Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 687
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Kirali K - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Rupture of congenital sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is a rare cardiac malformation that usually causes reduced cardiac performance. METHODS: Twenty patients (mean age 28.3 +/- 10.7 years; range: 14 to 55 years) with rupture of congenital sinus of Valsalva aneurysm were operated on at ...
Daniels C J - - 1999
Thoracic aortic aneurysms are rare in children and even more unusual in infants. The vast majority are mycotic. Frequently, those with mycotic thoracic aortic aneurysm do not survive and the diagnosis is made at autopsy. We present the case of an asymptomatic infant found to have a mycotic thoracic aortic ...
Caputo R P - - 1999
We describe a patient with large sinus of Valsalva aneurysms involving both the left and right coronary sinuses. Spontaneous dissection of the left coronary artery occurred, causing unstable angina, a complication heretofore not associated with this disease. Successful surgical reconstruction of the aortic root, aortic valve replacement, and coronary bypass ...
Karaaslan T - - 1999
Rupture of a congenital aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva is a rare congenital cardiac malformation. This case report describes a congenital aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva which ruptured into the right ventricle in a 3-year-old girl. The exact route of the fistula through the cardiac walls and the ...
McKee M A - - 1999
This case report describes a pediatric patient with mycotic aneurysms of both posterior tibial arteries and the right peroneal artery associated with an episode of endocarditis. To our knowledge, this case represents the first reported occurrence of multiple mycotic aneurysms of the tibioperoneal arteries. It is also unique in that ...
Soliman A - - 1999
This study was designed to assess the prevalence of patent foramen ovale (PFO) in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the magnitude of any effects of right-to-left interatrial PFO shunting on systemic arterial oxygen desaturation after the Valsalva maneuver. The prevalence of PFO was compared between a ...
Shaikholeslami R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To emphasize the role of noninvasive diagnostic investigative methods and their importance in early detection of mycotic aneurysm related to staphylococcal endocarditis, and of monitoring therapy or identifying complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two patients with mycotic aneurysm that developed as complications of staphylococcal endocarditis are presented. The first patient ...
Liau C S - - 1999
Congenital aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva is a rare cardiovascular anomaly. It is usually silent until rupture occurs. The natural history of unruptured aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva is still not clear, and the therapeutic strategy is uncertain. Here we reported a case of unruptured aneurysm of the ...
Watson J C - - 1999
Mycotic aneurysms of the intracranial circulation of true fungal etiology are extremely rare and are associated with a very high mortality. We report a case of a fatal aneurysm of the basilar artery secondary to Scedosporium apiospermum infection. The medical and surgical treatments are presented to demonstrate the difficulties associated ...
Oztunç F - - 1999
Sinus Valsalva aneurysm rupture (SVAR) is a rare cardiac abnormality that requires surgical correction when diagnosed. Previously, cardiac catheterization and angiography were thought to be necessary for its diagnosis. We present two pediatric cases of SVAR with subarterial ventricular septal defect (VSD) diagnosed noninvasively by echocardiography; surgical findings confirmed the ...
Munk M D - - 1999
A 35-year-old woman presented with dyspnea and chest pain. She had a large aneurysm of the non-coronary sinus of Valsalva. Before her scheduled urgent surgery, the patient collapsed and died of cardiac tamponade secondary to intrapericardial rupture of the aneurysm. We would advocate urgent repair of this type of lesion ...
Buckmaster M J - - 1999
Elastolytic matrix metalloproteinases play a central role in the development of chronic atherosclerotic aortic aneurysms, but mycotic aortic aneurysms are a distinct and unusual form of aneurysm disease caused by bacterial infection. Mycotic aortic aneurysms follow a more rapid and unpredictable course than chronic aneurysm disease and they exhibit a ...
Brown P M PM - - 1999
Autogenous reconstruction is one option available for patients with aortic graft infection or mycotic aneurysms. We reviewed our recent institutional experience with all patients undergoing aortic reconstruction using autologous superficial femoral vein (SFV). Between February 1995 and November 1997, eight patients (five with prosthetic aortic graft infection and three with ...
