Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 744
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Sancak Tanzer - - 2003
Pulmonary sequestration is a relatively rare but clinically significant form of congenital broncho-pulmonary foregut malformation. It is characterized by a segment of non-functioning lung parenchyma that receives its blood supply from anomalous systemic arteries. This report shows the role of contrast enhanced three-dimensional MR angiography, which demonstrated abnormal feeding artery ...
Nakamura Kunihide - - 2003
An asymptomatic cardiac neurilemoma was found in a 33-year-old woman. The tumor was on the anterior surface of the right atrium extending to the right upper pulmonary vein across the interatrial groove. The tumor was resected completely and right atrium, interatrial septum, left atrium and right superior pulmonary vein were ...
Sridhar P G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Echocardiographic evaluation of the pulmonary veins is inadequate at times. Cardiac catheterization, especially in sick neonates, may be a high-risk procedure. Helical computed tomography with three-dimensional reconstruction is noninvasive but remains an underutilized modality. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between January 2002 and February 2003, 7 computed tomography scans of children ...
Sugiyama Hisashi - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To determine the anatomical characteristics of systemic venous collaterals formed after the Fontan operation, and the efficacy of a transcatheter strategy for management. METHODS: We reviewed retrospectively the data from cardiac catherization of 50 persistently cyanotic patients after the Fontan operation. RESULTS: A total of 54 transcatheter interventions were ...
Valsangiacomo E R - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal diagnosis of total (TAPVC) or partial (PAPVC) anomalous pulmonary venous connection in isolation or associated with other cardiac disease is important for appropriate prenatal counseling and perinatal management. We sought to assess the echocardiographic clues to the fetal diagnosis of TAPVC and PAPVC in a cohort of affected ...
Haramati Linda B - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To systematically describe the imaging features and clinical correlates of a partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection diagnosed on computed tomography (CT) in adults. METHODS: Twenty-nine adults with a partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection on CT were retrospectively identified. There were 19 women and 10 men, with a mean age ...
Dieter Robert S - - 2003
PURPOSE: To report the endovascular treatment of a stenosis of the pulmonary venous anastomosis following surgical treatment for partial anomalous pulmonary venous return. CASE REPORT: A 60-year-old man presented with recurrent pleural effusions after correction of a partial anomalous left pulmonary venous return. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated focal stenosis at ...
Marco de Lucas Enrique - - 2003
We report an asymptomatic 8-year-old girl with anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the IVC and systemic arterial supply (scimitar syndrome). We present for the first time a description of gadolinium-enhanced 3D MR angiography that provided concurrent non-invasive complete anatomical (arterial and venous supply) and 'functional' (calculation of left-to-right shunt using ...
Ahmeto─člu Ali - - 2003
Extralobar pulmonary sequestration is a rare anomaly of abnormal pulmonary tissue without any communication to the bronchial tree. Sclerosing haemangioma is a rare lung tumour, generally seen in middle-aged women. The combination of these two rare pathologies has not been previously reported. We describe the CT and CT angiographic findings ...
Kuge Kenshi - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how large submucosal drainage territory extends in lymphatic drainage vessels of the esophagus with and without nodal delay and which morphologies are shown when passing through the muscularis propria. METHODS: Submucosal territories of the 22 highly selected direct drainage vessels of 17 esophagi were histologically examined using ...
Correa-Rivas Maria S - - 2003
Pulmonary sequestration is a rare developmental anomaly of the lung characterized by nonfunctional pulmonary tissue without communication with the tracheobronchial tree and receiving an aberrant systemic arterial blood supply. Few cases of non-immune hydrops fetalis associated with this entity have been reported. A 2 day old male baby born by ...
Iizasa Toshihiko - - 2003
Systemic arterial supply from the descending thoracic aorta to the basal segment of the left lower lobe without a pulmonary artery supply is a rare congenital anomaly within the spectrum of pulmonary sequestration cases. We encountered four consecutive cases, which were treated successfully by three basalectomies and one lower lobectomy ...
