Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 808
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Hohls M - - 2002
The development of tracheal stenosis following insertion of a central venous catheter is a rare complication of this procedure. We present the case of an 81-year-old woman, who suffered acute onset of dyspnea, stridor and dysphagia 4 weeks after coronary artery bypass surgery. Investigations revealed a false aneurysm of the ...
Citak Agop - - 2002
BACKGROUND: It is critical to establish a safe and functional i.v. access in severely sick patients. We evaluated the frequency of application and complications of central venous catheters in a pediatric intensive care unit. METHODS: Pediatric patients in whom central venous catheters were inserted between March 1997 and May 1999 ...
Stehr Maximilian - - 2002
Most adverse events related to central venous catheter (CVC) use in severely ill neonates who require total parenteral nutrition (TPN) are caused by malposition of the tip of the catheter, followed by complications such as infection, sepsis, thrombosis or, rarely, perforation of the vessel. Malpositioned tip of a CVC into ...
Biernacka Jadwiga - - 2002
Central venous access represents one of the most basic therapeutic procedures in modern medicine. Unfortunately, numerous advantages that result from maintaining a central venous line are accompanied by some complications among which the venous thrombosis is the most significant clinically. The study was designed to assess frequency and natural history ...
Kamat Aparna - - 2002
To decide on an alternate procedure for placement of central vein catheters other than percutaneous access of the subclavian vein, we conducted a study of 46 women who underwent placement of a central venous catheter utilizing the cephalic vein procedure at Ruby Memorial Hospital at West Virginia University in Morgantown. ...
Mitsufuji Nobuto - - 2002
Peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) have allowed central venous access via peripheral veins for a long period. PICCs have become an indispensable tool in neonatal medicine. Despite their benefits, PICCs involve some risks, which include infection, thrombosis, malpositioning, and extravascular collection of fluid. We presented two patients with extravascular ...
Tseng M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the success and immediate complication rates associated with 3412 central venous catheter placements performed in an interventional radiology suite. METHODS: Success and immediate complication rates were prospectively recorded for 3412 consecutive patients who had central venous catheters radiologically placed at a tertiary care centre between July 1993 ...
Jahn U R - - 2001
We hypothesized that sympathetic stimulation is the main mechanism contributing to hemodynamic failure in pulmonary embolism. We investigated the effects of epidural anesthesia-induced sympathetic blockade, restricted to thoracic and lumbar levels, during pulmonary embolism. Two experiments were performed in chronically instrumented ewes. In the first experiment, six sheep received 6 ...
Butterly D W - - 2001
The provision of hemodialysis requires repeated, reliable access to the central circulatory system. Long-term hemodialysis has best been provided by arteriovenous fistulae and arteriovenous grafts. In recent years, more and more patients have been chronically dialyzed with tunneled dialysis catheters. These catheters, which were originally developed as a short-term bridge ...
Hayward L F - - 2001
The caudal region of the nucleus of the solitary tract (cNTS) is the primary central termination site for arterial chemoreceptor afferents originating from the carotid body. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of endogenous activation of alpha-2 adrenoreceptors in the cNTS on arterial chemoreflex function. ...
Donelli G - - 2001
In a 1-year multicenter study the microbial colonization of 1154 central venous catheters (CVCs) was investigated. Catheters explanted either from immunocompromised or immunocompetent patients were collected and analyzed by five clinical microbiology laboratories located in Ancona, Aviano, Catania, Pavia and Rome, Italy. A further aim was to investigate, by scanning ...
Stamer U M - - 2001
Naphazoline intoxication by intrabronchial overdose caused prolonged unconsciousness of an 18-mo-old child after general anesthesia for tracheal rigid bronchoscopy. The leading symptoms were side effects involving the cardiovascular, pulmonary, and central nervous systems. Intensive care unit admission with the need for mechanical ventilation was necessary. Recovery was uneventful.
