Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1454
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Goldin Yelena - - 2008
Thrombotic burden might have an influence upon the concentration of D-dimer in patients with acute pulmonary embolism. Patients with small pulmonary embolisms may thus present with relatively low concentrations of D-dimer. The objective of this study was to assess the correlation of the concentrations of D-dimer with the pulmonary artery ...
Humenberger M - - 2008
The underlying disorder of pulmonary embolism (PE) is venous thromboembolism (VTE), comprising deep vein thrombosis, thrombus in transit, acute pulmonary embolism and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). PE may recur and cause serious long-term complications, such as post-thrombotic syndrome and CTEPH. This short overview summarizes current concepts on pathophysiology, epidemiology, ...
Garçon Philippe - - 2008
To date, few cases giving detailed visual descriptions of a thrombus in the pulmonary arteries or its branches in transthoracic echocardiography have been reported. We report the case of a 67-year-old man who was admitted to a hospital emergency department with a thrombus in the right pulmonary artery diagnosed by ...
Ilic Slobodan - - 2008
Hydatid cysts located in the interventricular septum are especially rare but with the high risk for intracavitary rupture. We report a patient with acute pulmonary embolism caused by an isolated, ruptured hydatid cyst on the right side of the interventricular septum. Early diagnosis was made by echocardiography and positive serology. ...
Hoxie Samuel
<b>Background: </b> Previous studies have provided data on the incidence of pulmonary embolism following shoulder arthroplasty and repair of fractures of the proximal humerus. However, there is no information on the risk of pulmonary embolism following the surgical management of rotator cuff tears. <b> Methods:</b> We performed a review of ...
Habib Syed F - - 2008
We describe a case of pulmonary embolism after sclerosant injection for bleeding oesophageal varices. The patient was managed successfully with enoxaparin. Systemic embolization after sclerotherapy is rare and depends upon a number of factors including the amount of sclerosant agent used. The incidence of this complication could be as high ...
Begic Amela - - 2008
Pulmonary embolism (PE) affects up to 1 per 1000 people every year and is one of the commonest preventable causes of death among hospital inpatients. Laboratory chemical test alone cannot confirm or exclude PE but are used together with the clinical test probability for risk stratification. Ventilation/ perfusion tomographic imaging ...
Anastasiadis Kyriakos K Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, AHEPA Hospital, Thessaloniki, - - 2008
Innominate artery cannulation is indicated mainly for surgery which involves aortic root and aortic arch when pathology precludes standard cannulation of the ascending aorta. Thus, it can be used as the procedure of choice in cases of ascending aortic aneurysm, type A aortic dissection, porcelain aorta and reoperation for coronary ...
Gargiulo Gaetano G Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Unit, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna Medical School, Via Massarenti n. 9, 40138 Bologne, - - 2008
Aortic coarctation without associated intracardiac lesions, with or without posterior arch hypoplasia referred as simple coarctation, is safely and effectively repaired via left posterolateral thoracotomy, whereas median sternotomy and cardiopulmonary bypass are necessary for aortic arch reconstruction in case of complete aortic arch hypoplasia, or coarctation with associated cardiac lesions. ...
Kakkar Nandita - - 2008
Pulmonary embolism, though treatable, is a devastating disease and an important cause of morbidity and mortality among hospitalized patients. In all, 1000 autopsies were reviewed in adult medical patients. The overall incidence of pulmonary embolism in adult medical autopsies was 15.9% (159/1000). The incidence of pulmonary embolism contributing significantly to ...
Anderson David R - - 2007
CONTEXT: Ventilation-perfusion (V(dot)Q(dot) lung scanning and computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (CTPA) are widely used imaging procedures for the evaluation of patients with suspected pulmonary embolism. Ventilation-perfusion scanning has been largely replaced by CTPA in many centers despite limited comparative formal evaluations and concerns about CTPA's low sensitivity (ie, chance of ...
Wu En Haw - - 2008
Pulmonary embolism is a life-threatening condition, which is most commonly related to deep vein thrombosis. Varicose vein thrombosis, a very common disease, is seldom reported as being related to pulmonary embolism. We present combined computed tomography venography and pulmonary angiography findings suggesting that thrombosed varicosities of a great saphenous vein ...
