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Osanai Toshiya T Cleveland Clinic, Neurological Institute, Cerebrovascular Center; Cleveland, Ohio, USA - - - 2014
Coil embolization of oblong aneurysms is difficult because the majority of commercially available coils are manufactured with a helical or spherical tertiary structure. While adopting framing strategies for oblong aneurysms (aspect ratio ≥ 2: 1), traditional coils may be undersized in the long axis but oversized in the short axis, ...
Gorsi Bushra - - 2013
Arterial and venous specification is critical for establishing and maintaining a functioning vascular system, and defects in key arteriovenous signaling pathways including VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) lead to congenital arteriopathies. The activities of VEGF, are in part controlled by heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycans, significant components of the endothelial glycocalyx. ...
Matta Samara Ramalho - - 2013
OBJECTIVE To describe the cross-cultural adaptation of the questionnaire evaluating adhesion to treatment for arterial hypertension from its original Spanish version to a Portuguese version, to be applied in Brazil. METHODS In order to establish conceptual, semantic and operational equivalents of the items, two independent translations to Portuguese, and two ...
S Ftoiu Adrian - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic complications during EUS-guided pseudocyst drainage can occur, because the vessels on the internal wall of the pseudocyst might be compressed by the fluid and thus not visible on color Doppler or even power Doppler EUS. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of an immediate internal spurting arterial bleeding ...
Wiersema Arno M - - 2013
PURPOSE: The use of prophylactic antithrombotic drugs to prevent arterial thrombosis during the periprocedural period during (percutaneous) peripheral arterial interventions (PAIs) is still a matter of dispute, and clear evidence-based guidelines are lacking. To create those guidelines, a study group was formed in the Netherlands in cooperation with the Dutch ...
White Kevin K Professor of Pulmonary Pharmacology, Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, UK. - - 2012
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a hyperproliferative vascular disorder observed predominantly in women. Estrogen is a potent mitogen in human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells and contributes to PAH in vivo; however, the mechanisms attributed to this causation remain obscure. Curiously, heightened expression of the estrogen-metabolizing enzyme cytochrome P450 1B1 ...
M Mancone - - 2012
We report a case of a 81-years-old male, recently implanted with a Core Valve (CV) prosthesis and admitted to the ER for acute coronary syndrome. Coronary angiography revealed the patency of the coronary artery by-pass grafts but was impossible to cannulate the left main "imprisoned" by the CV prosthesis struts. ...
Umar Soban S Division of Molecular Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, - - 2012
Although the incidence of pulmonary hypertension is higher in female patients, numerous experimental studies have demonstrated better outcome in female animals, exacerbation of the disease after ovariectomy, and a strong protective effect of estrogen: a phenomenon known as the "estrogen paradox" of pulmonary hypertension. On the other hand, some clinical ...
Sharula - - 2012
Aim:  Male-to-female (MTF) transsexuals are treated with estrogen with and without progestin through a variety of routes. The aim of this study is to evaluate the arterial stiffness in MTF transsexuals undergoing hormonal treatment. Methods:  We evaluated the arterial stiffness in 156 MTF transsexuals (22 untreated and 129 treated with ...
Goldenberg Roman - - 2012
PURPOSE: Following a recent introduction of computer-aided simple triage (CAST) as a new subclass of computer-aided detection/diagnosis (CAD), we present a CAST software system for a fully automatic initial interpretation of coronary CT angiography (CCTA). We show how the system design and diagnostic performance make it CAST-compliant and suitable for ...
van den Esschert Jacomina W - - 2012
: To compare the safety and hypertrophy response after portal vein embolization (PVE) using 2 absorbable and 3 permanent embolization materials. : Portal vein embolization is used to increase future remnant liver volume preoperatively. Application of temporary, absorbable embolization materials could be advantageous in some situations, provided sufficient hypertrophy is ...
Oberhuber Alexander - - 2012
This study evaluated the changes of the aortic diameter at the suprarenal and infrarenal segment after open repair (OR) and endovascular repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). This was a retrospective analysis of all patients undergoing AAA repair between 1997 and 2008. Inclusion criteria were at least 3 months ...
