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Pavy Carine - - 2010
We present the case of a 21-year-old male who came to the emergency ward for a thorax bullet wound. At our first check-up, the computed tomography (CT)-scan showed a pulmonary contusion, a hemothorax and a suspicious image of a thoracic aortic wound. The patient was stable, but soon after admission ...
Kim Bae Keun - - 2013
Microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) is an anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis characterized by inflammation of small-sized vessels. Although there have been some reports of ANCA-associated vasculitis presenting as aortitis syndrome, MPA rarely involves large-sized vessels such as the aorta. We report an unusual case of MPA combined with severe acute aortic ...
Garcia-Pumarino Ruben R Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Ramon y Cajal Hospital, Madrid, Spain. - - 2010
The authors' purpose was to study the anatomy of the dorsum of the foot and determine the distribution and caliber of all vascular branches that nourish the skin and the extensor hallucis longus and extensor digitorum longus tendons. The authors performed 20 cadaver dissections. The skin paddle was designed within ...
Martin E C - - 2011
Two patients are described with type II endoleaks involving an accessory renal artery and the inferior mesenteric artery. One patient was successfully embolized via the translumbar route. The other continues to be observed; the endoleak is expected to close spontaneously because both the inflow and outflow are significantly compromised.
Stimec Bojan V - - 2010
An atypical case of abdominal vasculature, found in a 58-year-old woman is presented. The multidetector computed tomography angiogram revealed a large tortuous anastomotic vessel between the stem of the celiac trunk and the left colic artery, supplying branches for the left colon and pancreatic body and tail. We propose a ...
Rai Jagdeep K - - 2010
Coeliac artery stenosis is associated with the formation of collateral vessels from the superior mesenteric artery. High pressure within collateral vessels can lead to the formation of visceral artery aneurysms. Haemorrhage from such aneurysms can be catastrophic if they are not identified and managed promptly. We describe successful arterial embolisation ...
Clark Clarence E - - 2011
Colonic vascular ectasia is a condition characterized by dilated submucosal veins, venules, or capillaries found commonly in patients with lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage. We present a case of colorectal ectasia associated with ischemia and an inferior mesenteric artery aneurysm. These pathologic findings may be the result of the vascular ectasia and ...
Seidl Holger - - 2010
Duplex ultrasound is established for the assessment of mesenteric ischemia but potential influences of breathing on mesenteric arterial blood velocity have not been investigated so far. In 100 patients without abdominal diseases (39 men; age 59.4 ± 18.0 years), peak systolic (PSV), end diastolic velocity (EDV) and resistance index (RI) ...
Giordano N - - 2010
Raynaud?s phenomenon (RP) and cutaneous fibrosis are the distinctive manifestations of scleroderma, in which Endothelin-1 plays a fundamental pathogenetic role. Bosentan, an Endothelin-1 receptor antagonist used for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension, retards the beginning of new sclerodermic digital ulcers (DU). This open-label, observational, retrospective study verified the effect ...
Zhang Dong-juan DJ Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, - - 2010
To examine the contribution of vascular membrane-associated prostaglandin E2 synthase-1 (mPGES-1) to acute blood pressure homeostasis. Angiotensin II (AngII, 75 pmol·kg⁻¹·min⁻¹) was continuously infused via the jugular vein into wild-type and mPGES-1(-/-) mice for 30 min, and blood pressure was measured by carotid arterial catheterization. RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry were performed ...
Park Yang Jin - - 2011
Due to increased use and improvements in diagnostic imaging studies, spontaneous isolated superior mesenteric artery dissection (SISMAD), which is a rare vascular event, has been reported to occur on a more frequent basis. Although there have been some anecdotal case reports describing the underlying pathology of SISMAD, the etiology of ...
Jackson Christian S - - 2011
Vascular thrombotic complications in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are well recognized, although mesenteric vascular thrombotic disease is rare. We describe nine patients in a tertiary care center with IBD that developed thrombosis of the mesenteric arterial or venous vasculature (e.g., mesenteric thrombosis, MT). Eight subjects developed mesenteric venous thrombosis (five ...
