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Yang Wei J - - 2014
This is one case report of a 46-year-old Chinese male with type A acute aortic dissection. It is an emergent surgery including Bentall procedure, interposition graft replacement of aortic arch, stented descending aorta with the modified right atrial shunt technique. In the early post operation period, the patient was complicated ...
Subramanian Venkateshwaran V Department of cardiology, Sreechitra Tirunal institute for medical sciences and technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, - - 2014
A seven month-old-boy was admitted for the device closure of symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) with moderate pulmonary hypertension. The PDA measured 4.2 mm with adequate ampulla. It was closed with an 8-6 mm Heart R device from pulmonary artery (PA) end. Post extubation, the device embolized to proximal descending ...
Ngwenyama Thandeka R TR Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign, IL, - - 2014
To (1) describe the use of contrast-enhanced multidetector computed tomography (CE-MDCT) for identifying pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) in an awake dog with pyothorax, (2) report the first documented case of PTE associated with pyothorax in veterinary medicine, and (3) review diagnostic imaging modalities and therapeutic options for PTE. A 5-year, 4-month-old ...
Safain Mina G MG Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Division, Department of Neurosurgery, Tufts Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine, 800 Washington Street, Proger 7, Boston, MA 02111, - - 2014
Cerebral vasospasm is a common radiographic and clinical diagnosis after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Conventional treatments include medical hypertension, hypervolemia, and modest hemodilution. When medical treatments fail in severe vasospasm cases, intra-arterial vasodilation and balloon angioplasty may be useful. We present a 47-year-old woman with a ruptured basilar artery aneurysm who developed ...
Calabrese Fiorella F University of Padova, - - 2014
A 72-year-old non-smoker Caucasian woman was admitted in our Thoracic Surgery Unit in July 2013 due to abnormal findings seen in chest computed tomography (CT) scan. She worked as a farmer and has a domestic animal (cat). Regarding her past medical history, in 2006 the patient underwent sigmoidectomy for colic ...
Julliard W W University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, USA - - 2014
Two patients presented in profound respiratory distress unresponsive to maximal support and were placed on venovenous ECMO. Subsequently, both were found to have a patent foramen ovale and high pulmonary artery pressures, resulting in a right to left shunt. Both patients had a better than expected response to ECMO, likely ...
Ross Jordan - - 2014
We present the case of a previously well seventy-four year old male caucasian grazier who presented with mild back pain and was subsequently found to have a large posterior mitral valve leaflet perivalvular abscess associated with mitral annulus calcification and a mycotic infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) of Staphylococcal origin. ...
Grady Kimberley K Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care and Sleep - - 2014
Hepatopulmonary syndrome is a serious complication of liver disease. Type I hepatopulmonary syndrome is associated with diffuse dilatation of the pulmonary vasculature, leading to severe hypoxemia. Liver transplantation is the treatment of choice for this condition. There are limited options for those who are not candidates for liver transplantation. We ...
El-Sayed Ahmed Magdy M - - 2014
Primary sarcomas that arise from major blood vessels are exceedingly rare, and some of the published cases have been autopsy reports. Most patients are adults. We report a case of pulmonary artery sarcoma in a 77-year-old man who presented with acute onset of dyspnea. Magnetic resonance imaging of the chest ...
Haverich Axel A Medical University of Hannover, Hannover, - - 2014
Superior aortic valve hemodynamic performance can accelerate left ventricular mass regression and enhance survival and functional status after surgical aortic valve replacement. This can be achieved by rapid deployment aortic valve replacement using a subannular balloon-expandable stent frame, which functionally widens and reshapes the left ventricular outflow tract, to ensure ...
Pourdowlat Guitti G Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, - - 2014
Massive hemoptysis is a life-threatening complication of respiratory disease. It is an emergency requiring immediate medical attention. A 58 year-old woman with bronchiectasis was admitted to the hospital following episodes of massive hemoptysis. Chest CT scan and bronchoscopy did not reveal any endobronchial lesion and bronchial artery angiography and embolization ...
Pahl Felix Hendrik FH Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo, IAMSPE, São Paulo, - - 2014
Isolated cervical anterior spinal artery aneurysms are extremely rare. Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) secondary to such lesions have been described only in six cases to the best of our knowledge. We describe an unusual clinical picture of SAH due to rupture of anterior spinal artery aneurysm in a patient with previous ...
