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Kyono Hiroyuki - - 2010
AIMS: We sought to evaluate the vascular response of stent struts deployed in bifurcation segments using optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS AND RESULTS: This study is a sub-analysis of ODESSA, a prospective randomised trial designed to evaluate healing of overlapped drug-eluting stents (DES) vs. bare metal stents (BMS) (sirolimus SES: ...
Buszman PaweĊ‚ - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Biodegradable polymer-coated stents may have positive effects on arterial healing, and reduce the need for prolonged antiplatelet therapy. AIM: To assess the vascular effects of the biodegradable polymer proposed as a stent coating, as well as to evaluate inhibition of intimal hyperplasia by Biodegradable Polymer-Coated Paclitaxel-Eluting Stents (BP-PES, LUC-Chopin, ...
Wykrzykowska Joanna J - - 2010
Treatment of vein graft disease remains a challenge in interventional cardiology because of the risk of embolization and no-reflow phenomenon. Currently available distal protection devices have their limitations. The PTFE-covered stents may be well suited for venous graft lesion treatment, but those available commercially to date have poor crossing profiles, ...
Wani Sunil P - - 2010
Sudden stent loss after stent entrapment in a tight coronary lesion is an unexpected and devastating complication. Proper and timely steps without pressing the panic button are necessary. We describe a case of entrapment of a sirolimus-eluting stent into the left coronary artery system. Although the entrapped drug-eluting stent was ...
Pendyala Lakshmana - - 2010
The present study was designed to evaluate vasomotor function and vascular biological responses following a novel non-polymeric cerivastatin-eluting stent (CES) versus polymer-based paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) in a rabbit iliac artery model. Optimisation of DES components and non-polymeric stents may contribute to vascular healing and beneficial to vasomotor function. In vitro ...
Hafner F - - 2010
Restenosis after percutaneous angioplasty of peripheral arteries is still an unsolved matter. Previous studies reported an association between flow-mediated dilatation (FMD), a marker of endothelial dysfunction, and restenosis after coronary angioplasty. This study evaluates the influence of FMD and brachial intima-media thickness (B-IMT) on restenosis after angioplasty of peripheral arteries. ...
Nakazawa Gaku - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Using human pathologic specimens from the CVPath registry, we aimed to investigate the location of the atherosclerotic plaque at bifurcation in native coronary atherosclerotic lesions and to determine the responses at bifurcation after implantation of bare-metal stents (BMS) and drug-eluting stents (DES). BACKGROUND: Greater atherosclerotic plaque burden has been ...
Chorny Michael - - 2010
The use of stents for vascular disease has resulted in a paradigm shift with significant improvement in therapeutic outcomes. Polymer-coated drug-eluting stents (DES) have also significantly reduced the incidence of reobstruction post stenting, a disorder termed in-stent restenosis. However, the current DESs lack the capacity for adjustment of the drug ...
Cho Jung Sun - - 2010
The aim of this study was to examine the anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory effects of ezetimibe/simvastatin (E/S) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation in a porcine coronary restenosis model. Pigs were randomized into two groups in which the coronary arteries (23 pigs) had DES. Stents were deployed with oversizing (stent/artery ratio 1.3:1) ...
Werner Martin - - 2010
PURPOSE: To present our experience with the use of drug-eluting stents (DES) in patients with symptomatic vertebral artery ostium stenosis (VAOS). METHODS: Between 2003 and 2008, 28 consecutive patients (17 men; mean age 66 years) with symptomatic extracranial vertebral artery stenosis were treated with a paclitaxel-eluting stent. All patients were ...
Kim Seong-Rim - - 2010
The authors report a case of in-stent restenosis (ISR) of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) following bare-metal stent (BMS) deployment and subsequent treatment using a drug-eluting stent (DES). This 65-year-old woman presented with frequent transient ischemic attacks. Initial studies revealed occlusion of the left internal carotid artery and severe stenosis ...