Yang Hye Jin HJ Department of Radiology, Eulji General Hospital, Eulji University, 280-1 Hagye 1-Dong, Nowon-Gu, Seoul, South - - 2010
Prompt revascularization of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) thrombotic occlusion can prevent intestinal infarction and decrease necrosis of the bowel segment. Herein, we describe two cases who underwent successful endovascular recanalization for acute SMA thrombosis using a primary aspiration thrombectomy because of possible consequent laparotomy for survey of bowel viability. ...
Zovein Ann C - - 2010
The vitelline artery is a temporary structure that undergoes extensive remodeling during midgestation to eventually become the superior mesenteric artery (also called the cranial mesenteric artery, in the mouse). Here we show that, during this remodeling process, large clusters of hematopoietic progenitors emerge via extravascular budding and form structures that ...
Kim Woo Taek - - 2010
It is a challenge to confirm chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI) as a cause of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms such as postprandial epigastric bloating, anorexia, and debilitating weight loss. Endovascular intervention for CMI has been gaining popularity because of the high morbidity associated with surgical revascularization. However, in EVI for superior mesenteric ...
Stephens John C - - 2010
An elderly woman developed chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI) due to severe stenosis of the celiac artery and chronic total occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). Stenting of the celiac artery resulted in resolution of CMI, but symptoms recurred 4 months later due to restenosis. We report successful sustained resolution ...
Demirel Serdar - - 2010
Endovascular microcoil embolization of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) main trunk is not currently employed as a treatment for penetrating injury to the SMA in hemodynamically instable patients. Immediate laparotomy is the initial gold standard therapy. We report a case of successful SMA microcoil embolization with preservation of mesenteric perfusion ...
Dorais Jessie - - 2011
To describe a case of superior mesenteric vein thrombosis associated with IVF. Case report. University teaching hospital. A 33-year-old female developed progressive abdominal pain several days after ET in her first IVF cycle. A computed tomography scan 12 days after ET showed a superior mesenteric vein thrombosis. Therapeutic anticoagulation. Resolution ...
Gomes Otoni Moreira - - 2010
To evaluate the histopathology alterations of the intestinal mucosa of rabbits submitted to different times of mesenteric artery ischemia and reperfusion with and without celiac artery collateral circulation supply. Two groups of eight male New Zealand white rabbits (weight 2.2-3.5 kg) were used in this study. In the Group 1 ...
Sagban A T - - 2010
Coral reef aorta (CRA) is described as rock-hard calcifications in the visceral part of the aorta. These heavily calcified plaques grow into the lumen and can cause significant stenoses, leading to malperfusion of the lower limbs, visceral ischaemia or hypertension due to renal ischaemia. From 1/1984 to 11/2008, 80 patients ...
Bevernage Charlotte - - 2010
A 2.5-year-old boy presented with life-threatening lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. Radiological investigation, including US, CT and 99 m-Technetium (Tc) pertechnate scintigraphy, was negative. Emergency visceral angiography was performed, showing a left-side, non-branching artery, originating from a side branch of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) with extravasation of contrast material. At ...
Icardo José M - - 2010
The gastrointestinal tract of the African lungfish Protopterus annectens is a composite, which includes the gut, the spleen, and the pancreas. The gut is formed by a short oesophagus, a longitudinal stomach, a pyloric valve, a spiraling intestine, and a cloaca. Coiling of the intestine begins dorsally below the pylorus, ...
Piga Matteo - - 2010
Behçet's disease (BD) is a chronic inflammatory multisystem disorder characterised by recurrent oral and genital aphtosis and ocular involvement. Thrombophlebitis and major vessel thrombosis are common manifestations of vascular involvement in BD patients, whereas intracardiac thrombosis is extremely rare. We describe a 22-year-old woman who presented with deep vein thrombosis ...
Díaz Eduardo - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Pseudoaneurysms of the superior mesenteric artery are rare, and their natural history is characterized by their tendency to rupture, thereby leading to a high mortality rate. Compared with classic surgical techniques (open), in recent years the possibility of endovascular treatment has increased. RESULTS: We report the cases of two ...
