Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 895
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Tokunaga Shigehiko - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate the longterm results of isolated pulmonary valve replacement using xenobioprostheses or mechanical valves. Twenty-four cases of isolated pulmonary valve replacement carried out at Kyushu University Hospital between 1977 and 2004 were reviewed. Those undergoing Rastelli's operation were excluded from this study. Bioprostheses ...
Sachithanandan Anand - - 2008
Sarcomas, a rare complication of radiotherapy for breast carcinoma, have a poor prognosis. We describe a lady with previous mantle radiotherapy exposure, who developed a radiation-induced chest wall sarcoma. She underwent simultaneous aortic valve replacement (AVR) for severe aortic stenosis and excision of the sarcoma. Chest wall reconstruction was achieved ...
Rodefeld Mark D - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Right ventricular-to-pulmonary artery (RV-PA) conduits are implanted in the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) of children, with the knowledge that future reoperation will likely be required. The authors' experience of conduit RVOT reconstruction was reviewed in order to assess the frequency of conduit replacement ...
Goetz Wolfgang A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: For the surgical treatment of congenital heart disease and in Ross procedure a valved conduit is frequently required. Since homografts are not readily available in every country, a reliable alternative is needed. We developed a novel technique to construct a valved pulmonary conduit with single point attached commissures (SPAC) ...
Gonzales Andres J - - 2007
Human infections due to group C streptococcus (SGC) are unusual. Among them, vascular compromise, especially aortic involvement, is extremely rare. A case of microbial aortitis with aneurysm formation, likely secondary to a SGC soft tissue infection, in a 61-year-old patient who was caring for a purulent leg wound of his ...
Ammash Naser M - - 2007
Pulmonary regurgitation following repair of tetralogy of Fallot is a common postoperative sequela associated with progressive right ventricular enlargement, dysfunction, and is an important determinant of late morbidity and mortality. Although pulmonary regurgitation may be well tolerated for many years following surgery, it can be associated with progressive exercise intolerance, ...
Mollet Alix - - 2007
We report our experience of pulmonary valve replacement in animals with large right ventricular outflow tracts (RVOTs) using a percutaneous approach. We intended to implant a device to percutaneously reduce the diameter of the pulmonary artery (PA). Following its insertion, we intended to implant a valved stent inside the restriction. ...
Eyileten Z - - 2007
Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a common form of cyanotic heart disease. Complete surgical correction in younger age group offers good long-term results with reasonable morbidity and improved prognosis in patients with TOF. However, following corrective surgery pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) might be required for residual pulmonary regurgitation in order ...
Masuda Shinya - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We created a new vascular clip designed for aortic surgery. The purposes of this investigation were to examine surgical applicability in a clinically relevant aortic replacement model and to assess biomechanical strength of the clipped anastomosis and serial histologic changes in the clipped anastomotic site. METHODS: Twenty-one beagles underwent ...
Kogon Brian E - - 2007
Pulmonary valve replacement is a relatively uncommon operation in adults, with the exception of those patients operated on previously for congenital heart disease. We present a technique for pulmonary valve replacement and right ventricular outflow tract augmentation. It has been utilized in over 50 consecutive patients. This technique is simple, ...
Askovich Bojana - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cryopreserved valved allografts are routinely oversized to account for somatic growth in children requiring right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery (RV-PA) continuity. The objective of this study is to determine the effect of oversizing on conduit longevity. METHODS: We reviewed the records of all patients undergoing RV-PA cryopreserved valved allograft placement from ...
Auyeung J - - 2007
Locking after total knee replacement is uncommon and is generally caused by the formation of fibrous tissue around the patella. We report an unusual cause of locking resulting from intermittent occlusion of the popliteal artery, which was tethered to cement at the posterior aspect of the tibial component.
Bakir I - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The role of minimally invasive aortic valve replacement in cardiac reoperations has not yet been defined. The purpose of this study is to report our experience with this technique. METHODS: Nineteen consecutive patients underwent aortic valve replacement via J-sternotomy as a reoperative cardiac procedure between 1999 and 2005. The ...
