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Results 251 - 300 of 808
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Wang David H J - - 2005
Remarkable progress has been made on ventricular assist devices for adult patients. Unfortunately, similar devices are not yet available in the United States for pediatric heart patients. The goal of this project is to demonstrate the feasibility of a percutaneous ventricular assist device for pediatric patients above 2 kg. The ...
Alderman Robert L - - 2005
Central venous lines were used to administer total parenteral nutrition at our institution. In an attempt to reduce line sepsis, silver impregnated cuff central lines (Hohn catheter) were adopted as standard of practice. Using a comprehensive morbidity and mortality database, 134 patients with Hohn catheters were compared to 252 patients ...
Volkow Patricia - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Septic thrombophlebitis is an iatrogenic life-threatening disease associated with use of central venous devices and intravenous (IV) therapy. In cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, vein resection or surgical thrombectomy in large central venous lines is time-consuming, can delay administration of chemotherapy, and therefore can compromise tumor control. Experience with thrombolysis ...
Crozier J E M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The complications of central venous line insertion have been highlighted by the recent NICE report advising that ultrasound guidance should be used for central line insertion. METHODS: We report a prospective audit of the complications of subclavian vein central venous line insertion for parenteral nutrition over a five-year period ...
Safdar Nasia - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) are now widely used for intermediate and long-term access in current-day health care, especially in the inpatient setting, where they are increasingly supplanting conventional central venous catheters (CVCs) placed percutaneously into the internal jugular, subclavian, or femoral veins. Data on the risk of ...
Takanami Iwao - - 2005
A 74-year-old woman was hospitalized in another institution because of a left-sided empyema and bronchopneumonia. A trocar-type chest tube was inserted. Upon withdrawal of the trocar, blood was seen flowing from the draining system and she developed hypotension. The patient was then transferred to our hospital and a diagnosis of ...
Abdullah B J J - - 2005
The objective of this study was to prospectively determine the incidence of venous thrombosis (VT) in the upper limbs in patients with peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC). We prospectively investigated the incidence of VT in the upper limbs of 26 patients who had PICC inserted. The inclusion criteria were all ...
Aggarwal Sandeep K - - 2005
Thrombotic venous obstruction in patients with a tunnelled central venous catheter is a cause of superior vena cava syndrome that is not routinely encountered by emergency physicians. Diagnosis requires identifying patients at risk (e.g., those under treatment for cancer and those who have a tunnelled central venous catheter), recognizing the ...
Augoustides John G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate needle-guided ultrasound for internal jugular venous cannulation in a large university anesthesia department, to determine cumulative cannulation success by method, to determine first-pass cannulation success by method and operator, and to determine arterial puncture by method and operator. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, ...
Navia José L - - 2005
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation can be instituted through various cannulation sites. This paper describes a technique for axillary artery cannulation for inflow perfusion in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and discusses both potential advantages and limitations. Exposure of the artery was achieved through the deltoid-pectoral approach. Both direct cannulation and interposition graft cannulation ...
Kanter Gary - - 2005
Central venous cannulation, with or without a flow-directed pulmonary artery catheter, is commonly performed in patients undergoing cardiac surgery to measure central filling pressure and cardiac output, and to administer medications and fluids. The complications of central venous cannulation are numerous and include malposition, arterial puncture, pneumothorax, hemothorax, chylothorax, extravasation ...
Gunn Scott R - - 2005
A recent trial utilizing central venous oxygen saturation (SCVO2) as a resuscitation marker in patients with sepsis has resulted in its inclusion in the Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines. We review the evidence behind SCVO2 and its relationship to previous trials of goal-directed therapy. We compare SCVO2 to other tools for ...
Rumball Elizabeth M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study compared the size of the central pulmonary arteries in patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) following either a classical Norwood or Norwood procedure with a right ventricle to pulmonary artery (RV-PA) conduit. METHODS: Between May 2001 and May 2003, 30 patients with HLHS underwent cardiac ...
