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Oshima Yoshihiro - - 2009
Early and late mortality remain high after palliative open heart surgery in low-weight neonates. In addition, the need for neonatal repair and the presence of pulmonary venous obstruction are risk factors for mortality in right isomerism. We describe a modified primary sutureless repair of infracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection ...
Alvarez Alejandro - - 2010
We describe an infant of 8 months who presented with left ventricular dilation due to an extensive intralobar sequestration of the right lung. The pulmonary sequestration was associated with a patent arterial duct and a right aortic arch. Percutaneous closure of the anomalous aberrant artery feeding the sequestrated lung resulted ...
Seale A N - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical features, morphology, management and outcome of pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) in childhood. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective international collaborative study involving 19 paediatric cardiology centres in the UK, Ireland and Sweden. PATIENTS: Cases of PVS presenting between 1 January 1995 and 31 December 2004 were identified. Cases ...
Shah Sejal - - 2009
The commonly used Darling classification for total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) consists of supracardiac, cardiac, infracardiac, and mixed types (Craig et al., Lab Invest 6:44-64, 1967). In supracardiac TAPVC, the common pulmonary vein drains superiorly into the left innominate vein, the superior vena cava, or the azygos vein by ...
P??rez-Lescure Picarzo Javier - - 2009
We report the occurrence of non-obstructive totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the superior caval vein in a child conceived by intracytoplasmic injection of sperm, a type of assisted reproductive technology. Totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection is an uncommon congenital anomaly, in which all the pulmonary veins connect to the ...
Shadmehr Mohammad Behgam - - 2009
We report a very rare case of extralobar sequestration and pericardial agenesis in a 22-year-old man. A computed tomographic (CT) scan demonstrated an anterior mediastinal mass. No aberrant artery was preoperatively identified. The patient underwent surgery with an impression of thymoma. An extralobar sequestration receiving its blood supply from the ...
Boetzkes S - - 2009
Bronchopulmonary sequestration consists of a mass of abnormal lung tissue that has no normal connection with the bronchial tree and is supplied with blood from an aberrant artery mostly originating in the thoracic aorta. Two forms are recognized: intralobar and extralobar sequestration. The first is localized within the normal visceral ...
P Changela Vishal - - 2009
We report a case of a 6-day-old neonate referred to us for surgical correction of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. Meticulous evaluation contributed to accurate diagnosis of associated unilateral pulmonary venous atresia. This unique association provides insights into the importance of evaluation of all pulmonary veins using various imaging tools.
Yu Hong - - 2010
Arterial sequestration is a rare congenital disorder. The diagnostic evaluation of this condition using multidetector computerized tomography (MDCT) has not been described previously. The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristic features of this disorder and to assess the use of MDCT in visualizing the characteristic anatomic features. ...
Malankar Dhananjay - - 2010
We report a patient with univentricular heart, heterotaxy syndrome with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection, and an intrapulmonary vertical vein draining into the left superior vena cava who underwent a successful bidirectional Glenn shunt without cardiopulmonary bypass. A polytetrafluoroethylene tube interposition graft was used between the superior vena cava and ...
Fabre Dominique - - 2009
Bronchopulmonar intralobar sequestrations receive their arterial blood supply through anomalous arteries from the systemic circulation. Usually the lumen of the aberrant artery can be oversized, but it is unusual to find a true arterial aneurysm. Here, we report a case of a 40-year-old woman with this unusual evolution. Because of ...
Oh Ki Ho - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although echocardiography is the first-line imaging modality in the diagnosis of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC), multidetector CT (MDCT) could have advantages in the diagnosis of TAPVC in certain cases. OBJECTIVE: To compare MDCT with echocardiography in the evaluation of TAPVC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Enrolled in the study ...
Hisaoka Takahiro - - 2009
If the heart is malpositioned with apicocaval juxtaposition (ACJ), what constitutes the ideal course for the conduit pathway of a total cavopulmonary connection must be considered. When the conduit is positioned between the inferior vena cava and the same side of the pulmonary artery behind the ventricle, potential stenosis of ...
