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Results 351 - 400 of 1399
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Lu Chien-Chih - - 2006
Bleeding from tracheoinnominate fistula is an uncommon, but life-threatening complication, which typically arises when a tracheostomy tube erodes into the posterior aspect of the innominate artery. However, it has never been reported as a complication of rigid bronchoscopy. This study reviews the relevant literature and explores the possibility of lethal ...
Crowley Amanda R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The organogenesis of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula remains unclear. We have previously demonstrated that the fistula tract develops from a trifurcation of the embryonic lung bud and displays pulmonary lineage traits. Unlike the lung, the fistula grows without branching. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are known to be important ...
Tirabassi Giovanni - - 2006
Coronary artery fistula is a rare incidental finding during routine cardiac catheterization. It is usually congenital but it may also be a consequence of chest trauma or iatrogenic procedures. Patients may be asymptomatic or experience signs and symptoms of myocardial ischemia. In this article we report a casual echocardiographic finding ...
Zeina A-R - - 2006
Coronary-pulmonary artery fistula is an uncommon cardiac anomaly, usually congenital. Most coronary-pulmonary artery fistulas are clinically and haemodynamically insignificant and are usually found incidentally. This report describes a case of complex coronary-pulmonary artery fistula with two feeding vessels of separate origins: one from the proximal part of the left anterior ...
Pirrelli S - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Aortobronchial fistula is a rare but potentially fatal condition. We report our experience in the endovascular treatment of acute haemoptysis in high risk patients with aortobronchial fistula. REPORT: Between May 2002 and December 2004 five patients presenting with acute haemoptysys due to aortobronchial fistula were treated by endovascular stent ...
Balaguru Duraisamy - - 2006
A 2-year-old girl underwent transcatheter occlusion of a fistula. The fistula originated from the right coronary artery and drained into the right atrium. Three interlocking Gianturco coils were initially placed in the distal portion of the fistula resulting in near-total occlusion of blood flow. Placing a 12-mm Amplatzer vascular plug ...
Bellisarii Francesco Iachini - - 2006
We here describe the incidental finding of a rare type of anomalous coronary artery, originating from the right coronary sinus of Valsalva and draining into the right ventricle, in a 72-year-old woman admitted to our hospital with a history of chronic pericardial effusion. The presence of a coronary artery fistula ...
Bobos Dimitrios - - 2006
Large coronary arteriovenous fistulas (CAVF) cause severe symptoms and their repair involves the serious challenge of occluding the fistula while simultaneously preserving normal coronary flow. We present a case of a giant CAVF involving the right and left coronary arteries in a symptomatic adult patient and its successful surgical repair.
Ortega Nellie - - 2006
This case report describes the occurrence of multiple coronary artery fistulae emptying into the left ventricle and includes a small communication into the left atrium. The initial diagnosis of a coronary artery fistula was made by standard and nonstandard transthoracic two-dimensional echocardiogram and Doppler interrogation. Later, multiple coronary fistulae communicating ...
Klonaris Chris - - 2006
Primary aortoenteric fistula (PAEF) is a communication between the aorta and the enteric tract without any previous vascular intervention, e.g., aortic grafting. Although rare, PAEF is a potentially lethal condition that requires a high index of suspicion and prompt surgical intervention. Most of the reported cases involve an abdominal aortic ...
Patsouras Dimitrios - - 2006
Bilateral coronary artery fistulae originating from both right and left coronary arteries are rare congenital abnormalities that, in the adult population, are often associated with other acquired cardiovascular diseases. We briefly describe a 63-year-old woman with a dual coronary artery fistula and severe aortic stenosis. Both anomalies were successfully corrected ...
Prattichizzo F - - 2006
The presence in the same clinical case of diffuse coronary artery ectasia and multiple congenital coronary artery fistulae draining into the left ventricle is a very rare condition. Herein we report the 20-year follow-up of an 85-year old woman, in order to show that the long-term prognosis in such a ...