Boopathy Vijayaraghavan S - - 2003
We report the prenatal diagnosis of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the portal system in a 20-week fetus with right atrial isomerism. The apex of the fetal heart pointed to the left, the fetal stomach was on the right, there was a common atrioventricular valve, the left ventricle was ...
Ito Fujio - - 2003
The authors report on a newborn boy with extralobar pulmonary sequestration in the right upper thoracic region. Preoperative angiography showed an anomalous large vessel from the right subclavian artery, supplying the sequestrated lobe. Right thoracotomy was performed to resect the sequestrated lobe, which was diagnosed as extralobar form. This is ...
Anil Kumar Dharmapuram - - 2003
From May 1995 through October 2001, 19 infants less than 90 days old underwent surgical correction of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. In 15 babies with isolated total anomalous pulmonary venous connection, there was one operative death. In 4 with complex anomalies, there were 2 operative deaths. The vertical vein ...
Kaseda Shizuka - - 2003
We describe the techniques we used for treating aberrant arteries during resection of pulmonary sequestration by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) in two patients. In patient 1, the aberrant artery was transected after securing six rows of staples with a knifeless vascular endostapler. In patient 2, the aberrant artery was cut ...
Jacobs Marshall L - - 2003
In hearts with a functional single ventricle, cavity volume and myocardial muscle mass increase as a consequence of the excessive volume load associated with parallel pulmonary and systemic circulations. The hemi-Fontan operation was conceived as a means of accomplishing early reduction of the volume work of the single ventricle, in ...
Cayre Raul O - - 2003
We present a case report of a 3-month-old boy with a mixed total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. The patient had situs solitus, small atrial septal defect, and 2 separate venous collectors. The right pulmonary veins drained through a right-sided venous collector into the coronary sinus. The left-sided pulmonary veins drained ...
Gerdes A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In the Fontan circulation power supply for maintaining adequate lung perfusion via a total cavopulmonary connection is limited. This study, aiming at the detection of energy consuming variables, compares the influence of two different pulmonary arteriotomy shapes on power losses across cavopulmonary connections. METHODS: Two types of surgical junctions ...
Wax Joseph R - - 2002
Extralobar pulmonary sequestrations are usually thoracic or abdominal lesions. A 29-week fetus demonstrated a 3.1 x 2.1 x 2.3 cm intrapericardial mass on ultrasonography. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated an extracardiac origin and suggested a pulmonary sequestration, which was confirmed after successful postnatal resection. Extralobar pulmonary sequestration should be considered in ...
Oliver J M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the anatomical features of sinus venosus atrial defect on the basis of a comprehensive transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) examination and its relation to surgical data. METHODS: 24 patients (13 men, 11 women, mean (SD) age 37 (17) years, range 17-73 years) with a posterior interatrial communication closely related ...
Sritippayawan Suchada - - 2002
Hemoptysis can be caused by either pulmonary or extrapulmonary causes. Congenital heart disease should be considered as a possible cause in patients who have no obvious evidence of pulmonary disease. We report on an 8-year-old girl who presented with recurrent hemoptysis without other cardiopulmonary signs, except for mild tachypnea and ...
Yazar Fatih - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to determine the variations in the drainage patterns of middle lobe vein of the right lung. METHODS: Right lungs of 30 formalin fixed cadavers, were dissected carefully to expose the variations in the venous drainage of their middle lobes. After identifying the ...
Kawai Katsushi - - 2002
In 1997, an anomalous small mass of soft tissue was found in the left thoracic cavity of a Japanese male cadaver during student dissection practice. It was linked only by branches from the thoracic aorta, hemiazygos vein and greater splanchnic nerve, with no connection to the normal lung by vessels ...