Miyoshi Naoki - - 2010
Differences between paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) and sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) in neointimal proliferation under strictly matched conditions remain to be clarified by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Between May and December 2007, 27 patients were implanted with a PES and a SES, randomized to either the proximal or distal site in a ...
Romano Alfredo - - 2010
Coronary artery disease consists of obstruction (stenosis) of the coronary arteries by the deposition of atherosclerotic plaques, resulting in an insufficient supply of oxygen to the heart muscle. Treatment options include the insertion of a stent - a metal mesh tube - into the obstructed vessel to keep the artery ...
Zacharatos H - - 2010
Intravascular sonography is a valuable tool for the morphologic assessment of coronary atherosclerosis and the effect of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic interventions on the progression or stabilization of atherosclerosis. An analysis of the different modes, applications, and limitations is provided on the basis of review of existing data from multiple clinical ...
Joyal Dominique - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The use of drug-eluting stents (DES) in degenerative vein grafts is currently an off-label indication. Recent studies have had conflicting results regarding the effectiveness and safety of this practice. The objective of this meta-analysis was to compare DES to bare-metal stents for the treatment of vein graft stenosis. METHODS: ...
Ge Hailong - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare anti-inflammatory and intimal hyperplasia inhibiting efficacy between the Firebird rapamycin drug-eluting stent and a bare metal stent in a porcine coronary injury model. METHODS: Twelve rapamycin drug-eluting stents (Firebird), and 12 bare metal stents (BMS) were deployed with the oversizing method ...
Kubo Takashi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Animal models show impairment of arterial healing after drug-eluting stents (DES) compared with bare-metal stents (BMS). Virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS) offers an opportunity to assess lesion morphology in vivo. METHODS: We used VH-IVUS in 80 patients to assess long-term (median = 10 months) native artery vascular responses after ...
El-Menyar Ayman A AA Department of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery, Hamad General Hospital and Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar, Doha, - - 2010
Renal insufficiency (RI) has been shown to be associated with increased major adverse cardiovascular events after percutaneous coronary intervention. We reviewed the impact of RI on the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease and outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention in the form of drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation in these high-risk patients. ...
Chung Ick-Mo - - 2010
Extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation significantly contributes to in-stent restenosis. In this regard, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, a positive regulator of ECM deposition, may be implicated in in-stent restenosis. The goal of this study was to assess the effect of blockade of TGF-β on stent-induced restenosis in porcine coronary arteries. An ...
Unverdorben Martin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Treatment of lesions in small coronary arteries by percutaneous transluminal coronary intervention is limited by a high recurrence rate. We assessed the use of a paclitaxel-coated balloon in this indication. METHODS: One-hundred eighteen patients with stenoses in small coronary vessels were treated by a paclitaxel-coated balloon (3 microg/mm(2)). The ...
Cosottini Mirco - - 2010
Purpose. The long-term efficacy of carotid artery stenting is debated. Predictors of stent restenosis are not fully investigated. Our aim was to assess the incidence of long term restenosis after CAS and to identify some predictors of restenosis. Methods. We retrospectively selected 189 treated patients and we obtained the survival ...
Doostzadeh Julie - - 2010
Although originally the practice of using balloon catheters proved successful in the short term, the long-term prognosis was less promising because of restenosis, which occurred in >or=30% of patients. This prompted the development of new techniques and mechanical adjuncts, or stents, to maintain lumen patency after balloon angioplasty. Bare metal ...
Middlebrooks Erik H - - 2010
The antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a common cause of both arterial and venous thrombosis. While studies exist demonstrating the role of APS in coronary artery bypass graft failure, its role in stent thrombosis is less clearly documented. Also, a literature search of PubMed did not reveal any articles regarding the ...
Hosokawa Yukio - - 2010
Remodeling in the abdominal aortic wall results in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) formation. Many patients with AAA are prescribed antihypertensive drugs. However, the effects of antihypertensive drugs other than their effects on blood pressure control are rarely reported. In this study, we investigated the effects of these drugs on changes ...
