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Sivakumar Kothandam - - 2008
Subtotal cor triatriatum sinister (partially divided left atrium) is characterized by a membrane dividing the left atrium into two portions: a dorsal accessory proximal chamber that receives part of the pulmonary venous return and a small restrictive defect in the membrane that obstructs blood flow from the accessory chamber to ...
Chikada Masahide - - 2008
Communication between the pulmonary artery and the left atrium is a rare congenital anomaly. A 7-year-old boy was referred to our hospital with a diagnosis of pulmonary arteriovenous fistula. Referral to a pediatric cardiologist had been delayed because he had only slight cyanosis and no heart murmur. Catheterization and computed ...
Nakanishi Ryoichi - - 2008
Intralobar pulmonary sequestration is a rare congenital disease. In this paper, we describe the successful treatment of this disease with video-assisted thoracic surgery. We performed a superior segment-sparing lower lobectomy and completely removed the perfused lesion from the systemic artery. This approach allowed a patient to recover uneventfully and to ...
Sharma Rajesh - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Isolated ventricular inversion (atrioventricular discordance with ventriculoarterial concordance) is an extremely rare presentation of cyanotic congenital heart disease. The mode of presentation is akin to D-transposition of great arteries as systemic venous drainage and systemic arterial output connect to the same side of the cardiac septae, and pulmonary venous ...
de Vreede I - - 2008
An intrathoracic mass, which persisted during the remaining pregnancy, was first seen during routine ultrasound examination performed at 20 weeks gestation. After birth, the child was asymptomatic. Echocardiography showed the mass to be located intrapericardially. The mass was electively resected via sternotomy 3 weeks after the birth. Microscopic examination showed ...
Seale Anna N - - 2008
Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the inferior vena cava is a rare form of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection infrequently described in the literature. We report two cases where the pulmonary venous connection was to the supradiaphragmatic portion of the inferior vena cava. In both patients, preoperative echocardiography findings ...
Albertini Alberto - - 2008
Systemic arterial supply from the descending thoracic aorta to the basal segment of the left lower lobe without a pulmonary arterial supply is a rare congenital anomaly within the spectrum of the sequestration lung disease. We report a case of a young man with anomalous systemic arterial supply to a ...
Berna Pascal - - 2008
A 64-year-old non-smoking woman with a left upper lobe mass underwent a wedge resection by video-thoracoscopic approach. Intraoperative frozen section examination was unable to rule out a neoplastic disease and a lobectomy was performed. Microscopic analysis showed a typical pulmonary sequestration pattern including arteries with elastic layers in a systemic ...
Yildirim Gökhan - - 2008
Extralobar pulmonary sequestrations (ELS) are masses of non-functioning lung tissue that are supplied by an anomalous systemic artery and do not have a bronchial connection to the native tracheobronchial tree. On prenatal ultrasonography, an ELS appears as a well-defined echodense, homogeneous mass. Detection by color flow Doppler ultrasonography of a ...
Jhang Won-Kyoung - - 2008
A twenty-four-day-old girl, who was prematurely born at 36 weeks of gestation, and weighed 2.2 kg, and diagnosed with right atrial isomerism, functionally single ventricle, bilateral superior vena cava (SVC) and obstructive supracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage (TAPVD) draining to the junction between the right SVC and the right ...
Cooley Denton A - - 2008
We present herein the case of a 48-year-old patient who had undergone repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous return at the age of 14 months, in March 1960, at Texas Children's Hospital. When this patient voluntarily underwent re-examination in 2007, echocardiography revealed the late results of surgery that had been ...
Siegmueller Claas - - 2008
Attempted pulmonary artery catheterization via the left internal jugular vein resulted in a misdiagnosis of pulmonary hypertension before transesophageal echocardiography revealed the catheter positioned in the ascending aorta. Inadvertent aortic cannulation through an unusual type of partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection was confirmed with transcatheter fluoroscopy and later at autopsy. ...
