Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 787
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da Cunha J E - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Conventional distal pancreatic resection routinely involves splenectomy. The awareness that spleen removal may lead to postoperative septic and hematological complications motivated the development of spleen-preserving procedures. Successful distal pancreatectomy with splenic conservation has been reported for treatment of benign pancreatic diseases of the distal pancreas. This report presents the ...
Suhocki P V - - 2000
We report the case of a patient with isolated gastric variceal bleeding. Obesity precluded the use of noninvasive means for assessing splenic vein patency. Splenic vein stenosis was diagnosed by transhepatic portal and splenic venography with pressure measurements. A cause for the stenosis could not be found. Splenectomy was used ...
Deshpande A A - - 2000
True aneurysm of the splenic artery is rare. Two cases of ruptured true splenic artery aneurysms are presented. The first patient was a 62-year-old female who presented within 6 hours of the onset of symptoms. The other was a 27-year-old non-alcoholic male patient who was admitted in a state of ...
Thapar P M - - 2000
We report a 48-year-old woman with foregut ischemia with splenic infarct due to isolated celiac artery obstruction. The patient presented with acute-onset pain in the epigastrium 10-15 min after every meal. Investigations revealed obstruction of the celiac artery by artheromatous plaque. This patient had an acute thrombosis, which responded to ...
Sahin M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To induce hypersplenism in rats by splenic vein ligation and to investigate the effects of splenic artery ligation in this model. BACKGROUND: Selective arterial embolisation and splenic artery ligation (SAL) are used in the treatment of secondary hypersplenism in some medical centres but these methods are not common. MATERIALS ...
Carmeci C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Visceral artery aneurysm (VAA) is a rare but important form of vascular pathology. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for all patients treated for VAAs from 1980 to 1998 at the Northern California Kaiser Hospitals. RESULTS: Thirty-one patients with VAAs were treated, 11 men and 20 women with ...
Gaglio P J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Theoretically, patients with alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency may be vulnerable to the development of splenic artery aneurysms. alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency can induce cirrhosis with portal hypertension, and resulting protease-antiprotease imbalances may exaggerate arterial wall weakness due to proteolysis of arterial structural proteins. A splenic artery aneurysm rupture 7 days after ...
Trumble T N - - 2000
A 364-kg (800-lb) 1-year-old mixed-breed horse was admitted for treatment of uncontrolled bleeding after castration. Multiple attempts to ligate the testicular artery through the scrotal incisions prior to referral had been unsuccessful. Because of the owner's concerns about cost, an attempt was made to control the bleeding by applying pressure ...
Lee G H - - 2000
N-butyl-cyanoacrylate (Histoacryl) injection has become the treatment of choice for acutely bleeding esophagogastric varices, and is the only effective option for endoscopic treatment of gastric varices. Recent reports confirm the ability of Histoacryl injection therapy to achieve immediate hemostasis in cases of gastric ulcer bleeding or Dieulafoy ulcer, where conventional ...
Benz C A - - 2000
Hemorrhage from the pancreatic duct, i.e. hemosuccus pancreaticus (HP), is a rare cause of gastrointestinal bleeding. Pancreatic hemosuccus is usually due to the rupture of an aneurysm of a visceral artery, most likely the splenic artery, in chronic pancreatitis. Other causes of HP are rare. We present a case of ...
Dave S P - - 2000
Splenic artery aneurysms (SAA), although rare, are the most common visceral artery aneurysms and are known for their potential for rupture. Pregnancy and portal hypertension have been known as major risk factors. With improved methods of diagnosis and minimally invasive therapy, management and outcome of SAA may change significantly. The ...
Bornet P - - 2000
Giant aneurysms of the splenic artery larger than 10 cm are rare. The size of splenic aneurysms rarely exceeds 3 cm. Aneurysms that are often symptomatic because of their size must be treated rapidly before rupture. An etiologic and diagnostic evaluation with computed tomography and selective angiography of the visceral ...