Ciçek Davran - - 2010
The efficacy of drug-eluting stents has been shown in randomized trials, but some controversy exists regarding which stent sirolimus-eluting or paclitaxel-eluting is more effective in unselected Turkish patients. Therefore, we investigated the clinical outcomes of patients who were treated with one type of these drug-eluting stents in the real world. ...
Al-Dehneh Anthony - - 2010
Drug-eluting stents are considered to be superior to bare-metal stents in reducing restenosis rates at 6 months. However, drug-eluting stents appear to be subject to stent thrombosis, a concern that has been reported more frequently in recent times. In November 2003, a 64-year-old man with a medical history of hypertension, ...
Allocco Dominic J - - 2010
Paclitaxel-eluting stents decrease angiographic and clinical restenosis following percutaneous coronary intervention compared to bare metal stents. TAXUS Element is a third-generation paclitaxel-eluting stent which incorporates a novel, thinner-strut, platinum-enriched metal alloy platform. The stent is intended to have enhanced radiopacity and improved deliverability compared to other paclitaxel-eluting stents. The safety ...
O'Connell Barry M - - 2010
Coronary artery disease can be treated by implanting a stent into the blocked region of an artery, thus enabling blood perfusion to distal vessels. Minimally invasive procedures of this nature often result in damage to the arterial tissue culminating in the re-blocking of the vessel. In an effort to alleviate ...
Rathore Sudhir - - 2010
Small vessel (<3 mm) coronary artery disease is common and has been identified as independent predictor of restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention. It remains controversial whether bare-metal stent (BMS) implantation in small vessels has an advantage over balloon angioplasty in terms of angiographic and clinical outcomes. Introduction of drug-eluting stent ...
Thiele Holger - - 2010
Determining how to treat a patient with symptomatic isolated proximal left anterior descending coronary artery disease may present a challenge. Previous randomized trials comparing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with bare metal stents with minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass surgery demonstrated significantly higher reintervention rates for stenting, with similar mortality ...
Dehmer Gregory J - - 2009
Many advances have been made in the percutaneous treatment of coronary artery disease during the past 30 years. Although balloon angioplasty alone is still performed, the use of coronary artery stents is much more common. Approximately 40 percent of patients treated with balloon angioplasty developed restenosis, and this was reduced ...
Doi Hiroshi - - 2009
We investigated the predictive value of the intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) measured post-intervention minimum stent area (MSA) on 9-month follow-up paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) patency compared with bare-metal stents (BMS). Stent underexpansion is a strong predictor for restenosis after sirolimus-eluting stent implantation, but the implication of underexpansion in PES is still unknown. ...
Phillips Linsey C - - 2010
Safety concerns associated with drug-eluting stents have spurred interest in alternative vessel therapeutics following angioplasty. Microbubble contrast agents have been shown to increase gene transfection in vivo in the presence of ultrasound. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) catheter could mediate plasmid DNA ...
Mortier Peter - - 2010
The introduction of drug-eluting stents (DES) has reduced the occurrence of restenosis in coronary arteries. However, restenosis remains a problem in stented coronary bifurcations. This study investigates and compares three different second generation DESs when being implanted in the curved main branch of a coronary bifurcation with the aim of ...
Hynes Brian G - - 2009
We report a novel percutaneous therapeutic approach to the management of suspected coronary artery steal syndrome resulting from a large side branch of the left internal mammary artery bypass graft, using a combination of coated and drug-eluting stents. We demonstrate the feasibility and long-term efficacy of this strategy in a ...
Peng Hong-Yu - - 2009
The postulated relationship between nonbiodegradable polymers and late stent thrombosis has led to a concerted effort to seek alternative biodegradable polymers for drug delivery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term effects of novel sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) with biodegradable polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) polymer on neointimal thickening in ...
Boffini Massimo - - 2009
We describe a case of cardiogenic shock caused by a very late drug-eluting stent (DES) thrombosis. The patient underwent emergent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and was discharged home 15 days after the operation. The incidence of stent restenosis had been reduced by the use of DES, but the Achilles' ...
