Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1456
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Ahmad Amir - - 2009
We describe a case which highlights the difficulties in diagnosing pulmonary embolism as it can mimic other conditions. In a patient with chest pain with raised troponin, a diagnosis of pulmonary embolism should also be considered as well if the clinical picture does not fit with myocardial infarction. Otherwise, the ...
Madhusudhan Thayur R - - 2009
Fatal pulmonary embolism following a shoulder joint replacement is a rare event. The exact prevalence of shoulder arthroplasties is not clear. Unlike hip and knee joint replacements where some form of thromboprophylaxis is routinely prescribed, no such guidelines and practice exist for shoulder replacements. Other case reports have confirmed fatal ...
Todd Keith - - 2009
The diagnosis of acute pulmonary embolism has always been challenging. However, it has recently been greatly assisted through advances in radiological imaging. While imaging techniques are widely available, they cannot always be utilized. We report a case of acute pulmonary embolism in a patient with several prior pulmonary resections that ...
Gimber Lana Hirai LH Lana Hirai Gimber, MPH, is a fourth-year medical student at the John A Burns School of Medicine in Honolulu, HI. E-mail: lanakhirai@yahoo.com - - 2009
Pulmonary computed tomography angiography (CTA) and the Wells criteria both have interobserver variability in the assessment of pulmonary embolism (PE). Quantitative D-dimer assay findings have been shown to have a high negative predictive value in patients with low pretest probability of PE. Evaluate roles for clinical probability and CTA in ...
Kridel Robert - - 2008
We report the case of a 49-year-old woman with a prior history of breast cancer who presented with a subacute course of progressive dyspnoea, culminating in cardiovascular collapse from acute right heart failure. D-dimer serum level was elevated. While a computed tomography of the chest was negative for pulmonary embolism, ...
O'Callaghan D S - - 2008
Primary cardiac angiosarcoma is a rare tumor that may present with features mimicking venous thromboembolic disease, making the diagnosis particularly challenging. Without a high index of suspicion, the majority of cases will remain undetected until the disease is advanced. As a result, the outlook for most patients remains dismal even ...
Lang Irene M - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Venous thromboembolism is a spectrum of disease comprising deep vein thrombosis, thrombus in transit, acute pulmonary embolism, and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) as a rare and late possible sequela. RECENT FINDINGS: On the basis of a prospective long-term study, the incidence of CTEPH is estimated at ...
Mosquera Victor X - - 2008
Thrombus formation can be a significant cause for morbidity and mortality after Fontan operation. Intracardiac thrombus formation can lead to chronic pulmonary embolic disease if formed on the right side, or stroke, if on the left side of the heart. Right-sided embolism may result in ventilation/perfusion mismatch or elevation of ...
Anderson David R - - 2008
The role of ultrasonography of the lower extremities for the evaluation of patients with suspected pulmonary embolism has become more clearly defined with time. Ultrasonography is a useful first-line test for pulmonary embolism in clinical circumstances in which radiographic imaging is contraindicated or not readily available (eg, pregnancy). Ultrasonography is ...
Miniati Massimo - - 2008
In this article, we review the evolution of scintigraphy for the diagnosis of acute pulmonary embolism (PE). We begin with perfusion (Q) scintigraphy, review the development of diagnostic systems that combine ventilation (V) scintigraphy and chest radiography with the Q scan, and describe in detail the Prospective Investigative Study of ...
Jeltsch Martin - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the pulmonary vessel enhancement obtainable using high-density contrast material and saline flushing with automated bolus tracking for multidetector-row computed tomographic (MDCT) pulmonary angiography in a routine clinical setting. METHODS: Attenuation values of pulmonary vessels were retrospectively measured in 51 CT scans ...
Dias-Junior Carlos A - - 2008
Acute pulmonary embolism produces acute pulmonary hypertension, which can be counteracted by activating the nitric oxide-cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP) pathway. While previous studies have shown that sildenafil (an inhibitor of cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase type 5) or nitrite (a storage molecule for nitric oxide) produces beneficial effects during acute pulmonary embolism, no ...
