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Results 401 - 450 of 1026
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Jaggers J J - - 2000
The extant nomenclature for transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is reviewed for the purposes of establishing a unified reporting system. The subject was debated and reviewed by members of the STS-Congenital Heart Surgery Database Committee and representatives from the European Association for Cardiothoracic Surgery. All efforts were made to ...
Tchervenkov C I - - 2000
Double outlet left ventricle (DOLV) is a type of ventriculoarterial connection in which both great arteries arise entirely or predominantly from the left ventricle. Although it was initially believed that bilateral absence of conus is a prerequisite for such diagnosis, all possible conal configurations have been described in this malformation. ...
Walters H L HL - - 2000
Double outlet right ventricle (DORV) is a type of ventriculoarterial connection in which both great vessels arise entirely or predominantly from the right ventricle. Although the presence of aortic-mitral discontinuity and bilateral coni are important descriptors, they should not serve as absolute prerequisites for the diagnosis of DORV. The morphology ...
Das T - - 2000
A 17-year-old unmarried girl was admitted with the complaints of breathlessness on exertion, swelling of upper and lower limbs and intermittent fever for last 21 days. Past history revealed bluish discolouration of nails and tongue since birth along with recurrent dyspnoea. After thorough general and cardiovascular examination, a provisional diagnosis ...
Gutberlet M - - 2000
PURPOSE: To evaluate cine magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and phase-shift velocity mapping for assessment of the hemodynamic relevance of stenotic segments or specific hemodynamic changes in the great vessels after an arterial switch procedure for correction of D-transposition of the great arteries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients (age range, ...
da Silva J P - - 2000
Anterior pulmonary root translocation is used as a new approach for anatomic repair of transposition complexes with ventricular septal defect and pulmonary stenosis. It is performed to construct the right ventricle outflow tract, after patch diversion of left ventricle to aorta. Since 1994, 3 infants underwent this procedure. The preliminary ...
Shukla V - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The origin of the coronary arteries from a single aortic sinus remains a rare congenital anomaly, once regarded as having little clinical significance. Contemporary surgical practice, however, frequently demands precise coronary reimplantation. In this article we emphasize a prophylactic surgical technique found especially helpful in the repair of D-transposition ...
Freedom Robert M. - - 2000
Double-outlet right ventricle is but one form of abnormal ventriculoarterial connection. The definition that more than half of each great artery originates above the morphologically right ventricle is arbitrary. As pointed out by Lecompte, those features that should be defined in hearts with the ventriculoarterial connection of double-outlet right ventricle ...
McMahon C J - - 2000
The neonatal arterial switch operation has become the standard therapy for D-transposition of the great arteries in the absence of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. We describe our experience of successful arterial switch operation after balloon atrial septostomy in a 5-day-old infant girl who had atrial and visceral situs inversus ...
Pass G - - 2000
In addition to the dorsal vessel ("heart"), insects have accessory pulsatile organs ("auxiliary hearts") that supply body appendages with hemolymph. They are indispensable in the open circulatory system for hemolymph exchange in antennae, long mouthparts, legs, wings, and abdominal appendages. This review deals with the great diversity in the functional ...
Buckland R - - 2000
The univentricular heart is a rare form of congenital cardiac disease. We report the successful management of a parturient with a single ventricle, transposition of the great arteries, pulmonary hypertension and thrombosis of the superior vena cava. The univentricular heart is discussed in detail and the outcome in other mothers ...
Metras Dominique - - 2000
We describe in this article a new approach in transposition of the great arteries (TGA), ventricular septal defect (VSD), and left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO). It consists of an operation combining the intracardiac infundibular resection of the Lecompte procedure to allow a direct VSD-aorta connection and the right ventricle-pulmonary ...
Golej J - - 1999
Aortopulmonary collateral arteries sometimes complicate cyanotic congenital heart defects. Combined with a relevant left-right shunt, this could result in massive airway bleeding during and after corrective surgery. A preoperatively diagnosed 1.2 mm small aortopulmonary collateral artery in a newborn suffering from transposition of the great arteries caused life-threatening airway bleeding ...
Galal O - - 1999
Double outlet left ventricle is an extremely rare anomaly. Until recently, the diagnosis was usually established by angiography or at postmortem. There are only a few reports describing the echocardiographic findings in this lesion, and as far as we know, no report showing the anatomy as well as the velocity ...
Simon C - - 1999
We describe a patient with May-Thurner syndrome who underwent operative transection and transposition of the right common iliac artery without direct venous repair, because preoperative and intraoperative intravascular ultrasound scans were negative for "spurs" in the left common iliac vein. When symptoms and signs persisted, a postoperative magnetic resonance venogram ...
Prêtre R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Review of our experience with the technically demanding arterial switch operation in transposition of the great arteries in children. METHODS: Twenty-seven children who underwent an arterial switch operation in our clinic were retrospectively reviewed. Except for one child (operated on at eight months), the operation was performed during the ...
Odim J N - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The surgical management of neonatal systemic outflow obstruction and complex single ventricle pathology is variable. METHODS: In 15 neonates (12 boys and 3 girls) with complex forms of single-ventricle pathology and aortic coarctation or interruption, an initial strategy of banding the pulmonary artery and repair of the obstruction from ...
