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Results 351 - 400 of 828
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Fava Mario - - 2003
Percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy (PMT) has matured into a reliable and valuable therapeutic tool in acute vascular diseases. PMT devices are designed to achieve rapid clearance of acute occlusion in large arteries and veins. This article provides a summary of cumulated experience on pulmonary embolism (PE) treatment with PMT devices. PMT ...
Gorski Lisa A - - 2003
Many home care patients have central venous access devices to administer a variety of infusion therapies. Catheter occlusion is a potential complication. This month, catheter occlusion due to thrombotic causes is addressed. In many cases, thrombotic occlusions can be treated, sparing patients trauma and the expense of replacing the catheter. ...
Huber Thomas S - - 2003
The approach to patients with "complex" permanent hemodialysis (HD) access problems remains poorly defined. The purpose of this review is to outline our current algorithm for patients presenting for dialysis access and to address the management of specific problems that complicate this objective of establishing permanent access. The key components ...
Kerner T - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: In order to investigate the safety of whole body hyperthermia (WBH) within the context of systemic Cancer Multistep Therapy (sCMT) in patients with disseminated malignancies, cardiopulmonary changes and various organ functions were examined. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Fifty-seven sCMT treatments were performed in 22 patients. WBH with a plateau phase ...
Takazawa Kenji - - 2003
To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a manganese metal allergy to stainless steel wire. A 51-year-old man suffered from a refractory pruritic erythematous wheal after the insertion of a stainless steel wire. The patch test showed strong reactions to manganese, one of the constituents of stainless ...
Luckraz Heyman - - 2003
Complications following central venous catheterisation abound in the medical literature. This reflects the under-estimated potential hazards associated with this procedure as well as an increase in the number of such procedures performed in high-risk patients. We report on a case where a venous pseudo-aneurysm developed four months after the removal ...
Kojecký Zdenek - - 2002
The authors emphasize the need for the investigation of the central venous system prior to the insertion of an avfistula, this they consider to be of utmost importance in patients with anamnesis of central vessel access. After the av-fistula is inserted, an unrecognized obstacle (stenosis or thrombosis) may result in ...
de Neef M - - 2002
This study evaluates the efficacy of heparinization in prolonging patency of arterial and central venous catheters in children. A randomized double-blind trial in a tertiary 10-bed pediatric intensive care unit was used to evaluate 300 children (age older than 4 weeks, younger than 18 years). Trial medication consisted of either ...
Suarez Thomas - - 2002
We investigated the effects of approach (lateral versus anterior), position (supine versus Trendelenburg), and head rotation (0 degrees, 20 degrees, and maximum) during central venous catheterization on the area of the right internal jugular vein. Twenty-four patients were placed in supine position, followed by 25 degrees of Trendelenburg position. In ...
Paw H G W - - 2002
Bilateral pleural effusions occurred after total parenteral nutrition was administered via a left internal jugular venous line. The most likely explanation for the fluid passage into both pleural cavities was migration of the tip of the catheter from within the vein into the mediastinum. Fluid can pass into both pleural ...
Schummer Wolfram - - 2002
In general, persistence of the left superior vena cava (LSVC), the most common anomaly of the venous circulation, is asymptomatic. Diagnosis of a catheter in a persistent LSVC is not straight forward, and a LSVC can create difficulties during central venous and pulmonary artery catheterization. We discuss the differential diagnosis ...
Murthy Ravi - - 2002
During the course of providing adequate access for hemodialysis, the majority of patients with end-stage renal disease will encounter episodes of catheter dependency. Although catheter-based dialysis is inferior to that obtained through native or synthetic arteriovenous conduits, it is often the only way to provide durable venous access into the ...
Abid Qamar - - 2002
We present an unusual complication caused by a dialysis catheter inserted through the internal jugular vein into the central venous system. The 49-year-old male patient developed a right atrial thrombus, which became infected with Staphylococcus aureus, resulting in septic pulmonary embolism and septicemic shock. The thrombus was excised on cardiopulmonary ...
