Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2134
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Weininger Markus - - 2010
A 47-year-old man presented with symptoms typical of infective endocarditis and history of streptococcal meningitis 8 months previously. Echocardiography showed a large aortic valve vegetation that was interpreted as disruption of the noncoronary cusp. This was ruled out by 64-slice cardiac computed tomography. Valve replacement was performed successfully.
Kayalar Nihan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction may be unmasked after a successful aortic valve replacement (AVR) for severe aortic stenosis in the setting of asymmetrical basal septal hypertrophy (ABSH). The quantitative assessment of the obstructive potential of ABSH adjacent to a severely stenotic valve can be challenging. We reviewed our ...
Karimi Ashkan - - 2010
Absent pulmonary valve (APV) is a relatively rare congenital heart disease, and is mostly associated with tetralogy of Fallot phenotype or ventricular septal defect. APV with intact interventricular septum (IVS) is even less common with case reports or very small series in the literature. Congenital aortic regurgitation with a rudimentary ...
Raja Shahzad G - - 2010
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written, according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was: in young patients with rheumatic aortic regurgitation compared to non-rheumatics is a Ross operation associated with increased incidence of autograft failure? The pulmonary autograft with its inherent advantages of viable autologous transplant, ...
Carnero-Alc?zar Manuel - - 2010
Population over 80 years who require surgery for degenerative aortic stenosis has largely increased in the past decades. We have compared short- and mid-term results for conventional aortic valve replacement (AVR) for calcific-degenerative aortic stenosis in older and younger than 80 years operated at our institution between April 2004 and ...
Woo Jeong Joo - - 2010
Aortic regurgitation caused by leaflet perforation is most frequently seen in association with infective endocarditis that involves the aortic valve. There have been occasional reports of iatrogenic aortic regurgitation caused by aortic valve injury after cardiac surgery with the use of the transaortic approach or invasive cardiac procedures. Suture-related aortic ...
Pozzi Marco - - 2010
Many surgical techniques have been described either to repair and to replace the aortic valve. Among the paediatric population the potential for growth has to be preserved and valve reconstruction is therefore of great importance. In the last two years 25 consecutive patients, mean age 8.6 years, with aortic valve ...
Charokopos N - - 2010
We describe a case of severe acute aortic regurgitation in a 60-year-old woman due to spontaneous avulsion of an aortic valve commissure. She presented with spontaneous bleeding and a platelet count of 4 000/microl caused by idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and developed acute heart failure and respiratory insufficiency. Preoperative transesophageal echocardiography ...
Khawaja Muhammed Z - - 2010
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation is increasingly being used to treat severe aortic stenosis in patients with high operative risk. In an aging population the incidence of aortic stenosis is rising, and increasing numbers of elderly patients are undergoing aortic valve replacement with bioprosthetic valves. Therefore, there is a corresponding increase ...
Yamamoto Kazuhiro - - 2010
Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) is the most common etiology of acquired valvular heart disease, and hypertension is a principal underlying disease. The Japanese Aortic Stenosis Study (JASS) Retrospective Analysis is a retrospective observational study to clarify the prognostic factors for progression of CAVD in Japanese. Data from 556 subjects ...
Brunner Stefan - - 2011
A 69-year-old man was presented with a holosystolic and early diastolic murmur in cardiac auscultation, pretibial edema and elevated inflammation markers. Aortic valve and ascending aorta had been replaced 9 months earlier. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed massive eccentric regurgitation and dehiscence of the aortic valve, resulting in a giant circular false ...
Bishop Corey J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Thrombus formation on or near the aortic valve has been reported in HeartMate II (Thoratec, Pleasanton, CA) left ventricular assist device (LVAD) patients whose aortic valves do not open. With an akinetic valve, thrombogenesis is more likely. Thrombus formation may lead to neurologic events, placing the patient at greater ...
Taramasso Maurizio - - 2010
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation is an alternative to conventional aortic valve replacement for patients at high surgical risk, with favorable procedural outcomes. Aortic regurgitation remains an off-label indication. Recent case reports describe the successful use of a second CoreValve inside a malpositioned first CoreValve. In the current case, we report ...