Serefhanoglu Kivanc - - 2008
A 24-year-old female was admitted to an infectious diseases unit with complaints of dyspnea and fever. She had suffered from multiple episodes of fever for 1 year. The diagnostic workup revealed multiple pulmonary nodules on the chest CT scan, suggesting septic pulmonary embolism, and a periapical abscess around the maxillary ...
Austin Luke - - 2008
Total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is categorized as a major risk factor for thromboembolic complications. The importance of hypoxemia during the postoperative period is subject of controversy. This prospective study elucidates the incidence and etiology of hypoxemia after TJA. Furthermore, we intended to assess the predictive value of clinical findings in ...
Prytuła A - - 2008
Pulmonary N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate embolism is one of the potential risks associated with endoscopic obliteration of fundic gastric varices. Due to its uncommon nature, especially in children, no consensus has been proposed on its optimal management. An 11-year-old boy with a longstanding history of lung- and liver fibrosis with portal hypertension causing ...
Pala Selcuk - - 2009
A 78 year-old woman presented with a history of 15 days of dyspnea and tachypnea at rest. A distended right ventricle with free-wall hypokinesis and displacement of the interventricular septum toward the left ventricle were shown on echocardiography. The patient suddenly arrested. She underwent cardiac catheterization and selective pulmonary angiography ...
Jönsson Anna K - - 2008
To determine the association between fatal pulmonary embolism and use of antipsychotic drugs in a Swedish medicolegal autopsy series. Persons aged 18-65 years and subjected to a medicolegal autopsy in 1992-2005 were selected. On the basis of external cause of death, determined by the forensic pathologist, unnatural deaths (including fatal ...
Wu Den-Ko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The main pulmonary arterial (PA) distensibility in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) and pulmonary embolism (PE) is uncertain. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 45 patients with echocardiographic signs of PH and without imaging evidence of PE, and another 45 who were found by multidetector-row computed tomography to have PE. ...
Meyer Guy - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Until recently, little was known about the long-term outcome of pulmonary embolism. Long-term mortality and recurrence rates, the case fatality rate of recurrent events, and the frequency of persistent vascular defects remained largely unknown. Improvements in our knowledge of these aspects may help to define the optimal ...
Haller Ingrid - - 2008
Versatile particles from transcatheter embolization may accidentally enter the pulmonary circulation, causing severe pulmonary embolism. A 36-yr-old woman patient suffering from an arteriovenous malformation in the left shoulder underwent embolization with micro coils, N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate/lipiodol and polyvinyl alcohol particles. During embolization, acute onset of tachycardia, hypotension, and decline in oxygen saturation ...
Soye J Albert - - 2008
Pulmonary embolism (PE) has a significant associated morbidity and mortality. The role of diagnostic imaging in PE is being increasingly undertaken by computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA). An advantage of CTPA is its ability to simultaneously provide information on the lung parenchyma, mediastinum, pleural spaces, and chest wall. A sample ...
Torbicki Adam - - 2008
Non-thrombotic PE does not represent a distinct clinical syndrome. It may be due to a variety of embolic materials and result in a wide spectrum of clinical presentations, making the diagnosis difficult. With the exception of severe air and fat embolism, the haemodynamic consequences of non-thrombotic emboli are usually mild. ...
Venmans A - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: During percutaneous polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) vertebroplasty (PV), PMMA cement may migrate into the venous system and subsequently be transported to the pulmonary arteries. Frequency, outcome, and imaging findings of PMMA pulmonary embolism are poorly understood. We retrospectively assessed the frequency and outcome of PMMA embolism during PV in ...
Patan? Salvatore - - 2010
Serum troponin I is a sensitive indicator of myocardial damage but abnormal troponin I levels have been reported without acute coronary syndrome and without cardiac damage. It has been reported that right ventricular overload and hypoxia in acute pulmonary embolism may lead to right ventricular myocardium injury reflected by elevated ...
