Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1589
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Dwivedi Amit J - - 2006
Hepatic artery aneurysms (HAAs) are considered rare. The great improvement in the diagnosis of vascular diseases and the increasing incidence of atherosclerosis have resulted in a wider recognition of these pathologies. Differently from other splanchnic locations, HAAs have a high risk of rupture so that an aggressive treatment is required. ...
Ritz Joerg-P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Only monopolar systems have thus far been available for radiofrequency ablation of liver tumors, whose application is restricted because of the incalculable energy flow, reduction of electrical tissue conduction, and limited lesion size. The aim of this study was to evaluate a novel internally cooled bipolar radiofrequency application device ...
Peschaud Frédérique - - 2006
A variation in liver vascularization was discovered in a 50-year-old man. A single common hepatic artery was found to be responsible for vascularization of the entire liver. This artery was unusual in that it formed the first branch of the superior mesenteric artery, crossing the portal trunk shortly after its ...
Takahashi Soshi - - 2005
Acute overdose of tacrolimus appears to cause no or minimal adverse clinical consequences. We encountered a pediatric case who underwent liver transplantation associated with hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT), which recurred following acute tacrolimus overdose. A 10-month-old girl underwent living-related liver transplantation because of biliary atresia. To reconstruct the hepatic artery, ...
Cruz R J RJ - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hepatic artery thrombosis is a rare but extremely troublesome condition after liver transplantation. Recently, urgent arterial revascularization has been used as rescue therapy, leading to improved graft and patient survivals. Hepatic artery ligation produces a progressive reduction in portal vein blood flow. Theoretically, a hyperemic response may be expected ...
Covey Anne M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of transhepatic lobar portal vein embolization (PVE) using polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles to induce contralateral lobar hypertrophy in patients with liver-only metastases and normal underlying liver function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-eight consecutive patients with small predicted future ...
Shirai W - - 2005
To clarify anatomical distribution of Fasciola infection, the vascular and ductal architectures of the liver were studied by means of corrosion cast technique using synthetic resin. The arteria hepatica propria (AP) passes as the arteria gastroduodenalis (AG); AP becomes the left trunk after the porta hepatis; AP passes on the ...
Suh Sang Hyun - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the radiographic findings of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) supplied by the left inferior phrenic artery (LIPA) and the safety and efficacy of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) of the LIPA. From September 2002 until August 2004, 11 patients with LIPA supplying HCC were identified ...
Shiah H-S - - 2005
Metastatic hepatic tumours can be treated with hepatic transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). Common complications associated with TACE include hepatic insufficiency, fever, and pain. However, pulmonary embolism is rarely documented as a fatal adverse effect. We report a case of pulmonary embolism following TACE in a renal cell carcinoma patient with ...
Berzigotti Annalisa - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We aimed to characterize by echo-color-Doppler the splanchnic hemodynamics of patients good and poor responders to primary prophylaxis with nadolol. METHODS: Thirty cirrhotic patients (Child-score 7.0+/-1.8) with medium/large esophageal varices without previous bleedings were consecutively enrolled. At inclusion and after 3 months of treatment with nadolol, they underwent a ...
Takao Hidemasa - - 2005
Arteriobiliary fistula is a rare complication of hepatic intra-arterial chemotherapy. We report successful coil embolization of an arteriobiliary fistula. An 80-year-old woman underwent percutaneous placement of an indwelling catheter into the replaced right hepatic artery for intra-arterial chemotherapy of liver metastases. Coil embolization of the left hepatic artery was not ...
Demirtas Kadir - - 2005
In this study, we report a rare variation of the branching of the celiac trunk. During a routine abdominal dissection on a female cadaver, we found the celiac trunk to emerge from the abdominal aorta as 2 roots named hepatogastric trunk and hepatosplenic trunk. The hepatogastric trunk arises from the ...