McFarland Holly Fadness - - 2002
Over the past 2 decades the use of central venous catheters (CVCs) for hemodialysis has become commonplace. While these devices have provided much needed temporary access to the bloodstream, they often become thrombosed and require procedures to restore patency. This article examines the lytic enzymes that are currently available and ...
Manca O - - 2002
Frequently patients are started on hemodialysis after the placement of a central venous catheter (temporary or tunneled) in the internal jugular vein (IJV). Currenty this procedure is facilitated by ultrasound probes that improve the rate of success of catheter placement in vessels and diminishes the possible complications, minimizing the gap ...
Povoski Stephen P - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Central venous access in cancer patients is often challenging. A history of access is common. Appropriate indications for venous imaging studies are not clearly defined. METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of selective use of preoperative venous duplex ultrasound and intraoperative venography in 248 consecutive cancer patients undergoing ...
Weeks Susan M - - 2002
Venous access is commonly thought of as the bread and butter of interventional radiologic procedures. However, in those patients who have undergone multiple previous central venous catheter placements, venous access can be a technical challenge for even the most seasoned interventional radiologist. Conventional access sites include the internal jugular veins ...
Ring N J - - 2002
Idiopathic dilatation of the pulmonary artery is an uncommon cause of a large main pulmonary artery whose diagnosis is dependent on the exclusion of other causes of central pulmonary artery dilatation. We present four new cases who have been known to have large central pulmonary arteries for many years, and ...
Segal Eran - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare cardiac output (CO) as measured by the arterial thermodilution technique using only a central venous catheter and an arterial catheter inserted into the axillary artery, with conventional CO measurement with thermodilution using a pulmonary artery (PA) catheter (PAC). DESIGN: Prospective clinical study in which each patient ...
Sanderford Max G - - 2002
Short-term intravenous infusion of angiotensin II (ANG II) into conscious rabbits reduces the range of renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) by attenuating reflex disinhibition of RSNA. This action of ANG II to attenuate the arterial baroreflex range is exaggerated when ANG II is directed into the vertebral circulation, which suggests ...
Hohls M - - 2002
The development of tracheal stenosis following insertion of a central venous catheter is a rare complication of this procedure. We present the case of an 81-year-old woman, who suffered acute onset of dyspnea, stridor and dysphagia 4 weeks after coronary artery bypass surgery. Investigations revealed a false aneurysm of the ...
Citak Agop - - 2002
BACKGROUND: It is critical to establish a safe and functional i.v. access in severely sick patients. We evaluated the frequency of application and complications of central venous catheters in a pediatric intensive care unit. METHODS: Pediatric patients in whom central venous catheters were inserted between March 1997 and May 1999 ...
Stehr Maximilian - - 2002
Most adverse events related to central venous catheter (CVC) use in severely ill neonates who require total parenteral nutrition (TPN) are caused by malposition of the tip of the catheter, followed by complications such as infection, sepsis, thrombosis or, rarely, perforation of the vessel. Malpositioned tip of a CVC into ...
Biernacka Jadwiga - - 2002
Central venous access represents one of the most basic therapeutic procedures in modern medicine. Unfortunately, numerous advantages that result from maintaining a central venous line are accompanied by some complications among which the venous thrombosis is the most significant clinically. The study was designed to assess frequency and natural history ...
Kamat Aparna - - 2002
To decide on an alternate procedure for placement of central vein catheters other than percutaneous access of the subclavian vein, we conducted a study of 46 women who underwent placement of a central venous catheter utilizing the cephalic vein procedure at Ruby Memorial Hospital at West Virginia University in Morgantown. ...
Mitsufuji Nobuto - - 2002
Peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) have allowed central venous access via peripheral veins for a long period. PICCs have become an indispensable tool in neonatal medicine. Despite their benefits, PICCs involve some risks, which include infection, thrombosis, malpositioning, and extravascular collection of fluid. We presented two patients with extravascular ...