Lee Edward W - - 2008
With advancement of interventional techniques and increasing complexity of patients, the involvement of interventional radiologists in the pulmonary critical care (PCC) setting has increased in recent years. Particularly, interventional radiologists have evolved to play a significant role in treating patients with vascular pathologies such as massive pulmonary embolism. In this ...
Aylin Paul - - 2008
Pulmonary embolism (PE) can be difficult to diagnose and manage. This paper examines recent national trends in admission rates and mortality for PE to help inform clinical practice. Admissions to NHS hospitals in England between 1 April 1996 and 31 March 2006 were studied. Trends in admission rates, the proportion ...
Hoang J K - - 2008
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a life-threatening condition. Multidetector CT pulmonary angiography is currently the imaging method of choice for the detection of PE. The aim of this pictorial essay is to review the appearances of PE on multidetector CT pulmonary angiography, including signs that differentiate acute and chronic PE and ...
Meyer Michael Andrew - - 2009
A 50-year-old male with sudden syncope and witnessed seizure activity was discovered to have pulmonary emboli. Although he denied shortness of breath, d-dimer testing was positive and a ventilation-perfusion scan was positive for bilateral pulmonary emboli; cardiac ECHO also confirmed elevated right ventricular pressures. The literature on this unusual presentation ...
Revel M P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic value of indirect computed tomographic venography (CTV), following thoracic computed tomographic angiography (CTA), has not been specifically evaluated in postpartum patients with suspected pulmonary embolism. OBJECTIVES: To assess the diagnostic value of CTV in postpartum venous thromboembolism. METHODS: We reviewed all CTA and CTV procedures performed during ...
Si T-G - - 2008
PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility and efficacy of catheter-directed thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) for acute limb embolism in patients with recent cerebral embolism due to atrial fibrillation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight patients (six men, two women; mean age 63.5 years) with acute embolic occlusion of two left ...
Nestico Pasquale F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We present a soldier with a pulmonary embolism presenting with syncope during an ischemic stress test, subsequently found to have normal coronary arteries (CA). CASE: A 49-year-old soldier had 3 months history of exertional chest pain, shortness of breath, syncope, and malaise. He passed out during a stress echocardiogram ...
Lodato Joseph A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is ordered frequently in patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE). Multiple indices have been suggested to play a useful diagnostic role. We sought to determine the relative predictive accuracy of suggested quantitative indices among patients referred for CT scanning for exclusion of PE. METHODS: We retrospectively ...
Porcel José M - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review highlights both the radiographic and the fluid characteristics of pleural effusions occurring in patients with pulmonary embolism. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent data show that one third of patients with pulmonary embolism have pleural effusions as demonstrated by chest radiograph. By using computed tomography or ultrasonography, pleural ...
Hoxie Samuel C - - 2008
Previous studies have provided data on the incidence of pulmonary embolism following shoulder arthroplasty and repair of fractures of the proximal humerus. However, there is no information on the risk of pulmonary embolism following the surgical management of rotator cuff tears. We performed a review of 1176 patients who underwent ...
Chen Huang-Chi - - 2008
Tadalafil is a phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitor that is used to treat male erectile dysfunction. It is currently undergoing clinical trials for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension. Although at present there is no evidence of hypercoagulation states being associated with the use of PDE5 inhibitors, several studies suggest that PDE5 ...
Sato Hiroaki - - 2008
A 21-year-old man, in whom abnormal nodules had been detected in bilateral lung fields with no clinical symptoms for two years, was admitted to the hospital with sudden cardiopulmonary arrest. Acute pulmonary embolism with a large embolus was diagnosed, but the patient died soon after admission. When the examination was ...
Yeh Kuan-Hung - - 2008
Although acute pulmonary embolism (PE) may give rise to certain electrocardiographic (ECG) changes, most of these changes have low sensitivity and specificity and are of limited value alone in the diagnosis. Possible ECG changes with acute PE include S(1)Q(3)T(3) pattern, atrial tachyarrhythmias, incomplete right bundle-branch block, or negative T wave ...