Qing Kai-xiong - - 2012
The long-term results of treating chronic aortic dissections and aneurysms in association with dissections with thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) are unknown, and the timing for intervention is uncertain. We evaluated the morphology of stent graft and aorta remodeling and the volumetric changes in these patients after successful TEVAR. Serial ...
Xiong Mai - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to observe the changes of hemodynamics, stereology in pulmonary vascular remodeling and messenger RNA (mRNA) expressions of transforming growth factor beta 1, and receptors in carotid artery-jugular vein (CA-JV) shunt pulmonary artery hypertension model of rats. Thirty-six Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into three ...
Fahner P J - - 2011
Background: Prosthetic grafts have poor patency rates in peripheral arterial reconstructions. Glycerol (GL)-preserved grafts are an alternative. The aim of this study was to examine patency, graft morphology and function of GL-preserved allografts in a goat carotid artery animal model. Methods: The first group (n = 7) underwent bilateral replacement ...
Ikonomidis John S - - 2012
Congenital bicuspid aortic valves (BAVs) result from fusion of 2 valve cusps, resulting in left-noncoronary (L-N), right-left (R-L), and right-noncoronary (R-N) morphologic presentations. BAVs predispose to ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms (ATAAs). This study hypothesized that ATAAs with each BAV morphologic group possess unique signatures of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and endogenous ...
Liu Zhendong - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease regulated by T lymphocyte subsets. Th17 cells reportedly play important roles in the development of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. In this study, we investigated the contributions of circulating Th17 cells and plasma Th17-associated cytokines to carotid artery plaques. METHODS: Based on carotid artery ...
Naggara Olivier - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In stroke attributable to spontaneous dissection of the cervical artery, it is unclear whether the occurrence and pattern of stroke depend on the degree of stenosis. METHODS: In 147 consecutive dissection of the cervical artery patients with (n=88) and without stroke (n=59), we compared the number, volume, ...
Yi Gijong - - 2011
After the introduction of drug-eluting stents (DESs), percutaneous coronary intervention with DESs has challenged coronary artery bypass grafting as the gold standard for the treatment of 3-vessel coronary artery disease. The purpose of this study was to compare the long-term clinical results between percutaneous coronary intervention with DESs and off-pump ...
Dai D - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:The safety of placing multiple overlapped endoluminal flow diverters remains unclear because small eloquent branch arteries theoretically could become occluded by these devices. We placed single and multiple flow diverters over small branch arteries in rabbit aortas to determine the incidence of branch artery occlusion.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Flow diverters ...
Lanza Gaetano - - 2011
RATIONALE: In patients with >50% carotid artery stenosis (as measured by North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial (NASCET) criteria) suffering a transient ischemic attack or a minor ipsilateral stroke, carotid endarterectomy exerts maximum benefits, when performed within the first 15 days from the initial ischemic symptom. It is also known that ...
El Zayat Hisham - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine whether a clampless facilitating device (CFD) to perform proximal aortocoronary anastomoses would result in a lower incidence of cerebral embolic events compared with a partial clamping strategy during off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB). After epiaortic ultrasound confirmed the mild aortic disease (Grades ...
Oto Jun - - 2012
Commonly placed to monitor blood pressure and to aspirate blood, arterial lines frequently cause complications. The blood conservation system (BCS) forms a closed infusion line and may be expected to reduce complications caused by intraluminal contamination. We compared microbial contamination resulting from use of BCS and 3-way stopcock catheterization. Patients ...
Riley Celeste - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Current treatments for cerebral aneurysms are far from ideal. Platinum coils are prone to compaction, and currently used liquid embolics are delivered with angiotoxic agents. This work presents initial in vivo studies of a novel liquid-to-solid gelling polymer system (PPODA-QT), focusing on biocompatibility and effective delivery strategies. METHODS: PPODA-QT ...