Massin M M - - 1999
Complete transposition of the great arteries is a relatively common anomaly, which comprises 5 to 7% of all instances of cardiac malformations. Given the decreasing mortality rates associated with a neonatal arterial switch operation and the unacceptable morbidity associated with atrial baffle operations, it is reasonable to accept this operation ...
Abbruzzese P A - - 1999
The repair of a corrected transposition of the great arteries, ventricular septal defect, and pulmonary atresia is presented. An Ebstein anomaly of the tricuspid valve, dextrocardia, and severe distortion of the pulmonary arteries complicated the surgical procedure, which was performed in two stages. Reconstruction of the pulmonary arteries and a ...
Belli E - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The presence of associated multiple ventricular septal defects (VSDs) increases the risk of the anatomic repair for transposition of the great arteries (TGA). The aim of this study was to define the optimal management of this complex anomaly. METHODS: Between January 1988 and December 1998, 45 patients underwent anatomic ...
Reisman M - - 1999
A 14-year-old boy after a Mustard procedure for transposition of the great arteries developed pulmonary hypertension secondary to baffle obstruction. This occurred over several years without apparent significant symptomatology. Systemic-level pressure prevailed in the left (pulmonary) ventricle and provided an opportunity to perform a successful one-stage arterial switch.
Niwa K - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: Morbidity and mortality patterns were characterized in adults with the Eisenmenger syndrome when two ventricles with a ventricular septal defect (VSD) joined two great arteries or one great artery, or when one ventricle joined two great arteries. BACKGROUND: Although afterload in these disorders differs, clinical differences have not been ...
Yoo S J - - 1999
The sequential segmental approach is now universally used in the diagnosis of congenital heart disease. Its utilization during fetal sonography has not been well described. In this review, we show how the fetal heart can be approached in a sequential segmental manner by using six basic sonographic views. The transverse ...
Nikoloudakis N - - 1999
An infant is described with congenitally corrected transposition and Ebstein's malformation. Banding of the pulmonary trunk had been previously performed because of a muscular ventricular septal defect. The patient underwent the double-switch procedure with the intention of unloading the morphologically right ventricle and the malformed tricuspid valve. This resulted in ...
Elizari A - - 1999
A 28-year-old female patient with complete transposition, ventricular septal defect and persistence of the arterial duct underwent a palliative arterial switch procedure in 1976 at 7 years of age. Therefore, she has survived for 22 years and lives a near normal life. She is married, has been counselled against pregnancy ...
Conte S - - 1999
In most cases, one stage repair by arterial switch operation (ASO) is the optimal treatment for neonates with transposition of the great arteries (TGA). Nevertheless, a ventricular septal defect (VSD) associated with TGA remains a major risk factor for early death and reoperation after complete repair in neonates with complex ...
Maeno Y V - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Although most neonates with d-transposition of the great arteries (TGA) have an uncomplicated preoperative course, some with a restrictive foramen ovale (FO), ductus arteriosus (DA) constriction, or pulmonary hypertension may be severely hypoxemic and even die shortly after birth. Our goal was to determine whether prenatal echocardiography can identify ...
Massin M M - - 1999
We describe an infant with congenitally corrected transposition, ventricular septal defect and severe pulmonary stenosis. The heart occupied a midline position. Extension of ductal tissue had resulted in occlusion of the left pulmonary artery. As far as we are aware, this is the first report of an association of coarctation ...
Sharma R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the early and medium term results of operations for congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CCTGA) wherein the left ventricle becomes the systemic ventricle. METHODS: Fourteen patients with CCTGA who underwent anatomic repair from 1994 to 1998 were placed in one of two groups: those without ...
Masuda M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: An arterial switch operation is considered a good alternative for the repair of double-outlet right ventricle (DORV) with atrioventricular concordance connection and subpulmonary ventricular septal defect (VSD) when intraventricular rerouting is not feasible. The clinical results of an arterial switch operation with ventricular septal defect closure for this anomaly ...
Däbritz S - - 1999
Retraining of the left ventricle in congenitally corrected TGA or after Senning or Mustard operation is necessary when right-ventricular failure is developing and an arterial switch operation is indicated. As these hearts have little tolerance of marginal overbanding, a long-term adjustable pulmonary artery banding device would lower stress and risk ...
Kirk J S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine the sensitivity of prenatally detected fetal cardiac asymmetry as a sonographic marker for congenital heart disease. METHODS: The normal ratios of pulmonary artery to aorta diameters and of right ventricle to left ventricle diameters were derived from normal fetuses scanned at 17 weeks or more in a ...
Orringer M B - - 1999
Anterior mediastinal tracheostomy (AMT) facilitates resection of stomal recurrences after laryngectomy for carcinoma and tumors involving the cervicothoracic trachea and esophagus. Erosion of the innominate artery has been reported as a frequent major complication of AMT, and routine prophylactic division of the innominate artery with AMT has even been advised. ...
