Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 828
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Conz P A - - 1997
Central venous catheterization allows immediate and easy vascular access for hemodialysis. Accidental arterial puncture is the most frequent complication of central vein cannulation and may occur in up to 8% of cases with the classic Seldinger procedure. We compared the Seldinger technique which implies manual localization of the vascular access, ...
Eclavea A - - 1997
A 35-year-old Samoan male presented with intermittent headaches and hypertensive episodes for several months. A subsequent left adrenal gland phaeochromocytoma was discovered and surgically excised. An MRI of his brain demonstrated periventricular, basal ganglia, and centrum semi-ovale infarction. We suggest that catecholamine excess and neuropeptide Y may contribute to intracerebral ...
Aral A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: It is often necessary to administer a catecholamine to patients who have undergone cardiac operations. However, there are some potential disadvantages to using the central venous circulation, a routine route for catecholamine infusion. The advantages of the left atrial infusion of epinephrine were investigated in 21 patients. METHODS: The ...
Taber S W - - 1997
Advances in treatment of malignancy, infection, renal failure, and malnutrition have expanded the need for long-term venous access. The placement of central venous catheters (CVC) requires preoperative evaluation to identify associated risk factors such as coagulopathy, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, and variations in the vascular anatomy. When selecting a venous access catheter, ...
Peng C H CH Department of Anesthesiology, Military 802 General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, - - 1997
Central venous catheterization (CVC) has become an important maneuver both for measuring the central venous pressure and for carrying out long-term intravenous alimentation. Furthermore, a central vein may be needed for the rapid restoration of blood volume in condition of acute hemorrhage with difficulties establishing of a peripheral cannulation. However, ...
Bohlega S - - 1997
A 24 year-old woman developed acute hemiplegia and a seizure following accidental catheterization of the right common carotid artery and total parenteral nutrition infusion. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed lesions in the frontal lobe and putamen consistent with an ischemic stroke. Angiography through the central venous catheter confirmed ...
Perryman R A - - 1997
Discontinuity of central intrapericardial pulmonary arteries requires reconstruction of a pulmonary artery confluence before cavopulmonary connection, whether this connection be by bidirectional Glenn or Fontan procedure. Reconstruction of the central pulmonary arteries has previously been described using material of poor or no growth potential. A method is described for central ...
Bloom D F - - 1997
The reuse of disposable devices is a potential source of significant cost savings to hospitals. Venous and arterial perfusion cannulae under new and reused conditions were selected to identify the clinical, safety, technical, logistic, and economic issues that must be addressed to realize these savings. Single- and dual-stage venous and ...
Collin G R - - 1997
Along with the increasing use of central venous catheters have come an increasing number of complications. Although many are discovered at the time of insertion, others can occur at a later time. If unrecognized, problems may ensue. We describe two cases of spontaneous migration of subcutaneous venous access catheters to ...
Barry M C - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate the effects of aortic clamping and unclamping on neutrophil and monocyte activation and release of plasma mediators in 20 patients undergoing elective aortic aneurysm surgery, and to correlate these findings with pulmonary haemodynamics and gas exchange. METHODS: Simultaneous arterial and mixed ...
Al-Salman M M - - 1997
We evaluated the prevalence of central vein stenosis in patients with prior central vein catheterization for vascular access for hemodialysis. A total of 36 patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who were referred to the division of vascular surgery at King Khalid University Hospital in Riyadh were evaluated. Bilateral ascending ...
Miller A - - 1997
Inflammatory vasculopathy and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) are rare complications of scleroderma. We report a 54-year-old woman with limited cutaneous scleroderma who developed medium size and small vessel vasculitis. Inflammatory changes of medium size muscular arteries presented as ovarian vasculitis and mononeuritis multiplex, while arteriolar involvement presented as TTP with ...
Wang L Y - - 1997
BACKGROUND: We assessed the color Doppler ultrasound (US) findings in focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH). METHODS: Seven FNH lesions were imaged with color Doppler US and hepatic angiography. RESULTS: In four lesions, color Doppler demonstrated a central stellate vascular appearance which correlated with central feeding artery with spoke-wheel sign angiographically. Except ...
Porter J M - - 1997
PURPOSE: Cardiac perforation is a recognised complication of guidewire-introducer techniques. These two new cases of right ventricular perforation implicate the dilator-introducer: one directly and the other due to presumed guidewire buckling. CLINICAL FEATURES: An 85-yr-old man underwent right subclavian cannulation for triple-lumen and pulmonary artery (PA) catheter insertion before coronary ...
Braun J - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: In pneumonia the influx of neutrophils to the lungs is thought to be of primary importance with regard to host defence and to complications like the adult respiratory distress syndrome. We wanted to evaluate the neutrophil function in patients in acute respiratory failure who required admission to the intensive ...
Janigan D T - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Hyperphosphatemia complicated by calcification of subcutaneous arteries and skin infarcts are very rarely reported in the absence of chronic renal failure (CRF). We describe identical lesions in an obese woman with sepsis. Hyperphosphatemia resulted from an unintended excess of phosphate in her total parenteral nutrition (TPN) formulations. She did ...
