Search Results
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Erdogan Hasan Basri - - 2004
Mycotic aneurysms are rarely seen in patients who have infective endocarditis, and the management of these patients remains controversial. We present the case of a patient who had infective endocarditis complicated by a mycotic aneurysm of the left middle cerebral artery. There was substantial mitral regurgitation, and Streptococcus viridans was ...
DiMaio Salvatore - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Among cases of cerebellopontine angle lesions, vascular lesions involving the internal auditory canal are extremely rare. We report a distal fusiform mycotic pseudoaneurysm of the anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) that simulated an acoustic neuroma on presentation. METHODS: A 60-year-old woman was investigated for recent onset of acute dizziness. ...
Tsuji Yoshihiko - - 2003
Mycotic aneurysm secondary to vertebral spondylitis is a rare but life-threatening pathology with high mortality and morbidity. The authors describe a successfully treated case of mycotic aneurysm of the common iliac artery complicated with vertebral spondylitis in a 74-year-old man. Under midline laparotomy, complete debridement of the infected tissues, in-situ ...
Papadimitriou D - - 2003
The mycotic aneurysms of the infrarenal aorta (MAIA) are extremely rare and the associated morbidity and mortality is very high. The classification of infected aneurysms considers four types: a) true mycotic aneurysms, b) secondary mycotic aneurysms due to bacterial arteritis, c) infected preexisting abdominal aortic aneurysms and d) post-traumatic infected ...
Dransfield Mark T - - 2003
We report the case of a 49-year-old woman who developed an endobronchial mycotic pulmonary artery aneurysm (PAA) as a complication of pneumonia. After presenting with patchy infiltrates, she developed right lung atelectasis. A noncontrast chest CT scan revealed a mass in the right hilum, and bronchoscopy identified an obstructing lesion ...
Deshmukh Hemant - - 2003
Mycotic pseudoaneurysim of the pulmonary artery that ruptures during necrotizing pneumonia is a rare entity that is often fatal. Traditionally it has been treated with open thoracotomy and resection of both the aneurysm and the lobe in which the aneurysm is located. In this report, we describe the radiological findings ...
Coutu Marianne - - 2003
Primary pneumococcal aortic mycotic aneurysms are rare clinical entities. Only a few cases have been reported in the literature. Extremely rare presentation is the occurrence of three simultaneous aneurysms. Treatment usually necessitates intravenous antibiotherapy combined with staged surgical interventions. This report highlights the case of a 52-year-old man with multiple ...
Oh Sungjin - - 2003
We report a case of ruptured mycotic aneurysm involving innominate artery requiring an urgent surgical treatment. A 62-yr-old woman presented with fever and dyspnea. Previously, she was diagnosed with colon cancer and received right hemicolectomy and one cycle of adjuvant chemotherapy. On echocardiogram, pericardial effusion was noted and emergency pericardiocentesis ...
Lin Chih-Yuan - - 2003
Salmonella mycotic aneurysms of the descending thoracic aorta are exceedingly rare. There are few case reports and even fewer reports of long term survival. The case of a 68-year-old female presenting with a mycotic aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta caused by Salmonella species is described, which involved successful surgical ...
Maruo Ayako - - 2003
We describe a case of ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (RSVA) with moderate aortic regurgitation (AR), which developed on the second day after admission. The AR was caused by a hemodynamic effect solely, in which the shunt blood flow through ruptured site pulled the right aortic cusp away from closure. ...
Callaert Joren R G - - 2003
PURPOSE: To describe the successful stent-graft exclusion of a mycotic aneurysm of the superficial femoral artery. CASE REPORT: A 78-year-old man presented with Salmonella arteritis and the formation of a mycotic false aneurysm of the superficial femoral artery. Antibiotics were administered; the aneurysm was excluded using 2 Hemobahn stent-grafts, and ...
Jeyamani R - - 2003
We report a 40-year-old man with rheumatic heart disease who presented with abdominal pain for three weeks and hematemesis for 24 hours. CT scan showed a large splenic artery aneurysm without evidence of pancreatitis. Mycotic aneurysm due to infective endocarditis was considered and confirmed by echocardiogram, which showed aortic and ...