Yotsumoto Daisuke - - 2007
We report the case of a 54-year-old woman who, 32 years previously, had undergone replacement of the ascending aorta by the inclusion method with a Starr-Edwards ball valve prosthesis and recently underwent aortic root re-reconstruction by the Bentall method. Routine chest radiography revealed dilatation of the mediastinum, and computed tomography ...
Luk Adriana - - 2007
Pulmonary homografts (PHs) are frequently used to replace the native pulmonary valve in the Ross procedure, and in the reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract. The case of a 25-year-old man whose PH was replaced 12 years after undergoing the Ross procedure is reported. The clinical cause of the ...
Palanca Victor - - 2008
We report an atypical presentation of atrioventricular (AV) nodal reentry tachycardia with periods of ventriculoatrial Wenckebach and complete ventriculoatrial dissociation which appeared in a male patient in the postoperative period following aortic valve replacement and plication of Valsalva's posterior sinus. The context for the onset of this AV nodal reentry ...
Santini Francesco - - 2007
A simple technique utilized when replacement of the ascending aorta has to be associated with replacement of the aortic valve and the sole noncoronary sinus of Valsalva (vs. total root replacement) is presented. It offers the advantage to secure stable hemostasis in an area where surgical exposure may be difficult ...
Sinzobahamvya Nicodème - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzes whether small-diameter Contegras behave in the same way as small-diameter homografts, when implanted for the first time in pulmonary position. METHODS: Small-diameter conduits include 12 and 14 mm Contegras and 8-14 mm homografts. Graft dysfunction is defined as right ventricular outflow tract obstruction with peak echo-Doppler ...
Allareddy V - - 2007
AIM: Heart valve replacement surgeries account for 20% of all cardiac procedures. In-hospital mortality rates are approximately 6% for aortic valve replacements and 10% for mitral valve replacements. The objectives of the study are to provide nationally representative estimates of complications following aortic and mitral valve replacements and to quantify ...
Ozkan S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Xenograft valved conduits have been used in several cardiac pathologies. In this study we have presented our midterm results of pediatric patients pathologies who were operated with xenograft conduits. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 1999 and January 2005, 134 patients underwent open heart surgery with xenograft conduits. The conduits ...
Mestres Carlos-A - - 2007
Neurological complications after cardiac operations are mostly due to particle embolization. This case illustrates the embolic potential of any material. A 77-year-old lady underwent re-operation for homograft aortic regurgitation and mitral valve replacement. Intra-aortic filtration was used. After cardiopulmonary bypass the filter was found to have captured a pledget from ...
Sleilaty Ghassan - - 2007
Cardiac surgery in patients with previous pneumonectomy is infrequently reported. We report a case of combined coronary artery bypass grafting and aortic valve replacement in a patient with left ventricular ejection fraction less then 35% and a previous right pneumonectomy. All steps in operative management of this rare condition are ...
Chiappini Bruno - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The replacement of the diseased aortic valve with a pulmonary autograft has been shown to provide excellent hemodynamic results and to be associated with low morbidity and mortality rates. METHODS: From 1991 to 2005, 219 patients undergoing the Ross operation were identified. All patients underwent transthoracic echocardiography at discharge ...
John Alexander - - 2007
Subcoronary implantation of the Medtronic stentless bioprosthesis and an extension using a vascular tube prosthesis provide a safer alternative to the more invasive conventional composite graft replacement or a full root replacement using a homograft or a stentless valve. The advantage lies in eliminating the need for coronary mobilisation and ...
Gasparović Hrvoje - - 2007
Hemophilia A is an inherited bleeding disorder characterized by factor VIII deficiency. The basis for insufficient hemostasis lies within inadequate amplification of factor Xa production with the undersupplied factor VIII. We report on a young patient with critical aortic stenosis bearing all the clinical stigmata of severe hemophilia, in whom ...
Colli Andrea - - 2007
Improvements in the performance and longevity of biological valve prostheses have steadily increased their rates of implantation in recent years. Aortic bioprostheses, which are commonly used in the elderly or when the risks of anticoagulating are high, have generally been associated with low rates of long-term complications. Freedom from anticoagulation, ...
