Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 810
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Ho C M - - 1994
We report a case of bilateral hydrothorax secondary to perforation of the superior vena caval wall, which was caused by a double-lumen central venous catheter used for catheterization of the left jugular vein. A patient undergoing craniectomy developed a right pleural effusion followed by a left hydrothorax 12 hours after ...
Ergün S - - 1994
There is a close correlation between the angioarchitecture of the human testis and its inner subdivision into testicular lobules. Serial sections from paraffin and epon-embedded testicular tissue were used to examine the angioarchitecture of the human testis, and computer-aided 3-D-reconstruction was used to demonstrate the correlation between blood vessels and ...
Birdwell B G - - 1994
Pseudotumor cerebri is frequently the only clinical clue to the presence of cerebral venous thrombosis, a potentially devastating condition. We report a case of pseudotumor cerebri associated with thrombosed dural venous sinuses caused by propagation of a catheter-related subclavian vein thrombus. The findings and clinical course in this case alert ...
Raad I I - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: To assess the frequency of thrombotic and infectious complications of long-term use of vascular catheters in cancer patients and to determine whether the two types of complication are related. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: A 500-bed tertiary cancer center. PATIENTS: Seventy-two cancer patients. INTERVENTIONS: During a 16-month period, postmortem examinations ...
Grishaber J E - - 1994
Adequate venous access is an essential component of therapeutic plasma exchange (TPEX). The simplest kind of venous access is venipuncture of antecubital veins, but this technique may be limited by venous size or scarring following the procedure, requiring the placement of a specialized vascular access device (VAD). VADs provide reliable ...
Atkinson J B - - 1994
In pediatric patients, central line implantation via the subclavian vein can be complicated by the presence of a kink in the peel-away sheath. A technique is described, which has been used on 62 occasions to overcome this problem. Reinserting the catheter through the kinked peel-away sheath in concert with a ...
Hatabu H - - 1994
PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic value of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with SPAMM (spatial modulation of magnetization) in the identification of chronic central pulmonary thromboemboli. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve patients with pulmonary hypertension and five healthy volunteers were prospectively studied with a 1.5-T MR imaging system. The SPAMM technique was ...
Gallichio M H - - 1994
The cephalic vein within the deltopectoral groove provides adequate access to the central venous system for the PermCath hemodialysis catheter. Unlike EJV techniques, which are successful in few instances, the cephalic vein approach was successful in approximately 75 percent of instances. In addition, the rate of complications secondary to bleeding ...
Johansen K - - 1994
While the optimal vascular conduit for hemodialysis is undeniably an arterialized autogenous subcutaneous vein, only a minority of end-stage renal disease patients can count on such access: the remainder require implantation of a biomaterial conduit. This paper will briefly survey current biografts used for hemodialysis access, with an emphasis on ...
Trigaux J P - - 1994
We review the radiologic findings of normal positioning, malpositioning, and complications related to the more commonly used thoracic venous catheters. These include central venous catheters, long-term central venous access catheters, and pulmonary artery catheters. The radiologist plays an important role in the early recognition of the complications of these catheters. ...
Imaizumi T - - 1994
In vagotomized and anesthetized rabbits, aortic pressure (AP), aortic depressor nerve activity (ANA), and renal sympathetic nerve activity (RNA) were simultaneously measured while perturbing AP randomly. To quantitatively characterize the role of the arterial baroreflex system in generating RNA, we determined the transfer function (TF) of the central baroreflex arc ...
Laxson C J - - 1994
How much blood must be discarded from a heparinized arterial line to obtain accurate coagulation studies, specifically activated partial thromboplastin time? The published literature provides insight into the question and guidelines for practice in adult critical care. This article reviews and integrates findings from 14 research studies published from 1971 ...
Fullerton D A - - 1993
Cardiac surgical patients frequently require catecholamines, typically administered via the central venous circulation. Potential disadvantages of this route of administration include catecholamine metabolism by the pulmonary vascular bed before gaining access to the heart and pulmonary vasoconstriction producing increased pulmonary vascular resistance. We therefore prospectively compared administration of epinephrine via ...
Sherer D M - - 1993
Invasive hemodynamic monitoring has become an integral part of intensive care management. Whereas the pulmonary artery catheter is the mainstay for determination of the hemodynamic profile and differentiation between cardiogenic and noncardiogenic forms of pulmonary edema, immediate central venous access in itself is of importance in rapid volume replacement in ...
Mailloux R J - - 1993
Although much has been written concerning the complications of long-term total parenteral nutrition, little or no mention of pulmonary embolism is made in the literature. We present two patients maintained on home total parenteral nutrition who suffered pulmonary emboli, one while receiving standard heparin therapy. No potential source other than ...
Singleton R J - - 1993
There were 65 incidents involving access to the vascular system amongst the first 2000 reported to the Australian Incident Monitoring Study. Thirty-three involved peripheral venous access (14 cases of extravascular extravasation, 8 of unintended arterial cannulation, 6 of disruptions to intravenous lines, and 5 of problems with infusion lines, taps, ...