Gupta Vikas V *Department of Neurological Surgery, Neurological Institute of New Jersey, New Jersey Medical School, Rutgers University, Newark, New Jersey; and †Institute of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, New Jersey Medical School, Rutgers University, Newark, New - - 2014
To report subarachnoid hemorrhage-negative Terson syndrome after coil embolization of an unruptured intracranial aneurysm in a patient with underlying antiphospholipid syndrome. Retrospective case report. A 48-year-old woman with underlying antiphospholipid syndrome. Our patient underwent balloon-assisted coil embolization of an unruptured right internal carotid artery aneurysm. There was herniation of the ...
Giri Smith S University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, - - 2014
Aortic dissection is a rare but life-threatening complication that can occur during percutaneous coronary intervention procedures. We present a case of a 55-year-old woman who underwent a right coronary angioplasty that was complicated by a proximal dissection of the ascending aorta. Urgent surgical repair of the aorta was performed and ...
Sueda Taijiro - - 2013
Dr. James Cox devised the maze procedure as a radical intervention for lone atrial fibrillation (AF) based on the multiple reentry theory. Dr. Micheal Haissaguerre discovered ectopic foci from the pulmonary veins were the trigger for paroxysmal AF. We demonstrated the efficacy of the pulmonary vein box isolation procedure for ...
Sternik Leonid - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Cut-and-sew maze with a box lesion around the pulmonary veins is currently the criterion standard procedure for surgical ablation of atrial fibrillation. Recently, we changed our technique from standard bilateral epicardial pulmonary vein isolation with interconnecting lesions to a box lesion procedure with a bipolar radiofrequency ablation device. Our ...
Graham Ruth - - 2013
A 64-year-old man, with no history of trauma, presented with transient visual loss. He was diagnosed with amaurosis fugax and started on dipyridamole and simvastatin. An inconclusive ultrasound (US) Doppler was followed by CT angiogram (CTA) and MRI, which demonstrated free floating intraluminal thrombus in the distal right common carotid ...
Ohta Kengo K Department of Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya City University, Nagoya 467-8601, - - 2013
We report a 74-year-old man with rebleeding following stent grafting for the celiac artery bleeding which developed after extended pancreaticoduodenectomy for cancers of the bile duct and stomach. The site of rebleeding seemed to be different from the site of the first bleeding, so it was considered not an endoleak ...
Maldonado Natalia N Department of Biomedical Engineering, The City College of New York of The City University of New York, NY, - - 2013
While it is generally accepted that ruptures in fibrous cap atheromas cause most acute coronary deaths, and that plaque rupture occurs in the fibrous cap at the location where the tissue stress exceeds a certain critical peak circumferential stress, the exact mechanism of rupture initiation remains unclear. We recently reported ...
Jiang Bo - - 2012
Adenoviral vectors (Ad) are useful tools for in vivo gene transfer into endothelial cells. However, endothelium-dependent vasodilation is impaired after Ad infusion, and this impairment is not prevented by use of advanced-generation "helper-dependent" (HD) Ad that lack all viral genes. We hypothesized that endothelium-dependent vasodilation could be improved in Ad-infused ...
Tillman Bryan W - - 2012
Tissue-engineered blood vessels (TEBV) have been proposed as an alternative to prosthetic grafts for dialysis access. However, arteriovenous (AV) grafts must withstand extreme flow rates and frequent needle trauma. In a proof-of-concept study, we sought to determine whether scaffold-based TEBV could withstand the hemodynamic and mechanical challenges of chronic dialysis ...
Schiavon Marco - - 2012
Diffuse lung diseases promote the development of vascular changes and pulmonary hypertension (PH). Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) seem to be involved in pulmonary vascular remodeling. We evaluated circulating and intra-pulmonary EPCs in end-stage lung diseases in relation to pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP). The study included 19 patients affected by different ...
Nakamura Takamitsu - - 2012
Aims: To evaluate the time-course of vasomotor function and re-endothelialisation after implantation of a novel platinum-chromium (PtCr) abluminal biodegradable polymer-coated paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES, Labcoat Element) in rabbit iliac arteries. Methods and results: Either PES (n=18) or an identical platform of bare metal stents (BMS, Element, n=18) were implanted in rabbit ...
