Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 785
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Ignjatovic D - - 2002
The aim of this study was to determine the rationale for spleen salvage by lobe/segment dearterialization without resection for inferior pole injury during left hemicolectomy. One hundred and two consecutive human cadavers were dissected. Corrosion case and post-mortem arteriography with computerized planimetry were employed. Lobe/segment size, artery diameter and length ...
Rockey J G - - 2002
An audit of the local practice of sphenopalatine artery (SPA) ligation/diathermy was undertaken following its introduction to the unit in April 1998. The authors looked to the literature for evidence of what was to be taken as a successful result and were surprised at the lack of published data on ...
Yoshioka Masato - - 2002
Balloon-occluded retrograde venous obliteration is a powerful new technique for eliminating gastric varices. However anatomic considerations may preclude its use in some instances. Two cases are reported in which combination embolization followed by endoscopic injection scleroligation therapy eradicated isolated gastric varices where balloon-occluded retrograde venous obliteration was impossible. Two men ...
Abbas Maher A - - 2002
Although rare, splenic artery aneurysms (SAAs) have a definite risk of rupture. The optimal management of these aneurysms remains elusive. A retrospective chart review of all patients treated at our institutions with the diagnosis of SAA from January 1980 until December 1998 was undertaken. Follow-up was obtained via chart review ...
Moawad M - - 2002
Most cases of splenic artery aneurysm are asymptomatic, being found incidentally at the time of investigations (e.g. ultrasound, computed tomography, angiography) or laparotomy for other conditions. Rupture of a splenic artery aneurysm with erosion into the stomach is a rare cause of massive upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage. This case report is, ...
Uflacker Renan - - 2002
PURPOSE: To review some aspects of the problem of splenic artery steal syndrome as cause of ischemia in transplanted livers and treatment by selective splenic artery occlusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven liver transplant patients from a group of 350 patients, nine men and two women, ranging in age from 40 ...
Meinke A K - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The retrogastric and often intrapancreatic position of splenic artery aneurysms (SAA) has discouraged many surgeons from attempting the laparoscopic resection of SAA. Only two reports of successful laparoscopically resected SAA have appeared in the surgical literature. METHODS/RESULTS: The successful laparoscopic resection of a large expanding SAA was accomplished using ...
Liu Shao-Tung - - 2002
A variation of a branch of the splenic artery was reported in a Taiwanese male cadaver during dissection in 1999. This artery arose from the splenic artery and ran inferiolaterally to the area of the left colic flexure. Since left colic flexure is a segment of embryonic hindgut and the ...
Negi S S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Bleeding splanchnic artery pseudo-aneurysm is a rare but frequently fatal complication that can be successfully managed by angiographic embolization. However, certain patients because of hemodynamic instability, non-availability of technique or angiographic failure may require primary surgical intervention. METHOD: Retrospective review of 13 patients presenting with exsanguinating hemorrhage from ruptured ...
Lunetta P - - 2002
Massive haemorrhage due to rupture of single pancreatic or peripancreatic vessels is a very rare but potentially lethal complication of acute and chronic pancreatitis. The splenic, gastroduodenal, and pancreatoduodenal arteries are the more commonly involved vessels, and rupture occurs mostly as a complication of large mature pseudocysts. We report a ...
Balsarkar Dharmesh J - - 2002
Splenic artery pseudoaneurysms develop in as many as 10% of patients with acute pancreatitis. The diagnosis should be suspected in patients with pancreatitis who develop either upper gastrointestinal bleeding without an obvious cause or in whom a contrast-enhanced lesion is demonstrated within or adjacent to a suspected pseudocyst as determined ...
Howell J B - - 2002
The arteries supplying the lips are very tortuous so they can accommodate the movements of the mouth. Labial arteries taper only slightly and are usually caliber-persistent vessels. On rare occasions, older adults have a tumor-like lesion form on the vermilion of the upper or lower lip or have an ulcer ...
Karakurt Lokman - - 2002
The right hemipelvis of 98 patients was examined by angiography to determine the occurrence and location of the corona mortis artery. This arterial anastomosis was found in 28.5% (28 of 98). Its incidence was 30.5% (18 of 59) in men and 25.6% (10 of 39) in women; this difference was ...