Yamamura Yoshiyuki - - 2009
The term pulmonary sequestration is applied to a pulmonary lobe or portion of a lobe that is supplied by an anomalous systemic artery and drain either into the systemic or pulmonary veins. The conditions are divided into intralobar pulmonary sequestration, in which the sequestration is situated inside the visceral pleura ...
Hugues Nicolas - - 2009
We present an unusual fortuitously discovered case of atresia of the left inferior pulmonary vein with drainage via anastomosis to the left upper pulmonary vein and the left atrium. Atresia of the pulmonary veins is a very rare anomaly that results from defective incorporation of the pulmonary venous system into ...
Cetin Ilker - - 2009
Echocardiographic evaluation of anomalous pulmonary venous connection (APVC) may be difficult especially in patients with complex congenital heart diseases. Angiography may also be hazardous in sick patients. For this reason, sometimes we need noninvasive and highly demonstrative procedures for the diagnosis and management of APVC. We have presented a patient, ...
Zhang Ze-Wei - - 2009
We present an unusual case of total anomalous systemic venous drainage in which the right superior vena cava, persistent left superior vena cava, inferior vena cava, and coronary sinus were present and unusually connected to the left atrium. Successful surgical correction was achieved, and the patient's recovery was uneventful. Various ...
Dillman Jonathan R - - 2009
The purpose of this article is to review pulmonary venous embryology and to present the imaging findings of a variety of pulmonary venous developmental anomalies, including total anomalous pulmonary venous connection, partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection, pulmonary vein stenosis and hypoplasia/atresia, and cor triatriatum. There are numerous developmental pulmonary venous ...
Nakata Tomohiro - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the surgical repair of functional single ventricle and extracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC). METHODS: Between January 1998 and December 2007, 26 consecutive patients underwent surgical repair of extracardiac TAPVC. Their characteristics were as follows: median age, 34 (range 0-744) ...
Fischer Gunther - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Case reports of patients with Amplatzer devices used in positions they have not been designed for have repeatedly been published. BACKGROUND: We pooled our results to review the array of such interventions. METHODS: Retrospective study of twelve patients presented with eleven different problems: Two patients had hepatoatrial communication after ...
Alaish Samuel M - - 2009
Carrying a prenatal diagnosis of a left-sided intraabdominal mass, a term female newborn underwent postnatal imaging that confirmed a left suprarenal mass. Urinary normetanephrine levels were elevated. Given a preoperative diagnosis of neuroblastoma, the baby underwent an uneventful resection of the mass en bloc with the left adrenal gland. The ...
Abbasi Kiumars - - 2009
Over the years, different techniques have been introduced for the repair of sinus venosus atrial septal defect (ASD) with anomalous right-sided pulmonary venous connection to the superior vena cava. We report the case of a 9-year-old girl, who presented with dyspnea and peripheral cyanosis. Preoperative echocardiography and angiography findings suggested ...
Dasi Lakshmi P LP Wallace H Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0535, - - 2009
We quantify the geometric and hemodynamic characteristics of extracardiac and lateral tunnel Fontan surgical options and correlate certain anatomic characteristics with their hemodynamic efficiency and patient cardiac index. The study was conducted retrospectively on 22 patients undergoing Fontan operations (11 extracardiac and 11 lateral tunnel operations). Total cavopulmonary connection geometric ...
Khanna Sandeep - - 2009
The uncommon congenital cardiac anomaly, total anomalous pulmonary venous connection is incompatible with life unless early surgical intervention is done. Most of the post operative problems and mortality in these children are also due to the changes in pulmonary vasculature. We hereby report two such cases that experienced a stormy ...
Mychaliska George B - - 2009
Although most prenatally diagnosed pulmonary sequestrations (PS) are asymptomatic, large lesions are associated with pleural effusions and pulmonary hypoplasia. We present the first reported case of a prenatally diagnosed giant extralobar pulmonary sequestration that required the ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) procedure with resection and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). We ...