Waterhouse Anna - - 2012
Bare metal and drug-eluting coronary stents suffer an inherent lack of vascular cell and blood compatibility resulting in adverse patient responses. We have developed a plasma-activated coating (PAC) for metallic coronary stents that is durable, withstands crimping and expansion, has low thrombogenicity and can covalently bind proteins, linker-free. This has ...
Van Dyck Christophe J - - 2012
AIMS.: To evaluate differences in strut coverage, inflammation and endothelialisation between two second-generation polymer-based drug-eluting stents (DES) in an atherosclerotic rabbit double-injury iliac artery model at 28 days follow-up. METHODS AND RESULTS.: Rabbits with induced atheroma received bilateral iliac artery stents: everolimus-eluting stent (Xience V EES; Abbott Vascular), zotarolimus-eluting stent ...
Syal Sanjeev Kumar - - 2012
Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to an increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) and cardiovascular (CV) death. Endothelial dysfunction plays an important role in pathogenesis of CAD and vitamin D deficiency is postulated to promote endothelial dysfunction. Despite rising trends of CAD in Asians, only limited data are ...
Alvira Cristina M CM Center of Excellence in Pulmonary Biology, Divisions of Pediatric Pulmonary, Asthma and Critical Care Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, - - 2012
Increased pulmonary artery endothelial cell (PAEC) endothelium-dependent nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity mediates perinatal pulmonary vasodilation. Compromised eNOS activity is central to the pathogenesis of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). Voltage-derived anion channel (VDAC)-1 was recently demonstrated to bind eNOS in the systemic circulation. We hypothesized that VDAC ...
Fang Xinggen - - 2012
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) are believed to be involved in aneurysmal repair and remodeling. The aim of this study was to test this hypothesis and, if true, explore how EPC contribute to aneurysm repair in a rabbit model of elastase-induced carotid aneurysm. Rabbits were divided randomly into an in situ ...
Apitz Christian - - 2012
The purpose of our study was to assess pulmonary endothelial function by vasodilator response to acetylcholine (Ach) administered in segmental pulmonary arteries in children with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). We hypothesized that there was a relationship among pulmonary endothelial response to Ach, severity of the disease, and clinical outcome. ...
Jennings William C - - 2012
Purpose: The standard lengthy surgical incision used for basilic vein arteriovenous fistula (AVF) transposition is associated with significant discomfort, scarring and risk of wound complications. Minimally invasive vein dissection using a laryngoscope is an inexpensive alternative which has been successfully used for saphenous vein harvesting and which we have applied ...
Castling B - - 2012
Internal jugular vein thrombosis is rare. It is often secondary to prolonged central venous cannulation and associated with local or distant malignancy. The authors present a case of intra-operative thrombosis of the internal jugular vein which complicated subsequent microvascular anastomosis of a radial forearm free flap. The management of the ...
Hanumegowda Chandru - - 2012
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive, and usually fatal disease, based on a multifaceted and incompletely understood pathogenesis. Some of the cellular and molecular mechanisms of vascular remodeling have been experimentally explored, and it is obvious that alterations of microvessels are involved in IPF. These can, among others, ...
Asosingh Kewal - - 2012
Hematopoietic myeloid progenitors released into the circulation are able to promote vascular remodeling through endothelium activation and injury. Endothelial injury is central to the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), a proliferative vasculopathy of the pulmonary circulation, but the origin of vascular injury is unknown. In the present study, mice ...
Onkar Deepali - - 2012
We present a case of 11-year-old girl with a history of prominent superficial veins over abdomen and thorax since birth. A superficial vein extending from either inguinal region joined in umbilical region and extended up to right supraclavicular region. Other features of Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome like nevus, limb edema were absent. ...
Dashwood Michael R - - 2012
Coronary artery disease is the major cause of mortalilty in the West with coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) being a means of restoring blood supply to ischaemic myocardium. The long saphenous vein is the most commonly used bypass conduit but its patency is inferior to the internal thoracic artery, the ...
Lang Irene M - - 2012
All available evidence today indicates that chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is primarily caused by venous thromboembolism (VTE), as opposed to primary pulmonary vascular in situ thrombosis. Both the initial magnitude of clot and PE recurrences may contribute to the development of CTEPH. Only few specific thrombophilic factors such as ...
Rochon Caroline - - 2012
Background. The authors recently published their experience of recanalizing umbilical veins in deceased liver donors, with recanalized umbilical veins as vascular conduits for meso-Rex bypass procedures. They have since found recanalized umbilical veins to be an excellent, easy to harvest vascular conduit that can be used for multiple vascular procedures ...