Kitamura Hideki - - 2002
Splenic artery aneurysms account for about 60% of all visceral aneurysms. The treatment include surgical procedures that sometimes require pancreatectomy. This report describes the case of a 64-year-old woman who had multiple splenic artery aneurysms with various visceral artery dilatations. Because there was no obvious cause for the splenic artery ...
Ojiri Yoshihiko - - 2002
1. Responses of splenic diameter measured by sonomicrometry to alpha- and beta-adrenoceptor stimulants were estimated together with simultaneously measured systemic arterial and splenic venous concentrations of red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC) and platelets (PLT) in anaesthetized dogs. 2. Intravenous and intrasplenic arterial injections of adrenaline, noradrenaline and ...
Koizumi J - - 2002
We report the case of a 56-year-old woman with a presyncopal episode followed by melena. A sentinel clot sign in the pancreatic duct on precontrast computed tomography and the presence of a splenic artery aneurysm on postcontrast computed tomography strongly suggested a fistula between the aneurysm and the duct, as ...
Chang Chi-Sen - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In recent years, gastric slow-wave dysrhythmias induced by transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) have been observed. Enhanced endogenous prostaglandin may be a possible mechanism for the myoelectrical changes. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the gastric slow-wave dysrhythmias induced by TACE may be mediated by ...
Yamamoto Naoto - - 2002
A 62-year-old man with a chief complaint of coughing up blood was revealed to have Mallory-Weiss syndrome with arterial bleeding by gastrointestinal endoscopy at the esophagogastric junction, and two teardrop-shaped fissures were found longitudinally extending into the muscle layer. Endoscopic treatment with ethanol injection and the administration of a thrombin ...
Urakami Atsushi - - 2002
A bleeding pancreatic pseudocyst following pancreatitis is a severe complication that can lead to massive gastrointestinal bleeding. Rupture of such a pseudocyst into the stomach is rare. We report herein a case of rupture of a bleeding pseudocyst into the stomach in a patient who was successfully treated with emergency ...
Weinmann E E EE Department of Vascular Surgery, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin 70300, - - 2002
to compare the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of ultrasound-guided compression (UGC) with ultrasound-guided thrombin injection (UGTI) for treatment of postcatheterisation arterial false aneurysms (cFA). prospective clinical study using historical controls. we prospectively collected data on 33 consecutive patients diagnosed with cFA larger than 1.5 cm in diameter. These were treated with ...
Olenchock S A SA - - 2001
A 55-year-old woman underwent coronary artery bypass grafting and mitral valve repair using intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Postoperatively she had hemodynamic instability associated with an increase in abdominal size and a drop in hemoglobin. At laparotomy, a splenic hilar laceration was discovered, which was presumed to be associated with intraoperative ...
Sindel M - - 2001
Splenic artery embolisation can be performed preoperatively in an attempt to decrease thrombocyte destruction, or as an alternative to surgery, to obtain partial or total organ ablation. During this procedure, it is very important to deliver embolising agents distal to the origin to pancreatic branches to avoid the risk of ...
Hsu P I - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic ligation has been extensively applied in the management of esophageal and gastric varices with or without bleeding. The varices are automatically eradicated through the use of ligation. However, whether avascular necrosis will occur in a gastrointestinal polyp when the base is ligated remains unclear. The aims of this ...
Pulli R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study was conducted to describe the presentation, surgical treatment, and follow-up of patients with splenic artery aneurysms. METHODS: From 1982 to 2000, 1,952 patients with abdominal aneurysms were referred to our department; 15 had splenic artery aneurysms. None had ruptured. All were operated on. RESULTS: Fourteen complete ...
Vila Carbó J J - - 2001
The authors report two patients with extrahepatic portal hypertension and repeated massive bleeding from esophageal varices who underwent urgent distal splenorenal shunting (DSRS) after having proved refractory to medical treatment, endoscopic sclerotherapy, and ligation of esophageal varices. Their ages and weights were 18 months/10 kg, and 11 months/6.4 kg, respectively. ...