Cloud G C - - 2003
Cerebral mycotic or infective aneurysms are a rare complication of infectious illness, and such aneurysms of the intracavernous portion of the internal carotid artery are rare. They have been described as a consequence of cavernous sinus infection in an immunocompromised host, but not previously in a renal transplant recipient. We ...
Stanley Brendan M - - 2003
PURPOSE: To report a series of endoluminally repaired mycotic thoracic aneurysms. CASE REPORTS: Four patients with presumed mycotic aneurysms of the thoracic aorta were treated with endovascular grafts owing to overly high risk for open repair. All aneurysms were successfully excluded at the initial intervention. In one case, which required ...
Angle Niren - - 2003
Extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) mycotic aneurysms are rare entities that may result in significant neurologic morbidity and mortality. Several operative techniques have been described in the literature for the management of this difficult condition. This case report describes a contained ruptured mycotic aneurysm of the extracranial ICA associated with ...
Luo Chwan-yau - - 2003
Melioidosis, an infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, an aerobic gram-negative bacillus, is normally transmitted through skin wounds and contact with infected human beings and animals. Its primary source is rice paddy soil and stagnant water. Melioidosis manifesting as an arterial mycotic aneurysm is rare, and, to our knowledge, infected ...
Mohanakrishnan Laxmanan - - 2003
The recommended operative management of unruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm consists of closure of the mouth of the aneurysm with or without aortic valve surgery. We report a case of unruptured aneurysm producing right ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Closure of the mouth of the aneurysm failed to relieve the obstruction, ...
Fedson Savitri - - 2003
Sinus of Valsalva aneurysms are rare congenital anomalies. When they rupture, they can lead to the development of biventricular failure as a result of systemic-pulmonary shunting. Surgical repair has been the traditional treatment for these aneurysms. We present a case of a 54 year old man in whom a ruptured ...
Uyan Cihangir - - 2003
Sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (SVA) is an infrequent cardiac anomaly. Variations in the origin and course or distribution of the epicardial coronary arteries are rarely found in the population. SVA can be acquired, secondary to infectious, degenerative or traumatic processes. This paper describes congenital right SVA and abnormal origin of ...
Sin Yoong Kong - - 2003
A 57-year-old man presenting with hemoptysis and chest pain was diagnosed to have a Staphylococcus aureus mycotic aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta, which subsequently ruptured into the left lower lobe of the lungs. He underwent successful repair with lung resection and Dacron graft replacement under hypothermic circulatory arrest, followed ...
Sanada Junichiro - - 2003
PURPOSE: To report successful stent-graft treatment of a mycotic pseudoaneurysm of the left subclavian artery in an immunosuppressed patient. CASE REPORT: A 17-year-old immunosuppressed woman undergoing treatment for recurrent leukemia developed persistent fever and 2 episodes of hemoptysis. A contrast-enhanced computed tomographic (CT) scan demonstrated a saccular aneurysm of the ...
Witjes J A - - 2003
A 67-year-old man was treated with maintenance intravesical BCG for superficial bladder cancer. As a culture-proven complication of this therapy, he developed general malaise, high fever, granulomatous hepatitis and a mycotic aneurysm in his left knee. All complications were treated successfully with antituberculous therapy. No vascular surgery was necessary. This ...
Thankachen Roy - - 2003
Sinus of Valsalva aneurysms rarely present until rupture occurs. We describe the case of a patient who presented with acute right heart failure and upon investigation was found to have an unruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm causing right ventricular outflow obstruction; there was an associated subaortic ventricular septal defect. To ...
Kirkpatrick James N - - 2003
The differential diagnosis of hemoptysis includes a wide spectrum of infectious, autoimmune, and neoplastic diseases as well as chest trauma. The clinical presentation of a mycotic aortic aneurysm is often nonspecific, but mortality is high, especially after aneurysmal rupture. A high index of suspicion is warranted in any patient presenting ...
Del Campo Carlos - - 2003
Aneurysms of the sinuses of Valsalva, when detected before rupture, are repaired electively. When they are small, they are most frequently repaired by direct closure; when they are large, they are repaired with a prosthetic patch. When they are associated with prolapse of the corresponding aortic cusp and aortic insufficiency, ...