Wiedemann Dominik - - 2010
One year after aortic bioprosthetic valve replacement with a 23-mm Epic bioprosthesis (St. Jude Medical, St. Paul, MN) with concomitant coronary artery bypass grafting, early valve degeneration with leaflet calcification and stiffening was documented in a 61-year-old man. A possible reason for this extremely early deterioration could not be identified, ...
Song Bong Gun - - 2010
Limited data are available regarding the impact of pressure or volume overload on the clinical or echocardiographic parameters and the levels of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in patients with chronic severe aortic valve diseases. We aimed to investigate and compare the relationships between these parameters in such patients. One ...
Ruel Marc - - 2010
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a new modality that may change the therapeutic landscape in the management of aortic valve stenosis. Despite the excellent results of surgical aortic valve replacement, TAVI has the potential to revolutionize the treatment of elderly and high-risk patients with aortic stenosis. It therefore constitutes ...
Jonas Richard A - - 2010
Current techniques for aortic valve replacement in the child carry multiple disadvantages. Longer-term follow-up of the Ross procedure has documented disappointing late results for an increasing proportion of patients. Many challenges continue to face the development of a tissue-engineered valve with growth potential. In this setting, aortic valve repair is ...
Bruckner Brian A - - 2010
The human aortic valve is normally a tricuspid structure but may occur as bicuspid or quadricuspid structures (Figure 1). Biscuspid aortic valve (BAV) is one of the most common congenital heart anomalies and the most common congenital anomaly in adults, occurring in 0.5-2% of the population based on echocardiography and ...
Ang Keng-Leong - - 2010
The management of mild to moderate dilatation of the ascending aorta of less than 5 cm is controversial, particularly when concomitant surgical correction of aortic valve is required. We investigate the impact of a simple method of aorta reduction using Dacron graft wrapping during aortic valve replacement on the rest ...
Kopcak M W MW - - 2010
Preclinical site-specific placement of valvular prostheses is highly recommended to fully appreciate hemodynamics. An ovine model is commonly used for preclinical prosthetic mitral valve evaluation; however, the ideal animal model for prosthetic aortic valve evaluation has yet to be determined. Past studies have utilized adult sheep for prosthetic aortic valve ...
Chao V T T - - 2010
Percutaneous transcatheter implantation of the aortic valve has been demonstrated as an alternative to open heart surgery in high-risk patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS) who are not suitable for open surgery. The majority of these new devices are delivered via the transfemoral approach. However, due to the current ...
Kempfert Jörg - - 2010
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a truly minimally invasive technique allowing for off-pump aortic valve implantation in selected high-risk patients. Potential advantages are the avoidance of cardiopulmonary bypass, aortic cross-clamping, and sternotomy. Feasibility has been proven for a retrograde transfemoral, retrograde trans-subclavian, and antegrade trans-apical approach. Superiority of one ...
Toda Eri - - 2010
Background: Prevalence and incidence of arterial occlusive thrombosis are influenced by life-style. Coffee consumption was shown with a lower incidence of myocardial infarction by Framingham Study. Yet, the mechanism is to be elucidated. Methods: We examined the effects of coffee intake on the progression of occlusive thrombus formation in mouse ...
Bissessor Naylin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Assessing the effects of valvular heart disease on functional capacity is important for optimal timing of surgery. AIM: To determine whether N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and lung spirometry predict maximum oxygen consumption (pVO(2)) on cardio-pulmonary exercise testing in patients with mixed heart valve disease. METHODS: Forty-five clinically ...
den Reijer P Martijn - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Congenital bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is a significant risk factor for serious complications including valve dysfunction, aortic dilatation, dissection, and sudden death. Clinical tools for identification and monitoring of BAV patients at high risk for development of aortic dilatation, an early complication, are not available. METHODS: This paper reports ...
