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Mandal Shramana - - 2009
Splenic artery aneurysm is a rare disorder (0.7%) that arises mainly as a sequlae to portal hypertension. Other causes of splenic artery aneurysm are atherosclerosis, arterial wall injury due to trauma, pancreatitis, and medial dysplasias of the wall. However, though Caroli's disease is known to cause portal hypertension, the rise ...
Upadhyaya Prashant K - - 2008
Splenic artery pseudoaneurysm (SAP) is a known but rare complication of pancreatitis and blunt abdominal trauma. SAP caused by operative trauma has been rarely reported. We present a patient who presented with massive upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleed in shock. On exploratory laparotomy, a SAP was diagnosed. He must have sustained ...
Gomes Marise - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The main complication of transhiatal subtotal esophagectomy with esophagogastric reconstruction is anastomotic leak, which is responsible for a large number of postoperative deaths. It is believed that this complication is due to gastric fundus ischemia caused by the sectioning of the short gastric, left gastric, and left gastro-omental arteries. ...
Gregorczyk M - - 2008
The fundic branches of the stomach can be defined as a group of vessels that can arise either directly or indirectly from the following source arteries: the left inferior phrenic artery, the accessory left hepatic artery, the left gastric artery, the left middle suprarenal artery, the main trunk of the ...
Nehra Ajay - - 2008
PURPOSE: Potency preservation is one of the principal concerns surrounding newer developments in the management of organ confined carcinoma prostate. Nerve sparing techniques may not solely preserve erectile function and it is known that vascular factors may be an etiology of the dysfunction. The role of accessory pudendal arteries in ...
Png Keng Siang - - 2008
A 61-year-old lady presented 2 years after lap-band surgery with hemetemesis. She was stable on admission and band erosion was diagnosed on gastroscopy. Laparotomy was performed to remove the lap band. Upon division of the lap band, torrential hemorrhage from the eroded left gastric artery was encountered. An anterior gastrostomy ...
Tzur Irma - - 2008
The authors describe a 46-year-old man with isolated splenic vein thrombosis (SVT) that developed after concrete drilling, which caused significant compression and vibration of the abdominal wall. Methyltetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) deficiency-related hyperhomocysteinemia, which was subsequently diagnosed, predisposed him to this event. To the best of the knowledge of authors, this ...
Vlychou Marianna - - 2008
Splenic artery aneurysms represent approximately 60% of visceral arterial aneurysms. Their incidence at autopsy is 0.02 - 2 % in all age groups and rises to 10.4% above the age of 60. Although splenic artery aneurysms are the most common visceral aneurysms, giant splenic artery aneurysms >10 cm in diameter ...
Darbar A - - 2008
We performed a retrospective review of consecutive patients at our institution who underwent endoscopic third ventriculostomy (E3 V) or fenestration of intraventricular cysts using the Grotenhuis endoscopic perforator. The procedure was performed on 23 patients between 2001 and 2006, and included 20 E3Vs and three intraventricular cyst fenestrations. The Grotenhuis ...
Bellows Charles F - - 2008
Splenic artery embolization is often used before laparoscopic splenectomy in cases of splenomegaly to reduce blood loss and facilitate the procedure. The aim of this study was to examine the general reliability of endovascular staplers when fired at the site of embolization coil deployment using a porcine model. Ex vivo ...
Widlus David M - - 2008
PURPOSE: Proximal splenic artery embolization is performed for splenic salvage in the setting of trauma or before splenectomy in patients with splenomegaly. Typically, this has been done with the use of metallic coils, but precise placement of the first deposited coil may be limited. The Amplatzer vascular plug (AVP) may ...
Pinarba┼či Binnur - - 2008
Hemosuccus pancreaticus is a rare clinical condition defined as bleeding into the pancreatic duct from a peripancreatic artery. We present here a 57-year-old woman admitted to our clinic with abdominal pain, tar-colored stool and confusion. Further investigations were done because of severe anemia. Abdominal computerized tomography revealed intraabdominal hematoma. Laparotomy ...
