Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1146
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Lall Dg - - 2002
BackgroundInflammatory myofibroblastic pseudotumour is a rare pancreatic lesion.Case OutlineA 32-year-old woman with such a tumour was treated by a radical operation comprising proximal pancreatic-duodenectomy (Whipple Procedure) and transverse colectomy with resection and reconstruction of the superior mesenteric artery and vein. She remains well 6 years later.DiscussionThe importance of aggressive surgical ...
Blebea John - - 2002
Duplex ultrasound of the visceral arteries is a technically challenging procedure. We examined the clinical usefulness of perflutren intravenous ultrasound contrast to improve the diagnostic accuracy of such studies. Seventeen patients were prospectively studied. A color duplex imaging study of the visceral vasculature was performed with and without the contrast ...
Kalliafas Stavros - - 2002
After endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm with endografts with suprarenal stents, the proximal uncovered stent may cross the origin of the superior mesenteric artery. Effects on splanchnic circulation are unknown and may include development of stenosis at the vicinity of the stent. The criteria of high-grade superior mesenteric artery ...
Trompeter Markus - - 2002
Non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI) compromises all forms of mesenteric ischemia with patent mesenteric arteries. It generally affects patients over 50 years of age suffering from myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, aortic insufficiency, renal or hepatic disease and patients following cardiac surgery. Non-occlusive disease accounts for 20-30% of all cases of ...
Besoluk K - - 2001
This study was carried out to describe the arterial supply of Meckel's diverticulum (MD) in geese, using 36 adult healthy geese of both sexes, 50 to 52 weeks of age. The arterial supply of MD was classified into three types, In the first type, MD was supplied by a very ...
Bush R L - - 2001
The optimal management of endoleaks after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms remains to be established. In this report, we describe a persistent side-branch, or type II, endoleak 1 year after endograft implantation treated with catheter-directed embolization of the aneurysm sac and the inferior mesenteric artery via the superior mesenteric ...
Tateishi A - - 2001
Mesenteric vein thrombosis is generally difficult to diagnose and can be fatal. A case of extensive thrombosis of the mesenteric and portal veins was diagnosed early and successfully treated in a 26-year-old man with Down syndrome who was admitted to hospital because of abdominal pain, severe nausea and high fever. ...
Volumenie J L - - 2001
This study aimed to analyse the influence of amnio-infusion on superior mesenteric Doppler velocimetry and to correlate Doppler data with outcome in fetuses presenting with gastroschisis. Umbilical and intra- and extra-abdominal superior mesenteric artery Doppler velocimetry was measured prospectively before and after amnio-infusion in fetuses with gastroschisis. Doppler index values ...
Dubin A - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: (1) To demonstrate that metabolic parameters are better indicators of tissue hypoxia than regional and whole oxygen consumption (VO(2)). (2) To compare intramucosal pH (pHi) in different gastrointestinal segments. DESIGN: Prospective, interventional study. SETTING: Research laboratory at a university center. SUBJECTS: Fourteen anesthetized, mechanically ventilated dogs. INTERVENTIONS: Twenty milliliters ...
Maisonnette F - - 2001
We describe a case of ruptured mesenteric artery branch aneurysm. Since it is characterized by nonspecific clinical manifestations, aneurysm in this uncommon location is usually diagnosed following complications. Definitive diagnosis requires Doppler ultrasound followed by arteriography. The purpose of this report is to describe the pitfalls of diagnosis and define ...
Patil V K - - 2001
In a series of 19 neonates with small-bowel atresia, 16 were treated by end-to-end linear anastomosis (ELA) without resection and 3 by resection anastomosis (RA). Seven atresias were jejunal, 11 were ileal, and 1 jejunoileal; 3 cases were type II, 12 type IIIa, 3 type IIIb, and 1 type IV. ...
Okino Y - - 2001
The root of the small-bowel mesentery (SBM) is an important peritoneal fold that is contiguous to other peritoneal ligaments and mesocolons. Several pathologic conditions can occur in the SBM itself, and diseases that spread through the connections from adjacent organs frequently involve it. The root of the SBM is contiguous ...