Linton R A - - 1993
We describe a new indicator dilution method of measuring cardiac output in man. A bolus injection of lithium chloride 0.6 mmol was given via a central venous catheter and arterial plasma [Li+] recorded using a specially developed sensor incorporating an Li(+)-selective electrode. Cardiac output was derived from the lithium dilution ...
Morimoto T - - 1993
Two girls with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) are reported. There were difficulties in removing their central venous catheters inserted from a peripheral vein. One girl required surgery under general anesthesia for the removal. The other patient received continuous infusion of low dose urokinase from a distal peripheral vein. The residual ...
Denny D F DF - - 1993
Recent developments in long-term central venous access devices, access techniques, and the management of complications are described. Factors used in selecting a device include the intensity and frequency of therapy and the preferences of the patient. Implantable ports and external catheters are available with valved (Groshong) and nonvalved catheters and ...
McGee W T - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: a) To define the frequency of dangerous (intracardiac) central venous catheter placement in a multicenter study of large community hospital intensive care units (ICUs) and to evaluate physician responses to this finding. b) To validate right atrial electrocardiography as a technique to assure adherence with recent Food and Drug ...
Kelly R F - - 1993
Thrombosis of central veins has become more prevalent because of increased use of long-term central venous catheterization. Candida superinfection of the thrombus can occur particularly in patients on long-term antibiotic therapy and on parenteral nutrition. Removal of the catheter, thrombolytic therapy, anticoagulation, and antifungal therapy with amphotericin B will usually ...
Pomerantz S M - - 1993
In an acute trauma patient with unrecognized scimitar syndrome, physiologic measurements used in patient management decisions were misleading due to the anatomic and physiologic anomalies of the syndrome. Pulmonary artery catheter measurements believed to reflect left atrial pressures were actually measuring central venous pressures because the catheter was terminating in ...
Flatley M E - - 1993
A case of hydropneumomediastinum and bilateral hydropneumothorax from a central venous catheter is described. The complication is related to the position of the catheter after placement through the left internal jugular vein. Proper placement of a central venous line into the superior vena cava is essential to avoid this serious ...
Polos P G - - 1993
Malpositioning of a central venous catheter can cause potentially life-threatening complications. Knowledge of thoracic anatomy and close attention to proper insertion technique increase the likelihood of, but do not ensure, proper placement. Selection of a right-sided venous entry site reduces the risk of malpositioning. The return of nonpulsatile, dark-colored blood ...
Rodenhuis S - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: Major thromboses can occur in the venous system in association with central venous catheters. This usually necessitates removal of the catheter. METHODS: The effectiveness of low dose recombinant tissue type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) in combination with heparin was assessed in patients with central venous catheter associated thrombosis. RESULTS: In ...
Burbidge S J - - 1993
PURPOSE: The upper extremity veins of 17 patients who underwent operative central venous catheter placement were studied prospectively with color duplex sonography to determine which duplex changes, if any, could be due to the presence of the catheter alone and to determine if these waveform changes could mimic the dampened ...
- - 1993
The effects of acute exposure to methylene chloride (dichloromethane) are due to its central nervous system depressant properties, which have resulted in fatalities. Manifestations of acute exposure include mental confusion, fatigue, lethargy, headache and chest pain. Metabolic conversion of methylene chloride to carbon monoxide may place persons with preexisting coronary ...
Waggoner S E - - 1993
Individuals with cancer frequently require long-term central venous access to deliver chemotherapy, blood products, and other fluids. A rare, but potentially lethal complication associated with central venous catheterization is venous air embolism which occurs most commonly after damage or disconnection at the catheter hub. The Groshong (Bard Access Systems, UT) ...
Robinson D L - - 1993
A new 10F peel-away sheath with a preformed curve is now available. The procedure for insertion of central venous catheters remains the same, with the new curved sheath replacing the straight version. In our experience, this modification facilitates the placement of central venous catheters and decreases the incidence of catheter ...
Shimada M - - 1993
A safe and simple technique for exchanging central venous catheters is herein described. Our technique is based on a modification of Seldinger's method, in which a new outer sheath is introduced over the previous catheter as a guidewire in order to simplify the exchange of central venous catheters. This technique ...
Karnik R - - 1993
Venous thrombosis is a very common complication of central venous catheters inserted via the jugular or subclavian vein. The aim of this prospective study is to test the suitability of duplex sonography in detecting thrombi in the internal jugular vein after catheter removal and to analyze the number and extent ...
Heinemann M K - - 1993
In tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve syndrome, aneurysmal enlargement of the central pulmonary arteries can be associated with severe bronchial stenosis and respiratory distress in the neonatal period. The ventilatory status of these patients must be stabilized before diagnostic and therapeutic interventions can be performed. This report describes ...
Daly M D - - 1993
The differential nature of the modulation of excitatory inputs from various cardiovascular receptor groups by pulmonary stretch afferents, driven by lung inflation, and the central inspiratory neuronal activity, has been demonstrated. At levels of activity of pulmonary stretch afferents and of central inspiratory drive that almost completely suppress the bradycardia ...