Tseng M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the success and immediate complication rates associated with 3412 central venous catheter placements performed in an interventional radiology suite. METHODS: Success and immediate complication rates were prospectively recorded for 3412 consecutive patients who had central venous catheters radiologically placed at a tertiary care centre between July 1993 ...
Jahn U R - - 2001
We hypothesized that sympathetic stimulation is the main mechanism contributing to hemodynamic failure in pulmonary embolism. We investigated the effects of epidural anesthesia-induced sympathetic blockade, restricted to thoracic and lumbar levels, during pulmonary embolism. Two experiments were performed in chronically instrumented ewes. In the first experiment, six sheep received 6 ...
Butterly D W - - 2001
The provision of hemodialysis requires repeated, reliable access to the central circulatory system. Long-term hemodialysis has best been provided by arteriovenous fistulae and arteriovenous grafts. In recent years, more and more patients have been chronically dialyzed with tunneled dialysis catheters. These catheters, which were originally developed as a short-term bridge ...
Hayward L F - - 2001
The caudal region of the nucleus of the solitary tract (cNTS) is the primary central termination site for arterial chemoreceptor afferents originating from the carotid body. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of endogenous activation of alpha-2 adrenoreceptors in the cNTS on arterial chemoreflex function. ...
Donelli G - - 2001
In a 1-year multicenter study the microbial colonization of 1154 central venous catheters (CVCs) was investigated. Catheters explanted either from immunocompromised or immunocompetent patients were collected and analyzed by five clinical microbiology laboratories located in Ancona, Aviano, Catania, Pavia and Rome, Italy. A further aim was to investigate, by scanning ...
Stamer U M - - 2001
Naphazoline intoxication by intrabronchial overdose caused prolonged unconsciousness of an 18-mo-old child after general anesthesia for tracheal rigid bronchoscopy. The leading symptoms were side effects involving the cardiovascular, pulmonary, and central nervous systems. Intensive care unit admission with the need for mechanical ventilation was necessary. Recovery was uneventful.
Nadroo A M - - 2001
Many complications of central venous catheters, which include perforation of the vessel walls and extravasation of the infusate into pericardial, pleural, and peritoneal cavities, have been reported. We report an infant with a central venous catheter in inferior vena cava who experienced extravasation of parenteral alimentation fluid into the right ...
Andreotti F - - 2001
Experimental data indicate that urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) contributes significantly to endogenous fibrinolysis and vascular remodeling in proportion to its local concentrations. In humans, however, it is not known whether u-PA levels vary at different sites and across specific vascular beds. We investigated possible regional and artero-venous differences in plasma ...
Chuang C L - - 2001
Central vein stenosis is an indolent and underestimated complication of permanent pacemaker placement. It leads to serious problems in hemodialysis patients when arteriovenous (AV) fistulae/grafts were created at the ipsilateral arm. We, herein, reported 3 cases of AV access failure resulting from permanent pacemaker-related central vein stenosis. The pathogenesis, clinical ...
Takasaki Y - - 2001
An 85-yr-old woman with advanced sigmoid colon cancer developed right phrenic nerve palsy following central venous catheterization for preoperative nutritional and fluid balance improvement. The central venous catheter was successfully placed via the left subclavian vein at the first attempt. Blood returned freely through the catheter. The chest x-ray film ...
Kingdon E J - - 2001
A native arteriovenous fistula is the first choice for hemodialysis access. Despite improved catheter designs and the use of internal jugular veins, thrombotic complications still occur when tunneled central venous catheters are used as an alternative. Although right atrial thrombus (RAT) is a well-characterized complication of long-term central venous cannulation, ...