Ashrafian H - - 2007
We report the case of a patient with acute pulmonary homograft endocarditis secondary to Streptococcus agalactiae from a cat-bite. He had undergone a Ross procedure nineteen years earlier. In view of unremitting infection with large pulmonary trunk and right pulmonary artery vegetations, the patient underwent successful pulmonary vegetectomy and homograft ...
Luciani Giovanni Battista - - 2007
Stentless valves, either human (autografts, homografts) or animal (porcine xenografts), were historically among the first substitutes to be used to replace the diseased aortic valve. Forty years after those pioneering days and 15 years after revival of such valves, stentless grafts have become a mainstay in aortic surgery. Although limitations ...
Delmo-Walter Eva Maria - - 2007
An aneurysm of a 14-mm Contegra bovine conduit 5 years after a total repair of tetralogy of Fallot was confirmed by echocardiography, angiography, and magnetic resonance tomography. The conduit was replaced. Histologic examination of the explanted conduit revealed an acellular homogenous material with occasional elastic fibers, fragile, diffuse and complex ...
Alsoufi Bahaaldin - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Tetralogy of Fallot and absent pulmonary valve (TOF/APV) is associated with significant pulmonary artery dilatation and airway compression. Treatment of infants presenting with respiratory symptoms early in life is associated with high mortality (20-60%). We aim to report our results and identify factors associated with survival and prolonged ventilation. ...
Chiappini Bruno - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pediatric diminutive right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) reconstruction with homografts or porcine xenografts remains challenging because of limited availability, early degeneration, tissue ingrowth, and child growth. The objective of this study was to assess whether Contegra valved bovine conduit, implanted as monocuspid transannular patch, might be an interesting alternative ...
Rakow Nancy - - 2007
Prosthetic heart valves undergo mandatory preclinical animal testing prior to human clinical trials. Historically, a non-site-specific placement of a valve prosthesis has been commonly performed; however, recently site-specific placement continues to attract interest. Various animal models have been used for preclinical evaluation of both aortic and mitral valve prostheses; however, ...
Lovett Joanna K - - 2007
Cerebral (or dural) venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a condition distinct from other cerebrovascular disease, which presents its own particular diagnostic difficulties and treatment controversies. The clinical presentation is variable and may mimic a wide range of other neurological disorders that include subarachnoid haemorrhage, encephalitis, eclampsia, idiopathic intracranial hypertension and ...
Cheung Edson H - - 2007
We present the first reported case of an aortic valve replacement operation without blood transfusion in a 62-year-old Jehovah's Witness with dialysis-dependent chronic renal failure, severe anemia, severe aortic stenosis, and symptomatic angina with minimal exertion after an accident in which she suffered fractures of both her right arm and ...
Berry Colin - - 2007
This report describes an 85 year-old man who underwent percutaneous aortic valve replacement (PAVR). With a logistic euroSCORE of 37%, the patient had been refused surgical aortic valve replacement because of an unacceptably high peri-operative risk. During the PAVR procedure, severe resistance was encountered when advancing the 21 Fr delivery ...
Palatianos George M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to determine the safety and effectiveness of the On-X valve, a novel mechanical valve substitute. METHODS: Eleven centers participated in a European, multicentered, longitudinal, nonrandomized study of the On-X valve performance. Isolated aortic or mitral valve replacement with an On-X valve was studied in 301 ...
Boudjemline Younes - - 2007
Pulmonary valve replacement through a transcatheter technique is currently limited to the small group of patients with a right ventricular outflow tract that does not exceed 22-26 mm in diameter. In this report, we will give an overview of ongoing work to extend the present indication to the vast majority ...
Schreiber Christian - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary regurgitation is the predominant problem in the long-term follow-up of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) patients after primary repair. Apart from standard homograft implantation, a percutaneous valve delivery approach has been described recently. A right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) diameter of greater than 22mm, however, precludes percutaneous valve delivery. ...