Gamma Reto - - 2006
A 30 year old female was admitted to the hospital with cardiogenic shock due to cardiac tamponade. A ruptured giant coronary artery fistula (CAF) originating from the left main coronary artery draining into the right atrium was identified as the cause. In this case report we describe the clinical course ...
Vidal Vincent - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endovascular treatment of symptomatic arteriovenous (AV) fistulas associated with femoropopliteal in situ venous bypass grafts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients underwent embolization of symptomatic AV fistulas associated with lower-limb bypass with use of the saphenous vein (n = 16) or femoral vein ...
Funabashi Nobusada - - 2006
A 34-year-old male presented with prior radiographic evidence of enlargement of the right side of the heart. ECG-gated enhanced multislice CT was performed. Axial source images revealed a diffuse, hugely enlarged right coronary artery (RCA) aneurysm. The distal portion of the RCA flowed directly into the left ventricle (LV), suggesting ...
Asciutto G - - 2006
Two cases of upper extremity ischemia due to a steal phenomenon occurring after the creation of an arterio-venous fistula (AVF) for hemodialysis access are described. A successful treatment with a brachial to brachial artery vein bypass and a ligation of the artery distal to the AVF origin (DRIL-Procedure) was performed ...
Nielson Jeffery L - - 2006
Fistula formation between a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)and the pulmonary arterial circulation represents a rare cause of recurrent angina in patients following bypass grafting. Therapy has traditionally involved surgical ligation by open thoracotomy. We describe a case of left internal mammary artery-left upper lobe pulmonary artery fistula presenting as ...
Sparrow Patrick - - 2006
A case of a congenital fistulous communication between the left circumflex coronary artery and coronary sinus that presented as a pericardial effusion and was diagnosed using a comprehensive cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evaluation is presented. This is an unusual presentation of an uncommon condition, and the MRI features have ...
Strecker T - - 2006
Coronary artery aneurysms and fistulae are very rare congenital anomalies. They occur in 0.2-0.4 % of all congenital heart diseases. In this article, we report a case of a four-year-old girl with a right coronary artery aneurysm and fistula draining into the right ventricle. Since the transcatheter coil embolization was ...
Saito Aya - - 2006
We describe a 55-year-old female patient with multiple plexiform coronary artery-pulmonary artery fistulas, who presented with ischemic episodes accompanying an inversion of T wave on an electrocardiogram even though it was a small shunt size. The surgical procedure involved closure of the openings of the fistulas from inside the pulmonary ...
El-Serwi A - - 2006
We present a patient with double spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas revealed by progressive myelopathy. Numerous dilated veins extending along the entire length of the spinal cord were found on MR imaging. Angiography showed a first spinal dural fistula at the level of T7 with descending venous drainage and a second ...
Resnick Scott - - 2006
Transcatheter embolization of large, high-flow arteriovenous (AV) fistulas carries a significant risk for migration of embolic material through the fistula and into the venous outflow and subsequently into the pulmonary arterial tree. Several strategies have been described to address this risk, including the use of Amplatz "spider" devices, covered stents, ...
Ferguson J Scott - - 2006
Pneumothoraces are sometimes complicated by a persistent air leak or bronchopleural fistula requiring prolonged chest tube drainage. Non-surgical treatment of persistent bronchopleural fistulas is often performed in patients who are poor surgical candidates, but the ideal method of closure is not known. Here we report closure of a persistent distal ...
Guerrero Carlos A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Carotid cavernous fistulas (CCF) type-D are often refractory to endovascular treatment. Surgery for these lesions is a well-described alternative option. A case of combined pretemporal approach to the cavernous sinus and direct coiling of CCF is presented as well as treatment options in cases of recurrent and ...
Huang Jessica S - - 2006
Vertebrobasilar insufficiency resulting from subclavian steal syndrome and high flow through hemodialysis fistulas has been described. The present report describes a case of vertebral artery steal syndrome from an arteriovenous (AV) fistula between the right internal mammary artery and superior vena cava with the unusual pattern of antegrade flow through ...
