Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1026
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Burkhart Harold M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Palliative atrial switch (PAS) procedures that reroute pulmonary and systemic venous drainage and leave a ventricular septal defect (VSD) open have been used in the treatment of deeply cyanotic patients who have severe pulmonary vascular obstructive disease (PVOD). Palliative atrial switch is beneficial for patients with transposition of the ...
McEwing R L - - 2004
Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA) is an uncommon cardiac defect characterized by the atria connecting with the anatomically discordant ventricles and the ventricles connecting with discordant and transposed great arteries. Parallel vessels are evident in corrected TGA, but as this sign is also present in complete TGA, ...
Morell Victor O - - 2004
The surgical management of transposition of the great arteries with a ventricular septal defect and left ventricular outflow tract obstruction still remains a significant challenge despite major advances in pediatric cardiovascular surgery. Almost four decades after its inception, the Rastelli procedure continues to be the standard surgical technique used in ...
Cendrowska-Pinkosz Monika - - 2004
The research was carried on 70 hearts of adult humans. The hearts were subjected to direct analyses on the autopsy material. The presence or absence of the valve of the great cardiac vein was analysed with reference to sex. The terminal valve of the great cardiac vein was found in ...
Hamrick Shannon E G - - 2004
This report describes the case of a neonate who underwent fetal surgery for congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and pulmonary sequestration. His postnatal management was complicated by the additional diagnosis of transposition of the great arteries (TGA). TGA is particularly difficult to diagnose in the fetus. This triad has not previously ...
Wetter Jutta - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the results of the arterial switch operation for early total repair of double-outlet right ventricle with subpulmonary ventricular septal defect (the Taussig-Bing heart). METHODS: From 1986 through April 2003, 27 patients with Taussig-Bing anomaly underwent arterial switch operation. Twenty patients were neonates (n = 11) or ...
Miura Takuya - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Some patients with univentricular hearts who are candidates for Fontan operation may develop ventricular outflow tract obstruction after pulmonary artery banding (PAB) or Fontan. However, the indication for Damus-Kaye-Stansel (DKS) operation for these patients has not been clear. To clarify the indication, the changes in the diameter of ventricular ...
Wakhlu Ashish - - 2004
OBJECT: The object was to derive a prediction rule for the development of postoperative hydrocephalus in patients with spina bifida by the measurement of cranial ventricular diameters using ultrasound. METHODS: Eighty-nine patients with spina bifida were studied prospectively. Each child had preoperative cranial ultrasound with measurement of the bifrontal diameter, ...
Kim Soo Jin - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Translocation of the coronary artery to the neoaorta is essential in the arterial switch operation. The goal of this study is to investigate (1) the frequency of commissural malalignment in complete transposition of the great arteries, (2) the usefulness of echocardiography in diagnosis of commissural malalignment, and (3) the ...
Kramer Hans-Heiner - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Long-term angiographic evaluation of left ventricular performance and size of the great arteries after one-stage neonatal versus two-stage arterial switch operation (ASO) of simple transposition. METHODS: Analysis of cineangiographic studies obtained during the process of two-stage ASO for 34 patients and after neonatal repair for 52 patients. RESULTS: At ...
Eicken A - - 2004
Patients after arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries are at risk for coronary artery stenosis or obstruction due to intraoperative manipulation. This case describes an infant with impaired left ventricular function 8 months after arterial switch operation. A hemodynamically significant left coronary artery stenosis was excluded by ...
Aeba Ryo - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In conventional repair of the congenitally corrected transpositions of the great arteries associated with ventricular septal defect and pulmonary outflow tract obstruction, the placement of the left ventricle-pulmonary artery conduit is at risk owing to probable compression by the sternum, heart block, or injury to the mitral anterior papillary ...
Masuda Zen-ichi - - 2003
Two separate origins of coronary arteries from a single aortic sinus remains a rare but significant congenital anomaly for surgical repair. We experienced a case of a newborn with complete transposition of the great arteries with unusual coronary arteries with two separate ostia positioned close to each other in the ...
Lalezari Shirin - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Transposition of the great arteries is currently treated by performing the arterial switch operation. Dilatation of the neoaortic root is a late complication with unknown cause. Samples of patients with untreated transposition of the great arteries and patients with normally related great arteries were compared to investigate a possible ...
Dyer Karrie - - 2003
Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries is a relatively rare cardiac malformation characterized by atrioventricular and ventriculoarterial discordance. This double discordance results in a physiologically corrected circulation with the morphologic right ventricle (RV) serving as the systemic pump. Associated anomalies are present in approximately 98% of cases and include ...
Hraska Viktor - - 2003
A new technique for hemi-Fontan procedure for single ventricle type of physiology is suggested. In addition to the standard bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis, this approach includes creation of a blind anastomosis between the opened roof of the right atrium and right pulmonary artery. This new technique simplifies completion of the lateral ...
Gorenflo M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Patients with transposition of the great arteries who underwent an atrial repair in infancy are likely to develop right ventricular dysfunction later in life. For these patients a two-stage arterial switch operation has been advocated by some groups but mortality even from the initial pulmonary banding procedure for retraining ...