Baba Y - - 2000
PURPOSE: To examine the value of superselective arterial stimulation venous sampling (ASVS) to localize insulinomas. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Superselective ASVS (SS-ASVS) was performed in 9 patients with insulinoma. Injection of secretagogue (calcium gluconate: 0.01 mEq Ca++/kg) was performed into the gastroduodenal, splenic (proximal and distal), and superior mesenteric arteries in ...
Fulton D - - 2000
The goal of the present study was to develop a competitive PCR assay to measure changes in the expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) mRNA levels throughout the canine vascular tree. A partial sequence of canine eNOS cDNA (1.86 kb), inducible NOS (1.95 kb), and neuronal NOS (1.16 kb) ...
Ignjatović D - - 2000
The authors analyzed the frequency of anastomotic bridges between the terminal branches of the splenic artery, their location related to the splenic surface, length and caliber on a total of 102 autopsy specimens of human spleen and pancreatic tail. The methods applied were corrosion casting and postmortem arteriography. The incidence ...
Sato T - - 2000
A 53-year-old man was admitted to our hospital in August 1997 with enlarged gastric varices. Computed tomography (CT) showed splenic vein occlusion, gastric varices, and extra-gastric wall collateral veins. Color flow images of gastric varices were clearly visualized, and the velocity in the gastric varices was 19.6 cm/s via endoscopic ...
Patrinou V - - 2000
Mucinous cystic neoplasms of the pancreas are uncommon tumors with varying potential for malignancy. Although traumatic splenic rupture is common, spontaneous rupture is a rare event. We present an unusual case of spontaneous splenic rupture, due to an otherwise asymptomatic mucinous cystadenocarcinoma of the tail of the pancreas. A tumor ...
Herbeck M - - 1999
The rupture of a splenic artery aneurysm during pregnancy has been reported. In this particular case uterine rupture was suspected; however, an aneurysm was diagnosed after cesarean delivery. After resection of the aneurysm, splenic artery revascularization was performed by reanastomosis. In conclusion, early diagnosis and 2-stage rupture increase the likelihood ...
Ueno T - - 1999
We describe a case of chronic pancreatitis treated by laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with conservation of the spleen involving the resection of the splenic vessels. A proximal ligation of the splenic artery and vein was performed, followed by transection of the body of the pancreas. Retroperitoneum was dissected to the left ...
Gorczyca J - - 1999
Vascular architecture of the gastric corpus was investigated in 16-24 wk human fetuses using a corrosion casting technique and the scanning electron microscopy. The general distribution of blood vessels seen in adults has already been established in the fetus, with three major vascular plexuses located in the serosa, submucosa and ...
Grasso M M - - 1999
The indications for ureteroscopic lithotripsy have increased with endoscope miniaturization and powerful, precise endoscopic lithotrites like the holmium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser. Successful ureteropyeloscopic treatment with the currently available instrumentation and techniques is independent of the size, composition, and location of stones in the upper urinary tract. Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy maintains a ...
Lee J J - - 1999
Portal, mesenteric, or splenic vein thrombosis is a very uncommon complication with significant mortality in the patients undergoing splenectomy for hematologic disorders. We report a 49-year-old woman who developed portal, superior mesenteric, and splenic vein thromboses after splenectomy. Four years before the event, she presented with a marked thrombocytosis and ...
Tsugawa K - - 1999
Two cases undergoing a laparoscopic splenectomy for the treatment of a splenic artery aneurysm are herein reported. This lesion is relatively rare. Surgical treatment is indicated for such cases since approximately 10% of these aneurysms tend to rupture which thus results in fatal hemorrhaging. Both cases demonstrated aneurysms measuring more ...
Hung C F - - 1999
We describe a rare case of splenic arteriovenous fistula and venous aneurysm which developed after splenectomy in a 40-year-old woman who presented with epigastralgia, watery diarrhoea, repeated haematemesis and melaena caused by hyperkinetic status of the portal system and bleeding of oesophageal varices. It was diagnosed by computed tomography and ...