Sugawara J - - 2005
Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is a promising technique to assess arterial stiffness conveniently. However, it is not known whether baPWV is associated with well-established indices of central arterial stiffness. We determined the relation of baPWV with aortic (carotid-femoral) PWV, leg (femoral-ankle) PWV, and carotid augmentation index (AI) by using ...
Chedid Faris - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Misplacement of percutaneously inserted central venous catheters (PCVCs) into the paraspinal venous plexus can result in devastating outcomes. Several cases have been reported in the literature together with an explanation of the mechanism. OBJECTIVE: To describe three premature babies with their PCVCs inserted through the left saphenous vein that ...
Cuschieri Joseph - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The mixed venous-arterial (v-a) pCO(2) difference has been shown to be inversely correlated with the cardiac index (CI). A central venous pCO(2), which is easier to obtain, may provide similar information. The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between the central venous-arterial pCO(2) difference and CI. ...
Hung Hung-Lung - - 2005
Femoral vein catheterization is often carried out during resuscitation and in critical care units. It is usually achieved via a blind, external landmark-guided technique, through manual localization of the femoral artery. However, this approach can be challenging in patients with severe shock because of absence or ambiguity of the arterial ...
Vandaele P - - 2005
An 82-year-old man presented with massive external bleeding from the puncture site after placement of a deep venous catheter in the right subclavian vein. Emergent angiography revealed contrast extravasation along the central venous catheter tract due to perforation of the right thoracoacromial artery. Superselective catheterization of the bleeding artery followed ...
Lin Peter H - - 2005
The number of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who require maintenance hemodialysis has risen sharply in the past 2 decades. It is estimated that more than 60% of all patients with ESRD who require chronic hemodialysis are accessed through an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) or graft (AVG), and the incidence ...
Maa J - - 2005
Percutaneous placement of large-diameter dialysis catheters via the Seldinger technique can be technically challenging in patients with coagulopathy, difficult anatomy, or several previous central line insertions. We describe a method for achieving safer access by combining an open approach to delineate the venous anatomy of the chest wall, with a ...
Abbas Manzoor, Hamilton M, ...
Central venous catheters are the mainstay in the intensive management of surgical patients today and they have increasingly been applied in different medical specialties and for different clinical indications. It is generally safe to place central venous catheters using anatomic landmarks alone, but there are some possible immediate, early, and ...
Di Iorio Biagio R - - 2005
A case of a partial rupture of a cuffed central venous catheter (CVC) implanted in the femoral vein with the purpose of being used for chronic hemodialysis is described in a 74-year-old female patient. Of relevance is that the CVC described was from the same manufacturer as the previous one ...
Chan-Tack Kirk M - - 2005
Mucormycosis can cause fatal infections in immuno-compromised persons. Rhinocerebral and pulmonary disease predominate. Diagnosis is challenging, dissemination frequent, and mortality high. Positive blood cultures are rare. We report the first case of central venous catheter-associated mucormycosis fungemia (Mucor circinelloides). Early diagnosis and multi-modal therapy led to clinical and microbiological cure.
Turmel-Rodrigues Luc A - - 2005
Acute thrombosis of native fistulae for hemodialysis occurs more rarely than for prosthetic grafts. The vascular access should be reopened as soon as possible in order to resume regular dialysis and to avoid resorting to a temporary central line. Manual aspiration is one of the numerous methods described in this ...
Brooks A J - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Central venous cannulation is an integral part of venous access port (portacath) placement for intravenous chemotherapy. NICE guidelines have suggested that CVC should be performed under ultrasound guidance. The technique of ultrasound-guided subclavian cannulation is reviewed and our experience presented. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of data on patients ...
Chuang Yu-Ming - - 2005
Cough headache is a transient headache upon coughing, bending, stooping, or lifting in the absence of intracranial lesions. Reports show that incompetent jugular venous valve and cerebrospinal fluid hypervolemia are contributing factors. Headache is a common complaint of uremia patients. We conducted a clinical-radiological correlation study on 15 uremia patients ...