Yagyu Hisanaga - - 2002
A 39-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for further evaluation of a consolidated shadow and clarification of the cause of serum tumor marker elevation (CA19-9 496.2 U/ml, CA125 160.6 U/ml). Chest computed tomography revealed a well-defined homogeneous nodule in the left S(10). Angiography showed one aberrant artery, branching from ...
Lehnhardt Stefan - - 2002
Pulmonary sequestration is a relatively rare but clinically significant congenital anomaly. This disease is a spectrum of disorders involving the pulmonary airways, the arterial supply to the lungs, the lung parenchyma and its venous drainage. Traditionally, the diagnosis of pulmonary sequestration has been made definitively with arterial angiography. It is ...
Ebeid M R - - 2003
A patient with hypoplastic left ventricle and double outlet right ventricle underwent pulmonary artery band as a newborn. At age 3 months, cardiac catheterization demonstrated complete closure of his atrial septal defect with decompression of the left atrium via a small levo-cardinal vein. Thus, he had normally connected, anomalously draining ...
Lababidi Z - - 2003
We describe the first angiographic demonstration of spontaneous occlusion of the arterial supply of a right lower lobe pulmonary sequestration. Intralobar pulmonary sequestration was first diagnosed by cardiac catheterization and aortography in a 1-year-old female. Systemic arterial supply was from a branch of the infra-diaphragmatic aorta and venous drainage was ...
Osada Hisato - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between left and right pulmonary arterial flow measured by cine phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging (cine PCMRI) and the distribution of perfusion on 99mTc-MAA SPECT and to determine whether the regional pulmonary flow quantification was feasible with the combined use ...
Chang Jeng-Sheng - - 2002
Total repair of an infracardiac type total anomalous pulmonary venous return was performed on a 3-day-old female newborn. Echocardiogram study showed a smooth connection between the pulmonary veins and the left atrium one week after the operation, however, later echocardiograms showed a progressive obstruction of the pulmonary veins. The patient ...
Tan Hiok C - - 2002
We report a case of partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage where the left upper and lower pulmonary veins drain into a separate posterior left atrial (LA) chamber before continuing as a vertical ascending vein. The vertical vein then joins the left innominate vein, which eventually drains into a normal right-sided ...
Nishi Hiroyuki - - 2002
A 13-month-old boy with recurrent pulmonary venous obstruction (PVO) after repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC, Darling IIa + Ia) was treated successfully with in situ pericardium repair consisting of unroofing coronary sinus at 2 months. At 8 months, stenosis of the right upper and lower pulmonary veins ...
Ko Yoshihiro - - 2002
We have recently experienced a rare case of partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection, in a 3-year-old female. The case was diagnosed preoperatively as anomalous left superior pulmonary venous connection with atrial septal defect. Surgery, however, revealed that only the right superior pulmonary vein returned to the left atrium, while the ...
Lin Jiuann-Huey - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Heterotaxy syndrome, including right isomerism and left isomerism, is characterized by an abnormal symmetry of the viscera and veins and is frequently associated with complex cardiac anomalies. We sought to define the feasibility of in utero diagnosis and the postnatal outcome. METHODS: Patients with heterotaxy syndrome were identified from ...
Bolzon G - - 2002
The flow inside a total cavo-pulmonary connection, a bypass operation of the right heart adopted in the presence of congenital malformation, is here studied for a specific geometry which has been recently introduced in clinics. The analysis has been performed by preliminary experimental observation and a novel Navier-Stokes formulation on ...
Aeba Ryo - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after univentricular repair for patients with asplenia syndrome remain unsatisfactory, not only because of clinical difficulties in patient selection, but also secondary to technical difficulties in the separation of the systemic and pulmonary circulations, particularly with the rerouting technique for the inferior systemic veins. METHODS: Between February 1995 ...
Levy Jonathan M - - 2002
A patient experienced acute dyspnea and hypoxia upon removal of a thrombosed peripherally inserted central venous catheter. This was shown to be caused by innominate vein occlusion complicated by a right-to-left shunt, via an anomalous pulmonary vein, causing arterial desaturation. A stent was placed in the occluded innominate vein and ...