Zanon Claudio - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The evaluation of low-molecular-weight heparin use to prevent arterial and venous thrombosis in patients with indwelling arterial Port-a-Cath implants. METHODS: From 1996 to March 2003 we placed 370 indwelling hepatic arterial catheters with a minimally invasive approach. The left distal subclavian artery was approached from beneath the left ...
Bruha Radan - - 2005
The case is presented of a patient with stenosis of the intrahepatic portion of the inferior vena cava and the terminal part of hepatic veins, a state manifesting itself in ascites resistant to treatment. The case was originally seen as decompensated cirrhosis of the liver. Once properly diagnosed, it was ...
Nakano Hiroshi - - 2005
Identifying anatomical variations of the celio-mesenteric arterial branches is important when performing pancreaticoduodenectomy. A relatively rare variation is the common hepatic artery entirely originated as a branch of the superior mesenteric artery. This type of variation is termed hepatomesenteric trunk type common hepatic artery, in which an accessory left hepatic ...
Miyayama Shiro - - 2005
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the arterial blood supply to the posterior aspect of segment IV of the liver with computed tomography (CT) after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) with iodized oil through the caudate arterial branch of the liver for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board ...
Kim Hyo-Cheol - - 2005
Extrahepatic collateral arteries commonly supply hepatocellular carcinomas if the tumors are large or peripherally located. Because development of these vessels interferes with effective control of the tumor with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE), radiologists should become familiar with the imaging findings of extrahepatic collateral vessels to detect them at an early ...
Yamagami Takuji - - 2005
Few reports have described the influence of the retroportal artery on the distribution of anticancer drugs in the liver during repeated hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy. This report describes two patients in whom poor distribution was observed in the right lobe of the liver, which was confirmed at superior mesenteric arteriography ...
Czauderna Piotr - - 2005
The case of a child with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma that did not respond to systemic chemotherapy is presented. Three courses of chemoembolization (hepatic arterial chemoembolization) were given, with partial tumor response. The hepatic artery was cannulated via the femoral artery using the Seldinger technique. Arteriography was performed, and chemoembolization suspension ...
Hiraki Takao - - 2005
Hepatic outflow obstruction created by balloon occlusion of the hepatic vein induces characteristic angiographic findings in the occluded area: prolonged enhancement on hepatogram followed by reversed portal opacification on the hepatic arteriogram and perfusion defect on the arterial portogram. The following induced hepatic hemodynamic changes are suggested: hepatic arterial flow ...
Hayashibe Akira - - 2005
A 75-year-old woman with vomiting, admitted on March 7 2002, was diagnosed with advanced duodenal carcinoma based on ultrasonography (US), computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), magnetic resonance cholangio-ancreatography (MRCP), percutaneus transhepatic cholangiography. Angiography showed the celiac artery to be occluded. The common hepatic artery was demonstrated via the ...
Saad Wael E A - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine the significance of hepatic artery steno-occlusive disease on the patency of anastomotic biliary strictures in liver transplant recipients after transhepatic balloon dilation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of records of all patients undergoing transhepatic balloon dilation for anastomotic biliary strictures after orthotopic liver transplantation was performed ...
Martín de Carpi Javier - - 2005
Several causes have been postulated as responsible for secondary sclerosing cholangitis (SSC), mainly in adults, and, although in very different situations, ischaemia seems to be one of the most important factors. The term 'ischaemic cholangitis' has been used as a collective label for all these ischaemia-induced bile duct lesions. The ...
Akarsu Mesut - - 2005
We report a patient with protein C and protein S deficiency and factor V Leiden mutation presenting with splenic vein thrombosis and with a web between the hepatic venous confluence and vena cava inferior. These two findings were thought to be due to the hypercoagulable state of the patient. Interestingly, ...
Ohmoto Kenji - - 2005
A 73-year-old man was diagnosed as having hepatitis C virus-related liver cirrhosis 11 years ago. Two years ago, he developed hepatocellular carcinoma in segment 6 of the right lobe and received radiofrequency ablation. This time, he was admitted to our hospital with a local recurrence in segment 6 of the ...