Yamasaki Naoya - - 2009
Video-assisted thoracoscopic treatment of intralobar pulmonary sequestration in an obese (120 kg, body mass index 42) young man is described. Two aberrant arteries originating from the descending thoracic aorta were transected with a vascular stapler, and a left lower lobectomy was successfully performed thoracoscopically. Three-dimensional chest computed tomography was used ...
Petko Colin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Children with complex congenital heart disease often require staged palliation to regulate systemic and pulmonary blood flow. Accessory sources of pulmonary blood flow including aortopulmonary collaterals, aortopulmonary shunts, and ventriculopulmonary connections following Glenn or Fontan palliation can be associated with elevated central venous pressures and persistent pleural drainage. Occlusion ...
Vaideeswar Pradeep - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Early atresia of the common pulmonary vein (ACPV) leads to total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage, while late atresia or incomplete absorption leads to common pulmonary vein atresia and cor triatriatum sinister (both of which are rare). We report seven cases of atresia of the common pulmonary vein at autopsy. ...
Hiramatsu Takeshi - - 2008
We experienced a successful pediatric surgical case of partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the superior vena cava with cor triatriatum. Echocardiography and multidetector-row computed tomography showed partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (right upper pulmonary vein connected to the high superior vena cava) and atypical cor triatriatum (analogue to type ...
Dellegrottaglie Santo - - 2008
The presented case regards a 17-year-old male with new-onset right bundle branch block and significantly enlarged right-heart sections as the only pathologic finding on transthoracic echocardiography. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) revealed the presence of a superior sinus venosus atrial septal defect associated with a partial anomalous pulmonary venous return, with ...
Woerner Andreas - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary sequestration is a lung malformation characterized by nonfunctioning lung tissue without primary communication with the tracheobronchial tree. Intrauterine complications such as mediastinal shift, pleural effusion or fetal hydrothorax can be present. We present the case of a newborn with bilateral intralobar pulmonary sequestration. METHODS: Prenatal ultrasonography in a ...
Yap Shook H - - 2009
The newborn can experience two types of differential cyanosis (DC). The common type of DC occurs when oxygen saturation in the right hand is greater than in the foot. The second type of DC, reversed differential cyanosis (RDC), occurs when oxygen saturation is lower in the right hand than in ...
Sughimoto Koichi - - 2008
The surgical strategy for patients having a functionally single ventricle associated with totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection and pulmonary atresia with non-confluent pulmonary artery has yet to be agreed. We created an intraatrial tunnel to produce a total cavo-pulmonary connection in such a patient, also creating a confluence for the ...
Wong Derek T H - - 2008
We describe an infant with severe obstruction of infra-cardiac totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection associated with right isomerism, atrioventricular septal defect, pulmonary atresia, and multiple aortopulmonary collateral arteries. Implantation of a stent into the obstructed descending vertical vein provided effective palliation, with a dramatic increase in saturations of oxygen obviating ...
Zanchetta Mario - - 2009
We report the case of a very large anomalous connection of the veins draining the upper lobe of the left lung to both the left-sided vertical vein and the left atrium, associated with mild rheumatic mitral valve stenosis, in which the atrial septum was intact and the remaining venous system, ...
Nagashima Mitsugi - - 2008
Functionally single ventricle with major aortopulmonary collateral arteries and pulmonary atresia is very rare. Surgical indication for this combination of abnormalities is still unclear and Fontan procedure is still a crucial challenge for the patient who has this anomaly. We report a case with asplenia, functionally single ventricle, pulmonary artesian ...
Okamoto Keishi - - 2008
After the authors' previous report an additional case of partial anomalous pulmonary venous return was encountered during dissection practice for medical students. In an 87-year-old Japanese male cadaver, the anomalous vein from the right upper lobe drained into the superior vena cava at a point just below the entrance of ...