Scrivani P V - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether sensitivity of detecting an anomalous portosystemic blood vessel during operative mesenteric portography varied with patient positioning. DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: 34 dogs with a portosystemic shunt diagnosed via scintigraphy or surgery. PROCEDURE: Portograms were evaluated for a portosystemic blood vessel. Sensitivity was calculated from results obtained ...
Funaki B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated therapeutic microcoil embolization in a group of patients with severe colonic hemorrhage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with severe colonic bleeding due to diverticular disease (n = 19), angiodysplasia (n = 6), cecal ulcer (n = 1), or unknown cause (n = 1) underwent attempted microcoil embolization ...
Price P A - - 2001
The present experiments were carried out to test the hypothesis that arterial calcification is linked to bone resorption by determining whether the selective inhibition of bone resorption with osteoprotegerin will inhibit arterial calcification. In the first test, arterial calcification was induced by treating 22-day-old male rats with warfarin, a procedure ...
Wang B W - - 2001
Superior mesenteric arteriovenous fistula is rarely encountered. Unrecognized in early stage, it can cause hazardous sequelae of portal hypertension. Herein we report a rare case of portal obstruction associated with an aneurysmal dilatation of the superior mesenteric vein, which was caused by a superior mesenteric arteriovenous fistula. The patient was ...
Canessa C E - - 2001
PURPOSE: Lymph node involvement is the most important prognostic factor when staging patients with colorectal cancer. The probability of detecting metastasis grows with the number of nodes examined. However, the number of nodes found in surgical specimens varies substantially. We have therefore determined the number and distribution of lymph nodes ...
Moneta G L - - 2001
Duplex ultrasonography is the preferred noninvasive screening test for superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and celiac artery (CA) stenosis. Although postprandial increases in SMA peak systolic velocity (PSV) are known to occur, the principal duplex criteria for hemodynamically significant SMA and CA stenosis are based on fasting flow velocities. In the ...
Gokan T - - 2001
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to assess CT demonstration of the enlarged gonadal vein as a portosystemic shunt of mesenteric varices. METHOD: The clinical records and CT images of eight patients with angiographically confirmed mesenteric varices were studied retrospectively. We measured the size of the right gonadal vein ...
Young R M - - 2001
The management of acute mesenteric ischemia in the contaminated abdomen may require the use of an autogenous graft to achieve mesenteric revascularization. The authors present a case of an ischemic small bowel perforation in a 62-year-old-woman whose preoperative angiogram demonstrated occlusion of the celiac, superior mesenteric, and inferior mesenteric arteries. ...
Tajima T - - 2001
We report a rare case of iatrogenic arterial dissection of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) during diagnostic angiography. A conventional superior mesenteric arteriogram obtained using an automated power injector revealed an arterial dissection 2s after the initiation of contrast-medium injection. This case indicates that although careful catheter manipulations during angiography ...
Lin L C - - 2001
A 14-year-old girl with superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome associated with hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN) type II is reported. The initial presentations of HMSN type II were developmental delay and gait disturbance at 2 years of age. All deep tendon reflexes were absent. Nerve conduction velocities and left ...
Ramírez M C - - 2001
F-180 has been proposed as a new vasopressin analogue for the treatment of portal hypertension. This study investigates the contractile profile of F-180 compared to vasopressin and its analogue terlipressin on isolated systemic and splanchnic vessels from sham-operated and partial portal vein ligated (PPVL) rats. F-180 (10(-9)-10(-6) M), vasopressin (10(-11)-10(-8) ...
Oran I - - 2001
Anatomical variations of the celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery are not infrequent. Knowledge of the existing aberrations is important in planning and conducting surgical or radiological procedures. A case of right hepatic artery arising independently from the aorta supplying an hepatocellular carcinoma was identified, through which transarterial chemoembolization was ...
Laghi A - - 2001
The introduction of multislice technology has improved and expanded the clinical applications of computed tomography angiography (CTA), and it is now possible to detect subtle vascular abnormalities. We optimised a high resolution CTA protocol to study the anatomy of mesenteric arteries with a multislice spiral CT scanner. We showed that ...