Ikonomidis Ignatios - - 2008
A 59-year-old woman was admitted in our hospital due to persistent cough and dyspnea. Transthoracic 2-dimensional echocardiography demonstrated a cardiac mass (29 x 34 mm) that extended from the right upper pulmonary vein into the left atrium causing the partial obstruction of the right lower vein as indicated by the ...
Hung Jeng-Hsiu - - 2008
A 36-year-old multigravida, G2P1, underwent routine ultrasound scan at 22+1 weeks of gestation, which revealed a single normally growing fetus with left intrathoracic mass and left displacement of the cardiac apex. The left intrathoracic wedge-shaped hyperechogenic mass, measuring 32 x 25 mm in size, was situated at the lower portion ...
Chintu Manohar R - - 2008
We describe the identification of a rare, left-sided, partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection during routine central venous catheterization. To our knowledge, this is the first report in the literature to describe this anomaly in a hemodialysis patient. A young man had anomalous connection of the veins draining the upper lobe ...
Agematsu Kouta - - 2008
The presented case was a 3-year-old boy diagnosed with asplenia (SLL), double outlet right ventricle, pulmonary stenosis, atrioventricular septal defect, hypoplastic left ventricle and partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the superior vena cava. Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection was repaired by translocation of pulmonary artery to avoid pulmonary venous ...
Alsoufi Bahaaldin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We explore early results and time-related morbidity after surgical repair of partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC) at our institution. METHODS: Between 1982 and 2006, 306 consecutive patients underwent surgery for PAPVC; of these, 236 (77%) were children with a median age of 5.3 years (range, 0.47 to 18 ...
Yutaka Yojiro - - 2007
A 50-year-old man with repeated episodes of right epigastric pain was seen in our hospital. Chest computed tomography and angiography revealed several arteries feeding an enhanced large mass located in the right lower lobe region. A right lower lobectomy was done with a provisional diagnosis of an intralobar sequestration. A ...
Volpe P - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether the use of four dimensional (4D) ultrasound examination with B-flow imaging and spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) can supply additional information with respect to two-dimensional (2D) gray-scale and color Doppler echocardiography in the prenatal characterization of isolated total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC). METHODS: The study population ...
Takahashi Koji - - 2007
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess mediastinal lymphatic drainage patterns from each pulmonary lobe using computed tomographic (CT) observations of calcified primary complex pulmonary histoplasmosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We assessed 400 CT studies of patients with primary complex histoplasmosis consisting of a single lobe pulmonary lesion and ...
Gudbjartsson Tomas - - 2007
We report a rare form of bilateral pulmonary sequestration (PS) that was directly connected to the gastroesophageal junction with a well-formed aberrant bronchus-like structure. An upper gastrointestinal contrast series was performed directly after birth, and a unique PS bronchogram was identified, along with duodenal atresia. The PS was successfully resected ...
Takabayashi Shin - - 2007
An 11-month-old boy with congenital pulmonary vein stenosis, partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection, and ventricular septal defect is described. Angiocardiography demonstrated stenosis between the right upper pulmonary vein and high superior vena cava and obstruction of the right lower pulmonary vein. For pulmonary vein stenosis, we performed transverse sutured plasty ...
Hirai Shinji - - 2007
We report on the rare and surgical treatment of a senile patient of infected intralobar pulmonary sequestration. A 56-year-old male who had complained of headache, vomiting, cough, sputum production, and high fever was admitted to our hospital. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed an infected intralobar pulmonary sequestration as an 8x6 ...
Olgac Guven - - 2007
A 42-year-old woman who previously underwent two consecutive thoracotomies for a lower lobe mass in her right lung was referred to our clinic for further management. Both procedures were abandoned due to excessive bleeding. Computed tomographic angiography demonstrated an infra-diaphragmatic systemic arterial supply of the mass similar to pulmonary sequestration. ...