Ridge Carole A - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to compare the image quality of a standard pulmonary CT angiography (CTA) protocol with a pulmonary CTA protocol optimized for use in pregnant patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE). Forty-five consecutive pregnant patients with suspected PE were retrospectively included in the study: 25 patients ...
Pintoux David - - 2011
We evaluated the influence of the proximal fixation systems of stentgrafts on proximal inter-renal or infrarenal aneurysm neck dilatation after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Anatomic and clinical predictive factors of neck dilatation and stentgraft proximal migration were searched for. Taking account of a prospective and monocenter register, 58 ...
Kim Bum Sung - - 2011
Slow coronary flow (SCF) is characterized by delayed contrast dye opacification without significant stenosis of epicardial coronary arteries. However, the pathophysiology and clinical implications of SCF are not fully understood. Some reports have suggested that SCF might be caused by atherosclerosis in the coronary artery microvasculature. Measuring carotid intima-media thickness ...
Pierot L - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Matrix coils have been developed to prevent aneurysm recanalization. Midterm anatomic results in a prospective multicenter consecutive series including patients treated with GDC or Matrix coils for ruptured aneurysms are presented.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Five hundred seventeen patients harboring ruptured aneurysms were treated with GDC (276 patients) or Matrix coils ...
Zhu Xiaocheng - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hepatic artery vasoconstriction plays a major role in the pathophysiology of the small-for-size (SFS) liver graft injury and is reversed by adenosine. The A2a adenosine receptor (AR) has been suggested to be one of the key receptors that modulate hepatic hemodynamic changes. The aim of the study is to ...
Ren Shu-Ting - - 2011
Our previous study has shown that P1 polypeptide-loaded microbubbles (clot-targeted microbubbles, TMB) are effective for thrombolysis and recanalization in a 0.5 h cerebral thrombosis rabbit model when combined with low-frequency ultrasound (LFUS, 0.8 MHz). However, the thrombolytic effects of TMB combined with LFUS are still unclear in a 6 h cerebral thrombosis rabbit ...
Bayram H - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the effects of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting, pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass, and non-pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass techniques on the inflammatory response and the central nervous system in the current study. METHODS: A total of 32 patients who were scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass graft surgery ...
Guo Shao-Hua - - 2011
Liver revascularization is frequently required during the enlarged radical operation for hilar cholangiocarcinoma involving the hepatic artery. Researchers have carried out a number of experiments applying partial portal vein arterialization (PVA) in clinical practice. In this study we aimed to establish a theoretical basis for clinical application of partial PVA ...
Thompson Jennifer A - - 2011
This study aimed to determine the effect of varying degrees of intermittent umbilical cord occlusion (UCO) on arterial elastin composition. Over 4 days, chronically catheterized late gestation fetal sheep received 5 total UCO per day lasting 1 min/h (mild group: n = 6), 2 min/h (moderate group: n = 4), ...
Keldahl Mark L - - 2012
Carotid artery stenting (CAS) has grown as a possible alternative for the treatment of extracranial cerebrovascular disease in the past decade. A preexisting contralateral carotid artery occlusion has been described as a risk factor for inferior outcomes after carotid endarterectomy, but its impact on CAS outcomes is less understood. A ...
Wang Yong - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization versus transcatheter arterial embolization on hepatocellular damage, apoptosis, proliferation, and proinflammatory response in a rabbit VX2 tumor model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rabbits implanted with VX2 tumors in left liver lobes were randomly divided into three groups: a control group (n = ...
Guimaraes Marcelo - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare an injectable hydrogel embolic device with a pushable AZUR device procedurally, angiographically, and histologically in the embolization of porcine arteries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 12 pigs, embolization of renal, gluteal, and hepatic or thoracic arteries was performed with either injectable hydrogel embolic devices (two arteries per pig) ...
Youn S W - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:The endosaccular occlusion by using BPC has been useful in the treatment of intracranial aneurysms, but its limited durability remains a deep-seated drawback. The Matrix(2) coil, one of the bioactive-coated coils, had been developed to improve this limited durability. To evaluate durability of Matrix(2) coils after embolization of ...