Lok C A R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Because gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) is highly sensitive to chemotherapy, life-threatening hemorrhage from metastases can occur especially early after starting therapy. CASES: Two cases of post-term choriocarcinoma with liver metastases complicated by profuse life-threatening hemorrhage are reported. Emergency treatment with transcatheter angiographic embolization of the hepatic artery was performed ...
Tohma Takayuki - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate prospectively the relationship between the arterial collateral system at the hepatic hilum and the blood supply to the hilar bile duct by using computed tomography (CT) and angiography during temporary balloon occlusion of the right or left hepatic artery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval and ...
Boraschi P - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the ability of multi-detector row computed tomography angiography (CTA) in detecting hepatic artery complications in the follow-up of liver transplant patients, performing volume-rendering as reconstruction technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The anatomy of hepatic artery was studied in 27 liver transplant recipients with a four-row CT scanner using ...
Mlakar Bostjan - - 2005
The development of diagnostic methods and new surgical techniques means it is increasingly important to have accurate knowledge of the anatomy of the hepatic arterial and biliary systems, including their variations, at extrahepatic and intrahepatic levels. The aim of this study was to determine how often the biliary and arterial ...
Tzeng Wen-Sheng - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aims of the study were to compare (i) the effects of transcatheter arterial embolization on initial hemostasis and the control of rebleeding in the treatment of hemorrhage due to hepatic artery injury; and (ii) the outcomes of embolization by different locations. METHODS: Subjects were 32 patients with suspected ...
Loukas Marios - - 2005
The majority of anatomical textbooks of gross anatomy offer very little information concerning the anatomy and distribution of the inferior phrenic artery (IPA). In the last decade, however, increased numbers of reports have appeared with reference to the arterial supply of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The IPA is a major source ...
Qu Lefeng - - 2005
A 72-year-old man was admitted because of progressive right upper-abdominal distension and pain as well as concurrent remittent fever for 5 months. He had undergone a radical gastrectomy and catheter intubation in the common hepatic artery for chemotherapy 12 months before admission. The diagnosis of giant infected hepatic-celiac artery pseudoaneurysm ...
Nara Satoshi - - 2005
Celiac axis stenosis is found at an incidence of 2%-24% in the general population. During pancreatoduodenectomy in patients with celiac axis stenosis, division of the gastroduodenal artery from the common hepatic artery may cause acute ischemia of the upper abdominal organs, such as the liver, stomach, or spleen. Under these ...
Melada E - - 2005
Anatomic variations of the arterial supply to donor liver grafts often require complex hepatic artery reconstructions on the back table. Therefore, because of the additional anastomoses, there is a greater risk of arterial thrombosis and graft loss. Among the 620 orthotopic liver transplantations (OLT) in 549 adult and pediatric patients ...
Machado Marcel Autran C - - 2005
The technique of left trisegmentectomy was first published in 1982 and consists in the removal of the left liver (segments II, III, and IV) along with the right anterior sector (segments V and VIII). This procedure is based on the knowledge of the segmental liver anatomy. There are only a ...
Hübner G H - - 2005
PURPOSE: The aims of this study on hepatic arterial Doppler sonography were to ascertain interobserver and interequipment variability, to investigate any potential artificial influence of the ultrasonic contrast agent on the Doppler measurements and to compare the results in healthy and cirrhotic subjects. METHODS: Doppler sonography of the left hepatic ...
Arneson Matthew A - - 2005
Herein, we report the case of a 52-year-old female with new-onset right upper quadrant pain and hypertension. She was found to have hemoperitoneum upon surgical exploration. Visceral angiography demonstrated a left hepatic artery aneurysm and an occluded right renal artery. The patient was treated with percutaneous angiographic embolization of the ...