Rankin J Scott - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: A 'Hemispherical' model of aortic valve geometry was developed in which normal human cadaveric aortic valve leaflets could be represented as three hemispheres nested within a cylindrical aorta. By mathematically describing the junction between the leaflets and aorta, the normal three-dimensional annular geometry of ...
Datt Vishnu - - 2010
Asymptomatic women with mild aortic stenosis (AS) and normal left ventricular functions can successfully carry pregnancy to term and have vaginal deliveries. However, severe AS (valve area <1.0 cm2) can result in rapid clinical deterioration and maternal and fetal mortality. So, these patients require treatment of AS before conception or ...
Brizzio Mariano E - - 2010
The case is reported of a patient who underwent aortic valve replacement (AVR) in 1969 and received a (first-generation) Bj?rk-Shiley Delrin valve. Forty years later, the patient presented to the authors' hospital in congestive heart failure and with echocardiographic evidence of severe stenosis and mild aortic regurgitation. The patient underwent ...
David Tirone E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify suitable patients for the Ross operation. METHODS: A cohort of 212 patients (mean age, 34 + or - 9 years; 66% men; 82% with congenital aortic valve disease) underwent the Ross operation and was prospectively followed with clinical evaluations and echocardiographic analysis for 3.1 to ...
Mookadam Farouk - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The natural history of the unicuspid aortic valve (UAV) is poorly described in the literature. In order to study the association between UAV with any other cardiac or extra cardiac abnormalities, an evidence-based systematic review was carried out. METHODS: A computerized search was carried ...
Kawahira Toshihiro - - 2010
A 67-year-old man with persistent fever and moderate aortic valve regurgitation was transferred. He suffered from incomplete atrioventricular block (AVB), and temporary pacing was needed. Left-to-right shunt flow from the aorta to the right atrium was found without an aneurysm. Operative findings indicated that the aortic valve was highly calcified. ...
Zheng Yefeng - - 2010
C-arm CT is an emerging imaging technique in transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) surgery. Automatic aorta segmentation and valve landmark detection in a C-arm CT volume has important applications in TAVI by providing valuable 3D measurements for surgery planning. Overlaying 3D segmentation onto 2D real time fluoroscopic images also provides ...
Korürek Mehmet - - 2010
In this study, we have designed an analog circuit model of the cardiovascular system that is able to simulate normal condition and cardiovascular diseases, such as mitral stenosis, aortic stenosis, and hypertension. Especially we focused on severe aortic stenosis, because it is one of the causes of sudden death in ...
Xiao Zhenghua - - 2010
Quadricuspid aortic valve is a rare congenital malformation of the aortic valve. Its diagnosis is often missed even with the use of transthoracic echocardiogram. Many of these patients progress to aortic incompetence later in life, hence requiring surgical intervention. In the case described in this report, a 61-year-old woman is ...
Gil-Dones Felix - - 2010
Calcified aortic valve disease is a slowly progressive disorder that ranges from mild valve thickening with no obstruction of blood flow, known as aortic sclerosis, to severe calcification with impaired leaflet motion or aortic stenosis. In the present work we describe a rapid, reproducible and effective method to carry out ...
Konstantinov Igor E - - 2010
Aortic valve replacement is the standard surgical procedure for severe aortic regurgitation. Due to advances over the past decade, there have been substantial improvements in aortic root graft design, in aortic valve repair techniques, and in the understanding of valvular function in the remodeled aortic root. Herein, we describe the ...
Shaikhrezai Kasra - - 2010
A 40 year-old female, with a history of cardiac surgery for congenital aortic valve stenosis and von Willebrand's disease (VWD) presented with increasing shortness of breath due to mixed aortic valve dysfunction. With a paucity of such cases in the literature, we describe the successful outcome of a patient with ...
Uehara Kyokun - - 2010
A 71-year-old man on hemodialysis and with a history of right lobectomy was referred for aortic valve replacement. Chest computed tomography revealed counterclockwise rotation of the heart through its longitudinal axis.We approached the aortic valve through median sternotomy. Accordingly, we transected the sternum at the level of the 3rd intercostal ...
