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Results 701 - 745 of 745
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Crawford D B - - 1978
A case of congenital malformation of the bronchopulmonary foregut with communication between the esophagus and sequestered lobe is reported in a six-month-old boy. Only 29 similar cases have been reported previously, and this case was especially unusual in that the communication was from the middle portion of the esophagus to ...
Kawakami K - - 1978
A radionuclide hemodynamic study was helpful in demonstrating blood supply from the aberrant artery in pulmonary sequestration. Two regions of interest were set up in corresponding lower lung fields of a patient suspected of sequestration in the left lower lobe. Following i.v. injection of Tc-99m albumin, radioactively appeared in the ...
Orsmond G S - - 1978
Six infants with anomalous connection of the pulmonary veins to the coronary sinus were studied with single crystal echocardiography. The posterior left atrial wall echo was identified by its continuity with the left ventricular posterior wall echo during a sweep from the left atrium to the left ventricle. In five ...
Freedom R M - - 1978
The patient with complex congenital heart disease, severe pulmonary outflow obstruction, and visceral heterotaxia, may have 'silent' obstruction of the pulmonary venous return. Severe reduction of pulmonary blood flow secondary to pulmonary stenosis or atresia in such patients may prevent the usual radiographic appearance of pulmonary oedema. If such obstructed ...
Paster S B - - 1977
Ten cases of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection, all presenting at or below the age of eight weeks, are presented: three below the diaphragm, two to the coronary sinus, one to the right atrium, three to the left vertical vein, and one to the right superior vena cava. Six patients ...
Honey M - - 1977
Six new cases of the "scimitar syndrome" are described. The anatomical and haemodynamic features of these and other reported cases are reviewed. Within the spectrum of the disorder there is a group of patients in whom the bronchopulmonary manifestations are relatively unimportant. In five of our patients there was a ...
Ghosh P K - - 1977
A case of common atrium with anomalous systemic and pulmonary venous connections and pulmonary stenosis is described. Surgical correction was performed by pulmonary valvotomy and the insertion of an intra-atrial pericardial baffle. To our knowledge this is the first reported case of surgical correction of total anomalous connections of both ...
Jennings R B RB - - 1977
A 10-week-old infant underwent successful repair of subtotal cor triatriatum associated with left-sided partial anomalous pulmonary venous return to the innominate vein. This unusual type of cor triatriatum represents an intermediate embryologic form between pure cor triatriatum and total anomalous pulmonary venous return. Important hemodynamic differences exist between this defect ...
Trudel J A - - 1977
The case of a 15-year-old boy with coexistent bilateral intralobar and extralobar sequestrations is reported. The interesting variant lies in the vascularization of each sequestration as a mirror-image of the other, the arterial supply originating from a common trunk of the thoracic aorta and the venous drainage converging to a ...
Pritchard D A - - 1977
The association of partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection with intact atrial septum and isolated severe nonrheumatic mitral regurgitation is rare, this combination of lesions having been reported on only one other occasion. Two such cases have been presented, with each patient having experienced an episode resembling subacute bacterial endocarditis. At ...
Duff D F - - 1977
Twenty-eight cases of infradiaphragmatic total anomalous pulmonary venous return are presented, 17 without associated complex intracardiac anomalies (group A), and 11 with additional complex lesions (group B). The anomalous site of connection was to the portal vein in 19 cases (68%), to the inferior vena cava in 4 (14%), the ...
Mortera C - - 1977
A case of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the portal vein is described. The diagnosis was suspected clinically, supported by the echocardiogram, and confirmed by cardiac catheterisation, angiocardiography, and contrast echocardiography. An echo-free space lying behind the left atrium initially was thought to represent the common pulmonary vein. However, ...
Buntain W L - - 1977
Pulmonary sequestration occurs when some disturbance produces a cystic mass of nonfunctioning lung tissue which lacks normal communication with the tracheobronchial tree. In most cases the sequestered pulmonary tissue receives its blood supply from anomalous systemic vessels. This paper considers 15 children, 11 boys and four girls, ranging in age ...
Clarke D R - - 1977
Between May 1971 and December 1975, 39 infants had operations for correction of total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage. Fourteen of the 39 patients were under 1 month of age at the time of operation. Twenty-four patients had supracardiac, 7 intracardiac, and 6 infracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage, and 2 ...
Saalouke M G - - 1977
Five patients with partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage with intact atrial septum are described. In two patients, pulmonary arterial hypertension and pulmonary vascular disease developed. Both had one or more right pulmonary veins draining anomalously to the right superior vena cava. It is postulated that a combination of increased pulmonary ...