Chen Jonathan M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Primary repair of tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve syndrome has been associated with significant mortality, particularly for neonates in respiratory distress. Controversy persists regarding the method of establishing right ventricle-pulmonary artery continuity. METHODS: Anatomic and demographic parameters were evaluated for patients undergoing repair of tetralogy of Fallot ...
Barry Michael O - - 2006
A 44-year-old woman underwent a Ross procedure for severe aortic regurgitation at the age of 32 years. She had been diagnosed in childhood with spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia and a bicuspid aortic valve. At surgery, a tricuspid aortic valve with chondroid metaplasia and fibrosis was reported. Biochemical and genetic evaluation in this ...
Brown John W - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The Ross aortic valve replacement with a modified Konno-type enlargement Ross-Konno procedure of the aortic annulus and subannular region allows an autograft aortic valve replacement for children with significant annular and subannular hypoplasia. The potential for growth and the proven durability of the autograft make the Ross-Konno procedure an ...
Sasirekha D - - 2006
Relapsing polychondritis is a multisystem disease characterized by recurrent inflammation of the cartilaginous tissue. Cardiovascular manifestations of relapsing polychondritis are rare but are the second most common cause of death in these patients. We report a case of relapsing polychondritis who underwent aortic valve replacement uneventfully but presented six months ...
Oosterhof Thomas - - 2007
We present a 22 year old Moroccan woman with chronic severe pulmonary regurgitation, who becomes symptomatic in her fourth month of pregnancy. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance, during pregnancy, revealed a large pulmonary aneurysm and turbulent blood flow in the pulmonary trunk with severe pulmonary regurgitation. After gestation, the branch pulmonary arteries ...
Karamlou Tara - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We sought to examine risk factors for pulmonary conduit failure or dysfunction in infants less than age 2 years at initial implantation. METHODS: From 2002 to 2005, 241 children at 17 institutions were discharged alive after initial pulmonary conduit insertion. Initial conduit type was pulmonary allograft in 37%, aortic ...
Tanaka Hiroshi - - 2006
A 52-year-old man underwent a replacement of the thoracoabdominal aorta. The aorta was severely calcified, and was replaced by a 24-mm woven Dacron (Vascutek, Renfrewshire, Scotland) graft wrapped with the calcificated aneurysmal wall. His postoperative course was uneventful; however, he collapsed on the 18th postoperative day. He underwent an emergent ...
Raja Shahzad G - - 2006
A variety of congenital cardiac anomalies with severe right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) obstruction or RVOT interruption require surgical reconstruction from the infundibulum up to the pulmonary artery bifurcation or even into the branches of the pulmonary arteries. Ideally, the conduit or valve required for such reconstruction has to be ...
Crowe Mark E - - 2006
Aortic valve replacement with a pulmonary autograft (ie, Ross procedure) is a technique used in selected cases for the treatment of aortic valve disease. Aware of reports describing chronic complications after the Ross procedure such as aortic insufficiency, right ventricular outlet obstruction, aortic autograft dilatation, and pulmonary allograft stenosis, cardiac ...
Meharwal Zile S - - 2006
Between September 1989 and June 2004, 148 consecutive patients underwent ascending aortic replacement for aneurysm or dissection. There were 130 males (88%) and 18 females (12%). Their mean age was 46.20 +/- 13.36 years. Fifty-seven patients (39%) were treated for type 1 and type 2 aortic dissection, and 91 (61%) ...
Kamohara Keiji - - 2006
The MagScrew total artificial heart (TAH) is under development. Despite its anticipated durability and reliability, the possibility of a bioprosthetic valve malfunction exists. As a result, the potential for valve replacement surgery, instead of device replacement, would be desirable after a TAH implant. In two of our 90-day animal experiments, ...
La Francesca Saverio - - 2006
An increasing number of patients are returning to normal activity after implantation of intracorporeal left ventricular assist devices. We describe the emergency replacement of the impeller portion of a HeartMate II left ventricular assist system that had stopped functioning after the 14-year-old recipient experienced a sudden fall from a skateboard.
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