review we investigate compression of the celiac artery and the superior mesenteric artery by the median arcuate ligament (MAL), diaphragmatic crura, or the celiac nerve plexus. This clinical condition known as celiac artery compression syndrome (CACS) has ...
Iimura Akira - - 2007
In a stdudenet course of gross anatomy dissection at Kanagawa Dental College in 2006, we found an extremely rare case of the hepatic artery arising from the superior mesenteric artery of a 78-year-old Japanese male cadaver. This case belonged to type V in Adachi's classification of the celiac trunk and ...
Roghair Robert D - - 2008
Animal models have demonstrated that maternal undernutrition or early gestation glucocorticoid exposure induces endothelial dysfunction in the offspring. We sought to determine whether early gestation dexamethasone (DEX) exposure is further associated with increased vascular superoxide anion production. DEX (0.28 mg/kg/day i.v. for 48 h) was administered to pregnant ewes at ...
Yandza Thierry - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We describe a new surgical technique of in situ intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury in the pig, which includes transection of the small bowel, extrinsic autonomic denervation, lymphatic disruption, and finally in-situ cold ischemia of the graft by flushing through the first jejunal artery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten female pigs were ...
Kakizawa Hideaki - - 2007
We report a rare case of mesenteric bleeding following blunt abdominal trauma successfully treated solely with transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) of the right colic marginal artery. A 56-year-old woman presented with mesenteric bleeding after being involved in a car accident. Computed tomography (CT) showed a large mesenteric hematoma and hemoperitoneum ...
Erguney Sabri - - 2007
Anal passage of a full-thickness infarcted colonic segment (so-called "cast") not accompanied by any features of acute peritonitis is a very rare occurrence and may be the main advertising manifestation of acute colonic ischemia. Most of the reported cases of acute colonic ischemia are secondary to abdominal aortic aneurysms and ...
Lange Johan F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There are 2 interpretations of Riolan's arch: (1) Riolan's arch is identical to a central part of the marginal artery (MA), connecting the superior (SMA) and the inferior mesenteric (IMA) arteries; and (2) Riolan's arch represents a rare artery, connecting the SMA and the IMA. The current review aims ...
Rehni Ashish K - - 2007
The present study has been designed to investigate the role of insulin, endogenous opioids and calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) on remote mesenteric ischaemic preconditioning induced reversal of global cerebral ischaemia-reperfusion injury in mice. Bilateral carotid artery occlusion of 10 min followed by reperfusion for 24 hour was employed in ...
Sohn Michelle E - - 2007
Mesenteric arterial branch aneurysms are rare. Giant, multiple, mesenteric branch artery aneurysms are even more uncommon, and only a few reports exist in the literature. We describe a 73-year-old asymptomatic female found to have an abdominal bruit and subsequently diagnosed with multiple mesenteric branch artery aneurysms by computed tomography and ...
Saito Shunei - - 2007
We report two cases of abdominal aortic aneurysm in which the patent inferior mesenteric arteries were ligated. The patient in Case 1, with occlusion of the right coronary artery, developed sudden bradycardia during surgery, resulting in cardiac arrest. The patient was successfully resuscitated and the operation was completed. In Case ...
van Tonder J J - - 2007
Sudeck's critical point at the rectosigmoid junction is described as the point of origin of the last sigmoid arterial branch, originating from the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA). There is controversy on the importance of Sudeck's point, and the frequency in which the anastomosis is found. Furthermore, the diameter of the ...
Fitoz Suat - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pathophysiologic characteristics of nutcracker syndrome (NS) and to assess the role of upright position imaging and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) angle measurement in the diagnosis. METHODS: Doppler sonographic findings in 23 children with NS and in 26 healthy control subjects ...
Wang Feng-Bin - - 2007
Neural tracers have not typically been employed to determine the pathways followed by axons between their perikarya and target tissues. We have adapted the tetramethylbenzidine method for horseradish peroxidase (HRP) to stain fibers en bloc in organs and thus to delineate axonal trajectories. We have also applied this protocol to ...
Foertsch Thomas - - 2007
BACKGROUND/METHODS: Celiac trunk compression syndrome is a rare cause of recurrent, nonspecific upper abdominal pain. In this article, we present 3 cases of celiac trunk compression syndrome in 15- and 16-year-old adolescents who were treated surgically in our clinic and discuss our findings with existing literature. RESULTS: All 3 adolescents ...