Cau Stefany B A - - 2008
The current therapy of acute pulmonary embolism is focused on removing the mechanical obstruction of the pulmonary vessels. However, accumulating evidence suggests that pulmonary vasoconstriction drives many of the hemodynamic changes found in this condition. We examined the effects of stimulation of soluble guanylate cyclase with BAY 41-2272 (5-Cyclopropyl-2-[1-(2-fluoro-benzyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridin-3-yl]-pyrim idin-4-ylamine) ...
Muzammil S - - 2007
Ophthalmoplegia is an unusual finding in diffuse large B cell lymphoma. This report describes the case of a 72-year old male patient who presented with ophthalmoplegia but no gross neurological manifestations and an isolated mass in the left upper thigh. His ophthalmoplegia improved from his first cycle of systemic and ...
Emet Mucahit - - 2007
This study was undertaken to evaluate the use of computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) in patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) who were followed in the emergency department (ED). The files and computer records of 850 patients older than 16 years of age who were seen in the Hacettepe University Hospital ...
Hochuli M - - 2007
We evaluated the diagnostic yield of multidetector-row CT angiography and determined the clot burden within pulmonary vasculature as a measure of pulmonary embolism (PE) severity at different d-dimer levels and pretest clinical probabilities. 254 consecutive patients referred to CT pulmonary angiography for suspected PE after d-dimer testing were grouped into ...
Jahn Uli R - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: It was hypothesized that sympathetic blockade restricted to the thoracic levels and achieved by thoracic epidural anesthesia might be capable of reducing hemodynamic deterioration after pulmonary artery embolism and that this might represent a potential method of treatment in patients with pulmonary embolism. Cardiopulmonary function after pulmonary embolism was ...
Kanjanauthai Somsupha - - 2008
Pulmonary artery sarcoma is a highly malignant tumour. Therefore, making the diagnosis is very important. We describe a case which presented with dyspnea on exertion and was initially diagnosed as saddle pulmonary embolism per CT thorax with contrast. Despite adequate anticoagulation, symptoms still progressed. Follow-up CT thorax showed an extension ...
Tsuji Yoriko - - 2007
Herein is reported a case of late-onset pulmonary embolism following pelvic surgery, despite prophylactic measures in the perioperative period. Twenty-six days after hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy for endometrial carcinoma, an 83-year-old woman developed a pulmonary embolism. This was caused by pelvic lymphocyst, which, in turn, led to chronic compression of ...
Duran C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV) has recently become a very common procedure for vertebral compression fractures. Extravasation of cement, a common event associated with vertebroplasty, may lead to cement emboli in the lungs. PURPOSE: To determine the frequency of pulmonary cement embolism after percutaneous vertebroplasty. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2002 and ...
Stein Paul D - - 2007
Selection of patients for diagnostic tests for acute pulmonary embolism requires recognition of the possibility of pulmonary embolism on the basis of the clinical characteristics. Patients in the Prospective Investigation of Pulmonary Embolism Diagnosis II had a broad spectrum of severity, which permits an evaluation of the subtle characteristics of ...
Soga Taketomo - - 2008
A 78-year-old man was admitted with sudden onset of dyspnea followed by syncope. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed embolism in the right main pulmonary artery and left upper pulmonary artery. Echocardiography revealed a large, free-floating thrombus and cine magnetic resonance imaging showed highly mobile, low-signal intensity mass in the right atrium, ...
Abdul-Jalil Youssef - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: Literature review concerning pulmonary embolism of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) material following percutaneous vertebroplasty and a report on 2 new cases. OBJECTIVE: To inform clinicians about delayed clinical manifestation of pulmonary embolism of polymethylmethacrylate material after percutaneous vertebroplasty, pathophysiology, precautions, and therapeutic management of this complication. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ...
Nucifora Gaetano - - 2007
Fat embolism syndrome (FES) is a common complication of fractures, usually of the long bones and pelvis. Common computed tomography findings of pulmonary FES include areas of consolidation, ground-glass opacities, and small nodules of various sizes, whereas filling defects in pulmonary arteries are rarely described in nonfulminant syndromes. We present ...
