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Results 451 - 500 of 749
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Lee M L - - 1994
This report briefly describes two cases of levoatriocardinal vein, in the setting of mitral atresia and a restrictive interatrial shunt, with clinical as well as echocardiographic features mimicking obstructive total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. One patient died of pulmonary hypertensive crisis, and the other survived the palliative procedures including the ...
Lee M L - - 1994
We describe an 8-month-old male infant, who received a rerouting procedure for infracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection and a 4-mm Gore-Tex central shunt for tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia. The masking effect of the pulmonary outflow in tetralogy of Fallot on the pulmonary venous obstruction in infracardiac total ...
Frommelt P C - - 1994
Compression of vascular and airway structures can complicate transducer passage and manipulation during transesophageal echocardiography. This case describes hemodynamic compromise caused by compression of the posterior pulmonary venous confluence by a transesophageal echocardiography probe during intraoperative evaluation in an infant with supracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage. Careful hemodynamic and ...
Favre R - - 1994
Bronchopulmonary sequestration with associated non-immune hydrops has been previously reported with generally poor prognosis for the neonate. The vast majority of sequestrations are discovered postnatally, and less than half are correctly identified as sequestration before birth.Until recently, treatment for pulmonary sequestration was limited to postnatal respiratory support and resection of ...
James C L - - 1994
Clinicopathological details of 52 cases of total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage (TAPVD) taken from pediatric autopsy files from hospitals in Adelaide (Australia) Oxford and Edinburgh (United Kingdom) between 1957 and 1990 are presented. The patients ranged in age from a stillborn girl to a 15-month-old boy, with 42 cases (81%) ...
Strada S - - 1994
The article describes a relatively rare congenital anomaly that was difficult to diagnose in a 10-year-old child with acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia. Just at diagnosis of leukemia, the patient showed a pathologic chest radiograph because of a parenchymal thickening at the right lung apex. The presence of bronchopneumonia was suspected, and ...
Okita Y - - 1994
A 6-year-old boy was successfully operated on for double outlet ventricle, common atrioventricular canal with severe valvular regurgitation, right atrial isomerism, L-loop ventricles, total anomalous pulmonary venous connection, and pulmonary stenosis with hypoplastic left pulmonary artery. The interventricular rerouting from the left ventricle to the ascending aorta was performed with ...
Chang Y C - - 1994
This study represents a preliminary retrospective assessment of the value of spin-echo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in detecting and describing total or partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (APVR). MRI was performed in 21 cases of APVR; orthogonal planes were used in all. Of the 21 cases, 19 were classified as ...
Murakami G - - 1994
Venous drainage of the thoracic esophagus toward the pulmonary vein (PV) was investigated in 52 human specimens in which the veins around the esophagus were clearly observed owing to venous blood retention after injection of 10 L of formol solution into the femoral artery. Below the level of the tracheal ...
Bu'Lock F A - - 1994
A newborn infant presenting with severe hypoxia and pulmonary edema was found to have supracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC). There was a severe localized stenosis (gradient > 30 mmHg) of the vein ascending from the pulmonary venous confluence. Balloon dilatation of the stenosis provided immediate and effective relief ...
McConnell M E - - 1994
Stenosis of individual pulmonary veins is a rare condition associated with a very high mortality. The present report is the first known case of progressive pulmonary venous obstruction associated with the tetralogy of Fallot. This clinical and anatomical study suggests that initial dynamic and possibly reversible occlusion occurs at the ...
Donovan C B - - 1994
Definitive diagnosis of pulmonary sequestration requires angiographic visualization of the anomalous feeding and draining vessels. The authors report a young woman who presented with persistent cough of two months' duration. Diagnosis of pulmonary sequestration was established with magnetic resonance (MR) angiography, which demonstrated abnormal feeding arteries to the sequestrum from ...
Lin C H - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary sequestration is a relatively rare congenital abnormality. It is a cystic mass of nonfunctioning lung tissue which lacks an obvious communication with the tracheobronchial tree and which receives all or most of its arterial blood from anomalous systemic vessels. METHODS: Six patients with intralobar pulmonary sequestration were treated ...
Yoshii S - - 1994
Pulmonary venous obstruction (PVO), or stenosis, is still a major complication of postoperative total anomalous pulmonary venous return, being very complex in its pathogenesis. For some types of PVO, surgery is effective, but a reoperation under cardiopulmonary bypass is generally difficult and carries a high risk. The operative balloon dilatation ...
Cukier A - - 1994
The classic definition of the scimitar syndrome is a triad of hypoplasia of the right lung with anomalous venous drainage and a systemic arterial supply of a variable degree. We report a case in which a scimitar-shaped anomalous vein was observed on the plain chest radiograph, but subsequently a pulmonary ...
Senocak F - - 1994
Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) is a congenital anomaly in which one or more, but not all, of the pulmonary veins are connected to a systemic vein or to the right atrium directly. Its incidence is higher in autopsy series than in clinical series. We report 51 cases of ...