Lee Y J - - 2010
Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis involving predominantly medium-sized muscular arteries. It commonly involves skin, kidney, cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal system, and neurological system. But bronchial artery involvement of PAN is rarely identified. We report a case of PAN with initial presentation of hemoptysis. On admission, chest radiograph and ...
Zeller Thomas - - 2010
Chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI) is most likely caused by atherosclerosis and less frequently by external compression and vasculitis. Symptomatic CMI is an uncommon, potentially under-diagnosed condition caused by fixed stenoses or occlusion of, in most conditions, at least two visceral arteries. If only one of the three major bowel-providing arteries ...
Popovič Peter - - 2011
A case of acute superior mesenteric artery embolism treated with percutaneous thrombus aspiration is described. A 63-year-old man with chronic atrial fibrillation was admitted to the hospital with progressive abdominal pain. Computed tomography angiography revealed an occlusion of the distal part of the superior mesenteric artery. The patient was effectively ...
Tang Zuo Hua - - 2010
To evaluate multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) for detecting the early changes and dynamic evolution of acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) induced by the ligation of superior mesenteric vein (SMV) in an experimental porcine model. Twelve pigs were randomly assigned to three experimental groups, and one control group with three pigs in ...
Gordon Peter - - 2010
We present a rare case of a patient who presented with acute abdominal pain with a previous history of alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency). Further clinical deterioration necessitated computed tomography (CT) imaging, which demonstrated a hemoperitoneum. Angiography confirmed the rupture of multiple aneurysms originating from the mesenteric arterial arcade, which were ...
Moriwaki Yoshihiro - - 2010
A 72-year-old woman was transferred to our critical care center because of transient loss of consciousness and aphasia. She had a history of abdominal pain, nausea, and atrial fibrillation, and reported on admission mild abdominal rebound tenderness, inflammatory response, acidosis and renal dysfunction. We suspected acute superior mesenteric arterial occlusion ...
Chinsakchai Khamin - - 2010
The authors report a successful management of acute superior mesenteric artery embolism in a patient during the treatment of popliteal artery embolism. The diagnosis of this disease was confirmed by computerized tomographic angiography. Immediate surgical embolectomy and bowel resection were performed and postoperatively, he made an uneventful recovery except for ...
Do Natalie - - 2010
Retrograde superior mesenteric artery stenting (ROMS) represents a significant development in the treatment of acute mesenteric ischemia. Compared to traditional surgical mesenteric bypass, ROMS is a less invasive technique that avoids many complications associated with emergent mesenteric bypass. This case report illustrates that retrograde superior mesenteric artery (SMA) stenting is ...
Palmucci Stefano S Department DOGIRA, Section of Radiological Sciences, Policlinico-Vittorio Emanuele University Hospital, Via Santa Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy. - - 2010
Aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms of the superior mesenteric artery are potentially lethal and should be treated as urgently as possible. In a 52-year-old man with occasional epigastric pain, we accidentally discovered a superior mesenteric artery aneurysm that was ruptured with spontaneous tamponade in the uncinate process and in the head of ...
Larena-Avellaneda Axel - - 2010
Despite technological advances in computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging, the involvement of the celiac or mesenteric artery in pancreatic cancer remains uncertain in many cases. Infiltration of these vessels is important in making decisions about therapy choices but often can only be definitively determined through laparotomy. Local (intraarterial) ...
Jin Zhe Wu - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to provide better understanding as to how the "double" vascular arcades, in contrast to other intestinal marginal vessels, develop along the right margin of the pancreatic head. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In human fetuses between 8-30 weeks, we described the topographical anatomy of the ...
Lalitha Palle - - 2010
Isolated superior mesenteric artery (SMA) dissection without involvement of the aorta and the SMA origin is unusual. We present a case of an elderly gentleman who had chronic abdominal pain, worse after meals. CT angiography, performed on a 64-slice CT scanner, revealed SMA dissection with a thrombus. A large artery ...
Kayhan Arda - - 2010
Alagille syndrome affects multiple organ systems. The most common vascular manifestation of Alagille syndrome is peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis. A few cases of abdominal vasculature involvement have been reported, particularly in the pediatric age group. Herein, the authors describe an adult patient with Alagille syndrome who presented with multiple visceral ...