Bankier A A - - 1997
The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of radiographically evident central venous catheter misplacement in the azygos arch and to analyze whether the frequency of azygos arch cannulation is dependent on the anatomical site of catheter insertion. We reviewed 1,287 postprocedural examinations and 3,441 follow-up examinations. Catheters ...
Yung B - - 1997
The case is described of a potentially life threatening complication relating to the use of a totally implantable venous access device (Port-a-Cath) in a 28 year old patient with cystic fibrosis. The device was inserted in 1990 and used repeatedly for antibiotic therapy without any complications. In 1995, during assessment ...
Mechem C C - - 1997
We describe a case of cardiac tamponade due to pulmonary artery laceration as a late sequela in a patient who had sustained penetrating chest trauma. A 35-yr-old man presented to our emergency department complaining of pleuritic left chest pain, shortness of breath, and fever 19 days after being hospitalized for ...
Wacker F - - 1997
Color duplex sonography (CDS) is primarily applied as a diagnostic procedure. It has not yet established itself as an aid in punctures or other interventions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of CDS in arterial and venous vascular punctures. One hundred and sixty-five CDS-assisted vascular punctures ...
Giner J - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To quantify the level of pain reported by patients during arterial puncture with or without local anesthesia, and to compare the results with levels reported for venous puncture. DESIGN: Double-blind study of puncture with and without local anesthesia. SETTING: Pulmonary function laboratory, department of pneumology. PATIENTS: We studied ...
Bruninx G - - 1996
A patient with axillary venous thrombosis caused by lymph node compression and the presence of a displaced catheter in the vascular lumen is presented. In this case, percutaneous interventional radiological procedures (balloon angioplasty and snare loop method) in conjunction with medical treatment were effective in limiting the post-thrombotic syndrome and ...
Sivaram C A - - 1996
Thrombosis of upper extremity veins and superior vena cava (SVC) can occur in patients with indwelling central venous catheters. Contrary to earlier reports, pulmonary embolism (PE) can result from these thrombi, especially when they are attached to catheters (sleeve thrombi) in contrast to venous wall (mural thrombi). Removal of catheters ...
Ng K S - - 1996
This case report hopes to bring to attention the possibility of malposition and ligation of a long central venous catheter in a central venous tributary in the course of major neck surgery. A 49-year-old gentleman underwent total laryngectomy and right radical neck dissection for laryngeal carcinoma. A long central venous ...
Byrd R P RP - - 1996
Because of the frequent use of central venous catheters, deep venous thrombosis of the upper extremity is more common than previously reported. A significant number of patients suffer pulmonary embolization from catheter-associated thrombosis. This observation should be considered as a major factor in the risk benefit analysis of the utility ...
Walser E M - - 1996
During routine placement of a subclavian central venous catheter for cancer chemotherapy, a sheath was inadvertently placed into the aortic arch, through the left lung. We describe a technique for transthoracic compression of the aortic injury using the sheath in conjunction with an occlusion balloon catheter.
Yagihara T - - 1996
To extend the indications for corrective operation in patients with pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect, and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries, surgical procedures were done to unify the blood sources for pulmonary perfusion. Since December 1985, 50 patients have undergone unifocalization at ages from 2 months to 26 years with a ...
Kopuz C - - 1996
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the termination and angulation of the EJV (External jugular vein) and the number and the position of its valves so as to improve our understanding of the anatomy of the EJV and to make the manuplation easier in central venous catheterization in ...
Foth H - - 1996
We observed the in vivo kinetics of bupivacaine in the cardiopulmonary system, particularly in the pulmonary artery, the upper part of the descending aorta and the coronary sinus of anaesthetized sheep, each of which received a high dose infusion into the central vein. In some experiments dilution curves were monitored ...
Garcia-Rodriguez C R - - 1996
We report a case of a preeclamptic patient with a difficult airway in whom attempted central venous cannulation led to inadvertent carotid artery puncture and dilatation causing immediate life threatening upper airway obstruction. The use of the laryngeal mask airway was life-saving on two occasions when other techniques of airway ...
Dean B L - - 1996
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The authors determine the reliability of centralized versus noncentralized (site-based) measurement of angiographic stenosis of patients enrolled into the multicenter, prospective, Asymptomatic Carotid Atherosclerosis Study by angiographic studies. METHODS: Percent agreements and correlations of 244 masked and prospectively interpreted angiograms were calculated for comparison of centralized and ...
Spears F D - - 1996
A 21-year-old woman underwent correction of congenital thoracic kyphoscoliosis. The procedure was completed in two stages. The first stage involved right thoracotomy and anterior vertebrectomy. Following positional obstruction of her right-sided chest drain she developed a very large, left-sided pneumothorax in the immediate postoperative period. No attempt at central venous ...
Frieden I J - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Large facial hemangiomas can have associated central nervous system malformations, particularly the Dandy-Walker posterior fossa malformations. Abnormal arteries, especially those of the central nervous system, coarctation of the aorta, cardiac defects, and unusual ophthalmologic abnormalities can also occur. OBSERVATIONS: We describe two patients with large facial hemangioma, congenital cataracts, ...