Miller S W - - 1977
Three cases of total unilateral pulmonary venous connection of the left lung with intact atrial septum are described. All patients were acyanotic and had findings of volume overload of the right side of the heart. An anomalous vertical vein in the superior mediastinum and large pulmonary arteries were visible on ...
King D R - - 1977
A newborn boy had exsanguinating gastrointestinal hemorrhage in in the first week of life secondary to an unusual form of infradiaphragmatic pulmonary venous drainage. Autopsy and postmortem angiograms demonstrated huge esophageal varices as the course of the uncontrolled bleeding. The occurrence of massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage should be considered to be ...
Pastore J O - - 1977
Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) is a rare cardiac congenital abnormality which usually results in death in infancy or early childhood. We describe a 52-year-old man with TAPVC and severe calcific pulmonic stenosis. Both diagnoses were suspected clinically and from the chest X-ray. Cardiac catheterization was confirmatory, and the ...
Haworth S G - - 1977
Quantitative morphometric techniques have been applied to the injected and inflated lung and to the heart in 9 infants with total anomalous pulmonary venous return dying with obstruction to pulmonary venous return. In 5 (mean age at death 55 days) pge 20 days) to an infradiaphragmatic site. Structural changes were ...
Ghassemi A R - - 1977
A patient with partial anomalous venous return from the left upper lobe in the presence of a large atrial septal defect is presented. The diagnosis was confirmed by selective angiographic studies. Two technical points are emphasized: first, that the exposure through a midsternal incision is excellent, and second, that the ...
Belott P H - - 1977
An unusual case of a single left pulmonary vein draining the left lung and joining the left atrium without venous obstruction is reported. This anomaly occurred in association with partial anomalous pulmonary venous return from the upper lobe of the right lung to the superior vena cava. A similar case ...
Gooneratne N - - 1976
Bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS), a congenital malformation that usually presents as a chest mass in childhood, may be identified by its characteristic primary derivation of pulmonary blood supply from the systemic circulation. Five children with BPS were evaluated by radionuclide angiography from 1970 to 1974. In each instance the systemic origin ...
Todd E P - - 1976
Absence of continuity between the heart and the pulmonary arteries has the potential for total correction. When the pulmonary arteries are narrow, a palliative first stage systemic-pulmonary arterial anastomosis serves to enlarge the pulmonary arteries so that, with time, they become of adequate caliber for total correction. In a case ...
Tucker B L - - 1976
An alternative approach for correction of supracardiac (type I) total anomalous pulmonary venous return is described. A median sternotomy is used. The posterior wall of the left atrium and the common pulmonary venous trunk are exposed through the transverse sinus. A direct anastomosis between these structures, ligation of the systemic-venous ...
Twersky J - - 1976
Pulmonary venous varix is a well known radiographic entity. Case reports are presented to illustrate the following unusual aspects of this lesion. 1. Hypoplasia of a major pulmonary vein results in increased pulmonary blood flow through the remaining normal ipsilateral pulmonary vein. This may result in variceal enlargement of the ...
Goor D A - - 1976
A moderately small left atrium is a common finding in total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC). In most patients in whom the common pulmonary vein is anastomosed to the left atrium, the small size of this chamber does not interfere with good operative results. Recently a patient was encountered in ...
Billig D M - - 1976
A case of total anomalous pulmonary venous return, virtual absence of the interatrial septum, cardiac dextroversion, and tricuspid insufficiency with total correction at age 44 years is presented. Repeat catheterization four months after surgery showed normal hemodynamics and pulmonary vascular resistance. The physiologic and anatomic factors allowing survival and total ...
Thilenius O G - - 1976
Twenty-four hearts with cor triatriatum were studied. On the basis of this material and a review of the literature a new classification of "subdivided left atrium" is proposed. Tye A, the most common form of subdivided left atrium, is the classic cor triatriatum with its multiple variations of partial anomalous ...
Weaver M D - - 1976
Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the left vertical vein often may be recognized on the plain postero-anterior chest radiograph by the characteristic supracardiac shadow. This "snowman sign" is useful in older patients but rarely is apparent in infancy. In such young patients the authors have discovered a density anterior ...
Roscher R - - 1976
Report of a case oa anomalous venous drainage of the right lung into the right hepatic vein treated by disconnection of the anomalous pulmonary vein and end-to-side anastomosis to the left atrium. Following a review of 25 surgically treated patients with infracardiac drainage of the right lung the different surgical ...
Salazar J - - 1976
A case is reported of left ventricular hypoplasia associated with anisosplenia. Even though congenital heart malformations are frequently found in cases of splenic anomalies, the association of polysplenia with hypoplastic left heart syndrome is extremely rare. The existence in addition of partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection of the right pulmonary ...