Koh Masahiro - - 2007
Partially anomalous pulmonary venous connection of a solitary pulmonary vein in the setting of an intact atrial septum is often subclinical, and the indications for surgical repair are controversial. Here we describe a patient who developed a significant shunt over a period of 10-years. Flow through the anomalously connected pulmonary ...
Mommersteeg Mathilda T M - - 2007
The pulmonary vein is sleeved by myocardium, which is a major source of atrial fibrillation and is involved in congenital sinus venosus defects. Little is known about the cellular origin and mechanism of formation of the pulmonary myocardium. We observed a biphasic process of pulmonary myocardium formation in mice. Firstly, ...
Slavich Gianaugusto - - 2007
We report two cases of young patients in whom a continuous murmur was the only abnormal physical finding. The diagnosis was artero-venous malformation (AVM) in the context of pulmonary sequestration in the first patient and AVM alone in the second. The aim is to stress the perennial role of physical ...
Sughimoto Koichi - - 2007
Patients who underwent only Glenn procedure after being deemed unsuitable candidates for Fontan completion are not small in number, and may develop arterio-venous (AV) pulmonary malformations during the follow-up period. We present the case of a 17-year-old woman with severe systemic desaturation 13 years after Glenn procedure and repair of ...
Krasemann Zita - - 2007
Cor triatriatum is defined as a membrane within the left atrium, which might lead to restricted pulmonary venous return. Diagnosis is usually achieved by echocardiography, therapy of choice is excision of the membrane. Upon ten new cases, the association with other congenital heart diseases (CHDs), clinical symptoms and the surgical ...
Cao Liang - - 2007
To summarize the surgical treatment of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC). We retrospectively analyzed 49 patients with TAPVC as follows: 37 patients with supracardiac type in which 35 received anastomoses between the rear wall of the left atrium and the common pulmonary vein and the other 2 received anastomoses ...
Hill Charles A - - 2007
We report the case of an infant with superior cleft sternum and obstructed type III (infra-diaphragmatic) total anomalous pulmonary venous return. A previously undescribed approach is presented using autologous rib grafts without division of the intact inferior sternum. This technique provides protection of the anterior and superior mediastinum without the ...
Grosse-Wortmann Lars - - 2007
We report a patient in whom a cavopulmonary anastomosis had been constructed, along with repair of anomalous pulmonary venous drainage. Left-sided pulmonary venous obstruction led to redistribution of the flow to the right lung. The reversal of flow in the left pulmonary artery was accentuated by flow through collateral arteries ...
Singh Harminder - - 2007
Scimitar syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly accounting for about 0.5% of all congenital heart diseases. In its most common form, it is characterized by anomalous drainage of one or all right side pulmonary veins into inferior vena cava or rarely into hepatic, portal, or azygous veins. Other associated anomalies ...
Millendez Maridelle B - - 2007
Intralobar pulmonary sequestrations are congenital lung malformations sometimes known to cause symptoms of heart failure in the neonate because of shunting of blood flow from an anomalous systemic feeding artery into the pulmonary venous system. These are cured by pulmonary lobectomy. We report the case of a 37-weeks' gestational age ...
Nigro John J - - 2007
Repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection has been well described and is associated with good long-term outcomes for neonates and infants. Although rare, some patients initially present at adolescence or during adulthood and repair is complicated by compensatory changes related to chronic volume overload. Transection of the superior vena ...
Uçar Tayfun - - 2008
Pulmonary venous abnormalities are generally diagnosed by echocardiography and often confirmed by cardiac catheterization. Although angiography has been the gold standard for evaluation it carries certain inherent risks, especially in small and sick infants. In this study we retrospectively assessed the utility of magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and computed tomography ...
Chowdhury Ujjwal K - - 2007
The morphologic variations of mixed totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection are many and varied. In this review, we give an account of all cases previously described as mixed totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection, analyzing in detail those cases where an accurate anatomical description was provided. We identified 182 suitable cases, ...