Tandon V - - 1999
In patients with acute pancreatitis, profuse gastrointestinal bleeding is associated with a high death rate. The cause of such bleeding must be evaluated and the bleeding controlled urgently. Aneurysm formation is usually the cause of the bleeding. Angiography is needed to make a definitive diagnosis and the bleeding site should ...
Sampaio F J - - 1999
PURPOSE: Irrespective of the surgical technique chosen to treat high undescended testis, preservation of an adequate arterial supply for the testis is crucial for successful orchiopexy with maintenance of normal testicular size and texture. To provide an anatomical background for such a procedure, we performed a systematic study on the ...
Konno K - - 1999
The gastroepiploic vein (GEV) may serve as a collateral circulation associated with splenic vein thrombosis. Despite the extensive literature on its computed tomographic and angiographic findings, there is no description of color Doppler findings of the GEV. We report scanning techniques for observing its entire course. When examining patients with ...
Yoshida H - - 1999
We present a new intraarterial infusion chemotherapy technique for the treatment of inoperable cancer in the body and tail of the pancreas. The spleen was embolized at its hilum with coils to infuse an anti-tumor agent selectively into the pancreatic parenchyma and a catheter was placed into the splenic artery ...
Terada T - - 1999
A 58-year-old woman with a presumed incidentally discovered meningioma in the left lateral ventricle was treated by superselective embolisation and gamma knife therapy. The diameter of the tumour was 40 mm, and its main feeding artery was the left lateral posterior choroidal artery. This vessel was embolised with microcoils. At ...
Kanehira E - - 1999
BACKGROUND: We developed a new ultrasonically activated device (USAD) for endoscopic surgery. The current investigation was conducted to evaluate the security of the arteries occluded and divided by this USAD. METHODS: The intraperitoneal arteries of anesthetized living pigs were individually occluded by the USAD at power levels of 70% or ...
Fender G R - - 1999
We report a case of ruptured splenic artery aneurysm during labor in which the clinical signs were masked by epidural analgesia. A high index of clinical suspicion must be maintained in cases of atypical epidural breakthrough pain, and attending clinicians must be prepared for the unexpected when faced with a ...
Torres G - - 1999
Splenic vein aneurysms are rare and are usually caused by portal hypertension. Symptoms are unusual, but may include rupture or abdominal pain. Diagnosis can usually be made either by means of duplex ultrasonography or computed tomography scanning. Treatment varies from noninvasive follow-up to aneurysm excision. We report an expanding splenic ...
Bolger W E - - 1999
Posterior epistaxis is a significant medical problem that can be challenging to treat. Endoscopic surgery could potentially reduced operative time and patient risk; however, surgeons report difficulty in endoscopically isolating the major offending artery, the sphenopalatine. These difficulties could be reduced if a recognizable anatomic structure marked the region of ...
A Skawina - - 1999
We have investigated the existence, frequency and the course of arteries of the human stomach fundus by injection method. Our material obtained 52 human fetuses of the length range from 127 to 285 mm and the fetal age range from l5 to 28 weeks of gestation. It has been found, ...
Andrén-Sandberg A - - 1999
Adenocarcinoma of the pancreas that originates to the left of the portal vein, i.e. in the body or tail of the pancreas, is seen in approximately one third of all cases with exocrine pancreatic cancer. Except for symptoms of pain and weight loss, these patients usually appear normal upon physical ...
Schweizer W - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Aneurysms of visceral arteries are rare, but may lead to dramatic situations of intraabdominal or retroperitoneal hemorrhage in case of rupture. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 72-year-old patient who developed a hemorrhagic shock following a total hip replacement due to the rupture of an aneurysm of ...
Abuhamad A Z - - 1999
The objective of this paper is to determine whether color and pulsed Doppler of the splenic artery is helpful in the prenatal diagnosis of polysplenia or asplenia in heterotaxic syndromes. Over a 3-year period, localization of the splenic artery by color and pulsed Doppler was attempted on all fetuses with ...
Tazawa K - - 1999
We herein report on a 64-year-old Japanese female patient who presented with a splenic artery aneurysm (SAA) associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The saccular aneurysm, which measured 3 cm in diameter, was located in the proximal third of the splenic artery from the pancreas with a portosystemic shunt. A ...
Sato Y - - 1999
A 67 year-old Japanese woman presented with a cystic tumorous lesion, measuring 5 cm in diameter, in the tail of the pancreas. She underwent a spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy (SPDP), in which the splenic artery and vein were divided because they were involved in scar formation around the lesion. Intra-operative color ...
Ishida H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: To reevaluate the advantages and limitations of gray-scale and color Doppler sonography in the diagnosis of splenic artery (Sp-A) aneurysm. METHODS: We reviewed the gray-scale and color Doppler sonograms of five cases with Sp-A aneurysm (four patients with portal hypertension and one patient without portal hypertension). Color Doppler sonography ...
Bunschoten G - - 1998
Splenic artery aneurysms, once considered rare entities are now being reported with increasing frequency. Due to a high incidence of fatal rupture, they are considered dangerous. Rupture is often the first and only symptom. With an increased index of suspicion and early aggressive treatment of asymptomatic splenic artery aneurysms, mortality ...
Pierie J P - - 1998
The stomach is used for reconstruction of the upper gastrointestinal tract after esophageal resection for cancer. The whole stomach can be used, but also a wide or narrow gastric tube can be constructed. Short-term functional results are superior after use of a narrow tube. Healing of the cervical esophagogastrostomy can ...
Cavdar S - - 1998
The anatomical variations of the coeliac trunk are due to developmental changes in the ventral splanchnic arteries. This report describes a case in which the left inferior phrenic artery and left gastric artery arose from the long coeliac trunk (4.3 cm.) via a common trunk. The arterial variations, like other ...
Majeski J - - 1998
Splenic artery aneurysms (SAAs) are most commonly identified on x-ray film by the presence of concentric calcifications in the left-upper abdominal quadrant. Not all calcifications are SAAs. In patients with suspicious left-upper abdominal quadrant calcifications, definitive imaging is necessary to confirm the diagnosis of SAA. This unique case report shows ...
Boddie D E - - 1998
Hyperamylasaemia may occur following abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture and its use as a prognostic indicator has been suggested. However, the isoenzyme responsible for the rise in serum amylase has not been investigated. In this study, isoenzyme analysis was performed on the serum of patients noted to have a raised amylase ...
Chong M - - 1998
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of arterial phase helical computed tomography (CT) for the depiction of small pancreatic arteries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Arterial phase helical CT (3-mm collimation, 1-mm reconstruction interval) was performed during power injection of 180 mL of ioversol at 5 mL/sec. Two radiologists reviewed 100 consecutive arterial ...
Dettmeyer R - - 1998
An 18-year-old mentally deficient man with well-known homocystinuria died suddenly within a few minutes. He had a history of severe oligophrenia, bilateral ectopia lentis requiring extraction of both lenses and operatively corrected genu valgum on both sides. In 1993 a hypergammaglobulinemia was noticed and a decortication on the left side ...
Han D C - - 1998
Upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage secondary to splenic vein thrombosis is a curable form of localized portal hypertension when treated with splenectomy. A high index of suspicion is necessary in order to promptly diagnose and treat this underrecognized condition that is most commonly caused by inflammation or neoplasm of the pancreas. The ...
Patton D F - - 1998
A 1-year-old boy presented with pericardial effusion, pulmonary infiltrates, and disseminated intravascular coagulation; lung biopsy indicated pulmonary lymphangiomatosis. He did not respond to medical therapy and was a poor surgical candidate; therefore, he underwent partial splenic embolization. The procedure resulted in a complete disappearance of the DIC and marked improvement ...
de Perrot M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Splenic artery aneurysms (SAA) are detected with increasing frequency but their management still remains controversial. This paper relates our experience in the outcome and management of ruptured aneurysms of the splenic artery. METHODS: Between 1977 and 1996, 8 patients presented to our institution with a ruptured SAA. Their ages ...
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