Safi J J - - 1999
A 61-year-old man with chest pain and fever was referred to our hospital. The physical examination and electrocardiogram were unrevealing. Laboratory tests showed leukocytosis, and echocardiography showed mild pericardial effusion. The patient died soon after hospital admission. Necropsy revealed ruptured mycotic aneurysm of the right coronary artery in the absence ...
Au W K - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is a rare cardiac anomaly and long-term survival after surgical treatment is not well established. This study was designed to investigate the determinants of long-term survival after repair of ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm. METHODS: From April 1978 to April 1996, 53 patients underwent ...
Lee T Y - - 1998
A 60-year-old man was admitted to a hospital for evaluation of intermittent fever, dysphagia, hoarseness, and general chest discomfort. Great vessel mycotic aneurysm was suspected when antibiotic trials failed and chest X-ray showed paraaortic mass with pleural effusion mimicking mediastinitis. Although the correct diagnosis of mycotic aneurysm of innominate artery ...
Watanabe A - - 1998
A 56-year-old male with two mycotic aneurysms associated with infective endocarditis was treated by endovascular surgery before mitral valve replacement. Angiography revealed a ruptured proximal aneurysm and an unruptured distal aneurysm on the right middle cerebral artery. The ruptured aneurysm was successfully treated with an interlocking detachable coil, and patency ...
Jhirad R - - 1998
Mycotic axillary aneurysms, not commonly encountered today, are generally the consequence of arterial trauma. A case of an axillary aneurysm secondary to a septic embolus from valvular vegetations in an intravenous drug abuser was studied. The case is reminiscent of those sporadically reported cases of the preanitibiotic era.
Huang P L - - 1998
Arteriovenous fistula between common iliac vessels is uncommon. Most of the reported cases are secondary to lumbar disc surgery. Mycotic aneurysm of iliac vessels caused by bacterial infection is even rarer. We describe the case of a 63 year old man with dyspnea, abdominal pain, bipedal edema, chills and fever. ...
Roche K J - - 1998
Ruptured aneurysm of an aortic sinus of Valsalva is a rare cause of left-to-right shunting. We show how resonance imaging can be used to make the diagnosis. This technique can successfully characterize the shunt as well as determine the presence of associated anomalies, such as ventricular septation and aortic regurgitation. ...
McLean L - - 1998
A case of mycotic pulmonary artery aneurysm (PAA) in an intravenous drug user in whom resolution occurred with conservative therapy is described. The natural history of PAA is not well described in the literature. Although PAA is potentially fatal, resolution may occur in patients who do not have hemoptysis. Clinical ...
Roth T C TC The Interventional Neuroradiology Service, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine; New Haven, CT, - - 1998
While receiving optimal antibiotic therapy for subacute bacterial endocarditis (SBE), a teenage girl with mild congenital mitral insufficiency presented with two separate episodes of subarachnoid haemorrhage from two rapidly evolving metachronous mycotic aneurysms within the vertebrobasilar circulation. Both aneurysms were successfully treated by endovascular coil embolisation with the GDC system. ...
Buerger T - - 1998
Rupture of a cervical carotid artery aneurysm is a rare but life-threatening event. The diagnostic evaluation and therapeutic management of a 55-year-old woman with such a lesion are described. In this case, the aneurysmal rupture was complicated by localized Staphylococcus aureus infection confirmed by bacteriologic culture of excised tissue, septicemia, ...
Shiraishi S - - 1998
Congenital aneurysms of the sinus of Valsalva are rare lesions. Because the aortic root is central, the aneurysm can rupture into any cardiac chamber, and virtually all combinations of sinus and chamber fistulas have been described. Rupture into the pulmonary artery, however, is very rare. We encountered a 14-year-old boy ...