Chen K B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Venous access is relatively difficult in preterm infants. Central venous catheterization is indicated for pressure monitoring, drug therapy, and nutrition supplementation, which are often critical in the anesthetic management of infants undergoing major surgery. METHODS: In 49 critically ill preterm infants weighing less than 1,000 g, the femoral vein ...
Jeganath V - - 2001
Central vein cannulation is associated with several complications, some of which may be fatal. This case report describes a life-threatening complication after insertion of a central venous line. An obese female patient with end-stage renal failure due to nephrotic syndrome developed a huge neck swelling and sudden airway obstruction after ...
ZawiliƄski J - - 2001
The vascularization of the spinal cord was investigated in 50 human fetuses aged from 10 to 28 gestational weeks using dye injection methods and corrosion casting accompanied by scanning electron microscopy. In the investigated period of fetal development, the general vascular architecture of the spinal cord, corresponding to that described ...
Sawchuk C - - 2001
PURPOSE: To describe the utility of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in confirmation of correct central line J-wire position. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 51-yr-old male patient presented for urgent coronary artery bypass grafting. Current medications included aspirin, nitroglycerine, heparin and a B-blocker. Physical examination was unremarkable. Initial difficulty with right internal jugular vein ...
Lim-Dunham J E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To describe the sonographic appearance of unusual septic complications after central vascular line placement in premature infants. METHODS: Two case reports are presented. RESULTS: The first patient had a retroperitoneal abscess after percutaneous central venous catheter placement. The second patient had a ruptured mycotic aneurysm of the abdominal aorta ...
Fusaro F - - 2001
Occlusion of traditional sites for central venous cannulation is a challenging problem in patients that require a permanent central venous line for chronic administration of nutrients or drugs. In rare cases, extensive central venous thrombosis of the superior and inferior vena cava may preclude catheterization, and uncommon routes should be ...
Heres E K - - 2001
This study used the activated clotting time (ACT) to determine the clinical onset of four different doses of heparin after bolus injection into the central circulation. Ten consenting adults (Group A) undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting were given 350 U/kg of bovine lung heparin and had simultaneous duplicate arterial and ...
Murphy P T - - 2001
142 noncuffed, nontunnelled, single lumen central venous catheters were inserted in 103 patients with haematological malignancy. Insertion related complications were minimal and no symptomatic catheter-related central venous thrombosis occurred. Nontunnelled central venous catheters are an excellent alternative to the more commonly used tunnelled devices in terms of convenience, cost-effectiveness and ...
Lau H P HP Department of Anesthesiology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, - - 2001
We report a case of fatal respiratory complication secondary to central venous cannulation in a 63-year-old male patient, which came up gradually and insidiously following an accidental puncture of carotid artery in an attempt to cannulate the right internal jugular vein. He died 14 h after the mishap due to ...
Lau T N - - 2001
Maintenance of functioning venous access is recognized as the Achilles heel of long-term hemodialysis treatment. In patients who require catheter-directed hemodialysis, the internal jugular veins are recognized as the optimal veins for insertion of dialysis catheters. When these sites are no longer available, alternative venous access sites are required. The ...
Mills S J - - 2001
A postal questionnaire was sent to all UK consultant members of the Neuroanaesthesia Society to ascertain whether there was any consensus on indications for use and route of insertion of central venous cannulae in elective neuroanaesthetic practice. Five brief clinical scenarios were presented. Of 179 respondents, 98% indicated that they ...
McMahon C J - - 2001
We describe a three-year-old boy who presented with recurrent expectoration of bronchial casts six months following creation of a fenestrated lateral tunnel Fontan circulation for pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum. Cardiac catheterization demonstrated elevated central venous pressure with two areas of stenosis within the Fontan circuit, specifically at the ...
Cavatorta F - - 2001
Internal jugular vein cannulation has become a routine and clinically important aspect of medical care in hemodialysis patients. Mismanagement in the location of a central venous catheter may occur in up to 20% of cases. The aim of the study was to evaluate the utility of endocavitary electrocardiography in right ...
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