Malik J - - 2012
Decrease of arterial wall shear stress (WSS) is associated with higher probability of atherosclerotic plaque development in many disease conditions. End-stage renal diseases (ESRD) patients suffer from vascular disease frequently, but its nature differs from general population. This study was aimed at proving an association between common carotid wall shear ...
Wilkinson Robert N RN MRC Centre for Developmental and Biomedical Genetics, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United - - 2012
Multiple signaling pathways control the specification of endothelial cells (ECs) to become arteries or veins during vertebrate embryogenesis. Current models propose that a cascade of Hedgehog (Hh), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and Notch signaling acts instructively on ECs to control the choice between arterial or venous fate. Differences in ...
Moon Jae Hoon - - 2012
Background: The aim of the present study was to investigate the serum levels of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in type 2 diabetic patients without documented ischemic disease and the association between EPCs and atherosclerotic plaque formation in the carotid artery. Methods and Results: A clinic-based, prospective study of type 2 diabetic patients ...
Boos C J - - 2012
Abstract Boos, Christopher J., Pete Hodkinson, Adrian Mellor, Nicholas P. Green, and David R. Woods. High Alt. Med. Biol. 13:105-111.-This study investigated, for the first time, the effects of simulated high altitude, following acute hypobaric hypoxia (HH), on simultaneous assessment of large artery stiffness and endothelial function and its inter-relationship ...
Chabrot Pascal - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: To investigate whether embolization with chitosan hydrogel (CH) with or without a sclerosant (sodium tetradecyl sulphate, STS) can induce chemical endothelial ablation and prevent endothelial recanalization in a rabbit model. Methods: Chitosan radiopaque thermogels were prepared using chitosan, β-glycerophosphate, iopamidol, and different STS concentrations. Each auricular artery of ...
Lilitkarntakul Pajaree - - 2012
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), but its contribution to arterial stiffness and endothelial dysfunction in CKD is not well defined. We hypothesized that risk factors for MS would independently predict arterial stiffness and endothelial dysfunction in CKD patients. Risk factors for MS, carotid-femoral ...
Yang Hee-Jun - - 2012
The anatomy and variations of the axillary vein has significant implications in various invasive procedures such as venous access, axillary block, arteriovenous fistula creation, axillary node dissection, breast augmentation, and other surgical procedures involving the axilla. To clarify the anatomy of the axillary vein and its tributaries, 40 cadaveric upper ...
Baspinar Osman - - 2012
The association of tetralogy of Fallot with a partial anomalous pulmonary vein is rare. Although this combination is generally treated with surgery, in this paper we present the case of an 8-year-old boy whose anomalous venous drainage was successfully closed with an Amplatzer vascular plug after a total correction of ...
Otsuka Fumiyuki - - 2012
Deployment of drug-eluting stents instead of bare-metal stents has dramatically reduced restenosis rates, but rates of very late stent thrombosis (>1 year postimplantation) have increased. Vascular endothelial cells normally provide an efficient barrier against thrombosis, lipid uptake, and inflammation. However, endothelium that has regenerated after percutaneous coronary intervention is incompetent ...
Yang Qin - - 2012
We investigated endothelial function of both pulmonary arteries and veins in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) of varying severity in regard to the role of nitric oxide (NO) and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF). Lung tissues were obtained from patients undergoing lobectomy or pneumonectomy. Patients were grouped to control, ...
Kurihara Chitaru - - 2012
We report a resection of an azygos vein aneurysm that formed a thrombus during a 6-year follow-up period. An azygos vein aneurysm is commonly detected as an asymptomatic mediastinal mass. A thrombus could suddenly form without enlarging the aneurysm. Therefore we suggest that even asymptomatic azygos vein aneurysms causing blood ...
Liu Yin - - 2012
Congenital heart disease is the most common birth defect in humans. Identifying factors that are critical to embryonic heart development could further our understanding of the disease and lead to new strategies of its prevention and treatment. Nitric oxide synthase-3 (NOS3) or endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is known for ...
Gao Linggen - - 2012
Atherosclerosis is by far the most frequent underlying cause of coronary artery disease, carotid artery disease and peripheral arterial disease, and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Hypoxic areas are known to be present in human atherosclerotic lesions, and lesion progression is associated with the formation of lipid-loaded macrophages, ...
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