Caragine Louis P LP - - 2006
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Intraorbital arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) of the ophthalmic veins are an extremely rare phenomenon. This article describes two such cases treated solely by transvenous occlusion and not hitherto described in the literature. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two women, aged 51 and 63 years old, presented with proptosis and chemosis ...
Okwuosa Tochi M - - 2006
Coronary artery fistulas (CAFs) are rare coronary anomalies which generally require coronary angiography for definitive diagnosis. CAFs most commonly drain into the right atrium or right ventricle, but occasionally can drain into the pulmonary artery. We report the case of an asymptomatic coronary to pulmonary artery fistula, which could only ...
Deshmukh Vivek R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: We describe a patient with a tentorial dural arteriovenous fistula who presented with ipsilateral hemifacial spasm. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 50-year-old man sought treatment for left facial twitching that worsened over 6 months. Magnetic resonance imaging and catheter angiography demonstrated a left tentorial dural arteriovenous fistula. INTERVENTION: The ...
Bawazeer Mohammed A - - 2006
We report a case of a fistula between the common carotid artery and the internal jugular vein due to a hemodialysis catheter insertion. We managed the fistula by the insertion of a covered-stent at the common carotid artery, and completely sealed the fistula without immediate complications. We present this case ...
Darwazah Ahmad - - 2006
The case presented is of prosthetic aortic valve endocarditis in a 23-year-old male patient, complicated by an inflammatory periprosthetic valvular leak, and fistula formation between the aorta and the right atrium. The fistulous tract was diagnosed intraoperatively. Closure of the fistula was performed successfully in concordance with re-replacement of the ...
McGill R L - - 2006
Stenosis at the anastomosis of an arteriovenous dialysis fistula can cause fistula failure due to venous thrombosis. Three cases are presented in which anastomotic stenosis in radiocephalic fistulas resulted in radial artery occlusion with collateralization of ulnar artery flow across the palmar arch. Hand ischemia did not occur, and reductions ...
Ezemba Ndubueze - - 2006
Traumatic common carotid artery-to-internal jugular vein fistula is a rare entity that is not usually detected during the acute injury phase. We present 2 cases of traumatic carotid-jugular fistula. Both involved the right side of the neck, and both were due to injury from a firearm. The patients exhibited signs ...
Rahbar Rodeen - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The left internal thoracic artery is the ideal conduit for coronary artery revascularization due to superior patency compared with venous grafts. The hemodynamic effects of an arterio-venous fistula on the native in situ internal thoracic artery and the potential for coronary flow steal after revascularization with the internal thoracic ...
Saito Toshio - - 2006
A tracheo-arterial fistula is a serious and life threatening potential complication of a tracheostomy. Since 1984, we experienced nine fatal cases of tracheo-arterial fistula among 60 Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients who underwent a tracheostomy. Representative cases included a patient with lordosis (Case 8), in whom the fistula was located ...
La Tessa G - - 2005
Summary: We describe an unconventional endovascular approach in a young patient with large highflow traumatic carotid cavernous fistula that could not be treated by detachable balloon procedure. Two coronary stent-grafts were used to close the large tear of internal carotid artery. After the failure of stenting procedure, the fistula was ...
Salgado Octavio J - - 2005
We describe a case of brachiocephalic fistula vein wall dissection (VWD) occurring in a 36-year-old female hemodialysis patient. Unlike subcutaneous or subfascial infiltrations for which the mechanism is blood extravasation, VWD seems to be due to disruption of the fistula vein layers caused by misplacement of the outflow (venous) needle ...
Crowley Amanda R - - 2006
The organogenesis of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) remains unknown. The fistula tract appears to develop from a non-branching trifurcation of the embryonic lung bud. The non-branching growth of the fistula differs from the other lung buds and suggests a deficiency in bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling, since BMPs ...
Grant C A - - 2006
Tracheo-innominate artery fistula (TIF) is an uncommon yet life threatening complication after a tracheostomy. Rates of 0.1-1% after surgical tracheostomy have been reported, with a peak incidence at 7-14 days post procedure. It is usually fatal unless treatment is instituted immediately. Initial case reports of TIF resulted from surgically performed ...