Turedi Suleyman - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common condition, but the diagnostic strategy for the evaluation of suspected PE is somewhat controversial. Despite the use of various biochemical markers (such as D-dimer and C-reactive protein) and various probability calculation algorithms based on clinical findings for that purpose, there is still a ...
Gottschalk Alexander - - 2007
Use of a very low probability interpretation of ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) lung scans, if verified by prospective evaluation to have a low positive predictive value (PPV), will reduce the number of nondiagnostic interpretations of V/Q scans and may be particularly useful in patients with a relative contraindication to CT. The purpose ...
Jouveshomme S - - 2007
The aim of the present study was to assess the safety and implementation of a diagnostic strategy in hospitalised patients with suspected acute pulmonary embolism (PE). A diagnostic strategy was established and implemented in a general hospital. A retrospective cohort study, including 400 consecutive in-patients, was performed in order to ...
Sokmen Gulizar - - 2008
The presence of right heart thrombi appears to increase the risk of mortality compared to the presence of pulmonary thromboemboli alone. The increased use of two-dimensional echocardiography has led to increased detection of these thromboemboli, particularly in patients with suspected or confirmed pulmonary emboli. The optimal management of the right ...
Yusof M I - - 2007
Achilles tendon injury is common and surgical procedures related to it are frequently performed and are safe. The incidence of acute pulmonary embolism following these procedures is extremely rare. This case illustrates an incidence of acute pulmonary embolism following Achilles tendon repair in a 35-year-old woman. We discuss the possible ...
Tartaglia Francesco - - 2007
We present the case of a 61-year-old male patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and a large cervicomediastinal multinodular hyperfunctioning goiter that made thyroidectomy a daunting task, especially considering the risk of intraoperative bleeding. The preoperative computed tomographic (CT) scan showed the right thyroid lobe very deeply rooted in the ...
Bonardel Gerald - - 2007
Percutaneous vertebroplasty consists of injection of acrylic cement - polymethylmethacrylate - into a vertebral body to obtain pain relief and increase its mechanical stability. The procedure is indicated for painful hemangiomas and for painful vertebral compression fractures due to osteoporosis or malignancy. Although vertebroplasty is an efficient treatment, it is ...
Maziere Franck - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We compared the usefulness of plasma N-terminal-pro B-type natriuretic peptide and troponin I levels for risk stratification of patients with pulmonary embolism. METHODS: This was a prospective study performed in an emergency department. N-terminal-B-type natriuretic peptide assay and troponin I were performed blindly at admission in patients with pulmonary ...
Duncan Scott F M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although numerous articles have addressed the risk of pulmonary embolism following total knee and total hip arthroplasty, we were unable to find comparable information for the risk following elbow arthroplasty. We therefore sought to determine the prevalence of pulmonary embolism after total elbow arthroplasty. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective ...
Wittram Conrad - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to describe the manifestations of pulmonary embolism on 18F-FDG PET scans in 13 patients. The activity of acute pulmonary embolism on FDG PET scans was significantly higher than the activity of vessels not containing thrombi. The shape of the abnormal FDG uptake may be ...
Nijkeuter, Mathilde
Pulmonary embolism is a potentially fatal disease in which early recognition and institution of anticoagulant treatment can prevent mortality. The diagnostic tools available to establish whether a patient has a pulmonary embolism were limited to pulmonary angiography and ventilation-perfusion scintigraphy. Both tests have considerable limitations. Helical CT evolved as a ...
Shao Lei - - 2008
Fatal embolic chondroblastic osteosarcoma to the lung is an extremely rare phenomenon. We report a case of a 15-year-old boy who developed bilateral pulmonary embolism shortly after resection of the right distal femur for chondroblastic osteosarcoma. The patient succumbed to right-sided heart failure 8 weeks later. An autopsy revealed extensive ...
Krebs J - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Most cement leaks during vertebroplasty are asymptomatic, but pulmonary cement embolism has been reported to cause cardiovascular disturbances and even death. Adding hydroxyapatite (HA) to polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) cement to reduce the quantity of barium may aggravate cardiovascular deterioration in the event of cement embolism by activating coagulation. ...