Shrivastava V - - 2003
Coronary artery aneurysms are uncommon and may be complicated by rupture, thromboembolic phenomenon, and more rarely fistulation into one of the cardiac chambers. This case report highlights the difficulty in making a preoperative diagnosis of a coronary artery aneurysm that has fistulated into the right atrium, and lists possible differential ...
Bush Ruth L - - 2002
Mycotic aneurysms of the innominate artery are infrequent lesions and, as such, represent challenging surgical problems. We describe herein a case of a ruptured mycotic innominate artery aneurysm, which developed after radical neck dissection and radiation therapy for tonsillar carcinoma. The aneurysm was successfully excluded from the systemic circulation with ...
Salzberger Lynn A - - 2002
Salmonellae most commonly cause uncomplicated cases of gastroenteritis but have a predilection for damaged blood vessels, especially those damaged by atherosclerosis. The abdominal aorta is most frequently affected. The most serious complication of aortitis is mycotic aneurysm formation with subsequent rupture. The authors present the case of a 61-year-old man ...
Messori Anna - - 2002
Intracranial true mycotic aneurysms are rare and generally lethal. We report a case of a near-drowned child with brain abscesses due to Pseudallescheria boydii, a saprophytic fungus, who died after subarachnoid hemorrhage occurred. CT showed contrast-enhancing lesions indicative of aneurysms of basilar and right posterior cerebral arteries that could not ...
Rabitsch W - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP) is a common cause of community-acquired pneumonia and accounts for up to 30% of all cases of pneumonia. Patients with chronic graft-versus-host-disease (GvHD) after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) have a high susceptibility to SP infections. So far, mycotic aneurysm resulting from SP has not been ...
Kwon Kihwan - - 2002
PURPOSE: To report successful percutaneous repair of a peripheral mycotic aneurysm as a bridge to standard surgical therapy. CASE REPORT: An aneurysm of the left common femoral artery was diagnosed in a 43-year-old man with subacute infective endocarditis. A Jostent stent-graft was percutaneously deployed to exclude the mycotic lesion. Computed ...
Bartakke Sandip - - 2002
Intra-cranial mycotic aneurysms due to an infective process elsewhere in the body constitute an uncommon cause of intra-cranial hemorrhage. The condition carries a grave prognosis. Mycotic aneurysms secondary to infective endocarditis (IE) rarely occur in children. This communication describes a seven-year-old girl who presented with fever and neurological abnormalities. She ...
Knouse Mark C MC Division of Infectious Diseases, Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA. - - 2002
Mycotic aneurysms of the carotid arteries are rare. We describe a right carotid artery mycotic aneurysm in a 70-year-old man. His symptoms began immediately after a complicated molar extraction and persisted until the diagnosis was made and surgical resection and repair were undertaken. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was isolated from multiple blood ...
Chen Jiann-Keh - - 2002
This report describes a 56-year-old man with a ruptured infected abdominal aortic aneurysm secondary to Salmonella bacteremia, initially presenting as acute pyelonephritis. Spike fever with severe back pain continued despite empiric antibiotic treatment at a local hospital. Hypotension with a sudden hemoglobin drop was observed on the second hospitalization day. ...
Pierson Joseph C - - 2002
The causes of purpura can be classified into intravascular, vascular, and extravascular mechanisms. We describe a case of cervicofacial purpura in a powerlifter attributed to the accompanying Valsalva-associated increased arterial pressure. Powerlifting should be added to the list of activities that may cause purpura.
AteĊŸ A - - 2002
Between 1987 and 2000, we observed retrospectively a series of five cases of surgically treated sinus of Valsalva aneurysms (SVAs) at the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey. The mean age of the five patients was 32.6 years (range, 18-48 years). Three were male and two were female. ...
Kar A K - - 2002
Congenital aneurysms of the sinus of Valsalva are rare lesions that can rupture into any cardiac chamber, due to the central position of the aortic root. Rupture into the pulmonary artery, however, is very rare. We encountered an 18-year-old girl with rupture of the right coronary sinus into the pulmonary ...