Ando Shigemitsu - - 2008
Preservation of the vagus nerve in curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer is important to maintain postoperative quality of life. We developed a vagus nerve-preserving gastrectomy with D2 dissection for patients with early gastric cancer and for selected patients with T2 cancer. Following lymph node dissection along the left gastric artery, ...
Kouzaki H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report the safe management and treatment of a catecholamine-secreting tympanicum glomus tumour. CASE REPORT: A 73-year-old women presented with a catecholamine-producing glomus tympanicum tumour, complaining of hearing impairment and left ear pain. Physical examination revealed a red, pulsating swelling in the left tympanic membrane. Computed tomography demonstrated a ...
Sweat Jeffrey A - - 2008
Splenomegaly is a sequela of infectious mononucleosis. The potential for traumatic rupture of an enlarged spleen is well recognized. Recently, splenic artery embolization has gained popularity for the treatment of splenic injury. However, embolization has not been described for splenic injury in an enlarged spleen secondary to mononucleosis. We report ...
Tseng Chih-Wei - - 2008
The splenic complications associated with acute or chronic pancreatitis are rare, including splenic vein thrombosis, arterial pseudoaneurysm, subcapsular splenic hematoma, and splenic rupture. The management for subcapsular splenic hematoma in pancreatitis remains controversial. We herein report a rare case of large subcapsular splenic hematoma complicating acute pancreatitis, which was successfully ...
Schwartz Stephanie A - - 2008
Splenic vein thrombosis most often results from pancreatic disease and can result in gastrointestinal bleeding due to gastric varices. The diagnosis is becoming more frequent with the increasing utilization of imaging. This case report will review the imaging findings of splenic vein thrombosis with an illustration of the involvement of ...
Misawa Takeyuki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The use of stapling devices for distal pancreatectomy remains controversial, due to concerns about the development of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) and hemorrhage. METHODS: We report herein the usefulness of the Endo SGIA stapler (Tyco Healthcare, Norwalk, CT) for distal pancreatectomy by placing 2 triple-staggered rows, ie, 6 rows ...
Boyce H Worth - - 2008
Where the oesophagus ends and the stomach begins has been a bone of contention for decades between the histologist, physiologist, gastroenterologist, radiologist and surgeon. The oesophagogastric junction (OGJ) is an important anatomical region because of its essential functions in relation to swallowing and as a site of structural defects, inflammation, ...
Buunen M - - 2008
In view of constructing a gastric tube after esophagus resection, the vascular anatomy of the greater curvature of the stomach, especially the connection between the left and right gastro-epiploic arteries, was investigated. The vascular anatomy was studied in 20 embalmed human specimens. After dissection a gastric tube of 4 cm ...
Ito Koji - - 2008
We report a case of serous cystadenoma of pancreas causing left-sided portal hypertension and gastric varices. A 68-year-old man was admitted for treatment of a pancreatic body tumor. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) showed a honeycombed cystic mass. A celiac angiogram showed a hypervascular tumor supplied mainly by a dilated splenic ...
Sato Takahiro T Department of Gastroenterology, Sapporo Kosei General Hospital, Sapporo, - - 2008
This study provides a retrospective evaluation of cases with gastric varices secondary to splenic vein occlusion. Our study group consisted of 14 patients. The clinical manifestations, diagnostic methods and therapeutic modalities were analyzed retrospectively. Eleven patients had co-existing pancreatic diseases: seven with chronic pancreatitis, three with cancer of the pancreatic ...
D'Albuquerque L A C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The present study sought to evaluate the possibility of using the splenic artery for arterialization of a living donor liver graft. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the period between August 2004 and April 2006, we performed 31 adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantations. In 27 patients (group A), the right or ...
Onozato Yasuhiro - - 2007
The term "ectopic varices" is used to describe dilated portosystemic collateral veins in unusual locations other than the gastroesophageal region. We recently experienced a rare case of ectopic varices that developed in the gastroduodenal anastomosis after subtotal gastrectomy. A 70-year-old male with liver cirrhosis due to hepatitis C virus infection ...
Shimizu K - - 2007
Splenic artery steal syndrome (SASS) has only recently been recognized as a potential threat to transplanted livers. We report a case of SASS with progressive liver dysfunction that developed after living donor right lobe liver transplantation. SASS suspected by serial pre- and postoperative computed tomographic (CT) scans was diagnosed by ...