Liu Jia-Lin - - 2007
This study examines the microsurgical anatomy of the aberrant superior laryngeal artery (ASLA) which passes through the thyroid foramen. It defines the location of the ASLA and its main branches. The aberrant superior thyroid artery was looked for in 20 randomly selected Chinese adult cadavers, and when found, was dissected ...
Taylor Alyssa C AC Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, - - 2007
EphrinB2 and EphB4 are considered to be markers of arterial/venous identity during embryonic development. However, the expression patterns of these arterial/venous-specific markers in adult microvascular networks remain unclear. The objective of this study was to characterize the cellular distribution of EphB4 expression along the hierarchy of unstimulated and remodeling adult ...
Choi Cheol Ung - - 2008
Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) aneurysms are the third most common visceral artery aneurysms. Diagnosis of SMA aneurysm can be achieved by abdominal ultrasonogram, postcontrast computed tomography (CT), three-dimensional (3-D) multidetector (MD) CT, or selective angiography of the SMA. 3-D MD CT may play an important role for the evaluation of ...
Kondo Hiroshi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal MDCT scanning delay for peripancreatic arterial, pancreatic parenchymal, peripancreatic venous, and hepatic parenchymal contrast enhancement with a bolus-tracking technique. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Three-phase 8-MDCT of the pancreas was performed on 170 patients after administration of 2 mL/kg of 300 ...
Nakano Hiroshi - - 2007
In patients with celiac axis occlusion, performance of pancreaticoduodenectomy involves sacrifice of the gastroduodenal artery which results in a risk of hepato-pancreato-biliary and other organic ischemia. Celiac axis occlusion does not recently seem an uncommon finding in cases of pancreaticoduodenectomy but diagnosis of celiac axis occlusion may be difficult in ...
Katagiri Hideki - - 2007
We found a case of multiple arterial anomalies in a Japanese female cadaver during a routine dissection course. In the present case, a combination of three arterial anomalies was recognized in the abdominal digestive organs: (i) a celiacomesenteric trunk; (ii) a right accessory hepatic artery; and (iii) a left colic ...
Vasquez Julio C - - 2007
The superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is an uncommon location of aneurysm formation. This entity is potentially lethal and should be treated once a diagnosis is made. When the aneurysm reaches a large size, there is a high risk of rupture and surgical treatment should not be delayed, although it can ...
Ayers N P - - 2007
Chronic mesenteric ischemia is often a disabling condition associated with intestinal angina, weight loss, and sitophobia (a morbid aversion of food). Significant stenosis of two of the three main arteries of the gut is usually required to produce symptoms. Surgical therapy has included reimplantation and bypass grafting, usually with synthetic ...
Rehni Ashish K - - 2007
Bilateral carotid artery occlusion of 10 min followed by reperfusion for 24 hr was employed in present study to produce ischaemia and reperfusion induced cerebral injury in mice. Cerebral infarct size was measured using triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining. Short-term memory was evaluated using elevated plus maze. Inclined beam walking test was ...
Glasby M J - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Subintimal angioplasty is an established technique for the recanalisation of occluded vessels. It has been applied extensively to the peripheral arterial system but not the mesenteric vessels in mesenteric angina. REPORT: We report the first described case of recanalisation of a mesenteric vessel. The vessel has remained patent for ...
Vandoni R E - - 2007
Middle mesenteric artery has been described in 1923. We report the observation of a patient with an abdominal aortic aneurysm who had this rare artery arising from the anterior wall of the aneurysmal sac. His inferior mesenteric artery was occluded at its origin from the aorta and the middle and ...
Schwartz Amy - - 2007
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is defined as a lateral curvature of the spine that can occur in any region of the spinal column. For curves that require surgical correction, spinal fusion is the surgical treatment, and superior mesenteric artery syndrome is a possible complication. Risk factors for superior mesenteric artery syndrome ...
Okada Yoshihiro - - 2007
We report advantages of a temporary mesenteric perfusion method for bowel ischemia with acute type A aortic dissection. The perfusion catheter was inserted from the branch of the superior mesenteric artery. This technique was found to be useful in certain cases that require prompt visceral organ perfusion and proximal aortic ...