Cereijo Jose Manuel Martinez - - 2010
As the population ages, bioprosthesis are increasingly being used in cardiac valve replacement. Pericardial bioprosthesis combine an excellent hemodynamic performance with low thrombogenicity, but valve failure associated with calcification remains a concern with these valves. We describe distortion of the bioprosthesis ring as a risk factor for early calcification. A ...
Jha Neerod K - - 2010
The prevalence of primary cardiac tumour ranges from 0.0017-0.28% and papillary fibroelastoma is rare but not uncommon benign cardiac neoplasm. Currently, with the advent of higher-resolution imaging technology especially transoesophageal echocardiography such cases being recognized frequently. The clinical presentation of these tumours varies from asymptomatic to severe ischaemic or embolic ...
Martin Mary H - - 2010
We describe a case of a patient admitted with apparent life threatening events characterized by hypotension and bradycardia. The patient was ultimately found to have intermittent severe aortic insufficiency. Upon surgical exploration, abnormalities were discovered in the aortic valve, which had a small left coronary cusp with absence of the ...
Demircin Sema - - 2010
A pentacuspid pulmonary valve is a rare congenital anomaly. The present report describes a case of pentacuspid pulmonary valve encountered during the autopsy of a 50-year-old man with a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. The pentacuspid pulmonary valve had three relatively equal cusps and two smaller cusps. In this case, a ...
Nakai Hiromi - - 2010
AIMS: The aims of this study were to (i) investigate aortic annulus dynamics using two-dimensional (2D) speckle tracking echocardiography, (ii) determine optimal 2D short-axis view for the calculation of planimetric aortic valve area (AVA), and (iii) compare 2D planimetric AVA extracted from volumetric three-dimensional data sets using real-time 3DTEE (three-dimensional ...
Harjai Kishore J - - 2010
The Impella 2.5 catheter is a percutaneously implanted left ventricular assist device cleared by the Food and Drug Administration to provide circulatory support for up to 6 hours. The presence of aortic stenosis is deemed to be a contraindication to its use, and ongoing clinical trials exclude patients with an ...
Urbanski Paul P - - 2010
The novel repair technique for aortic insufficiency with extensive cusp pathology using autologous pericardium is described. The technique has been used in 19 consecutive patients offering excellent functional results with a large coaptation area.
Filgueiras-Rama David - - 2010
We describe a preliminary clinical experience with 3D transesophageal echocardiography (3D TEE) in an 84-year-old man with severe aortic stenosis and multiple comorbidity, who underwent percutaneous aortic valve implantation. Although 3D TEE monitoring is not a standard procedure during aortic valve replacement procedure (PAVR), when used in combination with conventional ...
Rodés-Cabau Josep - - 2009
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is commonly associated with some degree of aortic regurgitation (AR) secondary to the presence of paravalvular leaks. We present the case of an 86-year-old woman diagnosed with severe aortic stenosis who underwent TAVI with a 23-mm Edwards-SAPIEN valve. The procedure complicated with a severe paravalvular ...
Taramasso Maurizio - - 2009
The degeneration of a previously surgically implanted aortic bioprosthesis is an increasing etiology of aortic stenosis in the elderly, but reoperative surgery may present prohibitive risks. The feasibility of transcatheter aortic valve implantation into a conventional bioprosthesis (valve-in-valve concept) has been evaluated to decrease the reoperative risk for patients with ...
Kapadia Samir R - - 2009
Aortic stenosis is the most important valvular heart disease affecting the elderly population. Surgical aortic valve replacement is the mainstay of treatment, although a substantial number of patients are considered high risk for surgery. Many of these patients do not undergo surgery and have poor outcomes from medically treated symptomatic, ...
Gulbins Helmut - - 2009
This review article analyzes the literature to answer the question of whether stentless aortic bioprostheses possess proven advantages compared with stented bioprosthesis, and which patients might benefit from stentless valve implantation. For this purpose, the United States National Library of Medicine's PubMed and MEDLINE databases were searched for articles dealing ...
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