Berkowitz J M - - 1998
Mycotic aneurysms of the coronary arteries are rare, with 15 reported cases. These frequently fatal lesions usually occur in a setting of subacute bacterial endocarditis involving native valves. The authors present the first report of mycotic aneurysm of the first diagonal coronary artery following infection of a composite aortic graft.
Vilacosta I - - 1998
Primary mycotic aneurysms are rare, and they can be difficult to diagnose before rupture. Early diagnosis is the cornerstone to effective management. Preoperative diagnosis has traditionally involved angiography and computed tomography. We report a case of Staphylococcus aureus aortitis with an aortic wall abscess and posterior pseudoaneurysm formation involving the ...
Moriyama Y - - 1998
A 68-year-old man with an infrarenal mycotic aneurysm underwent successful in-situ graft reconstruction using a woven Dacron graft. A tissue culture taken from the excised aortic wall revealed Staphylococcus epidermidis, and histological study subsequently showed penetrating atherosclerotic ulcers (PAU) involving all layers of the aortic wall and marked neutrophilic infiltration ...
Pocar M - - 1998
A 68-year-old male presented with multiple cerebral abscesses. Possible intrathoracic embolic sources were not detected by echocardiography and chest radiography and the main lesion was surgically excised. Following deterioration of the neurological status, computerized tomography performed 2 weeks later revealed a mycotic aneurysm of the ascending aorta, probably related to ...
Wilson W R - - 1998
The purpose of this case report is to familiarize the sinus surgeon with the possibility of the rapid development of internal carotid artery aneuryams from fungal infections of the sphenoid sinuses. A renal dialysis patient with progressive loss of vision was treated with high doses of steroids for the presumed ...
Majerus B - - 1998
We report 3 cases of spontaneous rupture of pancreaticoduodenal arteries (PDA). In the first case, an aneurysm of the PDA was demonstrated with stenosis of the celiac trunk; in the second case occlusion of the hepatic artery was shown. In both cases, arterial pancreatic arcades were enlarged and blood flow ...
Jebara V A - - 1998
Mycotic aneurysms of the popliteal artery are rare; 33 cases have been reported in the literature. The treatment of choice is a large excision with extra-anatomic revascularization. In situ revascularization is sometimes possible. To the best of our knowledge, tuberculosis has never been reported as a causal factor of mycotic ...
Gufler H - - 1998
A 69-year-old diabetic male with salmonella bacteremia developed hypovolemic shock and swelling of the neck. A CT examination revealed massive mediastinal hemorrhage extending into the neck soft tissues caused by false aneurysm rupture of the descending thoracic aorta. Aortography showed continuous extravasation from a large leak at the medial side ...
Semba C P - - 1998
PURPOSE: Standard therapy of mycotic aneurysms in the descending aorta consists of thoracotomy and in situ graft placement or extraanatomic bypass. The alternative use of endovascular stent-grafts was evaluated for management of infected aneurysms of the thoracic aorta. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective analysis during a 5-year period, 112 ...
Benveniste O - - 1998
Mycotic pulmonary aneurysm is an infrequently diagnosed complication of endocarditis. We report here a case of mycotic pulmonary aneurysm and a review of 25 cases from the literature. The mortality rate is greater than 50%. Prompt diagnosis is necessary because early intrasaccular embolization and/or surgical repair is essential to avoid ...
Lim S H - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of the Valsalva maneuver with that of carotid sinus massage (CSM) in terminating paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) in the ED. METHODS: This prospective, randomized case study was performed in the ED of a tertiary care institution. Patients were at least 10 years of age ...
Ting A C - - 1997
Salmonella infection of the abdominal aorta is associated with a high mortality and morbidity, especially when the paravisceral segment is involved. The presentation may be vague and a high index of suspicion is required in order to make the diagnosis early so that prompt treatment can be instituted. Imaging techniques ...
Hubaut J J - - 1997
This report describes a case involving mycotic aneurysm of the extracranial internal carotid artery occurring as a complication of staphylococcal endocarditis in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus. Three main points are emphasized: (1) this complication occurred in an immunodepressed patient; (2) surgical treatment consisted of aneurysmorraphy using absorbable suture; ...