Becket Mahnke C - - 2002
Isomerism of the right atrial appendages is associated with anomalies of pulmonary venous return, which may be obstructive. The associated pulmonary arterial obstruction, however, has been reported to "mask" the pulmonary venous obstruction, with resultant pulmonary edema following augmentation of the flow of blood to the lungs. We postulated that ...
Giamberti Alessandro - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection directly to the superior caval vein is unusual. It is frequently associated with major congenital heart defects such as the syndrome of right isomerism. While improved results have been reported recently for the isolated form, complex cases are still associated with a higher mortality. ...
Morhy Borges Leal Samira - - 2002
Subaortic left brachiocephalic, or innominate, vein is an uncommon finding in congenital heart disease, usually associated with obstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract. We describe our experience with 14 patients in whom the lesion was identified echocardiographically, 12 of them with right ventricular obstruction, one with totally anomalous pulmonary ...
Johnson T R - - 2002
An 11-year-old male with total anomalous systemic venous return had surgical repair except for the hepatic venous return, which drained to the left atrium. He developed progressive cyanosis and fatigue and was diagnosed with large pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) during cardiac catheterization with the use of bubble contrast echocardiography. After ...
Antonini-Canterin Francesco - - 2002
Pericardial cysts are not common and rarely cause symptoms. We report 2 cases of atypically located pericardial cysts with hemodynamic compromise because of the direct compression of the pulmonary veins and the right pulmonary artery. In the first case, transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) disclosed a round cystic mass compressing the posterior ...
Cheung Y F - - 2002
To compare the outcome of infants and children who have right atrial isomerism and normal pulmonary venous drainage with those who have anomalous drainage, and to determine factors associated with poor outcome. Retrospective review of management and outcome of 116 infants and children determined to have right atrial isomerism between ...
Uchida Tetsuro - - 2002
Pulmonary venous obstruction is a rare complication after total cavopulmonary connection by intraatrial grafting. We experienced this complication in two patients. In one of them, a large prosthesis produced inflow obstruction of the dominant ventricle and was successfully replaced with a smaller tube. In the other patient, the intraatrial tube ...
Jacobs Marshall L - - 2002
Enormous progress has been made in the last decade toward decreasing the risk of the Fontan operation and optimizing early and intermediate outcomes. Heterotaxy syndrome patients, with their extensive constellation of anatomic abnormalities, constitute a challenging group to manage surgically. Palliative procedures early in life are directed at creation of ...
Nomura F - - 2001
We describe a rare case of cyanosis following the Fontan operation secondary to right-to-left shunting through a pulmonary vein connected to both the left atrium and the hepatic veins. This is a hazardous anomaly in a Fontan candidate and should be considered in those with unexpected postoperative desaturation.
Lee M L - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cardiac catheterization can be superfluous and risky for sick babies, infants, and young children with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC). This study assessed the accuracy of echocardiography in the clinical assessment of pediatric patients with TAPVC before cardiac surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 15 ...
Azakie A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The historic outcome of the Fontan procedure in children with single ventricle and heterotaxy syndrome has been poor, and in the current era it has been incompletely described. METHODS: From January 1993 through April 2000, 30 patients (age range, 5.3 +/- 3.6 years) had total cavopulmonary connection for single ...
Caspi J - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative low cardiac output may persist after repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage (TAPVD) because of a relatively small and non-compliant left atrium and left ventricle. We examined the effects of selective vertical vein patency on postoperative hemodynamics. METHODS: Thirty-four patients less than 3 months of age with ...
Matsuyama K - - 2001
Right atrial isomerism is well known to be associated with anomalous pulmonary venous drainage and a potentially dangerous sequel to pulmonary venous obstruction, and is associated with high mortality. We report a 16-month-old girl with pulmonary venous obstruction requiring lobectomy for hemoptysis after a Glenn operation. Two years after surgery, ...
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