Frohn-Mulder I M - - 1999
The incidence of 22q11 deletions and its effect on the phenotype were established in 170 patients with selected outflow tract malformations and transposition of the great arteries (conotruncal defects). Cases were seen both prospectively and retrospectively. All patients had a dysmorphological evaluation by the clinical geneticist and a cytogenetic analysis ...
Misumi I - - 1999
Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries is a rare cardiac anomaly with a poor prognosis. In this report, the authors describe an 81-year-old man admitted to the hospital with generalized fatigue, chest pain, and cyanosis. Computed tomography and cardiac catheterization revealed corrected transposition of the great arteries. Transesophageal echocardiography ...
Thistlewaite P A - - 1999
We describe a modified technique of aortopulmonary anastomosis for palliative repair of hearts with a single left ventricle, a rudimentary right ventricle, transposition of the great vessels, and a hypoplastic aortic arch. This procedure creates an unobstructed left ventricular outflow tract and avoids the problems of spiral patch grafting and ...
Avasarala K - - 1998
Dual chamber pacing was shown to decrease left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 30 years ago. We report early results of AV sequential pacing from the LV apex in a patient with transposition of the great arteries who is post-Senning procedure. LVOT obstruction resulted from ...
Ya J - - 1998
Embryonic mice lacking functional Sox4 transcription factor die from cardiac failure at embryonic day (ED) 14. Heart morphogenesis in these embryos was analyzed in hematoxylin-azophlochsin or immunohistochemically stained, 3-dimensionally reconstructed serial sections between ED12 and ED14. Although Sox4 is expressed in the endocardially derived tissue of both the outflow tract ...
Laohaprasitiporn D - - 1998
The rapid two-stage arterial switch operation is an alternative therapy for patients with simple transposition of the great arteries who present beyond the neonatal period and have low left ventricular pressure. It provides normal ventricular function compared to the atrial switch operation. Between July 1994 and February 1997, there were ...
Watanabe M - - 1998
The embryonic outflow tract is a simple tubular structure that connects the single primitive ventricle with the aortic sac and aortic arch arteries. This structure undergoes a complex sequence of morphogenetic processes to become the portion of the heart that aligns the right and left ventricles with the pulmonary artery ...
Amin Z - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The Damus-Kaye-Stansel (DKS) operation can be an effective palliation in patients who have single-ventricle physiology and systemic outflow obstruction. Pulmonary artery banding (PAB) may be used as a preliminary procedure in these patients to limit overperfusion of the pulmonary circulation. In some series, the DKS operation has been associated ...
Sohn Y S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary valve and left ventricular outflow tract abnormalities (LVOT) may not be absolute contraindications to arterial switch operation (ASO). METHODS: In this study we analyze long-term outcome for 26 such transposition patients (6.3% of our ASO cohort). Median age and weight were 69 days (7 to 3,631 days) and ...
Moreau S - - 1998
This study was based on 34 recurrent laryngeal nerve dissections after arterial casting with red-colored latex. The aim was to provide specific information about the perineural microvasculature. This study established the following points: 1. a great anatomic variability does exist; 2. the laryngeal nerve is usually in relation to the ...
Helvind M H - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively examine a 4 year policy of restoring the morphologically left ventricle to the systemic circuit in patients presenting after 3 months of age with ventriculo-arterial discordance with or without associated atrio-ventricular discordance. This policy was stimulated by the known tendency of the morphologically right ventricle to develop ...
Angelini A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: A review of the history and practice of cavopulmonary connections in staging toward Fontan operation and the pathologic experience at Padua University is presented. METHODS: Gross and histologic assessment of the heart-lung blocks removed at autopsy in the cases in which the cause of death could be related to ...
Planche C - - 1998
A relatively large spectra of anatomic variations are found within the unifying features of discordant ventriculoarterial connections. Variants that lend themselves to anatomic repair by the arterial switch operation are discussed, these include transposition of the great arteries with intact ventricular septum (TGA IVS), TGA associated with a ventricular septal ...
Männer J - - 1998
Chick embryos are frequently used as animal models when researching the developing heart. In the past, every attempt to induce complete transposition (the combination of concordant atrioventricular and discordant ventriculo-arterial connections) failed in chicks, suggesting that it might be impossible to develop a chicken model for this malformation. We demonstrate, ...
Gallego P - - 1998
A case of unusual longevity to the age of 58 years is reported for a female patient with complete transposition of the great arteries. The association with a wide atrial septal defect with intact interventricular septum may have contributed to the long survival without surgery. Factors determining intercirculatory mixing and ...
Gaudio C - - 1998
Corrected transposition of the great arteries is a rare congenital heart disease, affecting 1% of children with cardiac malformation. Patients with transposition of the great arteries and without associated cardiovascular anomalies are very infrequent and may remain undiagnosed until adult life, because they usually are asymptomatic until the fourth or ...
Roffi M - - 1998
Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CCTGA) is a rare form of congenital heart disease characterised by atrioventricular as well as ventriculoarterial discordance. It is usually associated with a variety of severe intracardiac defects. Few patients with this abnormality survive past 50 years. An 80 year old woman was ...
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