Banerjee Subhash - - 2002
A 75-year-old asymptomatic male patient was referred for transesophageal echocardiography after detection of a diastolic murmur on routine physical examination and widened mediastinum on a chest radiograph. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed a large, unruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm, filled with a thrombus and spontaneous echocontrast and protruding into the right atrium. ...
Baek Wan Ki - - 2002
We describe a case of a large sinus of Valsalva aneurysm originating from the noncoronary sinus. The aneurysm compressed the roof of the left atrium rendering the annulus and the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve severely distorted and, as a result, incompetent. The neck of the aneurysm was closed ...
Asai Toshimasa - - 2002
The management of patients with infective endocarditis complicated by intracranial mycotic aneurysms is controversial. We present the case of a 21-year-old man who suffered from mitral regurgitation with small vegetations due to infective endocarditis. The problem was associated with a ruptured aneurysm on the right anterior cerebral artery and an ...
Patetsios Peter P - - 2002
With the widespread use of endovascular surgery, aneurysms can be managed selectively with the use of stent grafts. Standard treatment of mycotic aneurysms usually requires resection and extraanatomic bypass. Although stent graft repair of a mycotic femoral aneurysm with autologous graft has been reported, we present a case of an ...
Lee S Douglas - - 2002
A 40-year-old man with Down syndrome presented with right heart failure. He was markedly obese and had severe developmental delay. There was marked edema and an early diastolic sound. Transthoracic echocardiography suggested a right heart mass. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed an unruptured balloon-like sinus of Valsalva aneurysm within the right atrium ...
Kusuyama Takanori - - 2002
A 52-year-old Japanese man who had suffered from Behçet's disease since the age of 45 years was admitted to hospital for evaluation of syncope and heart murmur. Echocardiography and aortography revealed severe aortic regurgitation and cystic masses under the right coronary cusp and the left ventricular outflow tract, but no ...
Feltis Brad A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a rare cause of aortic mycotic aneurysms. Optimal treatment, including reconstructive graft material and appropriate length of antibiotic therapy, is being debated. METHODS: We describe a 26-year-old kidney-pancreas recipient who developed an aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta caused by P. aeruginosa. RESULTS: After surgical debridement ...
Brook Itzhak - - 2002
This review describes the microbiology, diagnosis and management of endocarditis due to anaerobic bacteria. Anaerobic bacteria are an uncommon but important cause of endocarditis. Most cases of anaerobic endocarditis are caused by anaerobic cocci, Propionibacterium acnes and Bacteroides fragilis group. Predisposing factors and signs and symptoms of endocarditis caused by ...
Lijoi Antonio - - 2002
Aneurysm of the left sinus of Valsalva is extremely rare. Compression of the left coronary artery by such an aneurysm is an unusual complication of this condition and can cause coronary insufficiency. We describe the case of a 75-year-old woman who had an isolated unruptured aneurysm of the left coronary ...
Shinonaga M - - 2001
A 52-year-old woman with a 3-week history of fever and cough was diagnosed as having bacterial endocarditis with vegetation and severe mitral valve insufficiency by echocardiography. Blood culture revealed Streptococcus mitis. After antibiotic treatment for 3 weeks, the patient noticed swelling with pain in her left groin. Computed tomography revealed ...
Tanaka K - - 2001
The present study reports a case of the successful surgical repair of a ruptured infra-renal mycotic abdominal aorta with Enterobactor cloacae in a 66-year-old man. During the operative procedure, an extra-anatomic bypass was installed before the laparotomy in order to avoid bacterial contamination. A complete resection of the infected aorta, ...
Baron O - - 2001
A 25-year-old male who had been involved in a traffic accident presented with a neurological disorder, bilateral pneumothoraces, and pneumomediastinum. Bronchoscopy revealed a complex rupture of the left bronchial tract. MRI revealed a sinus valsalva aneurysm. The bronchial lesion was first repaired via left thoracotomy. 10 days later, the aorta ...
Georges R N - - 2001
Mycotic hepatic artery aneurysms are rare. This report documents a case in which a mycotic hepatic artery aneurysm was associated with Crohn's disease, renal adenocarcinoma, and a urinary tract infection. Endovascular management of this mycotic hepatic artery aneurysm was successful in the setting of a hostile abdomen based on multiple ...
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