Geoghegan T - - 2007
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common potentially lethal genetic disease in the white population. Improvements in life expectancy have led to an increasing recognition of hepatobiliary complications from CF. Splenic artery aneurysms are a rare complication of portal hypertension with a high mortality due to their significant potential for ...
Mattick A - - 2007
Rupture of a splenic artery aneurysm remains an uncommon cause of hypovolaemic shock in the emergency department. This case report highlights that rapid resuscitation, diagnostic imaging, surgical consultation, and subsequent laparotomy remain the priorities in patient management.
Yoshida Hiroshi - - 2008
Partial splenic embolization (PSE) is a non-surgical procedure developed to treat hypersplenism as a result of hepatic disease and thus avoid the disadvantages of splenectomy. A femoral artery approach is used for selective catheterization of the splenic artery. Generally, the catheter tip is placed as distally as possible in an ...
Sun Cong - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical value of multiple detector computed tomography (MDCT) in the diagnosis and planning the treatment of splenic aneurysms. METHODS: Eight cases with splenic artery aneurysms (SAA) were retrospectively reviewed. Sixty four-slice spiral CT scans were performed. Intravenous contrast material was injected at 4ml/s, and arterial and ...
Payo Iria Maria Prieto - - 2007
To elucidate compositional changes of the arteries with aging, the authors investigated age-related changes of elements in the splenic and pulmonary arteries, which supplied blood to contractile organs. After ordinary dissection by medical students at Nara Medical University was finished, the splenic and pulmonary arteries were resected from the subjects, ...
Roland Jason - - 2007
Splenic artery aneurysms represent the third most common aneurysm in the abdomen. The majority are asymptomatic and discovered incidentally by abdominal imaging. The overall rupture rate is low but the associated mortality rate is high, especially in pregnant women and patients with portal hypertension. Traditionally, open surgical modalities represented the ...
Bushby L H - - 2007
AIM: To determine the prevalence and variation in appearance of the "two-tone" testes artefact. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients attending for a testicular ultrasound, without an intra-testicular lesion, were included. A single operator performed examinations using a 15L8w linear array transducer. When an artefact resembling the "two-tone" testes appearance was seen, ...
Magno Priscilla - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Indications for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures under EUS guidance continue to expand. OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and safety of EUS-guided angiography in a live porcine model. SETTING: Five acute experiments under general anesthesia. DESIGN AND INTERVENTIONS: A linear echoendoscope was advanced into the stomach. Thoracic and abdominal aorta, ...
Di Vella Giancarlo - - 2008
Emergencies of splenic origin in pregnancy involving rupture of the splenic artery or hemorrhage are rare events that can present suddenly and unexpectedly. We report two cases of young women, both in the third trimester of gestation, who suffered sudden malaise while at home and were admitted to the ER. ...
Sadat Umar - - 2008
Visceral artery aneurysm is an uncommon pathology, with a potential for rupture. Splenic artery aneurysms (SAA) are most commonly (60%) associated with a high mortality rate of 25% in case of aneurysm rupture. This increases disproportionately to 75% among pregnant women with fetal mortality of 95%. Although this is a ...
Carrafiello Gianpaolo - - 2007
Splenic artery aneurysm (SAA) is a rare disease that is asymptomatic for a long time and is often only incidentally discovered during imaging performed for other reasons. The natural history of SAA is a progressive increase in size until rupture. Therefore, treatment is recommended in symptomatic patients and for aneurysms ...
Loukas Marios - - 2007
A consensus concerning the incidence, course and distribution of the posterior gastric artery (PGA) has yet to be reached. Recent literature has explored and subsequently demonstrated the importance of the identification of this vessel in surgical procedures such as subtotal gastrectomy, splenectomy and pancreatic transplantation. The gross anatomy of the ...
Kamisawa T - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Embryologically, the pancreatic duct system develops by the fusion between the dorsal and ventral pancreatic bud ducts. It has been suggested that the proximal part of the main dorsal pancreatic duct partially regresses to form the accessory pancreatic duct (APD). Aim of this study was to clarify the anatomy ...