Nadroo A M - - 2001
Many complications of central venous catheters, which include perforation of the vessel walls and extravasation of the infusate into pericardial, pleural, and peritoneal cavities, have been reported. We report an infant with a central venous catheter in inferior vena cava who experienced extravasation of parenteral alimentation fluid into the right ...
Andreotti F - - 2001
Experimental data indicate that urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) contributes significantly to endogenous fibrinolysis and vascular remodeling in proportion to its local concentrations. In humans, however, it is not known whether u-PA levels vary at different sites and across specific vascular beds. We investigated possible regional and artero-venous differences in plasma ...
Chuang C L - - 2001
Central vein stenosis is an indolent and underestimated complication of permanent pacemaker placement. It leads to serious problems in hemodialysis patients when arteriovenous (AV) fistulae/grafts were created at the ipsilateral arm. We, herein, reported 3 cases of AV access failure resulting from permanent pacemaker-related central vein stenosis. The pathogenesis, clinical ...
Takasaki Y - - 2001
An 85-yr-old woman with advanced sigmoid colon cancer developed right phrenic nerve palsy following central venous catheterization for preoperative nutritional and fluid balance improvement. The central venous catheter was successfully placed via the left subclavian vein at the first attempt. Blood returned freely through the catheter. The chest x-ray film ...
Kingdon E J - - 2001
A native arteriovenous fistula is the first choice for hemodialysis access. Despite improved catheter designs and the use of internal jugular veins, thrombotic complications still occur when tunneled central venous catheters are used as an alternative. Although right atrial thrombus (RAT) is a well-characterized complication of long-term central venous cannulation, ...
Chen K B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Venous access is relatively difficult in preterm infants. Central venous catheterization is indicated for pressure monitoring, drug therapy, and nutrition supplementation, which are often critical in the anesthetic management of infants undergoing major surgery. METHODS: In 49 critically ill preterm infants weighing less than 1,000 g, the femoral vein ...
Jeganath V - - 2001
Central vein cannulation is associated with several complications, some of which may be fatal. This case report describes a life-threatening complication after insertion of a central venous line. An obese female patient with end-stage renal failure due to nephrotic syndrome developed a huge neck swelling and sudden airway obstruction after ...
ZawiliƄski J - - 2001
The vascularization of the spinal cord was investigated in 50 human fetuses aged from 10 to 28 gestational weeks using dye injection methods and corrosion casting accompanied by scanning electron microscopy. In the investigated period of fetal development, the general vascular architecture of the spinal cord, corresponding to that described ...
Sawchuk C - - 2001
PURPOSE: To describe the utility of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in confirmation of correct central line J-wire position. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 51-yr-old male patient presented for urgent coronary artery bypass grafting. Current medications included aspirin, nitroglycerine, heparin and a B-blocker. Physical examination was unremarkable. Initial difficulty with right internal jugular vein ...
Lim-Dunham J E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To describe the sonographic appearance of unusual septic complications after central vascular line placement in premature infants. METHODS: Two case reports are presented. RESULTS: The first patient had a retroperitoneal abscess after percutaneous central venous catheter placement. The second patient had a ruptured mycotic aneurysm of the abdominal aorta ...
Fusaro F - - 2001
Occlusion of traditional sites for central venous cannulation is a challenging problem in patients that require a permanent central venous line for chronic administration of nutrients or drugs. In rare cases, extensive central venous thrombosis of the superior and inferior vena cava may preclude catheterization, and uncommon routes should be ...
Heres E K - - 2001
This study used the activated clotting time (ACT) to determine the clinical onset of four different doses of heparin after bolus injection into the central circulation. Ten consenting adults (Group A) undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting were given 350 U/kg of bovine lung heparin and had simultaneous duplicate arterial and ...
Murphy P T - - 2001
142 noncuffed, nontunnelled, single lumen central venous catheters were inserted in 103 patients with haematological malignancy. Insertion related complications were minimal and no symptomatic catheter-related central venous thrombosis occurred. Nontunnelled central venous catheters are an excellent alternative to the more commonly used tunnelled devices in terms of convenience, cost-effectiveness and ...