King Valencia - - 2008
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate (a) the diagnostic performance of D-dimer assay for pulmonary embolism (PE) in an oncologic population by using computed tomographic (CT) pulmonary angiography as the reference standard, (b) the association between PE location and assay sensitivity, and (c) the association between assay results and clinical factors that ...
Agunanne Enoch - - 2008
A 35-year-old woman was admitted to the intensive care unit with heart failure and chest pain. Echocardiography had shown dilated cardiomyopathy, with a preponderance of right heart findings and pulmonary hypertension. In a woman with multiple prior uncomplicated pregnancies and deliveries, and no other known risk factors of developing pulmonary ...
Subramaniam Rathan M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to establish whether a correlation exists between the CT pulmonary angiographic clot burden score, the ECG score at diagnosis, and the 12-month mortality rate among patients diagnosed with pulmonary embolism. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 523 consecutive patients who underwent CT pulmonary ...
Takahashi Ayuto - - 2008
Some studies have reported the adulticidal effect of long-term ivermectin (IVM) administration on adult heartworms in canines; however, there are no detailed reports on the course of the pulmonary artery embolism caused by the bodies of dead heartworms during the administration period. In this study, the pulmonary embolism caused over ...
Breen Marc E - - 2009
Pulmonary embolus (PE) can be fatal, but is often treatable if recognized early. Unfortunately, the clinical presentation of PE is often variable and misleading. The D-dimer assay has recently come into favor as a method to exclude PE; however, this test has an acceptable safety margin only in low-risk populations. ...
Becattini Cecilia - - 2008
Pulmonary embolism is a common disease associated with high mortality. Death due to pulmonary embolism occurs mainly before hospital admission or in the first hours of the hospital stay. Prompt diagnosis and prognostic stratification and more intensive treatment in patients with estimated high risk for adverse outcomes have the potential ...
Tick L W - - 2008
Objective. To determine the utility of high quantitative D-dimer levels in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. Methods. D-dimer testing was performed in consecutive patients with suspected pulmonary embolism. We included patients with suspected pulmonary embolism with a high risk for venous thromboembolism, i.e. hospitalized patients, patients older than 80 years, ...
Miniati Massimo - - 2008
RATIONALE: Clinical probability assessment is a fundamental step in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. OBJECTIVES: To develop a predictive model for pulmonary embolism based on clinical symptoms, signs, and the interpretation of the electrocardiogram. METHODS: The model was developed from a database of 1,100 patients with suspected pulmonary embolism, of ...
Righini Marc - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Multislice CT (MSCT) combined with D-dimer measurement can safely exclude pulmonary embolism in patients with a low or intermediate clinical probability of this disease. We compared this combination with a strategy in which both a negative venous ultrasonography of the leg and MSCT were needed to exclude pulmonary embolism. ...
Mullins G M - - 2008
We present a male-to-female (MTF) transgender patient admitted with a pulmonary embolism. The patient had been treated with high-dose oestrogens since the age of 16. Following a prolonged period of hypotension, our patient sustained cerebral border zone infarcts. There was evidence of bilateral carotid stenosis on Doppler ultrasound. We discuss ...
Mostafazadeh Babak - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary thromboemboli are one of the main causes of sudden death especially in hospitalized patients and appeared with different nonspecific manifestations. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of thromboemboli. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross sectional study, pulmonary autopsies of 200 cadavers who were selected ...
Javed Asim - - 2008
Glue embolisation is a rare happening and many clinicians who evaluate patients for post sclerotherapy problems may be unaware of this complication. We present a case of pulmonary embolism in a patient of cirrhosis liver secondary to gastric variceal sclerotherapy with N-Butyl-2-cyanoacrylate and lipoidol solution. This is also called glue ...
Noh Hyun Woo - - 2008
Primary pulmonary malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is very rare, so only a few imaging features have been reported. We report one case of rapidly growing primary pulmonary MFH mimicking a partially thrombosed pulmonary artery aneurysm and its radiologic findings, including multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT), conventional angiography, and fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission ...
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