Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 745
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Chung J H - - 1997
Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection is an uncommon congenital cardiovascular anomaly but one that occurs frequently in the asplenia syndrome. We present a rare type of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection in a 4-month-old baby with the asplenia syndrome. In this patient, all of the left pulmonary veins united to ...
Delius R E - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this report is to review the surgical experience of a single institution with a relatively large series of patients with mixed total pulmonary venous drainage. PATIENT POPULATION: Between January 1, 1971, and December 31, 1994, 232 patients with total pulmonary venous drainage underwent surgical correction. Twenty ...
Liang C D - - 1996
Partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage (PAPVD) with an intact atrial septum is a very rare cardiovascular anomaly. Most PAPVD cases can be detected by echocardiographic scanning of the anomalous pulmonary venous connection. This paper describes an asymptomatic 6-year-old boy who was referred because of a heart murmur. An electrocardiogram and ...
Wang J K - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To describe four patients having total anomalous pulmonary venous connection with an intrapulmonary vertical vein, rendering difficulty in diagnosis and surgery. SETTING: a tertiary referral center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: By reviewing medical records, 4 of 25 patients with right atrial isomerism and total anomalous pulmonary venous connection were ...
Bando K - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Reports of surgical correction of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) over the past 30 years indicate a general improvement in operative survival. However, prevention of late pulmonary venous obstruction continues to be a cornerstone of successful repair. The purpose of the study was to identify factors associated with ...
Lobdell K W - - 1996
A 9-day-old, 4.5-kg female infant was diagnosed with total anomalous pulmonary venous connections by echocardiography. The unusual nature of the pulmonary veins and their connections led to cardiac catheterization and angiography. Angiography demonstrated the left-sided veins connected, via a retropulmonary artery vertical vein, to the left inominate vein whereas the ...
Smulian J C - - 1996
Bronchopulmonary sequestration is a congenital abnormality of nonfunctional pulmonary tissue that lacks normal connections with the bronchial tree. The sequestered tissue typically receives the majority of its blood supply from systemic vessels, most often the distal thoracic or upper abdominal aorta. These lesions often are associated with fetal hydrops, polyhydramnios, ...
Huang W - - 1996
The morphometric data on the branching pattern and vascular geometry of the human pulmonary arterial and venous trees are presented. Arterial and venous casts were prepared by the silicone elastomer casting method. Three recent innovations are used to describe the vascular geometry: the diameter-defined Strahler ordering model is used to ...
Lin S C - - 1996
Severe hypoxemia and pulmonary hypertension occurred in an infant with total anomalous pulmonary venous return. Though under hyperventilation with high fractional inspired oxygen and prostaglandin E1, hypoxemia remained intractable. Magnesium sulfate was used in view of its vasodilating effect. Significant clinical improvement was observed without causing systemic hypotension and the ...
Tasaka H - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Human embryology textbooks indicate that the trunks of the pulmonary vein and artery originate from the left atrium and aortic sac, respectively, based on histological analyses of limited human specimens. However, our studies show that the pulmonary venous trunk in the mouse as in other nonhuman vertebrates originates from ...
Tornetta P P - - 1996
Fifty cadaver halves were dissected to determine the occurrence and location of the corona mortis. Anastomoses between the obturator and external iliac systems occurred in 84% of the specimens. Thirty-four percent had an arterial connection, 70% had a venous connection, and 20% had both. The distance from the symphysis to ...
Spicer R L - - 1996
Pleural effusions after the modified Fontan procedure are unpredictable, increase morbidity, and prolong hospital stay. To assess the relation between preoperative characteristics and postoperative pleural drainage, we performed a retrospective study of 71 patients who underwent Fontan procedures. Analyses revealed no significant relation between duration of effusion and age at ...
Mezzetti M - - 1996
Pulmonary sequestration is a congenital anomaly of lung parenchyma that can be definitively treated only with surgical resection. We report a case of an intralobar sequestration of the right lower pulmonary lobe in an infant successfully treated with video-thoracoscopic surgical removal of the involved lobe at 6 months of age.
Abuhamad A Z - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary sequestration is not believed to be familial. We report two male infants with this anomaly who were born to the same parents. CASES: The prenatal diagnosis of pulmonary sequestration was made in a woman's two consecutive pregnancies by demonstrating systemic arterial supply to an echogenic mass located in ...
Wyttenbach M - - 1996
Anomalous pulmonary venous return represents a rare congenital anomaly with wide anatomic and physiologic variability. We report a case of the newborn with a rare form of total infracardiac anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC). The pulmonary veins draining both lungs formed two vertical veins, which joined to a common pulmonary ...
Shibuya K - - 1996
Scimitar syndrome was diagnosed in 27 patients seen between July 1974 and May 1993. All available echocardiograms taken before surgery or death were reviewed. Age at presentation ranged from 1 day to 14 years. Dextrocardia or mesocardia was noted in 70%, atrial septal defect in 70%, and increased right ventricular ...