Macdonald David Blair - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to determine whether there is an association between portal venous or hepatic arterial branching patterns (or both) and biliary anatomic variants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two radiologists independently reviewed preoperative hepatic CT scans and intraoperative cholangiograms from 39 consecutive living liver donors. The portal ...
Wang C - - 2005
We present herein a case of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) with portocaval hemitransposition. The patient underwent OLT for hepatocellular carcinoma with diffused portomesenteric vein thrombosis. The unique feature of this case was that 6 months after the operation, because of recurrent carcinoma, the hepatic vein was occluded and the portal ...
Voigt Pieter G - - 2005
A patient with tricuspid and pulmonary regurgitation due to carcinoid syndrome successfully underwent double bioprosthetic valve replacement. This technique avoids anticoagulation treatment in a patient with hepatic dysfunction and facilitates future hepatic de-arterialization as a treatment option in carcinoid disease. Advances in treatment of carcinoid syndrome may have reduced the ...
Sipahioglu M H - - 2005
Visceral artery aneurysms (VAA) are uncommon pathologies. We report a case of the first CAPD patient with obstructive jaundice directly related to VAA. A 25-year-old man with a four-year history of hemodialysis followed by two years of CAPD was admitted due to jaundice. He had two episodes of peritonitis. An ...
Squires Shayne R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease impairs cardiac vasodilatory reserve. A low ratio of cardiac to hepatic vasodilatory reserve may be diagnostic for coronary artery disease. AIM: To compare the ratio of cardiac to hepatic uptake of 99mTc-tetrofosmin during adenosine infusion and at rest in patients with and without coronary artery disease ...
Saad Wael E A - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of hepatic artery percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in the treatment of hepatic artery stenosis (HAS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of all cases of HAS documented by angiography from January 1995 to June 2003 at the authors' institution. Management was evaluated and ...
Wang Yong-Li - - 2005
AIM: To analyze the influence factors and formation of extrahepatic collateral arteries (ECAs) in unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with or without chemoembolization. METHODS: Detailed histories of 35 patients with 39 ECAs of HCC and images including computerized tomography scan, digital subtraction angiography were reviewed carefully to identify ECAs of HCC, ...
Xu Zeng-Bin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Massive hemobilia is a rare but potentially life-threatening cause of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Transarterial embolization is considered the first line of intervention to stop the bleeding for most causes of hemobilia. This study was conducted to evaluate selective hepatic angiography and embolization in the diagnosis and treatment of patients ...
Papadimitriou D K - - 2005
Celiac artery aneurysms are rare vascular lesions and represent 4% of all splanchnic aneurysms. Media degeneration and atherosclerosis are the most common underlying etiologic factors. The risk of rupture and the associated mortality rate are 13% and 40% respectively. In contrast, elective repair carries a low mortality rate of 5%. ...
Murata Satoru - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy via an implantable port system has been widely used to treat unresectable liver neoplasms. Complications of the hepatic artery occlusion following reservoir placement, however, makes it impossible to continue the infusion therapy. The purpose of our study was to assess the possibility of transcatheter treatment ...
Shen Bai-Yong - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Despite its rare incidence, few cases of left-side gallbladder have been already published. METHODS: We reported herein the case of a 29-year-old man with a left liver tumor in whom left lateral bisegmentectomy was mandatory. It represents the first description of a sinistroposition of both gallbladder and common bile ...
Funabashi Nobusada - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In both cardiac and hepatic disorders it is desirable to accurately visualize the direction and scale of blood flow in the whole organ in pulsating 3-dimensional (D) images, which are known as 4-D images. METHODS AND RESULTS: The present study used 256-slice cone-beam computed tomography (CT) (Athena, Sony-Toshiba) at ...
Abouljoud Marwan S - - 2005
Variations in donor and recipient arterial anatomy frequently present challenges for surgeons when attempting to establish proper arterial inflow during liver transplantation. We reviewed our data on 233 adult primary liver transplants, conducted from January 1996 through December 2001, to determine the impact of these variations on the outcomes after ...
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