Louie H W - - 1993
Pulmonary sequestration is a complex anomaly involving the pulmonary parenchyma and its vascularity. From 1975 to 1992, 10 cases have been treated at the UCLA Medical Center. The ages of the seven females and three males were bimodal, the median age of the seven children was 29 days (range 1 ...
Shimazaki Y - - 1993
This reports a successfully corrected case of an 8-day-old baby who had a rare mixed type of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection in which the left pulmonary vein connected to the portal vein and the right one was atretic as demonstrated by pulmonary artery wedge angiography. The left common pulmonary ...
DeVore G R - - 1993
We describe a new technique to evaluate cardiac rhythm using color and pulsed Doppler ultrasonography to identify and record pulmonary arterial and venous waveforms. Fifty fetuses were examined during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. Simultaneous pulsed Doppler recording of the pulmonary artery and vein was obtained in 100% ...
Pinto C A - - 1993
Three cases with an anomalous pulmonary-to-systemic collateral vein (levoatriocardinal vein) connecting the left atrium or one of the pulmonary veins to a systemic vein are described. In two of these cases the atrial septum is intact, the left atrioventricular connection is absent (mitral atresia), and the anomalous vein is the ...
Michielon G - - 1993
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this report is to outline technical maneuvers dictated by anomalies of systemic and/or pulmonary venous connection in the performance of the Fontan procedure. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 1975 and 1990, 104 patients (60 male, 44 female) with anomalies of systemic and/or pulmonary venous connection underwent a ...
Lupinetti F M - - 1993
From January 1985 through January 1993, 41 patients less than 1 year of age underwent operative correction of isolated total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. There were 24 boys and 17 girls. The median age at operation was 13 days (range 1 to 282 days) and weight was 3.6 kg (2.5 ...
Geggel R L - - 1993
A 1-year-old female child was diagnosed to have scimitar syndrome associated with partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection of the right lung at the superior vena cava-right atrial junction, right atrium, and inferior vena cava. To our knowledge, this pattern of pulmonary venous connection has not been previously described in this ...
Wang T L - - 1993
A 19-year-old male patient who had undergone total cavo-pulmonary connection for complex congenital cyanotic heart disease with partial anomalous pulmonary venous return, was found to have persistent postoperative cyanosis. Transesophageal echocardiography disclosed leakage of the intra-atrial Gortex conduit with a right-to-left shunt. Prompt re-do operation confirmed the site of the ...
Gao Y A - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the anatomic and physiological factors most responsible for the severe symptoms and poor prognosis of infants with scimitar syndrome. BACKGROUND: Whereas the diagnosis of scimitar syndrome is often made incidentally in older children and adults who undergo chest radiography for diverse ...
Jenkins K J - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether mortality in totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection could be predicted from preoperative individual pulmonary vein size. BACKGROUND: Some infants with this anomaly die with or without surgical repair because of stenosis of individual pulmonary veins. METHODS: Individual pulmonary vein, vertical vein and pulmonary venous confluence diameters ...
Burch M - - 1993
An 8 day old girl with infradiaphragmatic total anomalous pulmonary venous connection presented with severe unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia; exchange transfusion resulted in haemodynamic deterioration. Hyperbilirubinaemia is a rare complication of this condition, however exchange transfusion should be avoided. The diagnosis can be made on the neonatal unit by ultrasound demonstration of ...
Tanaka F - - 1993
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the venous drainage pathways of the bronchial circulation during bronchial embolotheraphy or infusion therapy. METHODS: The subjects consisted of 21 patients with lung disorders. All of them underwent bronchial arteriography for drug infusion or embolization. Bronchial arteriography was done ...
Brus F - - 1993
Extralobar pulmonary sequestration was found in a newborn premature infant that presented with non-immune hydrops fetalis, massive bilateral hydrothorax and polyhydramnios in utero. The baby died of severe respiratory insufficiency 15 h after birth. Postmortem examination revealed distended lymphatic vessels in the sequestered lung tissue probably due to impeded lymph ...
Dillon E H - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: Partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage of the left upper lobe and duplication of the superior vena cava have similar appearances on CT scans. The purpose of this study was to review their appearances and provide guidelines for differentiating between them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review of the CT reports ...
Radermecker M A - - 1993
The case of a 24-year-old woman with cor triatriatum sinister and a persistent left superior vena cava connected to the junction of the left upper pulmonary vein and left atrium is reported. A diagnosis of partial anomalous pulmonary venous return had been made and the patient underwent surgery. Inspection of ...
Greene C A - - 1993
Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) has a relatively high surgical mortality, especially the infracardiac variety. A small left atrium may limit postoperative cardiac output. Superimposition of digitally subtracted angiographic (DSA) images may be used to define pulmonary venous anatomy, left atrial size, and its spatial relationship to the common ...
Durgun B - - 1993
Venous drainage dominance of the dural venous sinuses may be defined as the drainage only or mainly into one of the transverse sinuses, as shown by bilateral carotid angiography. The aim of this study was to evaluate the venous drainage dominance in bilateral carotid angiograms of 189 cases retrospectively. Among ...
Wang J K - - 1993
With the advent of echocardiography, total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) can be readily diagnosed without much difficulty. However, noninvasive detection of the presence of pulmonary venous obstruction in TAPVC remains a difficult issue. During a 5.5-year period, 42 patients were found to have TAPVC by catheterization, surgery, and/or autopsy: ...
Kim W S - - 1993
Congenital obstruction of the pulmonary vein without anomalous drainage can cause long-standing pulmonary congestion and pulmonary arterial hypertension, and it may include stenosis of individual pulmonary veins and pulmonary vein atresia. We reviewed seven cases of pulmonary vein obstruction, five of which were accompanied by other cardiac anomalies. Right pulmonary ...
Sarsam M A - - 1993
Pulmonary venous obstruction after single lung transplantation may be mistaken for reperfusion injury or myocardial dysfunction. Complete obstruction of one of the major pulmonary veins will result in hemorrhagic infarction of the affected lobe within 4 to 6 hours, limiting the option of treatment to resection (lobectomy) or retransplantation. Early ...
Yuan A - - 1992
The application of chest US with triplex Doppler technique to detect the systemic feeding artery of lung sequestration in an adult patient is described. To our best knowledge, this is the first description of the use of this technique to diagnose pulmonary sequestration in adult patients. This 35-year-old man had ...
Ren W D - - 1992
From 71 consecutive patients with paracardiac neoplastic masses who underwent transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), obstruction of individual right upper pulmonary venous flow by compression by contiguous mass was detected by TEE in 4 patients before and disappeared after anti-neoplastic treatments. Pulmonary vein, contiguous neoplastic mass and their relation could be clearly ...
Paksoy N - - 1992
A localised fibrous mesothelioma arising from an intralobar lung sequestration occurred in a 64 year old Turkish woman. This appears to be the first report of a mesothelioma occurring within a pulmonary sequestration.
Yamaki S - - 1992
A quantitative analysis of small pulmonary arteries, pulmonary veins, and lymphatic vessels was conducted in autopsy cases of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. The materials were obtained from 60 cases of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection without asplenia or pulmonary stenosis, ages ranging from 2 days to 19 months at ...
Deeg K H - - 1992
Intralobar lung sequestration in a 5-month-old dyspnoeic infant was diagnosed by colour-coded Doppler sonography (CDS). Grey scale imaging showed an echogenic mass adjacent to the right hemidiaphragm. CDS demonstrated an abnormal arterial blood supply via a vessel originating from the descending aorta at the level of the diaphragm.
Vitiello R - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the patterns of the pulmonary circulation in patients with pulmonary atresia and asplenia. BACKGROUND: The asplenic cardiac syndromes characteristically have complex cardiac anomalies including pulmonary stenosis or atresia. Definition of the pulmonary artery circulation and pulmonary venous connections is needed for ...
Webber S A - - 1992
A staged surgical approach was developed for the management of hearts with univentricular atrioventricular connection (double-inlet left ventricle or tricuspid atresia) and discordant ventriculoarterial connection with anatomical substrate for the development of subaortic stenosis. This consisted of initial palliation with pulmonary artery banding, followed by early elective relief of subaortic ...
de Belder M A - - 1992
In cor triatriatum sinister, one of the rarest congenital cardiac anomalies, a membrane divides the left atrium into a pulmonary venous component above and the vestibule below. The importance of the anomaly lies in the effects of the resultant pulmonary venous obstruction that usually present in the first year of ...
Fogel M A - - 1992
To evaluate the efficacy of chest roentgenograms and echocardiograms in identifying pulmonary venous pathway obstruction in patients after the modified Fontan procedure, the records of 297 patients who underwent 307 Fontan procedures between 1984 and 1990 were reviewed. Twelve cases of pulmonary venous pathway obstruction documented by autopsy (3 cases) ...
Koyama A - - 1992
A 47-year-old woman presented with hemoptysis and her chest X-ray films showed an opacity suggesting a mass in the left lower lung field. Based on radiographic investigations, the mass was diagnosed as an aneurysm develop in an anomalous vessel and was considered to be a Pryce type I pulmonary intralobar ...
Hammerli M - - 1992
A newborn infant with mitral atresia and a restrictive patent foramen ovale had normal pulmonary venous connection to the left atrium demonstrated by echocardiography. However, pulmonary venous blood then coursed through an unusual pathway in the roof of the left atrium into the right atrium. This case illustrates the need ...
Callol L - - 1992
A new case of pulmonary torsion is reported. Only 15 cases of this rare entity have been published in the literature, all of them either surgically treated short term or resulting in death. Small right-side pneumothorax following diagnostic transthoracic puncture seemed to be the mechanism of production. Because of the ...
Sreeram N - - 1992
Over a 2.5-year period, 16 consecutive infants were prospectively diagnosed as having total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage. The sites of drainage were cardiac (to the coronary sinus) in four patients, supracardiac in nine, infracardiac in two and mixed in one patient. In every case, two-dimensional echocardiography with color flow imaging ...
Murali V P - - 1992
Hemianomalous pulmonary venous connection is a rare congenital abnormality that leads to significant left-to-right shunt and complications related to that. Earlier surgical correction of this disorder was associated with the problem of stenosis at the anastomotic site with the left atrium. We describe the diagnosis of this abnormality in a ...
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