Gamillscheg A - - 1996
We present a case of extralobar pulmonary sequestration between the left lower lobe and diaphragm with an unusual arterial blood supply and venous drainage. Angiography revealed a large systemic artery arising from the left subclavian artery. The venous return paralleled this anomalous artery and drained into the left subclavian vein. ...
Carrel T - - 1996
Total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR) represents a rare congenital anomaly with wide anatomical and physiological variability. We report a case of a newborn with a challenging form of obstructed infracardiac TAPVR, in whom left and right pulmonary veins drained separately into the portal system. The right pulmonary venous sinus ...
Baran R - - 1996
Scimitar syndrome is a rare congenital pulmonary anomaly that is characterized by hypoplasia of the right lung and the right pulmonary artery with anomalous pulmonary venous drainage to the inferior vena cava or the right atrium. Very few reports are available that analyze the value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ...
Hirai T - - 1996
Two cases of anomalous systemic arterial supply to the basal segments of the lower lobe of the left lung without sequestration are presented. In the first case, the final diagnosis was made during a surgical operation, and lobectomy of the lower lobe of the left lung was performed. In the ...
Otsuji Y - - 1995
A 36-year-old woman was admitted because of an enlarged right heart. Echocardiographic examination revealed an abnormal vessel connecting to the dilated coronary sinus. The abnormal vessel traveled in the direction from the right axillary to the left epigastric region. Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC) from the right upper lobe ...
Osada H - - 1995
A 34-year-old male presented with an infected intralobar pulmonary sequestration of the left lower lobe. Aortography revealed bilateral anomalous systemic arteries, originating in the lower level of the descending thoracic aorta, to the lower lobe on each side. The portion of the right lower lobe, which was perfused by the ...
Van Haesdonck J M - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Different surgical techniques for creating a Fontan circulation can be used. The option of including an atrium in the circuit, or the technique used for connecting the caval veins to the pulmonary artery in a total cavopulmonary connection, frequently is empirical and is based on personal experience and preference. ...
Miller D S - - 1995
Partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage with intact atrial septum is a rare congenital anomaly. We report a case of a 63-year-old woman who recently had dyspnea on minimal exertion and was found to have pulmonary hypertension, right atrial enlargement, and right ventricular enlargement by two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography. Transesophageal echocardiography demonstrated ...
Lee M L - - 1995
A patient with complex congenital heart disease was diagnosed by two-dimensional echocardiography. Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) was suspected because of the results of two-dimensional echocardiography, but the exact anatomy was delineated by cineangiocardiography as an unusual form of TAPVC with double drainage or connections to the left superior ...
Bernstein H S - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: This study considers the array of pulmonary-systemic connections made by the levoatriocardinal vein. The primary and associated lesions that play a role in forming this vein are examined, and echocardiography is discussed as a method for its rapid identification. BACKGROUND: The levoatriocardinal vein is a pulmonary-systemic connection that provides ...
Cooper M J - - 1995
In a critically ill neonate, pulsed and color-flow Doppler echocardiography was able to document normal pulmonary venous return after an intravenous dose of tolazoline hydrochloride. Differential diagnosis was between persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn and obstructed total anomalous pulmonary venous return. Once normal pulmonary venous return was clearly documented, ...
Uemura H - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Venoatrial connections are important when choosing surgical options for patients with visceral heterotaxy. The precise morphology of the atriums, however, is often obfuscated by the term "visceral heterotaxy." This morphologic study aims to clarify the features of significance to the cardiac surgeon. METHODS: We investigated 183 hearts from patients ...
Herlong J R - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography provides the surgical team with important guidance during operations for congenital heart disease. Doppler echocardiography adds hemodynamic information to that provided by two-dimensional imaging. Here we describe intraoperative pulmonary vein Doppler echocardiography after operation involving the left atrium. METHODS: Intraoperative two-dimensional and pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiography of ...
Wong M L - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to determine the accuracy of routine echocardiography in the detection of partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage. BACKGROUND: Although there are occasional case reports of the echocardiographic appearance of partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage, no large series have addressed the accuracy of this technique in a ...
Rosenkranz E R - - 1995
Anomalous systemic or pulmonary venous connections increase the risk and technical difficulty of the modified Fontan procedure. This report describes an alternative technique of total diversion of systemic venous return to the pulmonary artery in a child with left atrial isomerism, incorporating an extracardiac conduit between the hepatic veins and ...
Freixinet J - - 1995
Pulmonary sequestration is a term used to describe an area of embryonic lung tissue supplied by an anomalous systemic artery. Two forms are recognised-extralobar and intralobar-with different clinical presentations. A patient is reported with intralobar pulmonary sequestration in the left lung and colonisation with Aspergillus which was successfully treated by ...
Hawkins J A - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Despite theoretical advantages of absorbable suture in the growing vascular anastomosis, there has not been a documented advantage over nonabsorbable suture in preventing late anastomotic stenosis in total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC). METHODS: We reviewed our experience from 1982 to 1994 with 65 hospital survivors of total TAPVC ...