Koç Fatih - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Slow coronary flow (SCF) is defined as late opacification in the epicardial coronary arteries without significant stenosis. The underlying mechanism of SCF is similar to coronary atherosclerosis. Free radical damage may be responsible for the pathology. In this study, we aimed to investigate ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) levels and differences ...
Marjanović Ivan - - 2011
An altered perfusion of the optic nerve head has been proposed as a pathogenic factor in glaucoma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between ocular pulse amplitude (OPA), measured by Dynamic contour tonometer (DCT) and colour Doppler imaging (CDI) of the arteric retrobulbar vessels. Twenty patients ...
White Joseph M - - 2011
Noncompressible torso hemorrhage is the leading cause of potentially preventable death on the modern battlefield. The objective of this study is to characterize resuscitative aortic balloon occlusion (BO) compared to thoracotomy with aortic clamping in a model of hemorrhagic shock. A total of 18 swine (3 groups; 6 animals/group) were ...
Roh Young-Nam - - 2011
We attempted to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of carotid artery stenosis in Korea. Twenty thousand seven hundred twelve individuals who underwent carotid artery ultrasonography for health screening between March 2005 and March 2010 were retrospectively evaluated. The population was divided into four groups, according to the degree of ...
Khan Shah-Naz Hayat - - 2012
Coiling of saccular aneurysms may result in recurrence requiring retreatment. Aneurysm recanalization may depend on coil type. Coil variations include bare platinum, polymer coated (Matrix), and hydrophylic gel coated (HydroCoil) coils. The effect of coil type on aneurysm recurrence was evaluated. Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected database of 100 consecutive, ...
Hwang G - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stents are known to have hemodynamic and biologic effects in addition to their mechanical scaffold effect. To determine whether stents affect long-term outcomes after coiling of unruptured aneurysms, we compared angiographic outcomes at 2 years postembolization for stent- and nonstent-assisted coiled unruptured aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stent-assisted ...
Zuojun Hu - - 2011
After vascular angioplasty, vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation causes atherosclerosis and intimal hyperplasia leading to restenosis. Interferon-γ-inducible protein (IP)-10 plays a role in atherogenesis, but the mechanism remains unclear. We evaluated the role of IP-10 in intimal hyperplasia and restenosis. IP-10 expression was determined in arterial specimens from 20 ...
Gu Shi-Xin - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the application of virtual reality technology in neurosurgical anatomy we compared the virtual three-dimensional (3D) microanatomy of the temporal bridging veins as part of the resection of tumors across the petrosal crest in 25 patients against the actual microanatomy of the temporal bridging veins on 20 cadaveric ...
Sincos Igor Rafael - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To analyze in an experimental animal model the effect of 4 different levels of stents-graft oversizing on non-atherosclerotic aortas such as those found in young individuals who undergo stent-graft repair for traumatic aortic injuries. Methods: The diameter of the porcine thoracic aorta is similar to the aorta of ...
Zilla Peter - - 2011
Constriction of vein grafts with braided external nitinol meshes had previously led to the successful elimination of neointimal tissue formation. We investigated whether pulse compliance, smaller kink-free bending radius, and milder medial atrophy can be achieved by knitting the meshes rather than braiding, without losing the suppressive effect on intimal ...
Choi Yun Ha - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between coronary artery calcium score (CACS) assessed by multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and plaque components assessed by virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS) in 172 coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with 250 coronary lesions. CACS was assessed according to Agatston scoring method ...
Tsai Yun-Ta - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: End-to-end (ETE) microvascular anastomosis used in free flap transfer for limb reconstruction often needs to sacrifice a major artery, which may aggravate distal circulation of the limb. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between the type of microvascular anastomosis and the survival of free flap, ...
Lu G - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hemodynamics factors play an important role in the rupture of cerebral aneurysms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of hemodynamic factors on the rupture of the MANs with 3D reconstruction model CFD simulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: RDSA was performed in 9 pairs of ...
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