John C M - - 2005
Clinically symptomatic thromboses are infrequent but serious complications in infants undergoing intensive care. Most are related to central vascular catheters. Symptomatic thrombosis may cause severe morbidity due to irreversible organ damage and also loss of limbs. To assess the efficacy and safety of thrombolytic agents in neonatal arterial and venous ...
Schummer Wolfram - - 2004
The anterior jugular venous system, with its interconnections to the subclavian and deep jugular veins, provides a collateral venous network across the midline of the neck area, which is especially important in unilateral occlusion of an innominate vein. We illustrate the variability of this system and its clinical impact on ...
Chawla Lakhmir S - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We compared paired samples of central venous O(2) saturation (Scvo(2)) and mixed venous O(2) saturation (Svo(2)) to test the hypothesis that Scvo(2) is equivalent to Svo(2). We also compared O(2) consumption (Vo(2)) computed with Scvo(2) (Vo(2)cv) to that computed with Svo(2) (Vo(2)v). DESIGN: Prospective, sequential, observational study. SETTING: ...
Deitcher Steven R - - 2004
We evaluated the incidence and significance of central venous access device dysfunction and symptomatic major thrombosis in 253 pediatric patients with brain tumors. Central venous access device dysfunction was a common complication (28.4%) and was associated with major thrombosis development and a reduced overall survival rate. Major thrombosis was relatively ...
Schummer Wolfram - - 2004
We report the case of a femoral vein cannulation in a critically ill trauma patient with the malposition of a large-bore central venous catheter in the urinary bladder. Recognition of the malposition was hampered by bloody tamponade of the bladder in the context of blunt thoraco-abdominal trauma with kidney and ...
Strauch J T - - 2004
The necessity for a secondary right heart assist device (RVAD) is a disastrous complication in left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support with respect to both complications and outcome. We have developed a new technique for inflow and outflow cannulation via a transcutaneous cannula in the femoral vein and a prosthesis-supported ...
Eletr Dina - - 2004
BACKGROUND: It is still unclear as to whether the paradoxical arteriovenous carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) difference found in critical illness may represent a novel marker of the acute inflammatory response. We determined whether the arterial and central venous COHb concentration or their difference may be correlated to classical pro-inflammatory markers. METHODS: Arterial ...
Saito Shunei - - 2004
Aortic cannulation is a difficult technique for young cardiovascular surgeons. A convenient training method for this procedure is introduced in this paper. After two gloves are worn on a hand, they are removed together, then a piece of mandarin-orange peel is inserted between the gloves. The inner glove is filled ...
Hunter Tim B - - 2004
Chest devices are encountered on a daily basis by almost all radiologists. A multitude of extrathoracic materials, from intravenous catheters to oxygen tubing and electrocardiographic leads, frequently overlie the chest, neck, and abdomen. Chest tubes, central venous catheters, endotracheal tubes, and feeding tubes are very common. Cardiac surgery involves the ...
Onal E Esra - - 2004
Cardiac tamponade is a rare but life-threatening complication of umbilical venous catheterization in the newborn. Most complications from central venous catheters are related to incorrect position of the catheter and it is emphasized to confirm the position of the catheter tip after placement in order to avoid possible complications. We ...
Seike Yujiro - - 2004
Adoption of standard input function (SIF) has been proposed for kinetic analysis of receptor binding potential (BP), instead of invasive frequent arterial samplings. The purpose of this study was to assess the SIF method in quantitative analysis of [123I]iomazenil (IMZ), a central benzodiazepine antagonist, for SPECT. SPECT studies were performed ...
Lieberman Jeremy A - - 2004
External anatomic landmarks have traditionally been used to approximate the location of the neck blood vessels to optimize central venous cannulation of the internal jugular vein (IJV) while avoiding the common carotid artery (CCA). Head rotation affects vessel orientation, but most landmark techniques do not specify its optimal degree. We ...