Oglietti Jorge - - 1976
Anomalous pulmonary venous drainage to the inferior vena cava is a rare congenital cardiac defect. Oxygenated blood from the right lung enters the right atrium resulting in a left-to-right shunt. Because the radiographic shadow of the anomalous vein resembles a curved saber, this defect has been called the "scimitar" deformity. ...
Delisle G - - 1976
Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) is failure of development of the common pulmonary vein, with consequent ersistence and enlargement of embryonic collaterals between the lungs and the systemic veins. In the great majority (91 of 93 autopsied cases, 97 per cent, no remnant of the common pulmonary vein was ...
Ben-menachem Y - - 1975
Ture pulmonary varices are congenital local dilatations of a pulmonary vein or veins, with normal or collateral transpulmonary drainage into the left atrium. Pulmonary varices do not cause pulmonary venous hypertension, but existing varices can further become dilated by pulmonary venous hypertension due to mitral valve disease. Embryologically, pulmonary varices ...
Naito M - - 1975
A 22-year-old female patient presenting complete atrioventricular block and giant P waves in electrocardiogram had anomalous pulmonary venous drainage from the entire left lung. There was normal drainage from the right lung and no associated atrial septal defect or other intracardiac abnormalities. After a permanent pacemaker was implanted, she manifested ...
Khalil K G - - 1975
Pulmonary sequestration is a congenital anomaly in which an aberrant systemic artery arising from the thoracic or upper abdominal aorta supplies part of the lungs, usually the lower lobe. The sequestered lung may be anatomically distinct from the remainder of the lobe (extralobar), or may be included in the substance ...
Beckman C B - - 1975
In cardiac anomalies causing severe obstruction in the left side of the heart, such as aortic atresia, mitral atresia, or occasionally severe aortic stenosis, maintenance of circulation depends upon shunting of pulmonary venous blood into the right atrium. The usual pathway by which the shunt is achieved is across the ...
Zumbro G L - - 1975
We believe the broad clinical, embryological, and radiological spectrum of pulmonary sequestration has not been adequately emphasized. In order to gain clearer understanding of these foregut abnormalities, all cases from the files of three Army Medical Centers were reviewed. Thirty-two patients, the largest single series in the literature, met the ...
Victor S - - 1975
Cor triatratum is a rare congenital malformation. Problems in diagnosis and surgery arise due to associated anomalies such as atrial septal defects and anomalous pulmonary venous drainage. A 21-year-old man proved to have a rare variant of cor triatiatum in which both the upper and lower compartments of the left ...
Ong T H - - 1975
Complete interruption of pulmonary venous return from the left lung in rabbits is compatible in some instances with prolonged survival with little systemic effect. The main cause of death less than 48 hours after interruption of pulmonary venous return is pulmonary-pulmonary aspiration and respiratory insufficiency due to spillover of frothy, ...
Poirier R A - - 1975
Persistent truncus asteriosus is now correctable surgically in patients with favorable anatomy. Given pulmonary arteries of reasonable size arising from any source, successful correction is possible so long as irreversible pulmonary vascular disease has not occurred. Although the majority of children with this defect demonstrate increased pulmonary blood flow, systemic-pulmonary ...
Hilwig R W - - 1975
A five-month-old male Great Dane dog was clinically diagnosed as having a complex cardiac anomaly, including anomalous drainage of pulmonary veins. Thoracic radiographs were indicative of this condition, but cineangiocardiography was required for confirmation. At necropsy, examination of the heart revealed that all pulmonary veins entered the right atrium rather ...
Kyllönen K - - 1975
Two cases of diaphragmatic extralobar pulmonary sequestrations are described. One of them simulated a suprarenal tumour and the other was associated with a diaphragmatic hernia. Both of them were firmly attached to the left hemidiaphragm and were partly located within it. They had an arterial supply from the abdominal aorta. ...
Atlas P - - 1974
Multiple anomalies of persistent left superior vena cava and left hepatic vein emptying into the left atrium associated with atrial septal defect, right aortic arch and multiple skeletal malformations are presented. The anatomy and the embryology of these anomalous venous connections are briefly reviewed. Clinical, hemodynamic and surgical implications of ...
Snellen H A - - 1968
All of our cases of abnormal pulmonary venous connections collected to the middle of 1965 and verified at surgery or autopsy have been reviewed by means of diagrams and tabulations, using a specially devised code to facilitate the survey. The material consisted of 52 autopsy cases (half of them obtained ...
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