Lau H P HP Department of Anesthesiology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, - - 2001
We report a case of fatal respiratory complication secondary to central venous cannulation in a 63-year-old male patient, which came up gradually and insidiously following an accidental puncture of carotid artery in an attempt to cannulate the right internal jugular vein. He died 14 h after the mishap due to ...
Lau T N - - 2001
Maintenance of functioning venous access is recognized as the Achilles heel of long-term hemodialysis treatment. In patients who require catheter-directed hemodialysis, the internal jugular veins are recognized as the optimal veins for insertion of dialysis catheters. When these sites are no longer available, alternative venous access sites are required. The ...
Mills S J - - 2001
A postal questionnaire was sent to all UK consultant members of the Neuroanaesthesia Society to ascertain whether there was any consensus on indications for use and route of insertion of central venous cannulae in elective neuroanaesthetic practice. Five brief clinical scenarios were presented. Of 179 respondents, 98% indicated that they ...
McMahon C J - - 2001
We describe a three-year-old boy who presented with recurrent expectoration of bronchial casts six months following creation of a fenestrated lateral tunnel Fontan circulation for pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum. Cardiac catheterization demonstrated elevated central venous pressure with two areas of stenosis within the Fontan circuit, specifically at the ...
Cavatorta F - - 2001
Internal jugular vein cannulation has become a routine and clinically important aspect of medical care in hemodialysis patients. Mismanagement in the location of a central venous catheter may occur in up to 20% of cases. The aim of the study was to evaluate the utility of endocavitary electrocardiography in right ...
Cavatorta F - - 2001
The NKF-DOQI guidelines recommend performing chest-X-ray(CXR) after subclavian and internal jugular vein insertion prior to catheter use. This is to exclude complications such as a pneumothorax before starting hemodialysis. Indication of a central venous dialysis catheter was based on the historic use of the subclavian vein for placement of these ...
Lacoursière L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Hydrolyser catheter for percutaneous treatment of massive pulmonary embolism in pigs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve pigs, each weighing between 55 kg and 89 kg, were used. Radioopaque 9 cm x 0.8 cm and 4.5 cm x 0.8 cm clots, produced by ...
Dolla D - - 2001
The internal jugular vein (IJV) should be the preferred form of venous vascular access for the placement of dialysis catheters. 'Blind' puncture or 'skin mark' ultrasound technique puncture present multiple complications due to the significant variations in IJV location in normal subjects and even more so in uremic pa-tients. The ...
Hittmair K - - 2001
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to determine the accuracy of predicting arterial enhancement from peripheral versus central venous test bolus injections at CT angiography (CTA). METHOD: In 40 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms, aortoiliac enhancement profiles were predicted by mathematical deconvolution of the time-attenuation response to a 16 ...
Herts B R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of power-injecting IV contrast media through central venous catheters for CT examinations. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Two hundred ninety-five CT examinations were performed during an 18-month period in 225 patients with indwelling central venous catheters. Patients were randomized to power injection either ...
Salvesen R - - 2001
The amount of sweating in lateral and medial sites in the forehead was investigated with quantitative evaporimetry in 18 patients with Horner's syndrome: eight cases with a central (1st), five with a preganglionic (2nd), and five with a postganglionic (3rd) neurone lesion. The amount of sweating was measured after body ...
Solomon B A - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Increased utilization of central venous catheters for hyperalimentation has caused a rise in the incidence of central venous complications including occlusions and stenoses. When this occurs, the continued use of these catheters becomes more difficult. We describe a technique for catheter placement in a patient requiring access ...
Baracetti S - - 2001
Adequate treatment for uremic patients on hemodialysis requires valid and lasting access to central vessels. The Central Venous Catheter (CVC) as a mean of immediate access is indispensable in all acute cases where it has not been possible to prepare an AVF in time and when the peripheral vascularization is ...