Kerensky R A - - 1996
It is not known how the site of arterial administration of heparin and the timing of the activated clotting time (ACT) measurement affect the ACT during coronary interventions. We measured serial femoral venous ACTs after heparin was administered either via the angioplasty guiding catheter into the central aorta or peripherally ...
Mustonen P K - - 1996
Both ventricular fibrillation and electric defibrillation are detrimental to the myocardium. Therefore, we studied the effect of procaine hydrochloride during crystalloid cardioplegia and the effect of performing all central anastomoses before aortic declamping in an attempt to prevent ventricular reperfusion fibrillation during coronary bypass operation. Seventy-four patients were randomised, first ...
Ishizaka T - - 1996
Unifocalization, a surgical technique to unifocalize the pulmonary blood supply in patients with pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries, is a useful preparative operation to extend the indication for corrective surgery. The preoperative and postoperative pulmonary angiograms of 51 patients (aged 3 months-26 years at first ...
Honeybul S - - 1996
Using detailed cadaveric dissections this study has demonstrated and quantified the increase in exposure and additional access gained by using the orbitozygomatic infratemporal fossa approach for neurosurgical access. The surgical window of exposure can be increased by up to 300% when this technique is utilised to facilitate access via either ...
Reisman M - - 1996
The guidewire in rotational atherectomy is an integral component in the ablative process. It functions not only to deliver the device but sets the cutting vector when the burr advances. Since the guidewire is a stiff stainless steel monofilament and the vessels are frequently tortuous and angulated, the guidewire may ...
Kestin I G - - 1995
Cusum analysis is a statistical technique to distinguish deviations from an acceptable failure rate. The progress of anaesthetic trainees learning four practical procedures (obstetric extradural anaesthesia, spinal anaesthesia, central venous cannulation and arterial cannulation) was monitored from their first attempt using cusum analysis. Suitable acceptable and unacceptable failure rates for ...
Köksoy C - - 1995
Catheter-related venous thrombosis is one of the most important complications of central venous catheters. The aim of this prospective study was to assess the risk factors that may be important in the development of catheter-related thrombosis. Multiple lumen (n = 20) and single lumen (n = 24) polyurethane catheters were ...
Childs A M - - 1995
Central venous parenteral nutrition (PN) is frequently used in preterm infants. Although central venous catheters (CVC) permit reliable delivery of hypertonic solution, they may be associated with more serious complications than when a peripheral venous infusion is used. The aim of this randomised prospective study was to compare complications of ...
Poletti C E - - 1995
Degenerative central lumbar stenosis has traditionally been considered to be a result of bony narrowing of the spinal canal. In two consecutive patients with degenerative central lumbar stenosis and complete myelographic blocks, the cauda equina was compressed by a thickened ligamentum flavum (cross-sectional area [CSA], > 150 mm2). This ligamentous ...
Germann G - - 1995
Central venous thrombosis is a rare but extremely dangerous complication following central venous catheter placement. Two cases of massive central venous thrombosis in severely burned patients are reported. The clinical course, diagnostic problems and treatment options are described and discussed. From these cases we conclude that central venous catheter thrombosis ...
Perry L J - - 1995
The role of radiology and the interventional radiologist in the care of patients requiring long term venous access is expanding. This role includes multimodality imaging for anatomic evaluation, guided catheter placement or repositioning, and diagnosis and treatment of catheter occlusion or related venous thrombosis. Interventional procedures have been developed for ...
Gamby A - - 1995
In intensive care units where heparinised arterial lines are used, frequently staff venepuncture their patients to ensure accuracy of clotting studies. The purpose of this study was to assess the practicality of using a non-heparinised continuous flush for arterial lines, which would enable blood for coagulation studies to be taken ...
Czepizak C A - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of formulas designed to estimate the optimum intravenous length of central venous catheters. DESIGN: A prospective study of catheter insertion sites to evaluate the accuracy of predetermined formulas that predict the intravascular insertion length required to avoid intracardiac catheter tip placement. SETTING: A 320-bed tertiary ...
Jepsen S T - - 1995
The Nutritional Support Service (NSS) at William Beaumont Hospital has successfully inserted over 2000 peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) since the inception of its PICC program in 1990. The following is a case study of a 43-year-old female with diabetes mellitus and multiple drug allergies who presented to the NSS ...
Hartnell G G - - 1995
Central venous catheters inserted by blind surgical placement may not advance into a satisfactory position and may require repositioning. Malpositioning via surgical insertion is common in patients in whom central venous catheters have previously been placed, as these patients are more likely to have central venous thrombosis and distortion of ...
Harden J L - - 1995
Central venous access for the administration of total parenteral nutrition is usually achieved via the subclavian or internal jugular veins. Although a high incidence of complications has been reported with the use of femoral catheters for central venous access, this route has been used when traditional central venous access is ...
Hartnell G G - - 1995
PURPOSE: The systemic chest veins may be difficult to show comprehensively by contrast venography, especially if there is limited venous access or contraindications to intravenous contrast. As an alternative, can magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) reliably detect occluded chest veins and predict suitable sites for central venous access? PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
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