Razzouk A J - - 1995
BACKGROUND: When total anomalous pulmonary venous connection is associated with other complex cardiac malformations, early and late postsurgical morbidity and mortality are excessive. METHODS: In an attempt to modify this outcome, twelve children (4 days to 6.8 years of age) with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection and various congenital cardiac ...
Van Praagh S - - 1995
The clinical and anatomic findings in 36 patients (21 postmortem cases and 15 living patients) with partially anomalous (16 [44%]) or totally anomalous (20 [56%]) pulmonary venous drainage directly to the right atrium constitute the material basis of this report. Displacement of septum primum--leftward in atrial situs solitus or rightward ...
Gaynor J W - - 1995
Complex forms of anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the superior vena cava (SVC) can be difficult to correct surgically. Since 1987, 11 patients have undergone repair of anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the SVC by diversion of the pulmonary venous drainage to the left atrium using a baffle with division ...
Wilson D G - - 1995
Thromboembolic phenomena involving the caval veins, right atrium, and pulmonary artery are recognised complications after the Fontan operation and other forms of total cavopulmonary connection. A rare case of systemic thromboembolism is reported in a 3 year old girl who had repeated coronary and cerebral thromboembolic events after a fenestrated ...
Trigaux J P - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of enlargement of the azygos system in the case of lung sequestration and its potential usefulness in the differential diagnosis of lower lobe opacities. Seven consecutive adult cases of pulmonary sequestrations were retrospectively enrolled; 4 sequestrations were proved surgically and ...
Lee M L - - 1995
A 21-month-old boy presented with persistent wheezing 16.5 months after cardiac surgery for supracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. He had presented at birth with cyanosis and at the age of 25 days, underwent initial cardiac surgery in the form of anastomosis of the pulmonary venous confluence to the left ...
Papa M - - 1995
Prenatal detection of congenital heart disease is possible from the 16th week of pregnancy, the ideal time being the mid-trimester, when most cardiac abnormalities can be detected. However, identification of anomalous pulmonary venous connection is difficult before birth and the sensitivity of fetal echocardiography in detecting this anomaly is low. ...
Fujino H - - 1995
To evaluate late pulmonary venous obstruction following surgical repair in patients with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection, which may be disclosed at high cardiac output but not at rest, a hemodynamic study was performed using isoproterenol infusion. The study included 7 patients in NYHA class I, aged from 5 to ...
Minich L L - - 1995
Doppler echocardiography was used to evaluate pulmonary venous flow patterns in 16 children with repaired total anomalous pulmonary venous connection and in 16 age-matched normal controls. Using right upper pulmonary venous pulsed Doppler tracings, peak velocities and velocity time integrals were determined for ventricular systole, ventricular diastole, and atrial systole. ...
Craig S R - - 1995
In a series of 57 patients undergoing thoracoscopic pulmonary lobectomy, 2 required expeditious conversion to open thoracotomy when a stapling device (Endo-GIA 30 V3; Autosuture, Ascot, UK) used on the main right lower pulmonary artery in 1 case and on the left superior pulmonary vein in the other cut but ...
Mukadam M E - - 1995
Anomalous pulmonary venous connection of the entire left lung into the left innominate vein is very rare. 5 patients with this anomaly were managed in the authors' institution over the last 12 years. Clinically they were diagnosed as cases of pretricuspid left-to-right shunt at atrial level. Cardiac catheterisation and angiography ...
Boothroyd A E - - 1995
Congenital abnormalities of the tracheobronchial tree are rare causes of recurrent chest infections in childhood. A case is described which shows some typical features of horseshoe lung. More detailed imaging revealed complete separation of the right and left pleural cavities and the malformation represents part of the sequestration spectrum. The ...
Takamori S - - 1995
We report herein the case of a 68-year-old man in whom a partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC) was found during an operation for primary lung cancer. The preoperative clinical findings did not suggest a vascular shunt, and intraoperatively the anomalous vein was seen to drain only from the left ...
Masiello P - - 1995
Total anomalous left pulmonary venous connection with intact atrial septum is an extremely rare form of congenital heart disease. We describe a case never reported before in which the left pulmonary veins drained directly into the right atrium through a common vein. Surgical correction was successfully obtained by redirecting the ...
Kriss V M - - 1995
We report a case of a healthy, asymptomatic 12-year-old girl in whom anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the left atrium occurred as an isolated congenital anomaly. This condition, termed "meandering" pulmonary veins, is closely related to scimitar syndrome and is usually associated with hypogenesis of the right lung and dextropositioning ...
Victor S - - 1995
We operated on a 14-year-old boy who had an echocardiographic diagnosis of ventricular septal defect. At surgery we found, in addition, an anomalous and obstructive intraventricular muscle bundle. Detection of a continuous thrill over the right pulmonary veins, prior to cardiopulmonary bypass, led to exploration of the left atrium. The ...
Lee M L - - 1994
We describe an 8-month-old male infant, who received a rerouting procedure for infracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection and a 4-mm Gore-Tex central shunt for tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia. The masking effect of the pulmonary outflow in tetralogy of Fallot on the pulmonary venous obstruction in infracardiac total ...
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