Nonent M - - 2001
The authors report the case of a 39-year-old man with a common origin of three arteries-the celiac, superior mesenteric, and inferior mesenteric arteries-that has not been described previously in the literature, to their knowledge. This variant, which they call the celiac-bimesenteric trunk, is documented with a selective angiogram, and an ...
Malin R - - 2001
Paraoxonase (PON) is an antioxidative enzyme, which eliminates lipid peroxides. PON has two common polymorphisms (M/L55 and R/Q192) that influence PON concentration and activity. We studied whether the M/L55 or R/Q192 genotype relates with the severity of atherosclerosis of the abdominal aorta, and the mesenteric and common iliac arteries in ...
Gray Bruce H. - - 2001
The clinical presentation of mesenteric ischemia depends on the site, grade, and cause of vascular obstruction; the degree of collateralization; and the stage of disease. Patients in the early stages of ischemia typically have abdominal pain out of context with an unimpressive abdominal examination. It is during this stage that ...
Witte B - - 2001
A variation of the blood supply to the pancreas was observed in an 89-year-old female, in which the celiac trunk gave off four arteries: the hepatic, splenic, left gastric arteries and an additional dorsal pancreatic artery. One of the branches the dorsal pancreatic artery joined with the superior mesenteric artery ...
Foley W D - - 2001
Mesenteric ischemia is an important clinical condition becoming more prevalent with aging of the population. Mesenteric ischemia may be manifest in an acute presentation, usually secondary to thromboembolism or cardiac insufficiency. Patients have abdominal pain, lactic acidosis, benign abdominal examination, and, often, coexistent multisystem organ dysfunction. Chronic mesenteric ischemia is ...
Ichimura K - - 2001
The branching and distribution patterns of the superior mesenteric artery were studied in 10 adult bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana) after injection of coloured latex solution into the vasculature. The abdominal digestive organs in the bullfrog were mainly supplied by the coeliac artery and the superior mesenteric artery, both of which arose ...
Araji O - - 2001
We report a case of a large aneurysm of the inferior mesenteric artery that extended from its origin to bifurcation in the left colic and sigmoidal arteries, and was associated with occlusion of the celiac and superior mesenteric arteries in a 64-year-old patient. The diagnosis was made by arteriography. The ...
Yamada Y - - 2001
A 41-year-old woman with long-standing anorexia nervosa showed paralytic ileus and serum creatine kinase elevation. Surgical treatment showed necrosis of the segmental ileum and cecum with perforation. She died of septic shock 3 days after the operation. Postmortem examination revealed no occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery or its main ...
Richardson W S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Superior mesenteric artery syndrome is duodenal obstruction by the superior mesenteric artery. It is caused by decreasing the angle between the aorta and superior mesenteric artery causing compression of the third part of the duodenum and usually occurs after a period of weight loss. METHODS: Between September 1999 and ...
Gradman W S - - 2001
Elevated plasma homocysteine is an acknowledged risk factor for arteriosclerotic occlusive disease, but little clinical evidence is available regarding its role in acute arterial thrombosis in the absence of an underlying lesion. A 45-year old man presented with an acute abdomen. A magnetic resonance arteriogram (MRA) showed occlusion of the ...
Jin Z - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the respective value of dual-phase helical CT arterial portography (CTAP) and conventional angiography in preoperative predicting resectability of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Tumor resectability was prospectively evaluated in 54 patients with pathologically proven pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma who later underwent surgery. Both dual-phase helical CT scanning ...
Oran I - - 2001
A 41-year-old woman with intestinal tuberculosis developed massive lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Angiographic examinations showed two aneurysms arising from the proximal branches of the superior mesenteric artery, one of which was resected and the other one was successfully embolized with microcoils. Understanding the angiographic features of the disease with gastrointestinal hemorrhage ...
Gotsman I - - 2001
We report a case of chronic mesenteric ischemia that caused abdominal angina and weight loss in an 80-year-old woman. A mesenteric angiogram revealed total occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery and 90% stenosis of the celiac and inferior mesenteric arteries. Balloon angioplasty of the celiac artery failed because of elastic ...