Chowdhury Ujjwal K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A patent vertical vein might be desirable in patients with obstructive totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection with pulmonary hypertension, in order to decrease perioperative pulmonary arterial pressure and avoid pulmonary hypertensive crises. A subset of patients with an unligated vertical vein requires interruption of the vein due to the ...
Loh Lik Eng - - 2007
Totally anomalous pulmonary venous return may present diagnostic difficulty to clinicians, as it often appears similar to severe neonatal pulmonary disease. We describe a neonate who presented with severely obstructed pulmonary venous return, but with a residual venous connection to the left atrium. The unusual anatomy confounded the diagnosis. To ...
Wren C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Infants with cardiovascular malformations are usually asymptomatic at birth. Earlier diagnosis is likely to improve outcome. OBJECTIVE: To examine trends in the diagnosis of potentially life-threatening cardiovascular malformations. METHODS: Ascertainment of all cardiovascular malformations diagnosed in infancy in the resident population of one English health region between 1985 and ...
Cerfolio Robert J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We assessed our experience with partial or circumferential resection of the pulmonary artery during lobectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a prospective electronic database of patients who underwent pulmonary artery resection. The technique used was an R0 resection with end-to-end anastomosis only if needed, distal control of the pulmonary artery ...
Clemente Alberto - - 2007
Pulmonary sequestration is a pulmonary malformation in which a portion of nonfunctioning bronchopulmonary tissue is separated from the rest of the lung parenchyma. We report the case of a 48-year-old woman with history of chronic pneumonia, studied with computed tomography and in whom we obtained three dimensional evaluation of the ...
Bermúdez C - - 2007
Bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS), which can be intralobar or extralobar, is a rare developmental anomaly of the lung characterized by nonfunctional pulmonary tissue without communication with the tracheobronchial tree and with an aberrant systemic arterial blood supply. The intralobar type is typically within the pleural cavity with an arterial feeding vessel ...
Chowdhury Ujjwal K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether postoperative low cardiac output and mortality in obstructed total anomalous pulmonary venous connection could be reduced by selective vertical vein patency. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients undergoing rechanneling of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection between 1997 and 2006 were studied. The vertical vein was left patent in ...
Reinke Caroline - - 2007
Pulmonary sequestration is a form of bronchopulmonary-foregut malformation that is treated with surgical resection, either via a thoracotomy or the thoracoscopic approach. Apical extralobar pulmonary sequestrations are rare. We report a case of an apical pulmonary sequestration in an infant that was amenable to thoracoscopic resection. An 8-month-old girl, weighing ...
Stern Robert - - 2007
We describe a rare case of bilateral intralobar pulmonary sequestration in a newborn with both sequestrations vascularized from a vessel arising from the celiac trunk of the abdominal aorta. The larger sequestration on the right side was diagnosed antenatally, the left side postnatally. At the age of 7 months, the ...
Cronin Paul - - 2007
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the interobserver agreement of readers in evaluating pulmonary venous anatomy and in measuring pulmonary vein ostial diameters and distance to first bifurcation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was approved by our institutional review board. Thin-section contrast material-enhanced multidetector computed tomography examinations of the thorax were ...
Karamlou Tara - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine era-specific changes in the incidence of mortality and reoperation in children with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed the records of 377 children presenting from 1946 to 2005 with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. Multivariable parametric regression models determined the incidence ...
Stein Patricia - - 2007
Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) is a congenital heart defect in which there is no connection between the pulmonary veins and the left atrium. An anomalous connection is established that allows the pulmonary veins to deliver pulmonary venous blood to the right side of the heart rather than to ...
Izzo Paolo - - 2007
We describe a case of a rare primary chondrosarcoma of the heart in a 62-year-old woman who was referred to our institution with a diagnosis of left atrial undetermined mass. Despite utilization of transesophageal echocardiography and multislice computed tomography imaging, the definitive diagnosis of chondrosarcoma was achieved only with histology ...
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