Sun Qi - - 2008
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) have been used to investigate the hemodynamic performance in cavopulmonary anastomosis and resulted in improved operative design. In this study, CFD simulations were performed in a patient-specific bilateral bidirectional Glenn (BBDG) connection model and the power losses as well as flow features at different levels of ...
Newman Beverley - - 2008
PURPOSE: We report a case with initial misinterpretation of the radionuclide angiocardiographic study that was obtained in a child with persistent tachypnea and concern for residual left to right shunt after prior repair of total anomalous pulmonary veins and an atrial septal defect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ultrasound, radionuclide angiocardiogram, and ...
S. Pinar Karakas; Cleveland ...
Pulmonary sequestration is a focal area of nonfunctioning, dysplastic lung parenchyma that lacks communication with the normal tracheobronchial tree. It is supplied by the systemic arterial circulation and has two types, intralobar and extralobar, that can be differentiated from each other by the pleural covering and the venous drainage. Their ...
Locca Didier - - 2009
We present images from a cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) study that enabled the rapid, non-invasive, complete diagnosis of a previously unreported congenital anomaly. Cor triatriatum of the left atrium thought to be an anomaly of the embryonic pulmonary venous connection to the left atrium. In association with this, many types ...
Park Ji Ae - - 2008
Oesophageal varices due to total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) is very rare. Additionally, the infradiaphragmatic type is the most common type of oesophageal varices due to TAPVC. Paraoesophageal varices due to stenosis of the vertical vein of supracardiac TAPVC has not previously been reported. We describe paraoesophageal varices developed ...
Son Jae Sung - - 2008
Anomalous systemic arterial supply to normal segments of the lung is a rare congenital anomaly without bronchial abnormalities, which distinguishes this disease from classic bronchopulmonary sequestration. We report on a case presented with congestive heart failure in which a huge systemic arterial blood supply was demonstrated by multidetector computed tomography ...
Sparks Joshua D - - 2008
An infant was referred to us for persistent cough and recurrent wheezing. Chest X-ray showed an abnormal shadow in the right lower lobe. A volumetric contrast-enhanced computerized tomography (CT) scan of the chest revealed an abnormal blood vessel extending from the descending aorta to the right lower lobe and anomalous ...
Buitrago Efren - - 2008
Primary repair of infracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection is associated with a significant risk of recurrent pulmonary venous obstruction. Herein we describe a technique of primary repair in which a modified sutureless anastomosis is constructed by suturing the left atrium to the posterior mediastinal pleura that surrounds the pulmonary ...
Greil Gerald F - - 2008
Complex pulmonary vascular blood supply is common in patients with tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia, major systemic to pulmonary collateral arteries and hypoplastic or deficient central pulmonary arteries. An extralobar lung sequestration, which has not been described previously in these patients, was imaged in a 6-week-old infant with multidetector ...
Lee Dong-il - - 2008
Pulmonary sequestration is an unusual malformation consisting of isolated nonfunctioning lung segments lacking communication with functional tracheobronchial trees. Systemic blood supply is commonly from the thoracic aorta, but arteries occasionally arise from other sites. We report a rare form of pulmonary sequestration with arterial supply from the right coronary artery.
Broy Charles - - 2008
Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) is an uncommon congenital abnormality that occurs in 0.4 to 0.7% of postmortem examinations. Ninety percent of these anomalies are associated with an atrial septal defect. Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return occurs more commonly on the right than the left and is manifested by ...
Nakata Tomohiro - - 2008
A 31-day-old girl with right atrial isomerism, a single atrium, a single right ventricle, pulmonary atresia, patent ductus arteriosus, coarctation of the pulmonary artery, infracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection, and a large hiatal hernia was referred to our institution. We successfully performed a first-stage open palliation comprising the creation ...
Aggarwal Suneil Kumar - - 2008
An unusual type of mixed totally anomalous pulmonary venous drainage in an 11-year-old boy was diagnosed on angiography. The left-side veins drained via a vertical vein into the portal venous system, while the right-side veins drained high into the superior vena cava. Surgical correction of this abnormality was successfully performed.
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