Lookstein Robert A - - 2009
Renal artery stenosis may cause or exacerbate hypertension and renal failure. Percutaneous transluminal renal artery stent placement, increasingly the first-line therapy for ostial atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis, can be complicated by in-stent restenosis weeks to months after the procedure. There is currently no consensus for the treatment of in-stent restenosis. ...
Medina Alfonso - - 2009
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Percutaneous coronary intervention for ostial lesions of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) remains a complex procedure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of a method of treatment that we have termed the floating-stent approach. METHODS: The study involved 71 patients with ...
Veeranna Vikas - - 2009
Aorto-ostial lesions are technically challenging for interventionists and have high restenosis rates. Proper placement of the stent is critical for prevention of future complications in these lesions. We describe a case in which the ostial right coronary artery stent with severe in-stent restenosis was protruding too far into the aorta, ...
Yoon Seok-Mann - - 2009
Carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) for carotid stenosis has been increasingly used as an alternative treatment in patients not eligible for surgery. Even though CAS can be performed relatively simply in many cases, various complications can occur. We report four cases of CAS using the Carotid Wallstent, which were complicated ...
Vorpahl M - - 2009
Drug eluting stents (DES) have significantly reduced restenosis when compared to BMS and are considered the standard of care in the treatment of symptomatic coronary artery disease. However, late stent thrombosis has emerged as a major concern with the use of first generation DES. Pathologic studies of patients dying from ...
Ov?n? Kenan - - 2009
A 61 years old male patient having the complaint of angina pectoris underwent coronary angiography that revealed critical luminal stenosis at left anterior descending artery (LAD) and diagonal branch. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty was performed and sirolimus eluting stents (CYPHER; Johnson & Johnson--Cordis) 2.75 x 10 mm and 2.75 x ...
Sharma S K - - 2009
Coronary bifurcations are prone to develop atherosclerotic plaque due to turbulent blood flow and high shear stress. These lesions amount to 15-20% of the total number of interventions. The true bifurcation lesion consist of >50% diameter obstruction of the main vessel (MV) and of the side branch (SB) in an ...
Seol Sang-Hoon - - 2009
A 55-year-old male patient presented with an acute myocardial infarction. A sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) was implanted in the proximal left anterior descending artery (LAD). Eight months later, there was a newly developed distal LAD lesion. An additional SES was implanted. Twenty-eight months after the index procedure of primary coronary intervention, ...
Niki Toshiyuki - - 2011
A 73-year-old woman suffering from anterior thoracic pain on exertion presented to our hospital. We performed coronary angiography and noted three stenotic legions in each coronary artery. For each angiographic finding, we implanted a bare metal stent (BMS), sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) and paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) into the right coronary artery, ...
Vajda Z - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent studies on stent placement of significant stenoses at the origin of the vertebral artery reported excellent immediate results. Long-term outcomes, however, were disappointing due to high restenosis rates and stent breakage. In the present study, we evaluated the application of a short drug-eluting balloon-expandable coronary stent ...
Yan Bryan P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Duplex ultrasonography criteria for assessing the severity of carotid artery (CA) in-stent restenosis are not well established. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed 39 patients (40 CAs) who underwent CA stenting with baseline and 6-month follow-up carotid duplex ultrasonography and intravascular ultrasound. Intravascular ultrasound measurements included minimum luminal diameter, percent ...
Caixeta Adriano - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Five-year clinical follow-up has been scheduled per protocol by the 4 Cypher (Cordis/Johnson & Johnson, Warren, New Jersey) sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) versus bare-metal stent (BMS) randomized trials. BACKGROUND: A delayed arterial healing response after drug-eluting stent implantation has raised concerns about the long-term safety of drug-eluting stents. METHODS: In ...
Mori Shumpei - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) has revolutionized interventional cardiology. Its application is spreading to complex, high-risk subsets of patients and lesions. Therefore, it is important to determine the factors associated with post-SES restenosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study investigated 341 patients with angina pectoris, in whom SES was implanted. The coronary ...
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