Dulić Grgur - - 2007
Pulmonary embolism caused by a foreign body is an exceedingly rare event. We report on a 62 year old woman who suffered a gun shot injury to her left knee with concomitant vascular lacerations. The bullet migrated through the venous system into the pulmonary circulation causing a pulmonary embolism. The ...
Oneglia Carlo - - 2008
Massive pulmonary embolism is a life-threatening condition to be treated with anticoagulants or even thrombolytic agents in selected cases. However, these drugs are controindicated after a recent hemorrhagic episode. We report the case of a 46-year-old patient with uncontrolled systemic hypertension who was affected by severe spontaneous cerebral hemorrhage and ...
Hoxie Samuel C - - 2007
There have been multiple studies on the prevalence of pulmonary embolism, the probability of death from a pulmonary embolism, and the risk factors for the development of pulmonary embolism after lower extremity and pelvic trauma. However, there is no information on the risk of pulmonary embolism after the surgical management ...
Saad Wael E A - - 2007
Venous thromboembolic disease is composed of two disease entities: pulmonary thromboembolism/pulmonary embolism and deep venous thrombosis. Clinical signs and symptoms of venous thromboembolic disease often are nonspecific and, as a result, the diagnosis may be difficult. If left untreated, pulmonary embolism can lead to a potentially fatal outcome. This article ...
Ersoy Hale - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficiency and reproducibility of a single-breath-hold time-resolved 3D MR angiographic technique in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-seven consecutively registered patients with clinically suspected pulmonary embolism and contraindication to administration of iodinated contrast agents underwent imaging by ...
Bozlar Ugur - - 2007
Pulmonary embolism represents a major public healthcare problem and it also imposes frequent clinical diagnostic issues. Despite the availability of the D-dimer tests, imaging remains the mainstay for its diagnosis. Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) is now the most widely used diagnostic test and its utility has been well validated ...
Howell Gregory - - 2007
Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common, serious and potentially fatal event. Due to the serious nature of this ailment and since therapy is usually with long-term anticoagulation, it is important for the clinician to be able to diagnose or exclude acute PE. Several diagnostic options are available to the ...
Wittram Conrad - - 2007
The purpose of this article is to describe the techniques to improve motion artifacts, vascular enhancement, flow artifacts, body habitus image noise, vascular opacification in parenchymal lung disease, streak artifacts, and the indeterminate CT pulmonary angiogram. In addition, this article will illustrate the diagnostic criteria of acute and chronic pulmonary ...
Froehling David A DA Division of General Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2007
To determine the sensitivity and specificity of a quantitative plasma fibrin D-dimer latex immunoassay (LIA) for the diagnosis of acute pulmonary embolism. Study subjects were Mayo Clinic Rochester inpatients and outpatients with suspected acute pulmonary embolism; all had undergone quantitative D-dimer LIA testing and multidetector-row computed tomographic (CT) angiography between ...
Worster Andrew - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to determine the effectiveness of adding thrombolytics to standard heparin therapy for treatment of submassive pulmonary embolism. Patients with submassive pulmonary embolism were considered to be those with evidence of right ventricular dysfunction but without hemodynamic instability. METHODS: We searched for trials ...
Irimia Pablo - - 2007
Delirum is a common complication in hospitalized patients and it is characterized by acute disturbances of consciousness, attention, cognition, and perception. Despite the frequency with which it is observed, ischemic stroke is generally considered as an unusual cause of delirium. A subtype of brain embolism is characterized by multiple small ...
Salanci Bilge V - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of risk factors in the diagnosis of pulmonary thromboembolism. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 295 patients with suspicion of pulmonary embolism (PE), of whom 154 were referred from outpatient and 141 from inpatient departments for a period of 24 months (2000-2001) in Hacettepe ...
Agarwal Surendra K - - 2007
Whilst a missile embolizing to the right side of the heart is a common occurrence, embolization to the pulmonary arteries is rare. We report a case of a bullet entering through the right internal jugular vein to the right ventricle, and then migrating to the left pulmonary artery, and its ...
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