Zeiss C J - - 2001
A 6.5-year-old male rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) was presented with acute paraplegia following a surgical procedure. During surgery, he experienced an acute hypotensive episode that required 3 hours of supportive therapy before hemodynamic stability was restored. Paraplegia remained unchanged until euthanasia 72 hours later. At necropsy, spinal cord segments T10-S3 ...
Ladakis C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Although mixed venous O2 saturation (SvO2) accurately indicates the balance of O2 supply/demand and provides an index of tissue oxygenation, the use of a pulmonary artery (PA) catheter is associated with significant costs, risks and complications. Central venous O2 saturation (ScvO2), obtained in a less risky and costly manner, ...
Morosetti M - - 2000
It is well known that catheters placed in the subclavian or internal jugular veins may develop stenosis in the vein in which the catheter lies. Because the arteriovenous fistula (AVF) relies on good venous outflow, patients with ipsilateral central venous stenosis are subject to the malfunctioning of AVF. Until now, ...
Weber T P - - 2000
Pulmonary enzyme heme oxygenase, which catalyses carbon monoxide production, may be responsible for arteriovenous carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) differences measured in humans. Unspecific inflammatory stimuli have been shown to induce pulmonary heme oxygenase possibly leading to increased pulmonary carbon monoxide production and elevated arterial COHb. Arteriovenous COHb gradients may therefore be a ...
Vuylsteke A - - 2000
Clevidipine is a new vascular-selective, calcium channel antagonist of the dihydropyridine type with an ester side chain susceptible to esterase metabolism. In healthy volunteers, it has high clearance (0.069 litres min-1 kg-1) with a small volume of distribution at steady state (0.19 litres kg-1). The half-lives of the two initial ...
Ozimek W - - 2000
The case of a potentially life-threatening complication related to the use of implanted port device in a 8 year old Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma patient receiving chemotherapy is described. The device was inserted in early 1997 and used repeatedly for chemotherapy without any complications. In late 1997 during routine screening for cardiac ...
Goedje O - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVES: A transpulmonary thermal-dye dilution (TDD) technique using cold indocyanine green dye was utilized to monitor cardiac index (CI) and preload in patients after heart transplantation. Preload, determined by intrathoracic blood volume index (ITBVI) and global end-diastolic volume index (GEDVI), was compared to central venous pressure (CVP) and pulmonary ...
Dabiré H - - 2000
1. Hypertensive conduit arteries are thicker and stiffer than those of normotensive controls. Whether they are specifically sensitive to central sympathoinhibition has never been investigated. 2. The effects of acute (24 h infusion) and chronic (4 week infusion) treatments with clonidine (0.01 and 0.1 mg/kg per day) and flesinoxan (1 ...
Schuster M - - 2000
Location of the tip of a central venous catheter (CVC) within the pericardium has been associated with potentially lethal cardiac tamponade. Because the pericardium cannot be seen on chest x-ray (CXR), an alternative radiographic marker is needed for correct placement of CVCs. The anatomy of the region was studied in ...
Wu X - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Experimental results suggest that the competence of the internal jugular vein (IJV) valve may be damaged when the IJV is cannulated for insertion of a central venous catheter. It has further been hypothesized that the risk of causing incompetence of the proximally located valve might be reduced by using ...
Suárez-Peñaranda J M - - 2000
Coronary sinus thrombosis is an unusual but potentially serious complication of the use of central venous devices. We report a fatal case of coronary sinus thrombosis in relation to a malpositioned central venous catheter. The death occurred very soon following the beginning of symptoms and the cause could not be ...
Cohen T J - - 2000
A 16-year-old high school basketball player with symptomatic Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome underwent an unsuccessful radiofrequency catheter ablative procedure from the femoral venous approach. During this procedure, the patient received 30 applications of radiofrequency energy without injury to the accessory pathway. The patient was treated with flecinide 100 mg orally twice daily ...
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