Mauro M A - - 1993
The need for long-term placement of catheters within the central venous system is continually expanding and follows the increasing use of hemodialysis, total parenteral nutrition, and long-term chemotherapy for neoplastic and infectious diseases. Whereas these catheters have traditionally been placed by surgeons in an operating room, it is now clear ...
Marrone A C - - 1993
The pre-central, central and post-central arteries of 29 human brains were studied after the injection of Batson's resin. The purpose was to establish their position in relation to the central sulcus and nearby sulci and convolutions. With the Batson resin injection was observed that the pre-central, central and post-central arteries ...
Silverman J M - - 1993
We evaluated the ability and safety of a laser fiber placed percutaneously into a pig's lobar pulmonary artery to lyse pulmonary artery blood clots that were created in situ. We developed a model to create blood clots in situ that could be placed in any desired location with a radio-opaque ...
Roncoroni A J - - 1993
A 62-year-old woman with a bilateral carotid body paraganglioma presented, 2 years after the removal of the right one, with signs of right-heart failure. Hypoxemia, hypercapnia, polycythemia and pulmonary hypertension with normal ventilatory capacity were found. Central alveolar hypoventilation was diagnosed on the basis of absence of ventilatory response and ...
Liebermann-Meffert D M - - 1992
This study investigates the actual, as contrasted with the presumed, blood supply of the greater curvature gastric tube commonly used to reconstruct the gullet after esophagogastrectomy. Arterial and venous corrosion casts of this tube were created in 30 cadavers and demonstrated the following: (1) The right gastroepiploic artery is the ...
Kohlhardt S R - - 1992
We present a descriptive study of 229 consecutive inpatients requiring intravenous nutrition. These patients received either complete peripheral intravenous nutrition via a fine-bore silicone catheter (n = 80) or short Teflon catheter (n = 15) or received conventional central intravenous nutrition (n = 134). Nutrient delivery was similar for both ...
Gray P - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the necessity for postprocedural chest radiographs after catheterization of central veins, insertion of pulmonary artery catheters, and placement of endotracheal tubes. DESIGN: Prospective, controlled study. SETTING: Two academic tertiary adult ICUs. PATIENTS: Consecutive patients (n = 316) requiring central vein cannulation or endotracheal intubation in the ICUs. ...
Keilson G R - - 1992
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Central nervous system complications of cardiac catheterization are most often attributed to embolic events that occur at the time of catheter manipulation. Nevertheless, the reason that over 50% of these events are localized to the posterior circulation remains unexplained. One potential explanation offered for this preponderance is ...
Sprung J - - 1992
Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a rare obstetric problem characterized by sudden onset of hypotension, hypoxemia, and coagulopathy. This case represents the difficulty in differentiating AFE from other etiologies of cardiopulmonary compromise. The definitive diagnosis of AFE is made at autopsy with the demonstration of fetal cell elements in the ...
Jaques P F - - 1992
Real-time ultrasonography (US) is frequently used to access the biliary tree, urinary system, and pleural cavity, as well as abscesses and other fluid collections, but is rarely used to access blood vessels. This article describes the clinically indicated circumstances and technical aspects of US-guided access to veins and arteries. The ...
Seguin J H - - 1992
Central venous catheters (CVCs) have become more common in the care of very low birthweight newborns. Nutrition is enhanced, fluid delivery is more secure, and stress from the intervention of starting new IVs is reduced. Complications of these devices include infection, thrombus or embolus, damage to vessels and organs, and ...
McIntyre A S - - 1992
Central venous access for feeding catheters may prove difficult in patients who have had numerous previous central line insertions or complications. Duplex Doppler ultrasound was used to identify the anatomy and patency of major central veins in 11 patients in whom attempts at obtaining central venous access by an experienced ...
Joshi P - - 1991
A 77-year-old man underwent repair of a vesicocolic fistula following which he had a protracted stay in the intensive care unit due to recurrent septicaemia, which was initially caused by bowel anastomosis breakdown. Management included central venous cannulation and pulmonary artery catheter monitoring. A septic, mobile right atrial thrombus developed, ...
Lowell J A - - 1991
The past two decades have seen a tremendous increase in the use of central venous catheters and its associated complications. The increased sophistication that physicians now have with regard to nutritional and metabolic needs has escalated the use of central venous catheters. As the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome epidemic grows, so ...
McGurk M - - 1991
A case is reported of a central venous catheter that was placed inadvertently into the internal jugular vein during the anaesthetic preparation for surgery. The catheter tip was sectioned during surgery and was feared to have embolised into the central circulation but it was subsequently identified in the pathological specimen. ...
Koscielniak-Nielsen Z J - - 1991
We evaluated 160 electrocardiograms taken after placement of central venous catheters (CVC) to determine their locations. Usable recordings were obtained in 154 patients. Subsequent radiographs revealed 30 misplaced catheters. Twenty-five of those were detected by CVC electrocardiograms. There were five false positive and five false negative traces. The sensitivity of ...
Stephens P H - - 1991
A case of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis after central venous cannulation is presented. This occurred after a catheter had been in place for 5 days. The patient presented with thrombosis of the left internal jugular vein 4 days after removal of the catheter. Despite anticoagulation, the patient developed symptoms of ...
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