Phelan Michael P - - 2004
A difficult to intubate patient occurs infrequently in the emergency department. The endotracheal tube introducer or gum elastic bougie is a device used by British anesthesiologists in difficult airways. The device is inexpensive, has few complications and is easy to use. Similar to the Seldinger technique for gaining access to ...
Vinjirayer A - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Central venous access permits rapid drug delivery to the central circulation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Central venous catheters must be secured in place to prevent accidental removal and sutures are often used for this purpose. Staples may offer advantages over sutures by reducing the time needed to secure the central ...
Muzrakchi Ahmed Al - - 2004
The aim of this study was to determine the rate of complications in percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) and nephrolithotomy (PCNL) performed through the 11th and 10th intercostal spaces using our monitoring technique and to discuss the safety of the procedure. Out of 398 PCNs and PCNLs carried out during a 3-year ...
Salgado Octavio J - - 2004
This study investigated whether the anatomical differences between right and left internal jugular vein catheterization (RJVC and LJVC) would lead to differences in the frequency of complications, in particular, central vein occlusion (CVO). A group of 479 jugular vein catheterizations, 403 RJVC and 77 LJVC done in 294 prevalent hemodialysis ...
Novotný V M J - - 2004
A 67-year-old man with a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was admitted with acute progression of dyspnoea, productive cough, fever, elevated central venous pressure, oedema and liver enzyme abnormalities. Pneumonia with secondary right-sided congestive heart failure was considered. Additional abdominal ultrasound examination confirmed by a CT scan showed ...
Comerota Anthony J - - 2004
The LifeSite Hemodialysis System (Vasca, Inc., Tewksbury, MA) is totally subcutaneous, incorporating two silicone catheters positioned in the central venous system and connected to a stainless steel-titanium valve implanted in a subcutaneous pocket. A randomized trial and nonrandomized clinical experience have demonstrated lower rates of infection and longer device survival ...
Sharma A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Infraclavicular axillary vein cannulation is not commonly used for central venous access because identifying the surface landmarks is difficult. Ultrasound guided axillary vein puncture has not been well described. We assessed ultrasound imaging to guide catheterization of the infraclavicular axillary vein. METHODS: In 200 consecutive patients we attempted to ...
Domino Karen B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: To assess changing patterns of injury and liability associated with central venous or pulmonary artery catheters, the authors analyzed closed malpractice claims for central catheter injuries in the American Society of Anesthesiologists Closed Claims database. METHODS: All claims for which a central catheter (i.e., central venous or pulmonary artery ...
Madias John E - - 2004
The author describes his experience with a "saline-filled central venous catheter electrocardiographic lead" for the recording of intracardiac electrocardiograms provides a brief description of the methodology, refers to this modality's clinical usefulness, furnishes 2 examples illustrating the contribution of the method to clinical diagnosis, and outlines his literature search to ...
Parry Gareth - - 2004
PURPOSE: The right internal jugular (RIJ) is commonly used to provide central venous access, and success of cannulation shows a positive correlation with the vein's diameter. The purpose of this study is to establish the patient position resulting in the largest RIJ diameter. METHOD: 2D ultrasound was used to measure ...
Cadman A - - 2004
AIM: To establish the relationship between the tip position of tunnelled central venous catheters (CVC) and the incidence of venous thrombosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomly sampled, retrospective review of 428 CVC inserted into 334 patients was performed. The chest radiograph obtained post-catheter insertion, as well as follow-up radiographs, linograms, ...
Taal Maarten W - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Tunnelled catheters are widely used to provide vascular access for haemodialysis. Percutaneous insertion of these catheters requires large calibre tissue dilators with the potential to cause trauma to central veins, particularly if anatomical abnormalities are present. METHODS: We evaluated the use of venography to identify central vein anatomical abnormalities ...
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