Sawant M R - - 2001
The anterior recurrent branch of the anterior tibial artery is vulnerable during high tibial osteotomy. It may be injured during subperiosteal elevation of soft tissue from the lateral tibia--necessary for visualisation of the osteotomy or for placing the fixation device; or during excision of the infero-medial aspect of the fibular ...
Al-Hussain S M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to describe the main variations of the Circle of Willis and to clarify the clinical importance of these variations, so that practitioners and the students are more alert when dealing with this subject. METHODS: This work is based on the study of 50 Circles ...
Lembet A - - 2001
Splenic artery aneurysm rupture in pregnancy is an uncommon catastrophic event. We report a patient who presented at 15 3/7 weeks with atypical pre-eclampsia. After termination was recommended, the patient chose to continue the pregnancy. Reversal of clinical and laboratory abnormalities occurred and the patient was discharged. The patient presented ...
Ohebshalom M M - - 2001
A 40-year-old woman with recently diagnosed bacterial endocarditis was admitted to the hospital with gross hematuria and anemia. Computed tomography revealed a large right upper pole renal artery pseudoaneurysm, a wedge-shaped hypoperfused region of the left kidney, and a splenic abscess. Radiographic embolization of the right renal artery was performed ...
DeRoover A - - 2001
A high incidence of aneurysms of the splenic artery is found in liver transplant patients. Their significance is related to the risk of rupture, particularly in the postoperative period. Classically, their management is surgical, with ligation or resection of the aneurysmal arterial segment with or without splenectomy, depending on the ...
Sako T - - 2001
Accumulation of lipids and hyalinosis in the splenic arteries of aged dogs are frequently detected by routine histopathologic examinations. The purpose of this study was to pinpoint the localization of canine apolipoprotein B-100 (CApoB-100) and immunoglobulins (IgA, IgM, IgG) in the splenic arteries of aging dogs (n = 80) through ...
Awal M A - - 2001
Arterial supply to the stomach of dogs indigenous to Bangladesh was investigated by using latex. The hepatic, left gastric and splenic arteries sent their major branches to the stomach. The cranial and caudal branches of the left gastric artery supplied the lesser curvature of the stomach. The right gastric, and ...
de Csepel J - - 2001
Splenic artery aneurysms have commonly accepted therapeutic indications. Operative therapy for splenic artery aneurysms has traditionally consisted of aneurysm resection with a possible splenectomy. Recently, laparoscopic splenic artery aneurysm exclusion has been shown to provide adequate therapy without incurring the morbidity associated with aneurysmectomy and splenectomy. However, an anterior approach ...
Shioyama Y - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The normal and pathologic anatomies of the peripancreatic arteries were demonstrated using thin-section multislice computed tomography (CT). METHODS: Triple-phase dynamic CT was performed in 304 consecutive patients without pancreatic pathology and in 22 patients with pancreatic carcinoma. CT angiographies images (2.5-mm collimation, multihelical pitch 3, HQ mode) and a ...
Hossain A - - 2001
Visceral artery aneurysms (VAAs) often rupture and cause serious morbidity or death. The purpose of this study was to identify conditions associated with VAA in a series of 30 patients treated at our institution from 1988 through 1998. Demographics, types of aneurysms, associated conditions, diagnoses, treatments, and outcomes were recorded ...
Yoon H K - - 2001
We present a case of splenic artery aneurysm (SAA) treated with stent-grafts. This new method offers the benefit of preserving the blood flow through the splenic artery. This in turn allows for subsequent sequential embolization of the spleen when indicated, as in our patient with hypersplenism. This is the first ...
Voegels R L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To present our experience with endoscopic ligature of the sphenopalatine artery in the treatment of severe posterior epistaxis of patients who had previously undergone conservative procedures. METHODS: Eleven patients with severe posterior epistaxis were treated during a 25-month period with an endoscopic ligature of the sphenopalatine artery. The basic ...
Fitoz S - - 2001
Post-traumatic intrasplenic pseudoaneurysms are very rare in children. Since pseudoaneurysms may expand a splenic hematoma and cause delayed splenic rupture, early diagnosis and treatment are crucial. In this report, we describe the case of a 12-year-old boy with a delayed splenic rupture caused by a splenic hematoma containing 2 pseudoaneurysms. ...
Jung S I - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Aneurysms of the splenic artery (SAA) are the most common type of aneurysms found in the splanchnic arterial bed (1) and are second in frequency only to aortic and iliac artery aneurysms among intra-abdominal aneurysms (2). Historically rupture occurs in 6-9.2% of asymptomatic cases and in pregnant ...
Holibková A - - 2001
The importance of supporting the spleen with blood is enormous especially from the surgical point of view. The main vessel of spleen is the splenic artery. In this study we would like to extend current knowledge of anastomoses between the splenic artery and surrounding arteries. Seven donor bodies of both ...
Seçil M - - 2001
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, or Osler-Rendu-Weber disease, is an autosomal dominant disorder in which a variety of vascular dysplasias occur throughout the organ systems. We report the gray-scale and color Doppler sonographic findings in a case of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. Gray-scale sonographic examination revealed massive splenomegaly, multiple dilated intrasplenic vascular structures ...
Androulakakis Z - - 2001
Gastric outlet (GO) obstruction in an adult is usually caused by intrinsic gastric or duodenal lesions or pancreatic tumours. This study describes a case of a 77-year-old man who developed GO obstruction due to extrinsic compression from a large gastroduodenal artery aneurysm under rupture. This cause of GO obstruction has ...
Fotopoulos N - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Splenic artery aneurysms are uncommon even though they are second only to those of the aorto-iliac system. There is also controversy regarding their management. METHODS: We report the case of a 50-year-old patient with ruptured splenic artery aneurysm and review the literature regarding its diagnosis and management. RESULTS: The ...
Kim S W - - 2001
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The purpose of this study was to create a practical guideline for vascular preservation during duodenum-preserving resection of the head of the pancreas. METHODOLOGY: We examined the anatomy of pancreaticoduodenal arteries by specimen angiography and dissection using 12 pancreaticoduodenectomy specimens. We also reviewed our experiences with duodenum-preserving resection of ...
Ibukuro K - - 2001
The development of recent technology, especially the helical computed tomography (CT) scan, allows us to observe small peripancreatic vessels which previously could be demonstrated only by angiography (1), and therefore make three-dimensional (3-D) volume rendered CT angiographic reconstruction possible (2). The neighboring structures as well as the pancreatic vessels are ...
Haroun R I - - 2000
Although the recurrent artery of Heubner is one of the best known cerebral arteries, little has been written in the neurosurgical or anatomical literature about its discovery. The artery is of primary importance to cerebrovascular surgeons, who identify it during clipping of anterior communicating artery aneurysms. Johann Otto Leonhardt Heubner ...
Woolford T J - - 2000
Arterial ligation of the anterior ethmoidal artery may be required in cases of persistent epistaxis and conventional techniques involving open surgery carry a recognized morbidity. We describe an endoscopic, intranasal technique for ligation of the anterior ethmoidal artery. This technique was performed in a patient who had a severe epistaxis ...
O'Flynn P E - - 2000
Posterior epistaxis poses a challenge to the otolaryngologist as the bleeding point itself cannot easily be identified. Haemostasis by conventional means is usually nasal packing and this results in repeated/persistent haemorrhage, morbidity and prolonged bed occupancy. In recent years the increased availability of rigid endoscopes and a better understanding of ...
da Cunha J E - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Conventional distal pancreatic resection routinely involves splenectomy. The awareness that spleen removal may lead to postoperative septic and hematological complications motivated the development of spleen-preserving procedures. Successful distal pancreatectomy with splenic conservation has been reported for treatment of benign pancreatic diseases of the distal pancreas. This report presents the ...
Suhocki P V - - 2000
We report the case of a patient with isolated gastric variceal bleeding. Obesity precluded the use of noninvasive means for assessing splenic vein patency. Splenic vein stenosis was diagnosed by transhepatic portal and splenic venography with pressure measurements. A cause for the stenosis could not be found. Splenectomy was used ...
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