Yan L - - 2007
Despite the rapid expansion of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) in the adult population over the last few years, small-for-size syndrome (SFSS) has emerged as an important clinical problem. We have herein reported a patient who developed clinical evidence of prolonged cholestasis and intractable ascites after a small-for-size right lobe ...
Kadoya Masatoshi - - 2007
We report a case of multiple sequential celiacsplenic aneurysms which we removed completely without arterial reconstruction. The patient was a 67-year-old man. During work-up for hypertension and diabetes, a splenic artery aneurysm was identified on abdominal ultrasonography. Follow-up examination 1 year and 3 months later showed enlargement of the aneurysm. ...
Tsai Wei-Lin - - 2008
Polyarteritis nodosa is a rare disease, which is characterized by aneurysm formation and occlusion in the arteries of multiple systems. Due to its extensive involvement, whole-body evaluation is necessary for diagnosis and treatment monitoring. We report a case of polyarteritis nodosa using multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) as a "one-stop shop" ...
Zampieri Nicola - - 2007
The aim of this prospective study was to assess long-term functional results (spermiograms) in subjects who underwent laparoscopic varicocelectomy via either of 2 procedures (ligation or preservation of testicular artery). A total of 122 patients underwent laparoscopic varicocelectomy performed via either of the 2 different procedures: complete ligation of the ...
Debnath Jyotindu - - 2007
Splenic artery aneurysm is a rare yet very important clinical entity because of its potential for rupture with fatal consequences. Most of the splenic artery aneurysms are found in the middle and distal third of the splenic artery and are usually small (< or = 2 cm) at the time ...
Rao Sanjiv - - 2007
True aneurysm of the splenic artery is the third most common intraabdominal aneurysm and constitutes 60% of all visceral aneurysms. The incidence of splenic artery aneurysms ranges from 0.01% to as high as 10.4% in the elderly. In approximately 30% of cases, the aneurysm may rupture into a viscus. Aneurysmal ...
Liu Chu-Feng - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to report 7 cases of splenic artery aneurysm (SAA) encountered in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: A retrospective survey of our ED database revealed 7 cases of SAA (6 men, 1 woman; mean age, 56 years) of 651,347 ED visits over the last decade. Their clinical ...
McCready Robert A - - 2007
Infected aneurysms are rare and may present with rupture or sepsis. Surgical treatment is often required to prevent catastrophic sequelae. Bacterial endocarditis is one of the classic causes of infected aneurysm. We present a case of a 6.1-cm infected splenic artery aneurysm secondary to endocarditis. Surgical treatment consisted of aortic ...
Kirbas I - - 2007
AIMS: Splenic artery steal syndrome, a common complication in liver transplantation, is diagnosed by conventional angiography showing an enlarged splenic artery and by dynamic findings. The aim of this study was to determine multidetector computed tomographic angiography (MDCTA) findings of splenic artery steal syndrome to develop diagnostic criteria. MATERIALS AND ...
Koconis Kristen Gledhill - - 2007
This article reviews the existing literature on the use of partial splenic embolization in patients with portal hypertension. All articles published in the English language on splenic embolization or partial splenic embolization as a treatment for portal hypertension were identified with a PubMed search from 1973 through 2005. Partial splenic ...
Agrawal Gautam A - - 2007
Aneurysms of the splenic artery are being diagnosed with greater frequency as incidental findings on cross-sectional imaging. Splenic artery pseudoaneurysms are even more rare than true aneurysms. This article reviews the clinical features and management of splenic artery aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms. A variety of cases are presented to show the ...
Kimura Wataru W Gastroenterological and General Surgery, (First Department of Surgery), Yamagata University School of Medicine, 2-2-2 Iida-Nishi, Yamagata City, Yamagata 990-9585, Japan. - - 2007
Preservation of the spleen at distal pancreatectomy has recently attracted considerable attention. Since our first successful trial, spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy with conservation of the splenic artery and vein for tumors of the pancreas and chronic pancreatitis has been performed more frequently. The technique for spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy with conservation of ...
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