Shibahara Kotaro - - 2007
A 50-year-old man presented with a 24-h history of gradually worsening abdominal pain. Enhanced computed tomography showed segmental dilation of the small intestine, wall thickening, and ascites, as well as thrombosis of the superior mesenteric vein (SMV) and portal vein. Thus, an emergency laparotomy was performed, which revealed segmental intestinal ...
Horiguchi Akihiko - - 2007
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) is one of the most difficult operations in gastrointestinal surgery. Standard PD ligates and cuts superior mesenteric vein (SMV) branches after the removal of the pancreas head, which leads to congestion and bleeding of these veins. METHODS: In this study, we modified the standard PD and first ...
Kumar Santosh - - 2007
Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) injury is a rare event during abdominal surgery. We report the first case of inadvertent injury of the superior mesenteric artery during surgery of a large malignant adrenocortical tumor with inferior vena cava thrombus. The cause of inadvertent injury was anatomical distortion of the great vessels ...
Bong Jin J - - 2007
Patients with coeliac artery occlusion often remain asymptomatic due to the rich collateral blood supply (pancreaticoduodenal arcades) from the superior mesenteric artery. However, division of the gastroduodenal artery (GDA) during pancreaticoduodenectomy may result in compromised blood supply to the liver, stomach and spleen. Postoperative complications associated with this condition are ...
Soonawalla Zahir - - 2007
Pancreatic surgeons need to be aware of, and have the expertise available to deal with, unexpected vascular anomalies encountered during pancreatic resections. We present a patient with celiac artery occlusion that was encountered unexpectedly during pancreaticoduodenectomy. As a result of this anomaly, the celiac territory is dependent on retrograde flow ...
Sakamoto Shun-Ichiro - - 2007
A 73-year-old man on dialysis for chronic renal dysfunction was referred to our hospital for surgical treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Preoperative angiography showed a remarkably developed meandering artery branching from the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA). The superior mesenteric and celiac arteries were occluded at the origin, and ...
Barberini Fabrizio - - 2007
Peritoneal fossae derive from normal or anomalous coalescence of the peritoneum during fetal development, or from the course of retroperitoneal vessels. Clinically, internal abdominal hernias may be housed inside these fossae. In this report from an autopsy, a singular peritoneal fossa was delimited superiorly by an arcuate serous fold, raised ...
Zhou Wei - - 2007
Mesenteric venous occlusion is a rare yet highly morbid condition that is traditionally treated with anticoagulation while surgery serves as the last resort. Percutaneous intervention provides an effective option with relatively low mortality and morbidity. We herein describe use of transhepatic percutaneous thrombectomy and pharmacologic thrombolysis in treating two cases ...
Kobayashi Makoto - - 2007
We describe a 27-year-old man with hypereosinophilc syndrome (HES) presenting acute abdomen due to acute thrombosis of the mesenteric artery, who had a past history of eosinophilic pneumonia followed by multiple arterial thromboses of the extremities. At the recurrence of eosinophilia, he was treated with high-dose corticosteroids. Immediately after the ...
Fenwick Joanna L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chronic occlusive mesenteric ischaemia can be treated surgically or endovascularly. Endovascular techniques as elsewhere in the vascular tree are limited by restenosis. The aim of this study was to determine if duplex ultrasound proven restenosis correlates with recurrence of symptoms. METHODS: Our study looks at successful percutaneous revascularization of ...
Romano Stefania - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: MDCT is performed as first imaging examination for patients with acute abdomen in most Emergency Departments. Clinical suspicion of ischemic colitis and infarction is related to specific findings, however, differential diagnosis as well as the staging for a confirmed ischemic affection may be critical. The individual signs from ischemia ...
Kawarada Osami - - 2006
Acute thrombo-embolic occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is potentially fatal vascular emergency that requires rapid restoration of mesenteric blood flow as well as early diagnosis. Selective thrombolysis has been employed for this life-threatening event. Although failed thrombolysis is a well known phenomenon, which is directly connected with bowel ...
Nano Mario - - 2006
PURPOSE: For many years, poor vascularization of the short rectal stump has been considered the main cause of leakage. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the vascularization of the rectal stump after total mesorectal excision. METHODS: We studied the iliac vascularization on 28 volunteers with healthy rectum to ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >