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Weber Michael - - 2004
N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) has been shown to be a reliable biochemical marker for left ventricular wall stress and is increased in patients with aortic stenosis (AS). We evaluated the role of NT pro-BNP as a biochemical marker in the diagnosis of AS and whether it contributes to the ...
Olearchyk Andrew S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A congenital bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) in adults is known to be associated with aortopathy, specifically with aneurysms of the ascending aorta (AA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten (16.7%) patients with congenital BAV had an aneurysm of the AA. Aortic valve replacement was performed in 58 patients, repair in two. ...
Nemoto Shintaro - - 2004
We report a case of successful reoperation for pulmonary autograft root dilatation causing severe regurgitation after a Ross-Konno procedure in an infant. The procedure consisted of reduction of the circumference of the sinotubular junction and the autograft annulus. This technique is an effective alternative to prolong the transition period after ...
Tsilimingas Nikolaos B - - 2004
The infection of aortic annular tissue is a life-threatening complication of aortic valve endocarditis, the survival of which is usually with immediate surgical intervention. Optimal surgical techniques include aortic valve replacement with an aortic or pulmonary homograft, and reconstruction of cardiac structures with autologous pericardium. Here, two cases are reported ...
Carrel Thierry - - 2004
The right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) is the part of the circulation located between the right ventricle and the bifurcation of the pulmonary artery. The most cranial part of the right ventriculum infundibulum, the pulmonary anulus, the valve and finally the main trunk of the pulmonary artery are the most ...
Sioris Thanos - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We sought to compare the clinical profile and outcomes of operations for aortic valve disease and ascending aortic aneurysm in patients treated with aortic valve replacement and supracoronary replacement of the ascending aorta or composite replacement of the aortic valve and ascending aorta (Bentall operation). METHODS: From 1990 through ...
Verghese Susan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A cardiac homograft valve bank with cryopreservation facility was established at the Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Madras Medical Mission, Chennai in July 1995. METHODS AND RESULTS: During the last 7 1/2 years of its existence, from July 1995 to March 2003, 588 hearts were processed. The valves harvested were ...
Rocco Francesco - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of cryopreserved aortic allografts (CAA) in the treatment of adult aortic valve pathologies. METHODS: Between May 1992 and October 2002, 122 CAA were implanted in 119 adult patients with pathologies of the aortic valve. The mean age of the ...
Lee Bruce Y - - 2004
Understanding the quality of life after aortic valve replacement has become increasingly important. As aortic valve replacement numbers increase, more patients, physicians and families are affected by the subsequent quality of life. Quality of life information can inform the decision to perform aortic valve replacement and the selection of replacement ...
Ganguly Gautam - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Homograft valves offer advantages including avoidance of anticoagulation and less susceptibility to infection especially in the setting of endocarditis. However, there is concern about their durability and possible accelerated degeneration particularly in cases of second time replacement with homografts. AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the pattern of homograft ...
Zé-Zé L - - 2004
A case of Lactobacillus aortic valve endocarditis in a 53-year-old immunocompetent patient with past history of rheumatic fever is reported. Clinical symptoms began after a dental extraction and the patient's diet included several yogurts per day. Blood, bone marrow cultures and the replaced aortic valve were positive for Lactobacillus: The ...
Santini Francesco - - 2004
Iatrogenic left and/or right coronary artery ostial stenosis after aortic valve replacement is a rare but life-threatening complication. Although usually related to trauma to the ostium/a during cannulation for administration of cardioplegia, it may be rarely due to direct obstruction by the prosthetic annular ring or stent. We report herein ...
Purohit Manoj - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In the Ross procedure a valved conduit, most commonly pulmonary or aortic homograft, is used in place of autotransplanted pulmonary valve. Increasing demand and diminishing supply of homografts has resulted in a search for alternatives. A biological conduit from the valved segment of bovine jugular vein (Contegra) has been ...
Dowling Robert D - - 2004
One of the concerns when placing a total artificial heart is whether the device will fit in the thoracic cavity without impinging on vital structures. We report the creation of a patch in a recipient of the AbioCor Implantable Replacement Heart that allowed for an appropriate fit of the device ...
Mistiaen W - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Thromboembolic events after aortic valve replacement with a bioprosthesis were the most frequently occurring complications in elderly patients. Whether this was valve related or dependent on other factors needed further exploration. METHODS: Five hundred patients with a median age of 73 years were followed retrospectively after aortic valve replacement ...
Takayama Hiroo - - 2004
A 55-year-old man with severe infective endocarditis underwent aortic root replacement using a homograft concomitant with saphenous vein grafting to the left anterior descending artery. The patient developed angina due to stenosis of the proximal anastomosis of the vein graft accompanied by a 2-cm pseudoaneurysm. This complex lesion was successfully ...
Yap Cheng-Hon - - 2004
Aortic valve replacement using an allograft has been used continuously for over 40 years. Its advantages are excellent haemodynamic function, low thrombogenicity, resistance to infection and avoidance of the complications of anticoagulation. The main concern is its long-term durability, with the high hazard phase for failure between 10 and 20 ...
Mazzitelli Domenico - - 2004
Aortic valve replacement had to be performed in a 77-year-old man with a history of esophageal carcinoma, which had been treated with two-staged esophageal resection and retrosternal gastropexy. Barium swallowing confirmed the retrosternal course of the stomach, which crossed the midline from the right upper abdomen to the left-sided neck ...
Unger Philippe - - 2004
One of the main advantages of an aortic valve homograft in comparison with a mechanical prosthesis is the low incidence of thromboembolism without anticoagulation. Development of an obstructive thrombosis is virtually unknown. We report the case of a patient who twice was seen with hemodynamically significant thrombosis of an aortic ...
Takkenberg Johanna J M - - 2004
Allografts were introduced in the early 1960s for the replacement of the aortic valve and regarded at the time as a close-to-perfect valve substitute. However, over the past 40 years it has become evident that not all of the high expectations could be met. This review summarizes the past 40 ...
Apaydin Anil Z - - 2004
We report the case of a 64-year-old man who developed a mediastinal pseudoaneurysm due to severe endocarditis, 2 years after aortic root replacement with a prosthetic composite graft containing a mechanical valve. After a short period of stabilization and antibiotic therapy, the patient underwent surgery. The coronary buttons and the ...
Leung K T - - 2004
We report a case of infective endocarditis due to vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus that developed after repeated courses of vancomycin. The patient had underlying end stage renal disease and dissecting aortic aneurysm with aortic graft and prosthetic aortic valve replacement. He responded to prolonged combination therapy with linezolid and amikacin without ...
Folliguet Thierry A - - 2004
We have developed a technique that enables robotic aortic valve replacement with port access via a small right anterior thoracotomy and minimally invasive aortic cross clamping. The procedure is performed under video guidance with all the annular sutures placed with the robot. In the case we report, the patient's postoperative ...
Badak M Ismail - - 2004
We report the case of a patient who had undergone implantation of a Björk-Shiley Delrin valve in the aortic position 25 years earlier and who now presented with severe mitral stenosis. The patient underwent mitral valve replacement and aortic valve re-replacement. We review the justification for prophylactic replacement of Björk-Shiley ...
Forbess Joseph M - - 2004
Reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract, with the establishment of an unobstructed pathway between the right ventricle and the pulmonary arteries, is a task that the congenital heart surgeon frequently faces. In situations where this outflow tract is congenitally absent, or the pulmonary valve has been used to replace ...
Takami Hiroshi - - 2003
A 67-year-old woman with congestive heart failure due to aortic stenosis and regurgitation needed aortic valve replacement. She had undergone right radical mastectomy 23 years before, and total thoracic esophagectomy with retrosternal gastric tube reconstruction 11 years before. Plain computed tomography showed coincident porcelain aorta. Aortic valve replacement was performed ...
Kurisu Kazuhiro - - 2003
We describe an alternative surgical technique for aortic root replacement in a patient whose aortic valve was previously replaced with a bioprosthesis. It consists of resecting the leaflets of the original bioprosthesis in situ, amputating the struts, and suturing the skirt of a composite graft on the preserved annulus of ...
Gulbins Helmut - - 2003
Since their introduction into clinical practice in 1965 homografts have become established in clinical routine. The storing and sterilization procedures have been improved over time. Long-term results showed that homografts had a superior durability compared to xenogenic biological prostheses. Approximately 40% were still in place 20 years after implantation in ...
Picchi Andrea - - 2003
Type A aortic dissection occurs in 0.6% of patients late after aortic valve replacement. However, little information is available about risk factors for developing this complication, nor are recommendations for elective replacement of the ascending aorta available. The authors present a 78-year-old woman who developed type A aortic dissection thirty ...
Warner Kenneth G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Insertion of a competent pulmonary valve has been advocated to reduce right ventricular volume overload associated with pulmonary regurgitation (PR) after repair of tetralogy of Fallot. However the indications, proper timing, and long-term benefits of restoring pulmonary valve function remain controversial. METHODS: Thirty-six patients (aged 15.2 +/- 9.2 years) ...
Kazui Teruhisa - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Marfan patients who received composite graft replacement for proximal aortic disease frequently require late reoperation. The initial surgical technique for this lesion remains controversial. METHODS: Fourteen Marfan patients who received composite graft replacement for annuloaortic ectasia with or without aortic dissection required late reoperation thorough re-median sternotomy. The techniques ...
Warkentin Theodore E - - 2003
Recent evidence points to isolated deficiency of the largest multimers of von Willebrand factor (VWF)-known as von Willebrand syndrome type 2A (VWS-2A)-as a risk factor for bleeding from gastrointestinal (GI) angiodysplasia. This disorder is not widely recognized, perhaps because most patients do not exhibit generalized hemostatic impairment (bleeding is generally ...
Concha Manuel - - 2003
The case is reported of multiple valve surgery using as little prosthetic material as possible in a drug addict with recurrent right and left bacterial endocarditis. The patient underwent aortic valve replacement with a cryopreserved aortic homograft, mitral repair and tricuspid valve replacement with a mitral homograft, using a modified ...
Goodwin Andrew T - - 2003
Emergency redo surgery is rare, but may be required in patients with conditions such as endocarditis, unstable angina and acute aortic dissection. To date there are no published data on the outcome of these difficult patients. Prospective consecutive data were collected from a single institution on 65 patients (51 male) ...
Hon Jimmy K F - - 2003
Pulmonary autograft replacement of the aortic valve has been shown to have many potential advantages over other forms of aortic valve replacement. However, there is still a paucity of studies that provide new information about the possible behavior of the two valves and the cardiac and extracardiac responses in the ...
Boudjemline Younes - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We evaluate early results of bovine jugular vein conduits in the pulmonary outflow. METHODS: Between April 2000 and September 2001, 31 conduits were placed in the outflow of the right ventricle. Patients who received a conduit as a staged surgical procedure were excluded (n = 3). Implantation age ranged ...
Pacini Davide - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Composite valve graft replacement is currently the treatment of choice for a wide variety of lesions of the aortic root and the ascending aorta. In this study we report our experience with aortic root replacement using a composite graft. METHODS: Between October 1978 and May 2001, 274 patients (79.6% ...
Roggeri A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to asbestos may cause pleural and lung disorders and, less frequently, diseases of the peritoneum and pericardium. An exceedingly small number of cases of benign pericardial effusion have been described so far in the medical literature. OBJECTIVES: To report a rare case of haemorrhagic pericardial effusion caused ...
Ikuta Takeshi - - 2003
An association between aortic stenosis and angiodysplasia of the gut has been reported, though this is unproven. In many instances, recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding originating from angiodysplasia has ceased following aortic valve replacement (AVR). A case is reported of massive bleeding from a small-intestinal angiodysplasia after AVR. The diagnosis was made ...
Ishizaka Toru - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Given the limited availability of small-sized cryopreserved pulmonary homografts, we implanted a series of Shelhigh No-React porcine pulmonic valve conduits (SPVC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term performance following implantation. METHODS: From February 2000 to September 2000, the SPVC was implanted 25 times in 24 ...
Massey R - - 2003
Legionella pneumophila endocarditis is extremely rare. The case of a fit 26 year old man who had previously undergone homograft aortic root replacement is reported. He was admitted with legionella pneumonia during the recent localised outbreak but went on to develop endocarditis. His aortic valve was replaced with a mechanical ...
Kalkat Maninder S - - 2003
A 76-year-old woman with annuloaortic ectasia, aortic regurgitation, and aneurysmal dilatation extending from the root to mid descending aorta presented with symptoms of bronchial compression and obstructive pneumonitis. Despite vigorous antibiotic treatment and physiotherapy, the pneumonitis persisted with clinical and radiologic deterioration. An emergency operation was performed to relieve bronchial ...
Hilgenberg Alan D - - 2003
In order to offer selected patients undergoing composite aortic root replacement the advantages of a tissue valve, we have constructed conduits intraoperatively by suturing a stented bovine pericardial valve (Edwards Life-sciences LLC, Irvine, CA) inside of a Dacron tube graft (Boston Scientific Corp, Natick, MA). The conduit is quickly made ...
Byrne John G - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Although age and co-existing coronary disease are major determining factors when deciding valve choice (mechanical vs. biological) in simple aortic valve replacement, no studies have documented selection criterion for biological (BIO) vs. mechanical (MECH) aortic root prosthesis. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-one consecutive patients underwent elective aortic root replacement ...
Nakayama Yasunori - - 2003
We describe a patient with unstable angina due to occlusion of the orifice of the right coronary artery by thrombus formation after aortic valvular replacement using a Björk-Shiley valve. After strict anticoagulant treatment, transesophageal echocardiography demonstrated disappearance of the thrombus formation around the orifice of the right coronary artery.
Wang Andrew - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The pulmonary autograft, or Ross procedure, has theoretical hemodynamic benefits over other aortic valve replacements. The hemodynamic performance of the pulmonary autograft and pulmonary homograft components of this procedure have not been well defined. METHODS: Twenty patients with pulmonary autograft replacement of the aortic ...
Martin T C - - 2003
A young woman with aortic valve insufficiency secondary to rheumatic heart disease underwent replacement of her diseased aortic valve with her own pulmonary valve and replacement of her pulmonary valve with an aortic cadaver homograft, the Ross procedure. She went on to conceive and deliver a normal infant. The Ross ...
Kollar Andras - - 2003
The case described is of a 7-year-old boy with recurrent long-segment left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Due to previous pulmonary artery band stenosis and subsequent repair with a prosthetic patch, the pulmonary root was not intact. In this complicated Ross-Konno operation, the prosthetic patch was replaced with autologous tissue and ...
Mahesh B - - 2003
Fungal prosthetic valve endocarditis is an uncommon but serious condition with high early and long-term mortality. The majority of these cases occur after aortic valve surgery and are caused by Candida species. Radical debridement of all infected tissues, valve replacement with perioperative and long-term anti-fungal agents is the recommended treatment. ...
Ortu Paolo - - 2003
A 37-year-old male with acute complicated methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus mitral valve endocarditis underwent urgent valve replacement with a bileaflet prosthesis. The postoperative course was complicated with fever and heart failure. Echocardiography showed a large subannular false aneurysm of the left ventricle. Three weeks later resection and closure of the defect ...
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