Abduch M C D - - 2003
The prevalence of congenital cardiac disease in cats varies from 0.2 to 1 per cent, with males being more affected than females. This is probably an underestimate due to the fact that not all affected kittens are presented. Discordant atrioventricular connection (where the morphological right atrium connects to the morphological ...
Williams William G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Between 1985 and 1989, the surgical management of neonates with complete transposition (TGA) underwent a transition from atrial to arterial repair. We sought to examine the intermediate outcomes and their associated risk factors in neonates repaired during the era of transition. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four institutions entered 829 neonates ...
González-Iriarte M - - 2003
Transposition of great arteries in humans is associated with a wide spectrum of coronary artery patterns. However, no information is available about how this pattern diversity develops. We have studied the development of the coronary arteries in mouse embryos with a targeted mutation of perlecan, a mutation that leads to ...
Köksal Nilgün - - 2003
Neurocutaneous melanosis (NCM) is rare and is characterized by the proliferation of melanocytes in the central nervous system. A 6-day-old infant boy was referred to our department with giant congenital melanocytic nevi and convulsions. On physical examination the patient had a giant black-brown pigmented nevus covering his face, neck, scalp, ...
Langley Stephen M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine the outcomes of patients with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries after restoration of the morphologically left ventricle to the systemic circulation. METHODS: Between November 1991 and June 2001, a total of 54 patients (median age 3.2 years, range 7 weeks-40 years) ...
Pepas Litha P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To document the echocardiographic features of tetralogy of Fallot during fetal and postnatal life. Correlation of echocardiographic findings with the requirement for early intervention prior to definitive repair. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: A tertiary fetal cardiology unit. PATIENTS: Fetuses with a diagnosis of tetralogy of Fallot identified from ...
Davies Nigel P - - 2003
To date, most perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) methods using arterial spin labeling (ASL) have employed slab-selective inversion pulses or continuous labeling within a plane in order to obtain maps derived from all major blood vessels entering the brain. However, there is great potential for gaining additional information on the ...
Yamagishi Masaaki - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The success of arterial switch operations for transposition of the great arteries largely depends on faultless coronary translocation and subsequent sufficient myocardial perfusion. However, in patients with complex coronary artery anatomy, coronary translocation is often difficult to perform by conventional surgical techniques alone. Therefore we developed the "bay window" ...
Wong Jason - - 2003
A 13-year-old girl with surgically corrected complete transposition of the great arteries died suddenly while walking to school. Postmortem examination revealed endodermal heterotopia of the atrioventricular node, a condition not previously associated with transposition of the great arteries. New immunohistochemical observations are described, and the embryogenesis of the condition and ...
Ch'ng Julie - - 2003
Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of septicaemia and infective endocarditis. The overall incidence of staphylococcal bacteraemia is increasing, contributing to 16% of all hospital-acquired bacteraemias. The use of cardiac pacemakers has revolutionized the management of rhythm disturbances, yet this has also resulted in a group of patients at risk ...
Kobashi Ayaka - - 2003
Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CCTGA) is a rare congenital heart disease characterized by atrioventricular (AV) and ventriculo-arterial discordance;(1) that is, the left ventricle supports the pulmonary circulation and the right ventricle supports the systemic circulation. The most common cardiac anomalies in CCTGA include ventricular septal defect, pulmonary ...
Webb Sandra - - 2003
The developmental anatomy of the ventricular outlets and intrapericardial arterial trunks is a source of considerable confusion. First, major problems exist because of the multiple names and definitions used to describe this region of the heart as it develops. Second, there is no agreement on the boundaries of the described ...
Devaney Eric J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Late results after traditional methods of repair of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries are poor. The combined arterial switch and Senning (double switch) operation may improve outcomes by using the morphologically left ventricle and mitral valve in the systemic circulation. In this report we review patient selection ...
Ando Makoto - - 2003
A Senning plus Rastelli operation was performed in a patient who had a rare combination of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (S,L,L) with dextrocardia, major aortopulmonary collaterals, and diminutive central pulmonary arteries with arborization defects. The patient required four preparatory operations including bilateral unifocalizations of the aortopulmonary artery ...
Hövels-Gürich Hedwig H - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess cardiac and general health status 8 to 14 years after neonatal arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries. METHODS: Sixty unselected children with intact ventricular septum (78.3%) or ventricular septal defect (21.7%) without or with aortic isthmic stenosis (5.1%) ...
Corno Antonio E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of the arterial switch for surgical repair of transposition, defined as the combination of concordant atrioventricular and discordant ventriculo-arterial connections, after late referral. METHODS: From March 2000 to August 2001, six children underwent an arterial switch procedure following left ventricular preparation because of late referral. ...
Chiu Ing-Sh - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to analyze coronary arteries (CA) in congenitally corrected transposition (CCT) and to determine the influence of aortopulmonary rotation on its pattern systematically. Precise CA anatomy is surgically needed in the current era of double switch for CCT. METHODS: We collected data on 62 ...