Wang K Y - - 1997
Sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is a rare congenital anomaly which, if overlooked, may be associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Multiplane transesophageal echocardiography proved useful in identifying a variety of associated structural heart disease. This study sought to assess the accuracy of the surgical result on the basis of the ...
Küçüko─člu S - - 1997
This report describes a case of right coronary sinus of Valsalva aneurysm which ruptured into the left ventricle. The diagnosis was made with two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography which showed an abnormal structure extending from the aortic root into the left ventricle adjacent to the interventricular septum. Subsequent examinations with transesophageal echocardiography ...
Choudhary S K - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Aneurysms of sinus of Valsalva are rare. Here, we analyze retrospectively patients operated on at our center during the last 20 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred four cases of congential aneurysm of sinus of Valsalva were operated upon between January 1977 and April 1996. Only 12 aneurysms were ...
Murashita T - - 1997
Since antibiotics have been widely used in the treatment of bacterial endocarditis, mycotic aneurysms caused by septic emboli have become extremely rare. We report the case of a 34-year-old man who had mycotic aneurysms in the tibioperoneal trunks of both legs six weeks after he had a mitral valve replacement ...
Kuvin J - - 1997
A previously healthy, 31-year-old man was evaluated in the emergency department after being violently assaulted. A harsh, continuous murmur was noted on physical examination. Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiograms were interpreted as showing a ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm with a shunt into the right atrium and a tricuspid valve vegetation. ...
Desimpelaere J - - 1997
A rare case of mycotic pseudo-aneurysm of the common carotid artery as a complication in an immunosuppressed paediatric patient is presented. Treatment of pseudo-aneurysms of the common carotid artery is generally considered to be an emergency, necessitating quick and accurate diagnosis. In patients with septicemia, angiography has to be avoided. ...
Kalangos A - - 1997
The ascending aorta may be the site of origin of systemic embolization in some cases that do not have an identifiable source. We report a case in which a free-floating thrombus in the noncoronary sinus of Valsalva was detected by transesophageal echocardiography as a source of left axillary artery embolism. ...
Grandmougin D - - 1997
We report the case of a patient with five primary pneumococcal multilocular mycotic aneurysms located in the left femoral artery, the descending thoracic aorta and the right internal iliac artery. A successful treatment combining three different procedures was performed, including the use of two cryopreserved thoracic homografts. At a 54-month ...
Rice H E - - 1997
Mycotic aneurysms of the extracranial carotid artery are rare and difficult to diagnose and can lead to significant medical morbidity. Treatment of these lesions requires expert surgical management and necessitates an assiduous search for an underlying source. We report a case of a ruptured mycotic aneurysm of the cervical carotid ...
Oda H - - 1997
A 67-year-old man, who had fell 5 meters, landing on his back, one month before, was referred because of heart failure due to aortic regurgitation (AR). Transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) confirmed injuries in the aortic valve and the Valsalva sinus of the aorta before the surgery: the intimal flap in the ...
Willemsen P - - 1997
We report the case of a pediatric patient, treated for acute lymphoid leukemia, who developed a mycotic aneurysm (angioinvasive aspergillus infection) of the common carotid artery. In an emergency procedure we ligated the common carotid artery. The patient made a full recovery.
Yilmaz A T - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the properties of the coexistent cardiac anomalies associated with the aneurysm of sinus of Valsalva (ASV) and examine the long-term surgical results after operation. PATIENTS: From 1980 to 1994, nine patients (median age 22 years) underwent surgical correction of ASV. Aneurysms originated from the right (n = ...
Okada K - - 1997
A huge aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva with conduction disturbance as a consequence of infective endocarditis in Behçet's disease is reported. The aneurysm extended not only into the ventricular septum but also to the right atrium and ventricle, with a complicated cavity formation. We speculate that complete atrioventricular block ...
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