Falkenberg M - - 2010
Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is the treatment of choice for descending thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAA). However, not all patients with TAA can be treated with the endovascular technique. Insufficient proximal and/or distal sealing zone is the most common reason for open surgery in these patients. If the distal sealing ...
Ke Shin Rong - - 2010
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty is now used widely in the revascularization of peripheral artery disease. We report the case of a 75-year-old woman with chronic mesenteric ischemia, who presented with postprandial abdominal pain, food fear, and weight loss for 6 months. Mesenteric angiography showed critical stenosis in the celiac trunk, and ...
Patel Tejas - - 2010
Acute aortic dissection extending into the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) following a blunt trauma is an extremely rare complication. We report a case of acute post-traumatic SMA dissection presented with an acute abdominal syndrome. Computed tomographic angiography and arteriography allowed a rapid diagnosis and urgent percutaneous endovascular intervention through transradial ...
Gibbons C P - - 2010
Endovascular treatment for chronic mesenteric ischemia is growing in popularity because of its lower periprocedural morbidity and mortality than open surgery. It is especially suitable for the high-risk surgical candidate and for those who have a poor nutritional state, although endovascular surgery may not be possible in patients with ostial ...
Oderich Gustavo S - - 2010
Treatment of chronic mesenteric ischemia has evolved during the last 2 decades. Endovascular treatment has first emerged as an alternative to bypass in the elderly or higher-risk patient, but has become the primary modality of treatment in most patients with suitable lesions, independent of their surgical risk. Open mesenteric revascularization ...
Saba L - - 2010
We report the case of a 49-year-old man admitted to our Institute because he suffered acute abdominal pain induced by eating. Sonography don't revealed pathological findings. Then underwent a multi-detector row computed tomography angiography (MDCTA) that revealed an intimal flap separating true and false lumens that was located 2 cm ...
Bj?rck Martin - - 2010
The main focus when discussing acute or chronic mesenteric ischemia is on occlusive disease, arterial or venous. This article reviews present knowledge on mesenteric nonocclusive hypoperfusion syndromes. The following three clinical entities are reviewed: (1) Intraabdominal hypertension (IAH), or abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS), is important after ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm ...
Matsushita Hiroshi - - 2010
Rhodococcus equi is an unusual cause of infection. Furthermore, this infection also tends to be typically described in immunocompromised patients. This report describes a 25-year-old previously healthy man with infectious endocarditis that was found to have been caused by R equi complicated by a subarachnoid hemorrhage, subdural hematoma, and a ...
Bergqvist David - - 2010
Mesenteric vein thrombosis has a similar clinical course as arterial, although more prolonged. In the majority of cases conventional anticoagulant treatment should be used and is often successful. The duration should be at least 6 months. Thrombolysis has been used, both systemic and local, although only in small series. Surgery ...
Wyers Mark C - - 2010
Mortality related to acute mesenteric arterial occlusion remains very high. Patient survival is dependent on prompt recognition and revascularization before ischemia progresses to intestinal gangrene. Biphasic computed tomography angiography has surpassed angiography as the diagnostic test of choice due to its ability to define the arterial anatomy and to evaluate ...
Kulenovic Amela - - 2010
This study explored arterial vascularisation of celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery using method of selective arteriography in series of arteriogram which were done in 39 patients of Institute for Radiology. There were no pathological findings in a single case at pancreas or duodenum. Arteries which arise for vascularization of ...
Hwang Christopher K - - 2010
We describe a case of spontaneous dissection and thrombosis of the superior mesenteric artery in a 54-year-old man who presented with new onset of hypertension and epigastric pain. Initial unsuccessful treatment with catheter-directed thrombolysis was followed by surgical intervention. In cases in which an extensive intimectomy is performed, early institution ...
Sakaguchi Takanori - - 2010
BACKGROUND: It is important to be aware of mesenteric venous variants to perform peripancreatic surgery. We investigated the usefulness of 3-dimensional (3-D) portography. METHODS: Vessels were reconstructed using computer software in 102 patients undergoing multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) scheduled for gastrointestinal or hepatobiliary-pancreatic surgery. RESULTS: The superior mesenteric vein (SMV) ...
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