Mavroudis Constantine - - 2003
When biventricular repair of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA) is possible, complete anatomic (left ventricle to the aorta, right ventricle to the pulmonary artery, and associated atrial baffle operation) or physiologic (left ventricle to pulmonary artery, right ventricle to aorta) connections are complex and associated with significant ...
Wu Qingyu - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Double outlet right ventricle with L-malposition of the great arteries is a rare type of double outlet right ventricle. This article reviews our experience in treating this disease surgically. METHODS: Between September 1995 and May 1999, 9 patients with double outlet right ventricle [S, D, L] underwent modified Rastelli ...
Alehan Dursun - - 2003
Double outlet left ventricle (DOLV) is a rare congenital cardiac malformation in which both the pulmonary artery and the aorta arise exclusively or predominantly from the morphologic left ventricle. We describe a case of DOLV with situs solitus, d-loop ventricles, d-malposition of the great arteries (S, D, D), severe pulmonary ...
Devaney Eric J - - 2003
Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA) is a rare defect characterized by discordant atrioventricular and ventriculoarterial connections. Symptoms result from one or a combination of associated cardiovascular malformations, including ventricular septal defect, pulmonary stenosis or atresia, and tricuspid valve dysfunction. Survival of patients with ccTGA is often determined ...
Prifti Edvin - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this report were to study the early and late outcome in terms of mortality, freedom from reoperation, predictors for late pulmonary stenosis (PAS) and insufficiency of the neo-aortic valve (AVI) in patients with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) undergoing arterial switch operation (ASO). MATERIALS AND ...
Ismat Fraz A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The advent of double switch procedures for the treatment of transposition of the great arteries with L-looped ventricles, e.g. typical congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries, has made delineation of the coronary artery anatomy in these hearts important. Previous studies have suggested a consistently inverted coronary arterial pattern. ...
Ermis Cengiz - - 2002
We report findings in a patient with 1-transposition of great arteries with single ventricle and classic Fontan procedure who required both His bundle ablation for palliation of refractory atrial tachycardia and placement of a transvenous dual-chamber atrio-ventricular permanent pacemaker for hemodynamic support. A method for retrograde trans-aortic His bundle ablation ...
Király László - - 2002
AIM: To analyze the causes and role of right ventricle failure in the morbidity and mortality after arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries in neonates. METHOD: Between January 1999 and December 2001, 62 neonates underwent arterial switch operation. The simple transposition group was comprised of 39 patients ...
Simsic Janet M - - 2002
We present the case of a newborn male with D-transposition of the great arteries, ventricular septal defect, and subpulmonary stenosis who experienced two episodes of systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunt thrombosis. Hematologic evaluation revealed heterozygous factor V Leiden mutation. This report emphasizes the importance of evaluation for inherited coagulation disorders in pediatric ...
Sharma Rajesh - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The conventional treatment of transposition of great arteries with prepared left ventricle is an arterial switch operation. This, in our experience, does not hold for patients with transposition of great arteries with intact ventricular septum where the left ventricle continues to be prepared secondary to severe pulmonary arterial hypertension ...
Woodson K E - - 2003
An arterial switch is the corrective procedure of choice for d-transposition of the great arteries but may be associated with increased morbidity and mortality when performed in low-birth-weight infants. Conversely, delaying surgery often leads to left ventricular "deconditioning" as pulmonary arteriolar resistance decreases. We present an infant with a birth ...
Himeno W - - 2003
Enlarged bronchial arteries are associated in some patients with transposition of the great arteries and intact ventricular septum. The etiology of these enlarged bronchial arteries is not yet known. In this report, we describe a case of TGA/IVS in which enlarged bronchial arteries were demonstrated from the prenatal period. The ...
Giamberti Alessandro - - 2002
Right ventricular dysfunction and tricuspid valve incompetence after atrial repair for transposition of the great arteries is an increasingly frequent problem. Left ventricular retraining to convert an atrial switch to an arterial switch is a well-known surgical option but can require a multiple-stage surgical approach. We report our successful multiple-stage ...
Hutter P A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The arterial switch operation was introduced in 1976 to correct transposition of the great arteries and has since replaced atrial palliation. This study examines the long-term outcomes of the arterial switch operation. METHODS: Included in the study were 195 patients who underwent the arterial switch operation from 1977 through ...
Al Qethamy Howaida O - - 2002
Results of the two-stage arterial switch operation in 49 patients with transposition of the great arteries, performed between January 1995 and September 2000, were reviewed retrospectively. Twenty-one patients had a ventricular septal defect. Anatomical correction was carried out 21.89 +/- 9.86 months after pulmonary artery banding, with or without a ...
Jouannic J-M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: A previous anthropometric study has shown that neonates with transposition of the great arteries have a smaller head circumference and intracranial volume, which may be related to a lower oxygen content of blood delivered to the head and upper extremities. The aim of this study was to compare Doppler ...
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