Johnson Paul E - - 2006
Tracheal hemorrhage is a common occurrence in pediatric patients with long-term tracheotomies. The majority of these events are related to self-limited etiologies, such as granulation tissue or suction trauma. Tracheo-arterial fistula, however, represents a frequently fatal form of tracheal hemorrhage that may initially be difficult to distinguish from other causes. ...
Kimura Naoyuki - - 2005
A 58-year-old man was admitted for an aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) resulting from a thoracic aortic aneurysm. He underwent immediate in-situ prosthetic graft replacement, primary esophageal repair and wrapping of the aneurysm. Postoperative upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and computerized tomography (CT) findings were unremarkable. He was discharged on postoperative day (POD) 25. ...
Zwingenberger A L - - 2005
Arterioportal fistulae are rare congenital anomalies of the hepatic vasculature. Diagnosis is conventionally made by selective angiography or ultrasonography. This report describes use of a dual-phase computed tomographic (CT) angiographic technique to diagnose arterioportal fistulae in four dogs. Advantages of this method include a noninvasive peripheral injection of contrast medium, ...
Liang C-D - - 2005
The management of pediatric patients with coronary artery fistula (CAF) remains controversial because the clinical course of CAF may vary greatly from spontaneous closure to severe complications. The purpose of our study was to report the outcome of CAF in pediatric patients by using echocardiography as an evaluation tool. Between ...
Gandini Roberto - - 2005
A 71-year-old man, who had undergone right hepatectomy extended to the caudate lobe with terminolateral Roux-en-Y left hepatojejunostomy for a Klatskin tumor, developed bilioptysis 3 weeks postoperatively due to bronchobiliary fistula. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography revealed a non-dilated biliary system with contrast medium extravasation to the right subphrenic space through a ...
Thorp Andrea - - 2005
Fistula formation between the innominate artery and the trachea is a rare but potentially catastrophic complication after tracheostomy. Although surgery is the definitive treatment of tracheoinnominate artery fistula, the responsibility for making the proper diagnosis and stabilizing the patient before surgery often falls on the personnel in the emergency department. ...
Bikk Andras - - 2005
A case of traumatic superior mesenteric arteriovenous fistula (SMAVF) and aortic pseudoaneurysm successfully treated by a unique combination of operative and endovascular techniques with a 20-year follow-up is reviewed. After 20 years, the patient presented with an aortoenteric fistula, which was managed with a cryopreserved aortic interposition graft. In this ...
Deshmukh Vivek R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Ethmoidal dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are rare intracranial lesions associated with a high risk of intracranial hemorrhage. Reported hemorrhage rates have ranged from 62 to 91%, and an aggressive clinical course is more likely than a benign clinical course. We describe the first case of a patient ...
Angle Niren - - 2005
The optimal dialysis access for the patient with chronic renal failure is considered to be an autogenous fistula; this is reflected in the recommendations of the National Kidney Foundation-Disease Outcomes Quality Initiatives (NKF-DOQI). If adequate superficial veins at the wrist or the forearm are not available, the next option is ...
Luo Chao-Bao - - 2005
Traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula (TCCF) is a direct shunting fistula due to a tear in the cavernous portion of the internal carotid artery (ICA). Spontaneous thrombosis of the high-flow shunts in TCCFs is extremely rare. Most cases are treated using endovascular embolization to relieve the clinical presentations. We report 2 unusual ...
Wood Alice - - 2005
We present the case of a 66-yr-old woman who was admitted to a surgical intensive care unit with life-threatening rectal bleeding. Despite the use of angiography and repeated computed tomography scans, the diagnosis of a primary aortoduodenal fistula secondary to an abdominal aortic aneurysm was not made, leading to a ...
Gupta A K - - 2005
Summary: We report the clinical and angiographic findings in a patient who presented with venous hypertensive encephalopathy secondary to a traumatic carotico-jugular fistula. Endovascular entrapment of the fistula by occluding the common carotid artery and internal jugular vein at the base of the skull resulted in near total improvement of ...
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