Senechal Q - - 2001
A 56-year-old man presented with complete occlusion of the superior and inferior mesenteric arteries resulting in chronic mesenteric ischemia. After a minimal angioplasty a Wallstent was inserted across the superior mesenteric artery occlusion. This produced immediate clinical relief, with a successful angiographic result. Eight months later, an intrastent occlusion with ...
Lock G - - 2001
The subsets of acute mesenteric ischaemia include mesenteric arterial occlusion (by embolus or thrombosis), mesenteric venous thrombosis and non-occlusive mesenteric ischaemia. Despite advances in pathophysiology, laboratory diagnosis and imaging techniques, acute mesenteric ischaemia is still associated with mortality rates of more than 60% and continues to be a challenging diagnostic ...
Maresi E - - 2001
We report an unusual case of "arrhythmic" sudden cardiac death in a 3-year-old child who died of ischemic myocardial lesions as a result of intimal fibroplasia of the coronary arteries. Also affected were the aorta and its major branches, whereas renal and mesenteric arteries, celiac trunk, and systemic veins were ...
McNulty J G - - 2001
Arterial anastomoses between the celiac trunk (CT) and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) include three variants. 1) The main anastomosis is the gastroduodenal artery (GDA), which is an important branch of the common hepatic artery and anastomoses with branches of the inferior pancreatic duodenal artery, a branch of the SMA. 2) ...
Brountzos E N - - 2001
Endovascular treatment of acute mesenteric ischemia is rarely reported. We report a patient with a 1-year history of chronic mesenteric ischemia who presented with acute worsening of his symptoms and peritoneal signs. Aortography depicted an occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery, which was successfully managed with immediate percutaneous angioplasty (PTA) ...
Yamaguchi H - - 2001
The communicating artery (ComA) between the anterior and posterior pancreaticoduodenal arterial arcades is little understood, although it has been described several times during the past 100 years. In 44 of 51 cadaveric specimens in the present study, the typical ComA was observed to pass between the major and accessory pancreatic ...
Hentati N - - 2001
A case of a "double hepatomesenteric artery", i.e. two persisting hepatic arteries arising from the superior mesenteric artery, is reported. Also observed was a lack of systematisation of the pancreaticoduodenal arteries. The variant, which does not appear to have been previously reported in the literature, was observed when dissecting the ...
Desgranges P - - 2000
PURPOSE: To report endovascular repair of an iatrogenic superior mesenteric artery (SMA) dissection caused by a balloon occlusion catheter. CASE REPORT: A 68-year-old man with a suprarenal aortic aneurysm underwent conventional prosthetic replacement, during which visceral artery back bleeding was controlled with balloon occlusion catheters. Six hours postoperatively, the patient ...
Lane T M - - 2000
Rectal stricture formation is a rare complication of aortic aneurysm repair. Two case are described here. A combination of hypotension, a compromised internal iliac circulation and poor collateral supply following inferior mesenteric artery ligation can result in acute ischaemic proctitis--an infrequently described clinical entity. Ulceration and necrosis are the sequelae ...
Rispoli P - - 2000
The authors report a case of acute superior mesenteric and right renal artery embolism that occurred during an interventional radiological procedure on the abdominal aorta of a young diabetic woman. The onset of a severe abdominal pain during the procedure evoked the clinical suspicion of intestinal ischemia related to the ...
Roayaie S - - 2000
A 43-year-old woman presented with symptomatic mesenteric ischemia caused by median arcuate ligament compression of her celiac artery. Magnetic resonance angiography clearly demonstrated stenosis of the proximal celiac artery. She underwent laparoscopic decompression by division of the ligament and excision of the celiac plexus. Laparoscopic Doppler ultrasound scanning demonstrated markedly ...
Koga I - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that intraperitoneal tonometry can be a specific monitor for ischaemia in the small intestine. METHODS: Twelve pigs were anaesthetized and mechanically ventilated. The celiac artery (CA), the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) were identified. ...
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